The crisis of empire in Mughal north India: Awadh and the Punjab, 1707-48
Oxford University Press, 1986 - 365 pages
The collapse of the Mughal empire has often been characterized as a period of political fragmentation, social unrest, and economic decay. Contrasting two regions in north India--Awadh and the Punjab--Muzaffar Alam contends that even as the empire declined, there emerged a new, regionally-based political order, maintained and controlled by former Mughal rulers. From agrarian uprisings to the jagiardari system, the Sikhs to the Zamindars, this book presents a bold new interpretation of an important transition in Indian government.
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The Changing Position of the Governor 56
The Zamindars the Madadi Maash Holders
Mughal Power the Sikhs and other Local Groups
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Abd-us-Samad Khan administration Afghans Agra Ahmad Akhbarat Aligarh Allahabad amil Amir Khan appointed army Aurangzeb Awadh Bahadur Shah Baiswara bakhshi Banda Bangash Benaras Bengal Bilgram Burhan-ul-Mulk centre chakla Chand Chhabele Ram chief Chin Qilich court Deccan Delhi deputy diwan early-eighteenth century eighteenth century emperor Farrukh Siyar faujdar governor of Awadh governorship Gujarat Hindu History Husain Ali Khan Ibid ijara imperial order India jagir jagirdars Jahandar Jai Singh Jalandhar jama Jang's Kabul Kakori Kamwar Khairabad khalisa Khan's Khatris Lahore large number Later Moghuls Lucknow madad-i ma'ash holders mahals Malwa mansab mansabdars Marathas Moradabad Mughal empire Muhammad Muhammad Khan Multan Nawabs Nizam-ul-Mulk nobility nobles pargana period political position province Punjab Qamar-ud-Din Khan qanungo qazi Raja Rajput region reported revenue Rohilla Safdar Jang Saiyid Brothers Samsam-ud-Daulah Sarbuland Khan sarkar seventeenth century Shaikh Shaikhzadas Sikhs strength suba subadari Tarikh-i uprisings villages wazir Zakariya Khan zamindars Zulfiqar Khan