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into execution, yet the pains to Tanschaur, where lie had which Schwartz had bestowed already founded a congregation for a year and a half upon the during his abode at Tirutchinaacquisition of the Talmul lan- palli, and where he remained till guage, were not thrown away, his decease. since this became, the occasion At both places he received (the late Mr. Franke being also from the government at Madras acquainted with his upright in- an annual salary of 1001. as gartentions) of his being appointed rison preacher. At Tirutchinato go in the capacity of a mis- palli le expended the whole of sionary to the East Indies. He this sum in the service of the accepted this appointment; and mission, particularly in the buildalthough, some days after, an ad- ing of the church and school, vantageous situation, as preacher, and also in augmenting the alnot far from Halle, was offered lowances of the national helpers. him, he declined it in the firm At Tanschaur he gave one balf persuasion that it was the will of of his salary to Mr. Kohlhoff, God he should go to the East In- whom he had educated and indies. His father, also, whom he structed until he was ordained at visited before he set out upon his Tranquebar to be missionary at mission, gave his consent to it; Tanschaur. The other half he and the event has shewn that likewise expended upon the God had chosen him to preach mission. the gospel to the Heathen.
The fidelity with which he laOn the 8th of August, 1749, boured, the self denial wbich he Schwartz set out, with two other exercised, the blessing which atmissionary candidates, Polzen; tended his preaching of the goshagen and Huettemann (the lat- pel, the esteem in which he was ter being destined for the Eng- held both by the Europeans and lish mission) for Copenhagen. Talmuls,* the veneration which After they had there received ordination, they returned to
* The excellent conduct of Mr. Halle ; from thence they pro- confidence of all ranks of people. In
Schwartz was such as to secure the ceeded on their way to London. the time of war, when the fort of On the 21st of January, 1750, Tanjore was in a distressed situation, they left London, embarked the a powerful enemy at hand, and not 29th, and arrived on the 16th of provision enough even for the garri.
son ; and when, to add to this mis. July at Cadelar, and on the 30th fortune, the neighbouring inhabiat Tranquebar, in good health. tants, who, by ill treatment had lost As early as the 5th of November all confidence in the Europeans, and following, Schwartz delivered the Rajah had in vain entreated the his first discourse in the Talmul help of the people, the only hope
left was in Mr. Schwartz. " We bave language.
all lost our credit,” said the Rajah In the year 1767, he was to an English gentleman ; “let us try transferred to the English socie- whether the inhabitants will trust ty, as missionary in Tirutchina- Mr. Schwartz.” Accordingly, he was palli , after having several times desired to make an agreement witha
them. There was no time to be already preached the gospel lost.
The Seapoys fell down as there, and met with great atten- dead people, being emaciated with tion. In the year 1779, he went hunger. "The streets were lined with
all his brethren paid to him, as But, in the beginning of No. to their father, counsellor, and vember, 1797, a cold, which he pattern, appears sufficiently from had taken, became the occasion the missionary accounts. Much of a severe fit of illness. At that has he laboured ; great will be time great apprehensions were his reward.
entertained for his life. God, He enjoyed an almost unin- however, was pleased so far to terrupted good state of health, bless the use of the medicines, and could always perform his that were employed, that he functions with ease ; only in the was enabled once more to last years he wrote, that he was sume several of his occupations, no longer able to go about although some diminution of the among the Heathen as formerly. energy of his mind was observ. dead corpses every morning. He letter to the Society for promoting sent, therefore, letters in every di. Christian Knowledge, (Feb. 1794) in rection, promising to pay, with his vindication of himself and the is. own hands, for every bullock that sion, from the unjust charges of a might be taken by the enemy. In a gentleman in a newspaper. He closes day or two he got above a thousand his letter thus : bullocks. He sent Catechists and “I might have enlarged my acother Christians into the country, at count; but fearing that some characthe risk of their lives, who returned ters might have suffered by it, I stop in a short time, and brought into the here. One thing, however, I affirm fort a great quantity of corn. Thus before God and man: That if Chris. the fort was saved ; and when all was tianity, in its plain and undisguised over, he paid all the people, made form, was properly promoted, the them a small present, and sent them country would
not suffer, but be home.
benefitted by it. The knowledge of At another time, the inhabitants God, of his divine perfections, and of of the Tanjore country were so mis- his mercy to mankind, may be abus. erably oppressed by the Madras ed; but there is no other method of Dubashes and others, that they reclaiming mankind than by instructquitted the country ; in consequence ing them well. To hope that the of which all cultivation ceased, and Heathens will live a good life, without every one dreaded a famine. The the knowledge of God, is á chimera. Rajah endeavoured to recall the peo. “ The praise bestowed on the Heaple, promising that their oppres- then of this country by many of our sions should be removed, and justice historians, is refuted by a close (I should be done them í but they might almost say, superficial) inspec. would not believe him. Mr. Schwartz tion of their lives.
Many historical was then desired by the Rajah to works are more like romance than write letters to them, assuring them history. Many gentlemen here are that, at his intercession, kindness astonished how some historians have should be shewn them. He was cred. prostituted their talents by writing faited. Seven thousand came back in bles. one day, and the rest of the inhabit- “ I am now at the brink of eterniants followed. He then exhorted ty; but, to this moment, I declare, them to exert themselves to the ut- that I do not repent of having spent most at the time, for cultivation was forty three years in the service of my nearly lost. They replied, “ As you divine Master. Who knows but have shewed kindness to us, you shall God may remove some of the great not have reason to repent of it : we obstacles to the propagation of the intend to work day and night, to shew
Should a reformation take our regard to you.”
place among the Europeans, it would, These facts, and other similar ones, no doubt, be the greatest blessing to were related by Mr. Schwartz, in a this country.”
able. But, in the beginning of addressed himself. Till last February, 1798, just when Friday evening, he frequently Mr. Gericke had arrived with said, that he did not yet think Mr. Holzberg, the missionary his end to be very near at hand, destined for Tanschaur, he was but that it would be attended attacked with a dangerous com- with much pain. But since then, plaint in his foot. The mortifi- he said several times, “ Now, cation, which threatened to su- I think, I shall soon go to my pervene, was indeed prevented ; heavenly Father.” Being once but he sunk into such a state of asked, wliether he had the hope debility, that he was obliged to that, after his death, the kingbe lifted and carried about like dom of God would be further exan infant.
tended in this country? he anConcerning the last days of swered, “ Yes; but it will pass his life, and his conversation on through trials and tribulation." his death bed, Mr.Gericke writes Another time, when he was askthus :
ed, whether he had any thing yet “ I returned on the 7th of Feb- to say with regard to the conruary, 1798, from a short visit gregation ? he answered, “ Do which I had made at Tirutchina- you help, that they may all come palli, to Tanschaur, where I to heaven.” He once said, found that Mr. Schwartz's leg “ There is with many a good was become very bad, and full of beginning of Christianity ; but black spots, which were continu- if any one should object that ally spreading. The physician there is nothing perfect to be had begun to apply the Peruvian seen yet, let him first examine bark in embrocations.
As we himself.” When we expressed had every hour to expect the dis- ourselves rejoiced to see him so solution of our beloved brother, patient and resigned, he replied, the rest of the brethren request- “ Human misery is universal ; ed that I would stay with them, and I really suffer very little ;" and help them to bear the bur- and frequently repeated the den. But it was at the same time words, “ Our faithful God helps a great blessing to me to behold, in distress, and chastens with in this expiring Christian, an moderation. But how would it edifying example of faith, hope, be if he should deal with us acand resignation. When spirit. cording to our sins? But yonder, val and heavenly things were pain will be no more ; and for the subjects of conversation, that we have to thank the Lord when he prayed, admonished, or Jesus.” To his Malabar attendspoke of the tranquillity and ants, who faithfully assisted bim, peace, which his soul enjoyed, he was very thankful, and said through the mercy of God in sometimes to us, “ We must Christ, it could never be perceiv- not complain much, were it only ed that his powers of recollection on account of these poor people, were impaired. Frequently he
Frequently he who certainly do their best, lest quoted texts of scripture, or ver- we should render their attendses out of hymns, which were ance more burdensome to them.” very apposite, and always in the “ On the 10th, in the morning, language of those to whom he his tongue was quite parched,
furred, and blackish ; and strong he should come to him in his spasms in the bowels, with diffi- greatest weakness, in order to culty of breathing,
extol Jesus, as the only Saviour, By his desire, we offered up a the Resurrection, and the Life. prayer, and thought this would “ Now," he added, “ be his last ; but, towards even- once more with me.” I knelt ing, he again felt easier, and the down with Mr. Kohlhoff, who, fever had greatly abated. On in the mean time, had entered the following day came Samuel, the chamber, and adapted my the physician, (who, however, prayer to the contents of the had nothing to do with the pa- hymn, “ To thee alone, Lord tient in the capacity of a plysi- Jesus Christ,” &c. cian, but merely assisted in listing “ After fresh dressings had him and applying the embroca- been applied to the diseased foot, tions; and who yesterday an- and we had given him some renounced to me his approaching freshment, and had him removed dissolution) and said, " The Lord into another chamber, (which was has worked a wonder; symptoms done once every day, because the which yesterday gave reason to air in the close room was very expect impending death have much vitiated by the embroca disappeared." The English phy- tions, the coal-fire used in presician also said, upon inspection paring them, and the many atof the foot, that he was astonish- tendants that were required) we ed at the sudden amendment ; for the first time perceived the adding, that he was no longer extreme state of debility to which apprehensive that the patient he was reduced, and he seemed would die of an external mortifi- even nearer to his dissolution cation, although a recovery was
than he had done the Saturday not to be expected.
before. I was therefore again “ On the 12th, I intended, in detained. In the afternoon he the afternoon, to have set out on conversed much with Mr. Jamy return home. The patient nicke. In the evening I came to, also gave me my dismission, him with the physician, whom and said, “ You intend then to · he knew very well, and said to leave us to day. Salute all the him, “ Let us all take care that brethren, and tell them to attend none of us be left behind." He always to the chief point. I expressed his gratitude for the shall now soon go to the Lord attention of the physician and the Jesus : if he will receive me, and assistance of his brethren and' not enter into judgment with Malabar attendants. The latter me, but deal with me according did every thing in their power to his mercy, all will go well with with the greatest alacrity : their me, and I will praise him. He love to their paternal teacher might reject us also on made every thing easy to them; count of our works, because sin and every word of instruction, cleaves to them all." He thank, which he spoke to them, they ed God that he suffered him to caught up with the greatest avidleave the world in the midst of ity, and delighted to be about his faithful brethren; and that him. The physician was much he had conducted things so, that affected, and said, he hoped 1
would not leave the patient and had remained here longer, I set out on my return, as he was should have liked it, for then I so weak.
might have spoken a word more * This evening he suffered to the poor and sick; but His more than he had done before ; will be done! May he only refor the lifting him and moving ceive me in mercy! Into thy his body, on account of the em- hands I commend my spirit ; brocations, which it was neces- thou hast redeemed me, thou sary si:ould be often repeated, faithful God!” The Malabar and even sitting and lying in attendants afterwards sang the bed were extremely burthen- last verses of the hymn, “ Head some to him.
But his pa- full of wounds and bruises !” in tience and resignation did not di- which he frequently joined. He minish; not a complaint was then rested a little ; after which heard from him; his sighs he desired to be raised up, and only expressed how much he suddenly he opened his mouth, suffered. I said to him, among (out of which so much instrucother things, “ God grant that tion and comfort, so much ferwe may one day, in our last ex- vent prayer had issued till the tremity, await our dissolution in 73d year of his life, and expired such peace, and such a happy between four and five o'clock, in frame as you, to our comfort and the arms of the faithful and afsatisfaction, now enjoy.” “ May fectionate Malabar fellow labourhe grant it!" he rejoined, “ in ers of this place.
It was very the richest measure.” All our affecting to hear the wailing and hearts were moved by the affec- lamentations of the inhabitants tionale energy with which he ut. of the two Christian villages on tered these words.
both sides of the garden, which we “ In the night between the could do the whole night through. 12th and 13th, he enjoyed some The sorrow at having lost him, sleep in the intervals when he who had been their teacher, their could be left quiet ; and the fol- comforter, their tutor, their benlowing forenoon he fell into a efactor, their adviser, their adkind of stupor ; and his pulse vocałe, was universal. Not only were very feeble. When he a- we, the congregations, the schools woke he spoke indeed ; but only and the mission, but the whole detached words were intelligible; country has lost a father. Whohowever, he seemed clearly to ever had but known him, wept. understand whatever was spoken “ On the following day, bcto him. We thought he was tween four and five in the afterabout to slumber thus out of the noon, we deposited his remains body ; but about noon he became in the grave, which was dug in again more lively.
the church in the garden. Serfothe hymn, “ Christ is my life,” gee, the Tanschaur prince, whose &c. in which he began to join us. tutor lie was, came to see his He spoke very humbly of him- corse before the coffin was nailed self, and in praise of his Redeem- down, bedewed it with his tears, er, wishing to be dissolved, and and accompanied it to the grave. to be with Christ. “ Had it The Malabar assistants wished pleased him," he said, “ that I to carry the body ; but as Euro