The Emergence of Modern Architecture: A Documentary History from 1000 to 1810

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Liane Lefaivre, Alexander Tzonis
Psychology Press, 2004 - 533 pages
How did Modern Architecture come about as a way of thinking? What were the forces that led to its emergence and evolution? From where did the new desires, values and beliefs, the design methods and building types that make up its cognitive system originate?
In this book Liane Lefaivre and Alexander Tzonis bring together 140 documents spanning a period from the year 1000 to the end of the eighteenth century. They argue that Modern Architectural thinking was created during this period, a wholly new forma mentis for conceiving buildings, landscapes, and cities. The material includes, in addition to the more predictable texts, key extracts from architectural treatises, handbooks, and textbooks, material from letters, articles from the press of the times, scientific memoirs, maxims, poems, plays, and novels. Their authors are equally varied architects, patrons, politicians, artists, poets, scientists, priests, philosophers, and journalists. Some describe and systematize, some argue and criticize, and a large number are eager to present new findings and new ways to construe and construct the world.
Through these diverse records, figures, and voices Lefaivre and Tzonis reconstruct a process of complex and perplexing events, conflicts, experiments, and interactions. They uncover that modernism is by its very nature multiple and identify what they call the cognitive 'co-revolution', a web of parallel revolutionary changes occurring in courts, monasteries, palaces, villas, academies, and workshops. This is the story of the replacement over a period of eight centuries of an 'archaic' design mentality, based on myth and ritual, with today's modern forms of reasoning. Marked with contradictions, Modern Architecture emerges making use of rigorous science but also freewheeling fantasy, driven by the desire for efficiency as well as for luxury and aesthetic delight, for adventure of experiences and for critical reflection, for global universality and for regionalist identity, for totalitarian power and for emancipation of the deprived and the oppressed.

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Contents

late tenth century Leo of Naples Letter of Alexander the Great to Aristotle Alexander
29
Robert of Clari The Conquest of Constantinople
38
April 26 1342 Francesco Petrarch The Ascent of Mount Ventoux
46
composed
63
completed Generally attributed to Francesco Colonna Hypnerotomachia
80
Philibert de lOrme New Inventions for Building Economically
131
Antonio Rusconi DellArchitettura 1590
160
Jaques Perret Des Fortifications et artifices architecture et perspective 1601 166167
166
Stephan Switzer A Forest or Rural Gardens Ichnographia 1718
276
Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach Outline of a Historical
280
Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach Entwurf einer historischen Architecktur 1721
285
Jean Courtonne Treatise on Perspective with Some Remarks
290
Robert Castell Plan of Tusculanum The Villas of the Ancients Illustrated 1728
295
Batty Langley New Principles of Gardening
298
John Searle Plan of Popes garden 1745
303
Robert Morris Lectures on Architecture
307

xii
168
Teofilo Gallaccini Sopra gli errorri degli architetti 1767 written 1621
174
Galileo Galilei Discorsi intorno a due nuove scienze 1638
187
viii Church of Salisbury
197
published J D Cassini
198
Jean Le Paultre Recueil Général du Chasteau de Versailles 1677
202
Claude Perrault The Ten Books of Vitruvius Corrected and Translated
204
Claude Perrault Les Dix livres darchitecture de Vitruve corrigés et traduits 1673
209
François Blondel Lessons of Architecture
211
Juan Caramuel de Lobkowitz Civil Architecture Orthogonal
219
Juan Caramuel de Lobkowitz Architectura Civil recta y obliqua 1678 223225
223
written Guarino Guarini Civil Architecture
226
Guarino Guarini Architectura Civil 1678 230231
230
Sébastien le Prêtre seigneur de Vauban Letter to Louvois 232 Contents
232
Antoine Desgodetz Les Edifices antiques de Rome 1682
239
Claude Perrault The Ordonnance of the Five Species of Columns
240
Claude Perrault Ordonnance des cinq especes de colonnes 1683
250
written Sir William Temple The Gardens of Epicurus
251
François de Salignac de la Mothe Fénelon The Adventures
257
Abbé JeanLouis de Cordemoy Extract from a Letter by the Author
265
Joseph Addison The Spectator
273
CharlesEtienne Briseux Lart de bâtir les maisons de campagne 17431761
315
Giovanni Poleni Memorie istoriche della gran cupola del Tempio Vaticano e de danni di essa
329
Marc Antoine Laugier Essai sur larchitecture 1753
338
Sir William Chambers Designs for Chinese Buildings 1757
349
Contents Sublime and Beautiful
357
Julien David Le Roy Ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce 1758
361
Robert Adam Ruins of the Palace at Spalatro 1764
371
Pierre Patte Mémoires sur les objets les plus importants de larchitecture 1769
382
Jacques François Blondel Cours dArchitecture 1771
395
Francesco Milizia Principles of Civil Architecture
428
composed AntoineChrysostôme Quatremère de Quincy On Egyptian
436
Nicolas Caritat Marquis de Condorcet Report on Hospitals
442
Jeremy Bentham Panopticon or the Inspection House
454
James Malton An Essay on British Cottage Architecture 467 Contents
470
Richard Elsam Essay on Rural Architecture
476
ClaudeNicolas Ledoux Concerning Architecture Seen From the Point
488
ClaudeNicolas Ledoux Architecture Considerée sous le rapport de lart des moeurs et de
494
CharlesFrançois Viel On the Impotence of Mathematics to Insure
496
Bibliography and references
502
Index
526
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