« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
On the other hand, if your committee decides to extend the law without change, the problem could be dealt with administratively. With only two exceptions, the order in which young men are called into service is left to administrative determination. Under the circumstances, there appears to be no reason why, for example, 19-year-old nonfathers and nonstudents could not be taken first if the proper executive officials determined that it would be in the national interest to do so. For example, the impact of any such change upon our scientific and technical education programs, as well as on long-term enlistments, should be considered carefully.
The chamber strongly recommends that your committee give prompt attention to this problem and resist the temptation to rush through a simple extension of the law without resolving it by amendment or appropriate instructions to Defense and Selective Service officials.
COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF ACT
Our study of the draft law brought to light a number of references to such nonexistent bodies as the National Security Resources Board and the National Security Training Commission. The law also provides the basic authority for a Tast universal military training program that was put into effect on an experimental basis but wisely abandoned soon thereafter. These and other similar provisions should be stricken from the law prior to its extension.
ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION,
Washington, D.C., January 2, 1959. Hon. CARL VINSON, Chairman, House Armed Services Committee, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C.
DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: On behalf of the Electronic Industries Association, the national trade association for the electronics industry, I am enclosing for your information a copy of a resolution on selective service adopted by the association's board of directors on December 4, 1958.
The resolution supports the extension of the Universal Military Training and Service Act of 1948, as amended, which will expire on June 30, 1959, unless congressional action is taken. As you will note, the resolution sets forth the conclusion of the electronics industry that the Selective Service System is fair and equitable and necessary for the proper functioning of our industrial system at the present time and in the event of a national emergency.
If appropriate, we will appreciate your inserting this letter and the supporting resolution in the record of the hearings on the extension of the Universal Military Training and Service Act.
If you have any questions concerning our position, we will be pleased to meet with you and discuss them. Very truly yours,
JAMES D. SECREST.
RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIES
AssociatiON, DECEMBER 4, IN NEW YORK CITY Whereas the Selective Service System has fulfilled the Nation's need for a fair and equitable method of recruiting members of our Armed Forces while recognizing the need for deferment of those persons whose talents could best be used in industry, and
Whereas the deferment of 1.100,000 students during the Korean war has made possible the training of 40,000 to 50,000 engineers and scientists whose services are essential to industrial support of the national defense program, and
Whereas the critical skills program has also aided defense industries by minimizing the time required by men of exceptional qualifications to fulfill their military obligations, and
Whereas the Selective Service System, under the able direction of Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, is the only Government agency equipped by experience and trained personnel to prevent industrial collapse, in the event of a national emergency, through the orderly retention of key personnel : Therefore be it
Resolved, That the board of directors of the Electronic Industries Association on this day of Thursday, December 4, 1958, respectfully urge the President to recommend and Congress to approve continuation of the Universal Military Training and Service Act of 1948, as amended, before its expiration on June 30, 1959.
STATEMENT BY FRED J. HOLLEN BECK, VETERANS OF WORLD WAR I OF THE U.S.A., INC.
Before the Armed Service Committee on extension of selective service
Mr. Chairman and members of the committee : The Veterans of World War I of the U.S.A., Inc., believe that in the interest of the welfare of the United States of America the induction provisions of the Universal Military Training and Service Act should be extended by Congress to July 1, 1963.
This recommendation is based upon the following resolution adopted by the 1958 National Convention of the Veterans of World War I of the U.S.A., Inc.
Resolution for Extension of Induction Authority Under Universal Military
Training and Service Act to July 1, 1963 Whereas section 17(c) of the Universal Military Training and Service Act (62 Stat. 625), as amended, provides that no person shall be inducted into the Armed Forces under that act after July 1, 1959, with the exception of persons whose deferments under section 6 of such act have ceased to exist; and
Whereas selective service is based on the accepted principle of the universal obligation and privilege of all citizens to defend this Nation; and
Whereas the impending termination of induction authority under the aforesaid act will leave our Nation without an effective obligation for every young man to serve his country in a military capacity; and
Whereas the continuance of authority to induct all persons liable therefor under the aforesaid act is essential to insure the maintenance of the required strength of the Armed Forces since voluntary enlistments in such forces and their Reserve components are greatly stimulated and influenced by the mere existence of that induction authority; and
Whereas the existence of full induction authority enables the Selective Service System (1) to insure that the required strength of the active Armed Forces be maintained both directly by inductions and indirectly by stimulating enlistments, (2) to assist in maintaining the required strength of the Reserve forces by deferring inductions of members who serve satisfactorily, and (3) by classifications deferring induction, to channel men possessing critical skills or the requisite ablity to acquire them into essential activities and occupations including engineering, scientific and technical pursuits and teaching, and the study and preparation for such fields; and
Whereas the Selective Service System maintains through registration an inventory of all men of military age including the only inventory of veterans no longer in the Armed Forces who in an emergency might be needed quickly for augmentation of those forces, and keeps current the availability for order to active duty in time of emergency of over a million members of the Standby Reserve; and
Whereas selective service has become an integral part of the Nation's defense and the Selective Service System, by its decentralized system of operation through over 4,000 local and appeal boards in every community made up of local citizens, has earned and enjoys the confidence of the overwhelming majority of the American people; and
Whereas the local boards of the Selective Service System in every community of this Nation would render invaluable service in the event of an all-out emergency because of their ability to furnish manpower at local levels to any agency authorized to requisition men for specific duties, and
Whereas some 40,000 of the 46,000 full and part-time officers and employees of the Selective Service System have volunteered their services to the Government and received no compensation; and
Whereas the annual cost of operating the Selective Service System is only about 16 cents for every man, woman, and child in this Nation: Therefore be it
Resolved by Veterans of World War I of the U.S.A., Inc., National Convention assembled in Springfield, III., Septeinber 14 through September 19, 1958, That section 17(c) of the Universal Military Training and Service Act (62 Stat. 625).
as amended, be further amended so that all the authority to induct persons into the Armed Forces now provided by that act will be extended until July 1, 1963, and that Veterans of World War 1 of the U.S.A., Inc., use all of its efforts and influence to this end.
We are grateful to this distinguished committee for this opportunity to express the views of its members and we respectfully recommend that the Congress extend the power to induct to July 1, 1963, as set forth in H.R. 2260,
AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION,
Chicago, II., February 2, 1959. Hon, CARL VINSON, Chairman, Committee on Armed Services, 0.8. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C.
DEAR CHAIRMAN VINSON: The purpose of this letter is to submit for the consideration of the Committee on Armed Services the position of the American Medical Association on H.R. 2260, 86th Congress, a bill, which, in part, would extend until July 1, 1963, the induction provisions of the Universal Military Training and Service Act.
With respect to the extension of the special provisions of this act applicable to medical, dental, or allied specialists, the American Medical Association wishes to reaffirm its position which was outlined in testimony presented in May 1957, before the House Armed Services Committee on the bill which subsequently was enacted as Public Law 85–62, approved June 27, 1957. At that time, the association testified that, * * if the demands for the defense and security of our Nation are such that, in the opinion of Congress, it is necessary to have a draft act to maintain the strength of our Armed Forces, then the extension of the present legislation would be one method to insure sufficient physicians for the military services."
The association also recommended retention of the provisions of the law relating to the National, State, and local committees which advise the Selective Service System in regard to the selection of medical, dental, and allied specialists required by the services. These advisory committees consider, among other factors, the needs of the civilian population in the communities from which these phsyicians would be taken. The association is pleased that this provision is a part of the current law.
In regard to specialist categories, the association recommends, as it did previously in May 1957, that the word "other" should be substituted for the word "allied" in this section of the law. This would authorize a selective call for other specialists, such as engineers, physicists, other scientists, et cetera, which might be needed by the military forces. Presently, the law provides only for the selective callup of medical, dental, or “allied" specialists.
The association believes that physicians should be registered and classified in the same manner as other citizens in the same age group, deferred for educational purposes in the same manner as other registrants and called to active duty or inducted under the same general provisions as other registrants deferred for educational purposes.
It is noted that the pending bill proposes a 4-year rather than a 2-year extension of the Universal Military Training and Service Act. We believe this additional extension of time should be fully explained and justified to the committee. We believe that this justification is necessary because scientific and technological advances have resulted in rapidly changing concepts of military manpower requirements. Consequently, there has resulted, directly or indirectly, current and projected reductions in the strength of the Armed Forces. It is conceivable that future manpower requirements may be subject to further downward revisions. A lesser period of extension of the law would permit a timely review of military manpower requirements in light of pertinent changes in the then current military situations. The association believes that this would be particularly desirable with respect to the callup of medical and allied specialists because of the increasing demands and requirements of the civilian population for the Nation's medical and health resources.
As you know from our previous appearances before your committee, the association has had a keen and sustained interest in military medicine for many years. Through the Surgeons General of the military services, we have maintained a friendly and close working arrangement in the consideration and advancement of military medical affairs. We feel that the health of the Nation requires a careful correlation of military and civilian medicine. In furtherance of this objective, the association, working with the military services, has attempted to insure improvement in the utilization of medical manpower by the armed services and a strengthening of the career incentive program for medical officers.
On behalf of the American Medical Association, I would like to thank you for this opportunity to present our views on H.R. 2260 and to assure your committee of our willingness to continue our assistance in providing the members of the military services with the finest medical care. Yours sincerely,
F.J. L. BLASINGAME, M.D. The CHAIRMAN. Now, let the committee go in executive session.
Mr. BRAY. Mr. Chairman, I would like to have about 30 seconds. I will tell you the reason for it.
At the close of the session yesterday, two parties in the audience raised a question as to an examination I had made. I told them that I would clarify it today. I will take, as I say, about 30 seconds.
I stated that the reason--that we had done many things to make the service more palatable to people and that the draft law had been going down regularly, for which we were very happy.
The question was asked me if I would explain then: If the draft law was going down, why was it necessary to have a draft law?
I thought the answer was simple-I mean the rather simple answer is that while we have cut down from about 15,000 or 17,000 to 8,000, we still need those 8,000, and as long as we do need more people in the service than what volunteers we would get, it would be necessary to continue it.
I did tell them that I would try to clarify it for the record.
The CHAIRMAN, All right. Let all members of the audience vacate, as the committee is in executive session to consider the bill.
(Whereupon, at 11:40 a.m., the committee proceeded into executive session.)
REAL ESTATE AND CONSTRUCTION SUBCOMMITTEE REPORT;
RESOLUTIONS APPOINTING UTILIZATION OF MANPOWER SUBCOMMITTEE, AND CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY SUBCOMMITTEE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES,
Washington, D.C., Tuesday, February 3, 1959. The committee met at 10 a.m., the Honorable Carl Vinson (chairman) presiding The CHAIRMAN. Let the committee come to order. A quorum of the committee is present. Let the record so disclose it.
Vow members of the committee, you will recall that when we organized the committee we reelected Mr. Ducander as a member of our staff.
Mr. Ducander has since resigned and has been appointed executive director and chief counselor of the House Committee on Science and Astronautics.
Now the policy committee considered the vacancy and, after careful consideration, we decided to recommend to you for your approval or disapproval the appointment of Mr. Frank Slatinshek, a former commander for 17 years in the Navy, a Reserve officer called to active duty. We investigated his background and think we are indeed fortunate in having such an outstanding man to offer to serve in the place of Mr. Ducander.
If there is no objection, then I ask the committee to affirm the selection of Commander Slatinshek. Any objection? (No response.) S.
The CHAIRMAX. Let the record show that the committee unanimously selected him and he is duly put on the staff. Where is the commander? Is the commander here?
Mr. SLATINSHEK. Yes, sir. The CHAIRMAN. Members of the committee, there is the commander. He will take Mr. Ducander's place. I think we are very fortunate indeed.
Mr. Kilday. I want to agree. Commander Slatinshek has worked with my subcommittee on a number of bills and we are very fortunate to have his services. Mr. Smart. I may suggest, Mr. Chairman, from this point on he is Frank and not commander.
The CHAIRMAN. Yes, sir. I will certainly call him Frank. Laughter.]
The CHAIRMAN. Now, members of the committee, I want to lay before you-Mr. Philbin, have you any report to make?
Mr. PHILBIN. Mr. Chairman, your Real Estate and Construction Subcommittee met on January 28 for 2 hours and considered 11 real