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who were intent upon holding assembled for religious instrucfaith and a good conscience, re- tion in country villages. In gardless of human censure, and three vols. By George Burunambitious of human applause : der. Third American edition. -and who, from motives purely Boston. E. Lincoln. 1807. religious, achieved an enterprize, It is a curious fact, and to the unparralleled in ancient or in
or in benevolent mind, highly interestmodern times."
ing and delightful, that the zeal After urging his hearers to for foreign missions, far from respect the characters of the damping, has greatly increased fathers, to cherish their princi- the ardour for diffusing Christian ples and institutions, and to imi- knowledge at home. The singutate their examples; the preach- lar exertions which have been er concludes his discourse with made in Great Britain and the the following animated address. United States, within the last * Sons of the Pilgrims ! look at
twelve years, to send the gospel yonder rock, on which your fathers
to the heathen, have been attendfirst stepped ; look at that brook of which they first drank ; look at the
ed with a correspondent concern cold ground on which they first lay; for the ignorant and vicious alook at the hill where they first met mong themselves. At no precedthe aboriginal prince; look at this ing period, has such a variety of eminence which they first fortified ;
methods been adopted to enlightlook at the lots which they first enclosed ; look on the earth which cov- en and reclaim them. ers their remains ; and while ye ex- One of the forms of this pious claim, "THESE ARE
charity, as practised in England, RIALS or our FATHERS, imbibe is brought to view in a passage their spirit, and follow their exam. ples, and ye shall hereafter enter into
Mr. Burder's preface ; which their rest, and sit down with them likewise communicates an idea and with all the holy fathers in the of the peculiar design and charkingdom of heaven.”
acter of these volumes. Some valuable notes, illustra
“ The following sermons are intive of facts referred to, are added tended, primarily, for the use of to the sermon. With these ad- those pious and zealous persons, who, ditions it forms an whole, which pitying the deplorable ignorance of will convey much information to
their poor neighbours, are accustomed such readers as are unacquainted them : a practice, which, though but
to go into country villages to instruct with the early history of New lately adopted, bids fair to produce England ; and to the sons of the the most substantial and extensive ad. pilgrims it must be peculiarly vantages. A scarcity of discourses, pleasing, as a memorial justly exactly fitted for this benevolent pur
has been justly complained of; honourable to the eminent vir- for though there are hundreds of ad. tues of their fathers.
mirable sermons extant, yet as most of them were originally calculated to
edify intelligent and well-informed Village Sermons ; or plain and congregations, and were published on
short Discourses on the princis account of some superior excellence pal doctrines of the gospel ; in
in style or composition, they are ill tended for th use of families, and intaught people.
suited to the instruction of a rustic
This has in. Sunday schools, or companies duced the author to attempt a few Vol. III. No. 4.
village serions-rery plain and short, Iy evangelical. Those doctrines, yet on the inost interesting subjects,
which exalt God and the Reand with fiequent appeals to the conscience.”
deemer, which humble human What Mr. B. attempted, be pride and selfsufficiency, which
impart balm to the bleeding has accomplished. In the course
heart, and consolation to the sancof sixty-five short sermons, he
tified soul, are the doctrines ilbas discussed the principal doc
lustrated and enforced in these trines of the gospel in a very serious, solemn and convincing sermons. At the same time, the manner. Truth is powerfully dant in reprobaling 'a mere spec
author is emphatical, and abunpressed upon thie conscience
tlative religion, and in pointing and heart of the reader ; while his attention is kept awake by out the infallible connexion be
tween genuine faith, and a life of apt quotations, and not unfre
holiness and virtue. In a ser quently, by some striking anec
mon on Titus ii. 11, 12, we find dote. But the prominent and
such sentiments as these : characteristic excellence of these sermons is, that they are plain- “ The gospel first directs the sinadapted to the comprehension of her to repair by faith to Christ, and to
obtain the pardon of his sins through all, not excepting the most igno- his precious blood. This is his first rant. The pious author, though business : and if the sinner be enabled a man of a cultivated mind, seems to believe in Jesus, his faith will work designedly to have avoided every by love, will purify his heart, and over.
come his lusts. We are not, by our species of ornament, and to have
own power, first to reform our lives, applied bisself to unfold and en
and then, as gracious and good peoforce the truths of revelation with ple, to trust in Christ for salvation ; the greatest simplicity of thought but, as soon as ever we discover our and language.
need of a Saviour, to Ay to him with. A collection of sermons, cal
out delay, just as we are. And he
casts out none that come to him. Beculated to bring down these lieving in him will give a new turn to things to the level of the lowest our affections. We shall mourn for capacities, is as valuable as it is pardoned sin. We shall hate the mura rare. Perhaps neither ministers derers of our Lord. We shall be cruci
fied to the world by the cross of Jesus; nor others are sufficiently in the
and the ways of godliness will no longhabit of reflecting, how ignorant, er be a bureen and a task, but our often, are the great mass of man- pleasant and easy service. The love kind, respecting some of the
of Christ will constrain and we plainest principles of religion ; then were all dead; and that he died
shall judge, that if one died for all, nor how great familiarity of illus- for all, that henceforth they who live tration is necessary in order to should not live to themselves, but untheir being understood. The to him who died for them. Besides, usefulness of these sermons, united to him in the same manner as
whoever believes in Jesus is really however, is not limited to the less the vine and its branches are united. informed class of people ; they all our fruitfulness in good works de. may be read with advantage by pends on this union. •* Abide in me,” all ranks.
said our Lord; “ thus shall ye bring Respecting the author's senti- forth much fruit ; for without me ye
can do nothing.” This is the true sements, we hesitate not to pro- cret of godliness, the gospel mystery, nounce them decidedly and pure: of sanctification, and the only way of
becoming holy. In this way nothing sinners, to convert notorious rebels, is too hard to be accomplished; and and to produce in numberless persons en this ground every believer may say, “ the fruits of good living" This is with St. Paul, “I can do all things, its proper tendency; these its genuthrough Christ which strengthencth ine fruits. And we adore the grace me.”
that renders the word powerful for The following is one of the in- these blessed purposes. ferences from the same subject : abuse the doctrines of grace for licen
“ If any false professors of religion « It appears from what has been tious practices, they have no countesaid, that there is no ground for the
nance in so doing from the gospel, or reproach often cast on the gospel of the preachers of it. Our text will at grace, that it leads to licentiousness,
once confront and confound such base or that the doctrine of faith and grace hypocrites. It teaches them the nais burtful to morality and good works.
ture, necessity and method of'attain.' It is a foul and grourdless slander. ing a holy life. Believers were “chosNothing is more false. Our text con
en in Christ, that they might be holy, futes it at once. We have shown that and without blame before him in the gospel is properly called the grace love." All the commands of God both of God; it is the gospel that bringeth in the Old and New Testament, resalvation by grace; and this free.grace quire it. It was an eminent branch gospel teacheth us to live a holy of the design of Christ in dying for life. What can be plainer? And let his people. It is necessary to the it be noted, that nothing but the gospel present peace and happiness of our of grace can truly teach or produce a souls, in this world of sin and vanity. holy life. This was, at first, the pow. This is the way in which God expects er of God to the salvation of bigoted us to glorify him among men. And Jews, and beastly heathens. In eve- in this consists our “ meetness for the ry succeeding age it has had the same inheritance of the saints in light.” blessed effects. And it is the same to this day. While moral preachers la- On the whole, we cordially rebour in vain, and many of them ad- commend these volumes to the dress their heathen lectures to sleepy hearers and empty pews, we know and wealthy, for perusal themselves, are sure, that the plain truths of the and for distribution among the gospel are effectual to quicken dead poor.
With pleasure we insert the following interesting article, copied from the subscription paper, circulated in Connecticut, for the purpose of forming a Religious Traci Society.
TO THE FRIENDS OF RELIGION
Among the various measures, so ted States; all of which seem to have successfully employed, within a few been followed by happy consequences. years past, for promoting the amend. Most of the poor find little leisure for ment and salvation of mankind, few, reading. It is cvident, therefore, in proportion to the expense and diffi- that small tracts are better suited to culty attending them, have probably their circumstances, than any other. been more useful, than those which A man, who can command' two or have been directed to the dispersion three hours in a week, will very easi. of cheap religious Tracts among the ly be persuaded to peruse a work, poor. Efforts of this nature have which may be finished within that been extensively made in Great Bris time, who yet by the size of a consid. tain, and in some degree in the Unic erable volume would be deterred from reading a single page. It is also evi. At the same time, important bene, dent, that the books furnished to such fits have been communicated in Great persons, ought, as much as possible, Britain, and may be communicated to be those which will allure them to here, by selling such tracts to persons read. The reluctance to reading is in moderate circumstances (constialways most successfully overcome tuting a numerous class of mankind) by the entertaining nature of the book at the original cost, or at reduced which is furnished. It scarcely needs prices, as the nature of the case shall to be added, that he, who has but lit. direct. Books, it is well known, are, tle time for reading, ought to employ at the present time, much dearer it only in the most useful books. than at any former period. This un.
All these objects can, it is believed, fortunate fact prevents many persons be accomplished at the present time, from gaining a part, at least, of that and accomplished with moderate ex- valuable instruction, which they would pense and little difficulty, for the poor otherwise acqıure. In all such cases, of this country. Short, cheap, and this Society would become the useful entertaining religious tracts have instrument of providing, and distrib. been published in great numbers, of uting, knowledge of the most impor. many kinds, and in a great variety of tant kind, with little expense to it. forms, suited to almost every age, self. The end, here gained, would situation, and character. The ex- be the same ; and only accomplished pense of printing, and distributing in a different manner. them, has been proved, both by esti. Persuaded of the reality and inmates and facts, to be moderate. By portance of these trutbs, a number of facts, also, it has been amply proved, gentlemen in this city have embarked tbat the poor will read, if furnished in the design of purchasing, and cir. with the proper books; and that the culating among the poor, small, unexconsequences of this reading are of pensive religious tracts. For so be. the most salutary nature.
To con- nevolent a purpose they feel themtribute to the reformation of this un. selves warranted to solicit the aid of fortunate class of mankind; to with. all, who are friends to religion, and to draw them from the vices, to which the poor. The scheme, by which by their situation in life they are pe. they have proposed to regulate their culiarly exposed; to prevent such, as conduct in this business, will be seen hitherto are uncontaminated, from fu- in the plan below. Such gentlemen, ture corruption; to recal such of as approve of this design, are request. them, as are stupid in sin, to serious- ed to subscribe their names, with ness and piety; and to increase the the sums annexed, which they choose comfort, hope, and purity, of those, to contribute ; and, when they design who are already pious, is an employ. the contribution to be annual, tą ment, which needs no recommenda. specify that circumstance. tion to a good man.
A PLAN FOR THE FORMATION OF A RELIGIOUS TRACT SOCIETY.
1. The name shall be The Connecti.
4. Every subscriber who shall en. cut Religious Tract Society.
gage to pav annually a şum not less 2. The sole object of the Society than one dollar, shall be a member so shall be the promotion of evangelical long as the amount of his subscription religion ; and nothing shall be pub. shall be paid. lished in the tracts, which shall give 5. Every subscriber to the amount any just cause of offence to any par- of a sum not less than ten dollars ticular denomination of Christians. shall be a member for life. 3. The Society will endeavour to
6. Every subscriber shall be enticompass this object, by distributing tled to three fourths of the amount of these tracts to the poor gratis, and by his subscription, in tracts at the first Selling them at the discretion of their cost, and charges. committee, at the first cost and
7. Any person subscribing a sum charges, or at reduced prices, to oth
not sufficient to constitute him a er persons, who shall be disposed to member, shall be entitled to the same purchase.
proportion of tracts.
8. If any subscriber within the city were adopted, and all the gentlemen of New Haven, shall not call for his present at the last meeting subscribed tracts within ten days after notice of in such a manner as to become memtheir being published shall have been bers according to the Constitution. given in some news-paper, his share They then proceeded to the choice of shall be considered as relinquished to officers to serve the Society till the the disposal of the Society.
first annual meeting. The following 9. If any subscriber without the
persons were chosen to the offices atcity of New Haven shall not call in fixed to their respective names : like manner within three months af- Rev. Tom. DWIGHT, D. D. Pres. ter such notice, his share shall be ISAAC MILLS, Esq. Treasurer. considered as relinquished as before JEREMIAH EVARTS, Esq. Sec’y. mentioned.
The following persons were chosen 10. No member shall be entitled to a committee to solicit subscriptions any tracts till after the payment of in this city: viz. Isaac Mills, Esq. his annual, or other subscription. Stephen Twining, Esq. Rev. Samuel
11. The officers shall consist of a Merwin, Mr. Hezekiah Belden, and President, Vice President, Secretary, Jeremiah Evarts, Esq. and Treasurer, to be chosen by bal. The choice of a Vice President lot, and of committees.
and committees was deferred to a 12. There shall be an annual meet.
future meeting ing on the last Wednesday of Octo- Published by direction of the Sober, holden at New Haven, at which ciety. the officers shall be appointed, and Jeremiah EvArts, Secretary. any other business shall be done that New Haven, Sept. 7, 1807. may be thought proper.
It is expected that those who sub. 13. The President, or in his absence, scribe to pay annually will remit the the Vice President may call a special amount of their first slibscription to meeting, and not less than geven the Treasurer, at, or before, the anshall at any time constitute a quorum ; nual meeting in October next, and but a less number shall have power that future annual payments will be to adjourn.
remitted to the Treasurer, at the an14. A committee shall be chosen nual meetings when they shall befrom the members throughout the come due. Those to whom sub. State, whose duty it shall be to solicit scripłion papers may be entrusted subscriptions, to assist in the distri. are desired to forward them to the bution of tracts, to be agents for the Secretary, at, or before, the annual Society, in the collection and remit meeting in October next. tance of subscription monies, and to transact such other business, as the Soeiety shall deem expedient. 15. A special Committee shall be
HANCOCK FEMALE TRACT SOCIETY. appointed to select matter for publication, and to superintend the printing For the gratification and encour, of the Tracts.
agement of the friends of Zion, the 16. Every member shall be at lib. following sketch is communicated. erty to withdraw from the Society, on In the county of Hancock, District giving written notice of his intention of Maine, a small society has been in to the Secretary
operation for three years past, denom. 17. No tax shall be laid upon the inated, the Hancock Female Tract SoSociety.
ciety; its object is to procure relig: 18. The accounts of the Society ious books and tracts to be distributed shall be audited, and the proceedings among the poor and destitute in the of the Society published, annually. district ; for this purpose each mem
19. The Constitution of the Society ber contributes one cent a week. Its may be amended at any annual meet
a Directress, General ing
Treasurer, and Secretary, and a com. After several meetings of a number mittee of three, chosen from among of gentlemen friendly to a Religious the gentlemen of the Hancock AssoTract Society, the foregoing articles ciation. At each annual meeting of