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that neither of these events may be the result of our labours; but that we may be instrumental in so putting the gospel into the hands and hearts of the Hindoos, as that they may not very long stand in need of the assistance of foreigners.
In order to ensure, as far as our powers extend, the universal diffusion of gospel light, we have, as you know, been long employed in translating, printing, and circulating the oracles of God, knowing that this is a seed which can never perish, be the soil ever so barren, and the seasons ever so unfavourable. The progress made in this work calls for many thanks to HIM who is eminently styled THE WORD OF GOD. By these means, and the circulation of tracts, knowledge spreads wide and fast. Further to accomplish this great object, we are now forming subordinate stations in different parts of the country, that, should any thing happen to the work at Serampore, the cause may live and spread from other quarters. With this object in view we also encourage the gifts of our native brethren, and to put them forward in publishing the word of the Lord. We inculcate upon them that this is their cause, and that it is their country which is sinking into ruin beneath the load of abominable idolatry. Further: We have done as much as in us lies to promote a disposition to read among the natives at large, by establishing schools; and in this part of our labours we have been assisted by several benevolent Europeans.
We have begun to translate the sacred scriptures into the Orissa, Mahratta, Persian, and Hindoostance languages. A beginning is made in printing the Mahratta New Testament, and a fount of types for the Orissa is partly cut. We have long had it in mind to station a brother in Orissa, near to the temple of Jugger. naut. We think of doing this in a short time. These types will then be of great importance.
Since the 25th of March, five persans have been added; and though we have not been without trials respecting our members, yet we have had less necessity to exercise painful discipline, than in some former periods.
We have all had our health in a great measure preserved. In those cases in which it was affected for a short time, God graciously interfered, and removed every complaint.
Signed by all the brethren present.
The Female Charitable Society at Whitestown, (N. Y.) have voted their second annual collection of $130, to be added to the funds of the Hamp shire Missionary Society.
The late Richard Devens, Esq. of Charlestown, bequeathed to this Society ten shares in the Fire Insurance Company in Boston; and an equal amount to the Connecticut Missionary Society, and the Massachusetts Missionary Society.
fects of the revolution. Several pictures have lately been painted for churches and an artist has avowedly set apart his residence, for the convenience of repairing pictures, &c. which have been damaged. He has several young men engaged in this branch of art solely; and he has received many commissions as well for new pictures, &c. as for repairing old ones.
Death of the Great Mogul, Shah Allumn.
SHAH Allum, the Great Mogul, or Emperor of Delhi, died on the 19th of November, 1806. Aged 82. His reign was long and disastrous, having lasted 44 years. The Mogul Empire was, indeed, decayed, and decaying, at the accession of Shah Allum, but during his reign that decay has been so total, as to leave nothing more than the title of Emperor. History can scarcely furnish a parallel to the rapid deterioration of the Mogul dominion, and the cities of Delhi and Agra, the seats of its former splendour and power. The rise of this Empire was sudden; from the accession of Akber in 1555, to the Persian invasion under Nadir Shah in 1738; a space of 283 years. The Emperor's remains were interred with great funeral pomp and splendour, in the vault of his ancestors. He is succeeded by his eldest son, Mirza Akber Shah, who ascended the Musnud in public state the same day. He has assumed the title of Akber Saunee.
Jesuit Missionaries. Extracts from letters of the Jesuit Missionaries, sent into that part of Tartary, which is subject to Russia.
Father Richard writes from Catherinestadt, government of Sarathon, May 22, 1806:
"A Lutheran, of a neighbouring colony, who had gained a suit at law, complained incessantly that his (living) antagonist, followed him night and day, without allowing him any repose. He was brought to me. I examined him, and asked him whether this man was really alive, whether he spoke to him, whether he had endeav.
oured to lay hold of him. He replied that he was really alive; that he spoke to him; but that having repeatedly endeavoured to lay hold of him, he had never been able to succeed. He added, I told him yesterday, that I was going to a Catholic priest, who would force him to let me alone. I blessed him, according to the form of the ritual, and gave him two images of St. Ignatius, one to carry about him, the other to fasten to his door: nothing has appeared to him since.
"Our colonies have laden more than sixty vessels with wheat and tobacco on the northern districts of the Wolga, because it has rained three times. Last year's harvest was very abundant. It sometimes happens that the land, though very fertile, but dried by the ardent heat of the sun, hardly returns the seed sown ; nor even bad grass. Tobacco and wheat, which form the riches of the country, are bought by the rich merchants of our city, who sell it again to the Russians, to be sent to Moscow, Peters. burgh, Astracan, and even to England.
"Our colonists, forced to sow and to reap within the short space of three months, labour night and day: and as there are vast districts rendered barren by saltpetre, those which are fertile are sometimes at great distances from the people's habitations. They therefore set off on a Monday for the scene of their labours, in waggons which serve them as tents for the purposes of a little repose during the night. They take with them whatever they expect to want, to last them till the next Sunday. They convey in this manner the children at the breast, which they place in their little beds; and afterwards in pretty little covered vehicles, because the waggons are too rough, and would expose them too severely to joltings.
"There is nothing astonishing in the devil's desire to preserve some part of his dominion in this country, where he was adored not thirty years ago, by the Ojergisians, the Calmucs, &c. in the idols which still exist. Our people place them at the corners of their wooden houses, to keep the waggons off. They are large blocks of a reddish coloured marble, extremely hard, which is brought from
a great distance: for there is no kind of stone in the country. It cannot be guessed whether their formless fig ure represents, or is intended to represent, a man, a beast, or a devil. If you wish to have some of them as ornaments to your garden, I can send you three or four, which lie about the fields but these gods are so heavy that two strong men can hardly set them upright. Those elderly Germans, who beheld the idolaters before the government sent them off, a hundred leagues distance, assure us that those ideots beat their deities heartily with blows from a stick, when they did not immediately obtain what they had petitioned for." [Panorama.
THE supreme court of justice at Copenhagen, lately laid before the king an account of all criminals in the Danish dominions, (including Iceland and the Indian colonies) on whom sentence has been passed in the year 1806; in which it is stated that 205 criminals, 18 of whom were foreigners, were in that year sentenced to corporeal punishment, 5 for murder, 8 for other capital crimes, 7 for forgery, the rest for inferior offences, and that the number of criminals bears a proportion to the whole population of the kingdom and colonies, as one to ten thousand.
List of New Publications,
Vols. I. and II. of the Life of Samuel Johnson, L. L. D. comprehending an account of his studies, and numerous works, in chronological order; a series of his epistolary correspondence and conversations with many eminent persons; and various original pieces of his composition, never before published. The whole exhibiting a view of literature and literary men in Great Britain for near half a century, during which he flourished. By James Boswell, Esq. 1st American from 5th London edition. In 3 volumes. 8vo. Boston, published by W. Andrews and L. Blake, and Cushing & Appleton of Salem. Greenough & Stebbins, printers. 1807. Vol. I. pp. 500. Vol. II. pp. 512.
The Child's Assistant in the art of reading. Being a collection of pieces, suited to the capacities of children, in the early stages of education. Designed as a Medium between the Spelling Book, and the American Selection of Lessons, American Preceptor, and other books of a similar kind. By Samuel Temple, A. M. author of an Introduction to Arithmetic. Third edition. Boston. Lincoln & Edmands. 1807.
A compendious system of Universal Geography, designed for schools. Compiled from the latest and most distinguished European and Ameri
can travellers, voyagers, and geog raphers. By Elijah Parish, A. M. minister of Byefield, Massachusetts. Newburyport. Thomas & Whipple.
Elements of Natural Philosophy, arranged under the following heads: matter and motion, the universe, the solar system, the fixed stars, the earth considered as a planet, the atmosphere, meteors, springs, rivers, seas, fossils, plants, animals, the human frame, and the human understanding. Philad. J. P. Parke, price 50 cents.
The Christian Ministry, the qualification requisite for it, in duties, diffi culties, encouragements, &c. considered in two Sermons, delivered before the Church and Society, in the East parish of Bridgewater, Nov. 9, 1806, the second Sabbath after the author's ordination. By James Flint, A. M. pastor of the church in that place, 8vo. Boston. Russell & Cutler.
Letters of the late Lord Lyttleton, only son of the venerable George Lord Lyttleton, and chief justice in Eyre, &c. &c. The first American edition, complete in one volume, 8vo. To which is now first added a memoir concerning the author, including an account of some extraordinary cir cumstances attending his death. Troy, N. Y. Wright, Goodenow, & Co.
THE Rev. Dr. Trumbull, who has -published, with much reputation to himself and his country, the first volume of his history of Connecticut, has for several years past been engaged, at the request of the General Association in Connecticut, in writing a general history of the United States, for the purpose of displaying the divine agency in their settlement, growth and protection, and specially during the late memorable revolution.
The work will probably be comprised in three octavo vols. of about 500 pages each, of the size of the English edition of Dr. Gordon's history of the revolutionary war.
The first volume, which is ready for the press, brings down the history to the year 1760. The second vol. ume is in forwardness, and it is ex pected the whole will be completed in such period, as that, after the first volume shall have been put to press, (which will be the next spring at farthest) the others will be in readi ness to succeed it, without delay.
Some idea of this work may be formed from the contents of the seyeral chapters which follow.
Introduction. Sketches of the principal discoveries of North America; of the state of the country when discovered; of the character, manners, religion, government, language, probable numbers and geographical situation of the natives.
Attempts of the French and Spaniards to make settlements in Caroli na. Patent of Sir Walter Raleigh and his attempts to plant a colony. Sketches of the patents, discovery and settlement of Virginia, New York, Plymouth, Massachusetts, Maryland, Connecticut and Rhode Island; and of the principal occurrences attending their settlement.
Oppressions of the Virginians under the administration of Sir John Harvey. Another massacre by the Indians. War with them. Confederation of the New England colonies. Their success in christianising the natives, The Virginians, refusing obedience to the Lord protector, he dispatches an armament against them. They capitulate. His different treatment
Customs imposed on the colonies by act of parliament. The adminis tration of Major Andros. Both op. press and create general uneasiness, Claims of Andros on Connecticut. The colony make opposition and protest against his conduct. The Virginians distressed by the acts of trade and government at New York; the people are thrown into tumult; Bacon excites rebellion Its unhap. py consequences. Andros's treat
ment of the Jerseys. Quo-warrantos are issued against the New England charters. The oppressive adminis tration of Sir Edmund Andros. Sir Edmund seized by the people at Boston. Joy excited by the acces sion of William and Mary to the throne of Britain.
Ravages of the French and In. dians in King William's and Queen Ann's wars. Destruction of Schenectada, Salmon Falls and Casco. The reduction of Port Royal. Sir William Phipps' unsuccessful at tempt on Canada. Major Schuy ler's expedition. The distressed state of New England. Arma, ment from the French under the Marquis of Nesmond for the reduc tion of Boston and New York. remarkable preservation of New York, and the country in general. The uncommon cruelties of this war. Depredations and distressed state of New England in Queen Ann's war. Expedition of Colonel Church. Expe dition of Colonel, Nicholson to Wood
creek. Reduction of Port Royal and Acadia. Expedition against Canada under Admiral Walker and Brigadier Hill. The loss of New England in these wars, and their general effect on the country.
Expedition against St Augustine. Defeat of the French in Carolina. Palatines settle in North Carolina. Massacre by the Corees and Tuscaroras. Expedition against them. General conspiracy of the Indians against the Carolinians. War with them.
Distressed state of the colony. It revolts from the proprietary government, and effects a revolution. Under the government of Great Brit ain enjoyed safety, prosperity, and general satisfaction.
Settlement of North Carolina. First voyage made to that country. Interview with the natives. Their kindness. Settlement of Albemarle and Cape Fear. Revolt in Albemarle. Deed from the proprietors. Constitution of the colony. tines plant themselves on the Roanoke. The colony is purchased by the crown, and the government becomes regal. The plan and patent for the settlement of Georgia. Settlements made. Regulations of the Trustees. Expedition against St. Augustine. Spaniards invade Georgia and are defeated. The corporation surrender their charter, and the government becomes regal. General observations relative to Georgia and the Southern colonies.
War with the Eastern Indians. Brunswick destroyed. Canso surprised, and seventeen vessels taken by the enemy. Attempts to engage the five nations in war with the Eastern Indians. The English take and burn Norridgewock. Peace made with the Indians.
French war. Duviviere takes Canso. Expedition of the New Englanders against Louisburg. Remarkable deliverance of New England.
Colonel Washington's expedition. Convention at Albany. French war, 1755. Reasons of the war. Expedition against Nova Scotia, Fort du Quesne, Crown Point, and Niagara. Success'n Nova Scotia. General
Braddock defeated by the French and Indians. Earon Dieskau defeated and taken by General Johnson. Unhappy division of the Southern colonies. Colonel Bradstreet defeats a party of the enemy. Oswego taken. Inactivity of Lord Loudon. Conduct of the Southern colonies. Comparison between the campaign of 1755 and 1756.
Preparations for the campaign in 1757. Plan of operation in America changed, and Louisburg becomes its only object. This is reinforced, and the expedition is postponed. Fort William Henry taken by the French. The country is alarmed, and great reinforcements sent forward to Albany and Fort Edward. The campaign closes with losses and shame. The provincials lose all confidence in the British Commanders. Change of men, 1758. Armament against Louisburg. Its seige and capture by General Amherst. Defeat at Ticonderoga. Du Quesne taken by General Forbes.
Plan of the campaign of 1759. Expedition against Ticonderoga and Crown Point, Niagara and Quebec. Action at the falls of Montmorency. The camp removes to Point Levi. The troops land above the town. Battle of Quebec. General Wolfe and Montcalm killed. Quebec surrenders. Movements of General Amherst on lake Champlain.
The MS, of the first volume of this work has been submitted to the critical inspection of the Rev. Dr. Dwight, President of Yale College, and the Hon. John Trumbull, Esq. one of the Judges of the Supreme Court, in Connecticut; both well known in the literary world, and has received their decided approbation. The latter gentleman writes thus to the author:
"Your style is neat, elegant, and well suited to a history, which, comprehending in one volume a long series of most important events, allows little room for diffuse narration, and must owe its principal merit to conciseness, perspicuity, and a judicious selection of the most important facts. Your selection of facts, and manner of narration are very judicious. Your history, in affording important informa