The Practice of Altruism: Caring and Religion in Global Perspective
Cambridge Scholars Press, 2006 - 209 pages
The study of altruism and altruistic behavior has caught the attention of social scientists especially in recent years. What motivates individuals to cultivate attitudes and actions that promote the wellbeing of others at the expense of, or at the risk of negative consequences for their own?
In our contemporary global society marked by conflict and violence among different sectors of the population in various regions of the world, and wherein religion can be a factor that exacerbates such conflict and violence, harnessing the power of religion towards directions of reconciliation, creativity, and altruistic action, remains a crucial task for humankind.
This volume addresses a question especially relevant in our day: do people who profess religious commitment or affiliation in a particular religious community tend to nurture altruistic kinds of attitude and action more than others? Social scientists present results of their empirical studies on Japanese society, as well as on North American, European, Indian, and Thai societies, to focus on this issue and offer insightful reflections on the relationship between religion and society.
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This question , inquiring into the relationship between religion and altruistic
behavior , is one that has called the attention of scholars of different disciplinary
interests especially in recent years . ( See Wuthnow 1991 ; Novak 1992 ; Gill
The founders of Bukkyō Kanka Kyūsai - kai were a shamanistic woman called
Sugiyama Tatsuko and a medical practitioner called Murakami Itsuki . It was
founded in 1909 , the year following the lauching of the kanka kyūsai jigyo . As
The Jikyġkan cracked down on those meetings and called the police to have
them stopped . Kamagasaki Kyöyūkai , on the other hand , took the opposite
stance and participated in the meetings . As a consequence , Jikyökan was
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