Village on the Euphrates: From Foraging to Farming at Abu Hureyra
Andrew Michael Tangye Moore, Gordon C. Hillman, Anthony J. Legge, Professor of Environmental Archaelogy A J Legge
Oxford University Press, 2000 - 585 pages
Tell Abu Hureyra, a settlement by the Euphrates River in Syria, was excavated in 1972-73 by an international team of archaeologists that included the authors of the book and scientists from English, American, and Australian universities. The excavation uncovered two successive villages: in the first village (c. 11,500-10,000 BP), inhabitants foraged vegetation and hunted local wildlife, the Persian gazelle, in particular. In the second village (c. 9700-7000 BP), inhabitants employed a more sophisticated method of food production, the cultivation of grain crops and the pasturing of sheep, goats, cattle, and pigs. Documented first hand in the book, these findings capture the transition in human history from the hunting-and-gathering to the farming way of life.
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