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It is the privilege, however, of Hope. XVI. The Christian Pattern.
XVII, and XVIII. Religious Joy exeminently great and good men
plained and recommended. XIX. to enlighten and instruct future
On Prayer. XX. The Spirit, Em. ages. The effusions of piety and ployment, and Design, of the Chrisgenius are immortal. They are tian Ministry. XXI. The Benefits the best legacy which posterity and Advantages of worshipping God. can receive ; and to this it has a
XXIII. On Forgiveness. XXIV. On claim. The religious public the Connexion between denying the may now be congratulated that, Son and denying the Father. Xxv. after a solicitous expectation of Religion the one Thing needful.” four years, it receives a valuable
These sermons must be acportion of the works of Dr. Tappan. It is comprised in two vol knowledged to possess great
merit. In a style and manner umes : one, consisting of sermons on important subjects; the other, equally calculated to instruct, of lectures on Jewish antiquities, convince, and persuade, they dedelivered at the university. of lineate the most important docthe former, we shall now attempt ligion. They place full in the
trines and duties of our holy rea brief review. The volume is introduced by of the gospel, which, however
reader's view, those peculiarities a biographical sketch of the Au. thor ; and a sermon preached at
offensive to human pride and his funeral, by Dr. HOLMES. perverseness, are the real glory The tribute here paid to depart- foundation of a sinner's hope,
of the scheme, the grand ed worth is affectionate, yet discriminating and just. The pic. and the soul of all true piety and
virtue. Yet these doctrines are ture, though beautiful, had an original. As a man and a Chris- exhibited in so rational a light,
that it must be difficult for the tian, as a preacher, a pastor, a professor of theology, and a pat. specious objection against them.
most ingenious caviller to form a
The author is particularly hapthese pages describe.
The following are the titles py in illustrating the connexion of the sermons which compose
and harmony of natural and re
vealed religion. this volume :
We observe with pleasure that, “ Sermon I. On Christian Zeal. II.
in these discourses, truth is deOn Brotherly Reproof. III. On Se. cret Faults and Presumptuous Sins.
lineated in its own lovely feaIV. On the Love of God. V. On tures, displayed in its most mild the Love of our Neighbour. VI. On
and benignant aspects, and deChristian Charity. VII. On Chris.
fended only by its appropriate tian Charity. VIII. On the Vices of the Tongue. IX. The Character of weapons :
And while clearly a Wise Man. X. On the pleasures presented to the understanding, of Religion. XI. The Want of a it is powerfully pressed on the practical Regard to religious Truth, conscience and the heart. Eveilie Cause of dangerous speculative Errors. X11. Naaman the Leser.
ry principle, every passion of XIII. On the Love of the World.
the soul, is forcibly addressed. XIV. On the Divine Preference of Every spring of action is skilfully Mercy to Sacrifice. XV. On Christian touched. Vol. III. No. 8.
These sermons abound with a of apposite quotations. But our species of instruction in which selections must be few and brief. modern discourses are not untre- In the sermon on the “ love of quently deficient.
They accu- our neighbour," we meet with rately and thoroughly unfold the the following just and accurate distinguishing nature of religion, observations. They not oniy display with precision its genuine characteristics,
“ It is obvious to remark, that
there are many things, which wear expressions, and evidences, but
some appearance of love to mankind, clearly mark what is oposite, which yet fall essentially short of the and vigilantly detect the infinite spirit of the duty before us. There variety of methods in which it is is an instinctive and painful sympathy counterfeited. The recesses of awakened by the sight of a fellow
creature in distress, which engages the human heart are laid open, its
our immediate efforts for his relief. windings developed, and its vari
There is a strong natural affection ous deceits exposed. The mask towards our kindred, especially to. is plucked from bypocrisy, and wards our tender offspring. There every false hope is undermined. is a characteristic sweetness and Sinners of every class, the moral early and constitutional feature in bu
goodness of temper, which forms an and profane, the enthusiast and
man characters. There is also an ar. formalist, the secure and convinc- tificial politeness and generosity, the ed, are addressed in language product of civilization and refinement, alarming and pungent, yet affuc
or at best of merely rational and phitionate and alluring : While the likewise a warm affection to others,
losophical considerations. There in balm of heavenly consolation is which grows out of a likeness of gently distilled into the soul of union of sentiment and disposition, of the doubting, desponding Chris- party or country, or which is nourish. tian.
ed by the enjoyment or the hope of Dr. T.'s style is his own.
their partial friendship, and benefi. Va
cence to us; not to add, that there is rying with its subject, it is at sometimes an affected display of sometimes concise, at others, re
kindness and munificence to individ. markably copious; at
uals, or of noble patriotic zeal for the times, plain and ụnadorned ; at vain or selfish motives, and some.
public, which is prompted by merely others, rich even to luxuriance. times by views very base and iniqui. Through an extreme ramifica- tous. It is evillent, at first sight, tion of thought, his sentences are
that neither of these apparent in. sometimes too complicate for the
stances of benevolence, nor all of
them combined, fulfil the extensive less accurate or attentive reader.
precept in the text." But, generally, his prominent characteristics are energy and In the sermon on the first perspicuity. He is much con- three petitions of the Lord's versant with those metaphorical prayer, we have a short, but aniforms of expression which, as a mated description of millennial great critic remarks, give us two purity and bliss. ideas for one-conveying the meaning more luminously, and
“ How transcendent must be the generally with a perception of prosperity of that holy community
which obeys the laws, and enjoys the delight.
protection of this glorious Sovereign! It were easy to illustrate the
What a golden age of the world must foregoing remarks by a variety that be, in which his benign govern
ment shall immediately embrace the ty and importance of humble repentwhole brotherhood of man! Figure ance and thankful praise on the part of to yourselves, my hearers, the divine redeemed sinners, and his own pecureligion of jesus enthroned in the liar obligations to divine mercy for hearts, in the families, and in all the making him not only a partaker, but societies of mankind! What an ag. a public herald of the gospel salvagregate of private and public happi- tion. Can we wonder, that these ness is the immediate result! Be. combined ideas roused in the bosom hold each individual emancipated of Paul the most humble and gratefrom the vile and destructive tyranny
ful emotions ? Ought they not to proof sin and Satan, and restored to in- duce similar effects on every minisvard freedom, purity, and joy! See ter? Can a man, who is a stranger to every family possessing that domes. these sentiments and atlections, be tic harmony and bliss, which flows qualified to entorce them on others ? from mutual love and fidelity among
Can he skilfully and tenderly adminits several members, and from the ister that spiritual medicine, the neconstant, delightful experience of the cessity and value of which he does divine benediction upon their com- not perceive, whose healing and common cares, endearments, and satis forting efficacy he has never felt ? factions ! Behold every civil society Can be suitably lead the devotions of enjoying that public liberty and de- Christians, who has never inbibed fence, prosperity and greatness, inter- the gospel spirit; whose heart has nal and external peace, which natu- never been tuned to the harmony of rally arise from the universal preva
Christian love and praise? In short, lence of private and social virtue
the soul of a minister must be cast in among its various members and rul- the humble mould of Christianity, beers! Sec the benevolent principles of fore he can relish and faithfully perChristianity cementing them all into form the condescending and self-deone harmonious body, and devoting nying duties of his office; before he their several functions, their united can readily become all things to all affections and efforts to the general men, and even take pleasure in inwelfare ! See each member loving structing, reproving, or comforting his neighbour as himself, cheerfully the weakest and lowest forms of hu. losing private interest in the public
man nature. On the altar of Chrisgood, steadily, practising those per
tian humility he must sacrifice that sonal, patriotic, and divine virtues, fondness for human applause, mental which nourish and perfect human so.
luxury, or worldly emolument ; that ciety, and at once zealously promot. pride of literary, ministerial, or moral ing, and delightfully enjoying, the
eminence ; that unfeeling or haughty virtuous and happy state of every fel. neglect of the common people, which low member, and of the community superior station, knowledge, and at large !"
fame, assisted by human frailty or corruption, are apt to inspire. To
subdue these evils, and to nourish The following remarks occur in an ordination sermon, preach- pastor must early and deeply imbibe
the opposite virtues, the Christian ed on Ephes. iii. 8, 9, 10. Unto the self-abasing, yet ennobling views me, who am less than the least of presented in our text.” all saints, &c.
The last sermon in the vol “ As the spirit, expressed in the
ume (the last which the author text, characterizes every penitent be. liever, so it eminently suits the pro. preached) contains a striking defession of a Christian minister. His scription of the misery of the irofficial studies and religious address. religious. es constantly place before him the awful presence and majesty, the infi. “ Without religion the soul cannot nite holiness and grace of God, the enjoy peace, and of course the man wonderful condescension and sacrifice cannot be happy. For happiness or of Christ, the dependent and wretch- misery flows not so much from exte. ed condition of apostate man, the du- rior circumstances, as from the internal state of the mind. Now a ration. before us, that we doubt not it al mind, which feels no love to its in.
has already engaged its share of finite Creator and Benefactor, no de. light in the Supreme Good, no confi- the public attention.
Nor are dence in the favour of Him, on whom we less confident, that the more its eternal fate depends, must be in it is known, the more it will be wardly poor and wretched, though prized by readers of sentiment surrounded with all the sources of and taste, and especially by the earthly felicity. Such a creature must "feel himself in an unnatural, cordial friends of evangelical distempered, and therefore painful truth and vital piety. condition. He must feel the torture of desires unsatisfied, of faculties prostituted, of hopes disappointed ; Essays in a Series of Letters to of passions at once contradictory, a Friend on the following Subclamorous, and unbounded; he must,
jects. whenever he soberly reflects, endure
1. On a Man's writing the anguish and terror, inflicted by
Memoirs of himself. 2. On an upbraiding conscience and a frown- Decision of Character. 3. On ing God. His only refuge from this the Application of the Epithet anguish is in thoughtless dissipation, Romantic. 4. On some of the or in a rapid succession of worldly Causes by which evangelical pursuits and indulgences. But this refuge forsakes him in the gloomy
Religion has been rendered less intervals of solitude, of external dan. acceptable to persons of culti. ger and distress, and especially on vated Taste. By John Foster. the bed of death. The honest and
2 vols, in one. 121:0. First great teacher, death, gives new light and activity to his reflecting powers ;
American from third London it brings into lively view his God dis- Edition, Hartford. (Con.) honoured and incensed, his Redeem- Lincoln & Gleason. er insulted, his soul neglected and ruined, his fellow men, and even his These Essays, though occu. dearest friends, corrupted, and per. pying, on an average, half a vol. haps destroyed by his criminal exam
ume each, appear in the form of ple, principles, or unfaithfulness. To complete this picture of wo, the hand
Letters. For this the Author of death separates him forever from
has offered the best apology in those worldly objects, to which all his Preface, where he tells us that his affections, habits and pleasures they were real Letters, written were attached. At the same time it excludes him from the beatific pres
to a friend. To the man, who ence of that Being, who only could
reads the work, however, no apol. make him happy; or rather his own ogy will be necessary. If he has confirmed depravity renders him in. the emotions, which we have caple of sharing in the pure and re- felt, the embodied thoughts will fined enjoyments of the invisible world, and of course subjects him to
so wholly engross his attention, extreme and hopeless misery."
that he will hardly think of their
dress; much less will he find In the course of the volume, time to examine the fashion of some inaccuracies occur ; but they it, and still less to point out its are not numerous; norisit needful defects. to particularise them. In a post- The first Essay, “ On a man's humous work they will be readily writing Memoirs of himself,” is overlooked.
a striking proof, that a subject, The world is full of sermons. apparently old, and, at first Yet so much is there of the orig. glance, connected with those tral and impressive in the volume which are decidedly so, can, in
the hands of man, who under however, past scenes flash on stands his business, lose in a mo- the mind with a vivid, but unment its threadbare dulness, and accountable effulgence, and enexcite a lively and eager atten- able us to seize on their minutest tion. The power OLAUTOV of an- circumstances with the distincttiquity has hardly escaped a sin- ness of vision. Places and things gle moralist, (and who is not a too, by association, will raise to moralist?) since the days of So- life thoughts and feelings long. lon; yet here it will be seen since forgotten, especially feelstanding in a posture and withings of guilt. a dignity, which Solon never knew, and which the well meant
“ No local associations,” says Mr. enthusiasm of his followers
F. “ are so impressive as those of hardly contrived to realize.
guilt. It may here be observed, that
as each one has his own separate reOur Author, in recommend- membrances, giving to some places an ing this plan to his friend, does aspect and a significance which he not intend that he should prose
alone can perceive, there must be ax
unknown number of pleasing, or cute it with the view of publish
mournful, or dreadful associations, ing the Memoirs ; neither is it spread over the scenes inhabited or his design, that he should collect visited by men. We pass without those facts and events of his life, any awakened consciousness by the which might have befallen any bridge, or the wood, or the house, other man, as well as himself. the most painful or frightful ideas in
where there is something to excito On the contrary, they are to be the next man that shall come that mere Annals of his Mind, a de- way, or possibly the companion that
How much lineation of the most prominent walks along with us.
there is in a thousand spots of the of those circumstances, which
earth, that is invisible and silent to have made him what he is. The all but the conscious individual. motives, which he suggests to I hear a voice you cannot hear; prompt him to this task, are
I see a hand you cannot see.” these : The gratification of a laudable curiosity of knowing the Our lives, thus reviewed, will past life and feelings of one in appear to have been a course of whom he cannot but be concern- education, formed by instruction, ed-of himself: The discovery company, books, and the influof the manner, in which he has ence of the world. The first thought and acted, and by what emotion will be regret at the he has been influenced, in the small influence of instruction. few moments which have elaps. Yet, though small, it will be seen ed, since he commenced an in- to have been real, and in a few finite duration : And, above all, instances unaccountably great. the sight of a faint miniature of These of course should be rethe character, he will probably corded. Our companions, too, sustain, through all the follow- in every period of life, will be ing ages of time.
found to have helped us to a great This task, he acknowledges, part of what we are ; especially will be difficult, because a few individuals among them. neither mark what our feel. These of course we must judge, ings indicate, nor remember and often, when we would not, what they are. Occasionally, condemn. Among our books