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they have never dared openly, and gratitude of their posterity. and in a formal manner to deny This was the faith of the army them by any public act, because of holy martyrs, which enabled they knew that these doctrines them to triumph on the rack, had been so universally received and to exult amidst the flames in the Christian church, that all kindled to devour them. The antiquity would condemn them, truth and excellence of these and that such an open denial doctrines have been tested by would bring on them the resent- their genuine fruits on the ment of the Christian world." hearts and lives of those who

I am very sensible that truth have cordially embraced them, is not always with the multi. and lived under their influence. tude ; but admitting the correct. Let them not, then, be hastily reness of what has now been stat. jected. For, “thus saith' the ed, it seems absolutely incredible Lord, stand ye in the ways, that these doctrines should in all and see, and ask for the old paths, ages have been received so gen

where is the good way, and walk erally, as the truths of God, and therein, and ye shall find rest by the most learned, pious, and for your souls.” exemplary Christians, unlessthey

Pailo PASTOR, had been plainly revealed in his word. If Christianity has prov

(To be continued.) ed a blessing to the world, friendly to the freedom and happiness of man, to civil government, and sound science ; if it has prevented the spread of vice and immorality,convinced and humbled the

June 17, 1807. guilty, and shed light and joy My dear Friends, into the hearts of true penitents;

“ Is it well with the child ?" if it has soothed the sorrows of Infinitely better, I trust, than to life, yielded consolation to Chris- be here. O let us be forever tian mourners, and joy unspeak. thankful for that blood, and for able to the dying; it has been that spirit, which can at once that sort of Christianity, which is cleanse and sanctify both our characterized and identified by own souls and the souls of our these distinguishing doctrines. infant children ; and for that This faith prompted the fathers gracious declaration of the Saof New England to lcave their viour,“ of such is the kingdom native land, to brave the dangers of heaven!" Thanks be to God of the ocean, to plant themselves for his unspeakable gift, and for in a wilderness amidst savage the health, vigour, perfection, men, and to found and cherish glory, and immortality beyond those institutions, which have the grave. But, while my soul rendered their memory pre- thus rejoices with yours in God cious, and excited the veneration our Saviour, strange inconsisten

cy, my weaker part dissolves in Brief history and vindication of

tears of sympathy with my af the doctrines of the New England flicted friends. Sensibly do I churches, p. 26.

feel your disappointment, your



pungent sorrow. But with Him, a multitude of sins : To comfort who was made perfect through the best people in the world, and suffering, you will each say, help them on their way to glory. "the cup, which my Father hath When we apply ourselves in given me, shall I not drink it ?” earnest, and with all suitable afEvery thing to reconcile our fection, to convince and conhearts to the dispensations of vert, to edify and comfort our Heaven, to assuage our grief, to friends, our brethren in immorcomfort our souls, to animate tal bonds; the arrangements will our hopes and brighten our pros- be the more natural. The style, pects, is contained in that tender, though simplified by feeling, will that endeared word, Father. Let be the more pure and the more your minds dwell upon the impressive. Your whole manthought, and may the God of all ner will be the better : plain inconsolation fill each of your deed, and faithful, but inoffen. hearts with comfort and joy un- sive, dignified, humble, loving, speakable through Christ Jesus! like the manner of good people And may the same divine Jesus, speaking from their dying beds. who himself once wept, while on We would not adopt a smooth, earth, forgive the weakness of cold manner, which brings noour tears, and in his own good thing home to the conscience ; time restore us to the enjoyment which leaves the careless sinner of our tender offspring, which and the hypocrite to sleep on he has thus early, and so kindly without disturbance. Nor may received to his arms!

we be content with being solemn, with telling what is wrong, inveighing against sin, and holding up terror.

Our great business is to testify SLEEP on, sweet babe! Do dreams annoy thy rest, the gospel of the grace of God.* Taş soul by grace renew'd flew from thy breast ;

To make this intelligible, we

must faithfully shew men their A winged seraph now she soars on high ;

sin and guilt, and how they are undone by it, and lie at mercy in more respects than one. But the truth, in this case, must be spoken in love, and the vilest sin

ner tenderly invited and encourThan years, or ages, ever taught before.

aged to return. The grace of Heaven must be held up without

ceasing, to the most untoward; ORIGINAL LETTERS

and preached with a grace ; with AGED MINISTER TO A YOUNG

all our hearts ; with a good will

like that which the Saviour himSTUDENT IN DIVINITY.

No. 8. self breathed to his crucifiers, My dear Sir,

and which the primitive heralds Have a care to make meaning sermons, such as aim at the great end of preaching : To * Acts 1x. 24 save a soul from death, and hide Luke xxiv. 47.



Sleep on, sweet innocent ! Bor shalt thou dread
The passing storm that thunders o'er thy head.
Through the brigbt regions of yon zzure sky;

Or on the bosom of a cloud reclin'd,
Sbe rides triumphant on the rapid wind;
Oxfnm ius source pursues the radiant day,
Or cu a sanbeam smoothly glides away;
Or counts serial to her blest abode,
Aed sings inspir'd the praises of her God.
Usveiled thence to her extensive eye
Nature and nature's laws expanded lie.
Death in ose moment taught this infant more,



of his grace exhibited. Come with a just reverential esteem; paring these, we remark with to feel his authority and the great trembling, that to preach the gos- importance of his messages : pel in its own gracious spirit, is a and a proper tenderness witbal very particular attainment, which to those we address, will probamany a popular and many a sol- bly command a better style and emn preacher never reached. manner than any of our own

Christianity too must be speculations could produce, or preached as a reality. She must any rhetorician point out to us. be delineated and portrayed in I write with freedom ; but her own lovely form. To do not without a thousand mis. this justly, and enter well into givings. I know that a great the spirit of it, is much more poet has said,

said, “ Let

those than to show what sin is, and tes- teach others, who themselves tify against it; much more than excel.” But in fact I should to say what is not religion. In- have less to say on this subject, deed the most effectual way of did I not discover, on a review of detecting what is not, is clearly my own doings, a great deficiento show what is. Here then is a cy in this instance. Indeed whatgreat object always to be kept in ever part of ministerial work I view. And

turn to, so many failures meet Here let me add another hint. me, that nothing but the force of Let our discourses, as much as truth, and a strong desire that possible, be the product, not of others may do better, could have mere study, but of practical med. induced me to make observations itation. Study," says Dr. Man- and lay down rules, with so little ton, “ is like a winter sun, that reserve. shines, but warms not.” Medi

Accept my love. May the sation is a serious acting of the grace of our divine Master be toul upon a subject, in the view ever with you.

I am, &c. of its serious nature, as it re

(To be continued.) spects ourselves and others. Composing in this way is profitable to our own hearts. And such discourses are much more

ENGLAND likely to interest and profit oth

In the last volume of the Pan. In fine, let us pray and endeav- oplist, we carefully noticed sev. our in all our sermonizing to lose eral existing evils, and suggestevery little concern, in the mag. ed some things, which are deemnitude of our subject; and goed necessary to the prosperity of forth to divine things, and to the our churches. It is the design souls of men, unfettered by any of this and several succeeding ambition of making a figure and numbers to unfold briefly, though gaining applause, or any fear of with some degree of minuteness, coming short of it. Our busi- the peculiar dangers, to which ness is to approve ourselves to the followers of Christ are exGod, to honour our Redeemer, posed, with respect to the Chris. and call upon high and low to do tian faith, Christian experience, the same. To keep him in view, and Christian practice.







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I conceive nothing more dan- erroneous owe much of gerous to the churches with re- their success, is the misapplica. spect to the Christian faith, than tion of scripture. Sensible of the misrepresentations of its ene- the high authority, which the mies. Evangelical truth, in its scripture has obtained over the own divine form and dress, has minds of people in general, they so much to recommend it to the think it not consistent with pruhearts of believers, and to the dence, and perhaps it is not reason and conscience of all men, quite consistent with their conthat it cannot, without difficulty, victions, avowedly to reject it. be rejected. In itself it has a They therefore resort to it, not perfect agreement with the in- with that sacred reverence and tellectual faculties of the human implicit submission, which are mind. Whereas error, in its due to the word of God, but with own Dature, is totally repug- a determination to derive from nant to reason, to conscience, it what arguments they can in and to every upright principle. support of their favourite tenets. “ Wicked men and deceivers," It is astonishing to observe what aware of this, and despairing of cunning and what boldness they success from direct opposition use in detaching passages of to the truth as such, have re. scripture from their obvious concourse to the art of misrepre- nexion, or in concealing their sentation. By their dexterity true sense by a plausible criticism, in this illusive art, they materi- or an artful gloss, or in forcing ally alter the form of truth. them, in some other way, to They disfigure its lovely fea- favour sentiments, which are contures, array it in a foreign dress, trary to the spirit of revelation. and surround it with false appen- There are many modes of false dages. By concealment, by ad- reasoning employed by the addition, and by distortion, they versaries of truth, of which it is make the truth appear quite important for Christians to beanother thing. Shaped and ware. But I shall chiefly insist dressed by them, it ceases to ex- upon the two which have been hibit its own engaging form, mentioned ; misrepresentation of and appears a frightful monster. the truth, and a wrong application It must be added, that in all their of scripture. misrepresentations, they apply, On no points do the enemies with great address, to the cor- of evangelical religion carry rupt passions of human nature. their efforts to a higher pitch, While they endeavour to prevent than on those which immediatethe alarm of conscience, by pro- ly relate to God. The scripture tessing to be the advocates of doctrine of the Trinity is at the truth;

they obtain success in their foundation of revealed religion, mischievous design, by giving and is peculiarly and inseparatruth an air,which is likely to of- bly connected with the economy fend the pride of reason and the of redemption. The cordial depravity of the heart, at the same and pious reception of this doctime decking error in such a trine, which is so incomprehenmanner, as to flatter and please. sible and mysterious, requires

Another method, to which that the pride of erring reason Vol. III. No. 1.



be subdued, and that faith rest in an appropriate, theological implicitly on the testimony of sense. And why is not the use God. On this account men, of technical terms as allowable who are governed by a proud and important in theology, as in conceit of their own understand- any other science? In the arts ing, or by the principles of cor- and sciences, instead of making rupt philosophy, bestir them- new words to express every idea, selves to overwhelm it with in- words are frequently taken from famy or contempt. It is my de- common language, and used in sign in this number to give a scientific or technical mana specimen of their misrepresen- ner. And it is understood, tations of the doctrine, and their that whenever such words are misapplication of scripture in op- einployed with reference to the posing it.

and sciences, they conThe capital misrepresentation vey a meaning different from of the doctrine of the Trinity, what they previously bore in: which I shall notice, is, that it common use. Now because in implies polytheism, or asserts the common language three persons existence of three Gods, and that signities three men, it cannot be it contains a faluable contradic- inferred, that three persons, when tion or absurdity, by asserling applied to the divine nature, that these three are one.

signifies three Gods. Whatever The charge of polytheism is the term persons may signify, wholly groundless, because cor- when applied to men, in its rect Trinitarians do not affirm, theological sense it must always. either directly or indirectly, that be understood to denote a kind of there are three Gods. Their be- plurality, which is perfectly conlief is, that is the mode of the sistent with the proper unity of divine existence there is a foun- God. The FATHER, the WORD, dation for a personal distinction; and the Spirit are three; not. or in other words, that the Su. three Gods, but as Trinitarians preme Being exists in three pere are accustomed to speak, three sons, the FATHER, the son, and persons, the word being used to the Holy Ghost. The nature signify the indescribable and inof this personal distinction they comprehensible distinction bepretend not to describe. The tween the Father, Son, and Spiridea, that it resembles the dise it in the unity of the Godhead. tinction among human persons, Accordingly Trinitarians adopt is by no means admitted. As the plainest and most forcible the distinction is peculiar to the construction of all those scripexistence of Jehovah, and is tures, whick assert the oneness founded in his infinite perfection, or unity of the Supreme Being. it is deemed absurd to borrow “ The Lord our God is one any similitudes from other be- Lord,” means as much upon the ings in order to explain it. To Trinitarian, as upon the Antidesignate the distinction briefly trinitarian scheme. and conveniently, the terın, fier- When, therefore, the oppo30ns, is adopted. The term, sers of the scripture doctrine of however, is not used according the Trinity bring against it the to its common acceptation, but charge of polytheism, and say

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