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It is the privilege, however, of Hope. XVI. The Christian Pattern.

XVII. and XVIII. Religious Joy exeminently great and good men

plained and recommended. XIX. to enlighten and instruct future On Prayer. XX. The Spirit, Emages. The effusions of piety and ployment, and Design, of the Chrisgenius are immortal. They are tian Ministry. XXI. The Benefits the best legacy which posterity of Affliction. XXII

. On the Duty can receive ; and to this it has a

and Advantages of worshipping God.

XXIII. On Forgiveness. XXIV. On claim. The religious public the Connexion between denying the may now be congratulated thatSon and denying the Father. xxv. after a solicitous expectation of Religion the one Thing needful.” four years, it receives a valuable

These sermons must be acportion of the works of Dr. Tappan. It is comprised in two vol knowledged to possess great

merit. In a style and manner umes : one, consisting of sermons on important subjects ; the other, equally calculated to instruct, of lectures on Jewish antiquities, convince, and persuade, they dedelivered at the university. of lineate the most important docthe former, we shall now attempt

trines and duties of our holy rea brief review.

ligion. They place full in the The volume is introduced by

reader's view, those peculiarities a biographical sketch of the Aus of the gospel, which, however thor ; and a sermon preached at

offensive to human pride and his funeral, by Dr. Holmes. perverseness, are the real glory

of The tribute here paid to depart

the scheme, the grand ed worth is affectionate, yet dis

foundation of a sinner's hope, criminating and just. The pic- virtue. Yet these doctrines are

and the soul of all true piety and ture, though beautiful, had an original. As a man and a Chris

exhibited in so rational a light,

that it must be difficult for the tian, as a preacher, a pastor, a professor of theology, and a pat

most ingenious caviller to form a riot, Dr. Tappan was all which specious objection against them. .

The author is particularly hapthese pages describe.

The following are the titles py in illustrating the connexion of the sermons which compose

and harmony of natural and re

vealed religion. this volume :

We observe with pleasure that, “ Sermon I. On Christian Zeal. II. On Brotherly Reproof. III. On Se.

in these discourses, truth is decret Faults and Presumptuous Sins.

lineated in its own lovely feaIV. On the Love of God. V. On tures, displayed in its most mild the Love of our Neighbour. VI. On and benignant aspects, and deChristian Charity. VII. On Chris.

fended only by its appropriate tian Charity. VIII. On the Vices of the Tongue. IX. The Character of weapons :

And while clearly a Wise Man. X. On the Pleasures presented to the understanding, of Religion. XI. The Want of a it is powerfully pressed on the practical Regard to religious Truth, conscience and the heart. Evethe Cause of dangerous speculative Errors. XII. Naaman the Leser.

ry principle, every passion of XIII. On the Love of the World.

the soul, is forcibly addressed. XIV. On the Divine Preference of Every spring of action is skilfully Mercy to Sacrifice. XV. On Christian touched. Vol. III. No. 8.


These sermons abound with a of apposite quotations. But our species of instruction in which selections must be few and brief. modern discourses are not unfre- In the sermon on the “ love of quently deficient.

They accu- our neighbour," we meet with rately and thoroughly unfold the the following just and accurate distinguishing nature of religion, observations. They not only display with precision its genuine characteristics, there are many things, which wear

“ It is obvious to remark, that expressions, and evidences, but clearly mark what is opposite, which yet fall essentially short of the

some appearance of love to mankind, and vigilantly detect the infinite spirit of the duty before us. There variety of methods in which it is is an instinctive and painful sympathy counterfeited. The recesses of awakened by the sight of a fellow the human heart are laid open, its creature in distress, which engages

our immediate efforts for his relief. windings developed, and its vari- There is a strong natural affection ous deceits exposed. The mask towards our kindred, especially to. is plucked from hypocrisy, and wards our tender offspring. There every false hope is undermined. is a characteristic sweetness and Sinners of every class, the moral early and constitutional feature in hu

goodness of temper, which forms an and profane, the enthusiast and man characters. There is also an arformalist, the secure and convinc- tificial politeness and generosity, the ed, are addressed in language product of civilization and refinement, alarming and pungent, yet affec- losophical considerations. There is

or at best of merely rational and phitionate and alluring : While the likewise a warm affection to others, balm of heavenly consolation is which grows out of a likeness or gently distilled into the soul of union of sentiment and disposition, of the doubting, desponding Chris- party or country, or which is nourish. tian.

ed by the enjoyment or the hope of Dr. T.'s style is his own. Va

their partial friendship, and beneli.

cence to us; not to add, that there is rying with its subject, it is at sometimes an affected display of sometimes concise, at others, re

kindness and munificence to individ. markably copious; at

uals, or of noble patriotic zeal for the times, plain and ụnadorned ; at vain or selfish motives, and some

public, which is prompted by merely others, rich even to luxuriance. times by views very base and iniquiThrough an extreme ramifica- tous. It is evident, at first sight, tion of thought, his sentences are

that neither of these apparent in

stances of benevolence, nor all of sometimes too complicate for the

them combined, fulfil the extensive less accurate or attentive reader.

precept in the text." But, generally, his prominent characteristics are energy and In the sermon on the first perspicuity. He is much con- three petitions of the Lord's versant with those metaphorical prayer, we have a short, but aniforms of expression which, as a mated description of millennial great critic remarks, give us two purity and bliss. ideas for one-conveying the meaning more luminously, and “ How transcendent must be the generally with a perception of prosperity of that holy community,

which obeys the laws, and enjoys the delight.

protection of this glorious Sovereign! It were easy to illustrate the What a golden age of the world must foregoing remarks by a variety that be, in which his benign govern


ment shall immediately embrace the ty and importance of bumble repentwhole brotherhood of man! Figure ance and thankful praise on the part of to yourselves, my hearers, the divine redeemed sinners, and his own pecca religion of Jesus enthroned in the liar obligations to divine mercy for hearts, in the families, and in all the making him not only a partaker, but societies of mankind! What an ag. a public herald of the gospel salvagregate of private and public happi. tion. Can we wonder, that these ness is the immediate result! Be. combined ideas roused in the bosom hold each individual emancipated of. Paul the most humble and gratefrom the vile and destructive tyranny

ful emotions? Ought they not to proof sin and Satan, and restored to in- duce similar effects on every minisvard freedon, purity, and joy! See ter? Can a man, who is a stranger to every family possessing that domes- these sentiments and aflections, be tic harmony and bliss, which flows qualified to entorce them on others ? from mutual love and fidelity among

Can he skilfully and tenderly adminits several members, and from the ister that spiritual medicine, the neconstant, delightful experience of the cessity and value of which he does divine benediction upon their com- not perceive, whose healing and common caręs, endearments, and satis- forting efficacy he has never felt ? factions ! Behold every civil society Can be suitably lead the devotions of enjoying that public liberty and de- Christians, who has never imbibed fence, prosperity and greatness, inter- the gospel spirit; whose heart has nal and external peace, which natu

never been tuned to the harmony of rally arise from the universal preva

Christian love and praise? In short, lence of private and social virtue

the soul of a minister must be cast in among its various members and rul- the humble mould of Christianity, be. ers! Sec the benevolent principles of fore he can relish and faithfully perChristianity cementing them all into form the condescending and self-deone harmonious body, and devoting nying duties of his office ; before he their several functions, their united can readily become all things to all affections and efforts to the general men, and even take pleasure in inwelfare! See each member loving structing, reproving, or comforting his neighbour as himself, cheerfully

the weakest and lowest forms of hu. losing private interest in the public

man nature. On the altar of Chrisgood, steadily practising those per.

tian humility he must sacrifice that sonal, patriotic, and divine virtues, fondness for human applause, mental which nourish and perfect human so.

luxury, or worldly emolument ; that ciety, and at once zealously promot. pride of literary, ministerial, or moral ing, and delightfully enjoying, the eminence ; that unfeeling or haughty virtuous and happy state of every fel neglect of the common people, which low member, and of the community superior station, knowledge, and at large!"

fame, assisted by human frailty or

corruption, are apt to inspire. To The following remarks occur

subdue these eyils, and to nourish in an ordination sermon, preach- pastor must early and deeply imbibe

the opposite virtues, the Christian ed on Ephes. iii. 8, 9, 10. Unto the self-abasing, yet ennobling views me, who am less than the least of presented in our text." all saints, &c.

The last sermon in the vol “As the spirit, expressed in the

ume (the last which the author text, characterizes every penitent believer, so it eminently suits the pro. preached) contains a striking defession of a Christian minister. His scription of the misery of the itofficial studies and religious address. religious. es constantly place before him the awful presence and majesty, the infi. “ Without religion the soul cannot nite holiness and grace of God, the enjoy peace, and of course the man wonderful condescension and sacrifice cannot be happy. For happiness or of Christ, the dependent and wretch- misery flows not so much from exte. ed condition of apostate man, the du- rior circumstances, as from the internal state of the mind. Now a ration. before us, that we doubt not it al mind, which feels no love to its in. finite Creator and Benefactor, no de.

has already engaged its share of

Nor are light in the Supreme Good, no confi. the public attention, dence in the favour of Him, on whom

we less confident, that the more its eternal fate depends, must be in- it is known, the more it will be wardly poor and wretched, though prized by readers of sentiment surrounded with all the sources of and taste, and especially by the earthly felicity. Such a creature must feel himself in an unnatural, cordial friends of evangelical distempered, and therefore painful truth and vital piety. condition. He must feel the torture of desires unsatisfied, of faculties prostituted, of hopes disappointed; Essays in a Series of Letters to of passions at once contradictory, a Friend on the following Subclamorous, and unbounded; he must, whenever he soberly reflects, endure

jects. 1. On a Man's writing the anguish and terror, inflicted by

Memoirs of himself. 2. On an upbraiding conscience and a frown- Decision of Character. 3. On ing God. His only refuge from this the Application of the Epithet anguish is in thoughtless dissipation,

Romantic. 4. On some of the or in a rapid succession of worldly

Causes by which evangelical pursuits and indulgences. But this refuge forsakes him in the gloomy

Religion has been rendered less intervals of solitude, of external dan: acceptable to persons of culti. ger and distress, and especially on vated Taste. By John Foster. the bed of death. The honest and 2 vols, in onc. 12:0. First great teacher, death, gires new light and activity to his reflecting powers ;

American from third London it brings into lively view his God dis- Edition, Hartford. (Con.) honoured and incensed, his Redeem- Lincoln & Gleason. er insulted, his soul neglected and ruined, his fellow men, and even his THESE Essays, though occu. dearest friends, corrupted, and per. pying, on an average, half a vol. haps destroyed by his criminal example, principles, or unfaithfulness. To

ume each, appear in the form of complete this picture of wo, the hand

Letters. For this the Author of death separates him forever from

has offered the best apology in those worldly objects, to which all his Preface, where he tells us that his affections, habits and pleasures they were real Letters, written were attached. At the same time it excludes him from the beatific pres.

to a friend. To the man, who ence of that Being, who only could

reads the work, however, no apol. make him happy; or rather his own ogy will be necessary. If he has confirmed depravity renders him in. the emotions, which we have caple of sharing in the pure and re- felt, the embodied thoughts will fined enjoyments of the invisible world, and of course subjects him to

so wholly engross his attention, extreme and hopeless misery."

that he will hardly think of their

dress; much less will he find In the course of the volume, time to examine the fashion of some inaccuracies occur ; but they it, and still less to point out its are not numerous; nor is it needful. defects. to particularise them. In a post- The first Essay, “ On a man's humous work they will be readily writing Memoirs of himself," is overlooked.

a striking proof, that a subject, The world is full of sermons. apparently old, and, at first Yet so much is there of the orig. glance, connected with those Enal and impressive in the volume which are decidedly so, can, in


the hands of a man, who under- however, past scenes flash on stands his business, lose in a mo- the mind with a vivid, but unment its threadbare dulness, and accountable effulgence, and enexcite a lively and eager atten- able us to seize on their minutest tion. The power DLAUTOV of an- circumstances with the distincttiquity has hardly escaped a sin- ness of vision. Places and things gle moralist, (and who is not a too, by association, will raise to moralist?) since the days of So- life thoughts and feelings longlon; yet here it will be seen since forgotten, especially feelstanding in a posture and with ings of guilt. a dignity, which Solon never knew, and which the well meant

“ No local associations,” says Mr. enthusiasm of his followers

F. “ are so impressive as those of

guilt. It may here be observed, that hardly contrived to realize.

as each one has his own separate reOur Author, in recommend membrances, giving to some places an ing this plan to his friend, does aspect and a significance which he not intend that he should prose- unknown number of pleasing, or

alone can perceive, there must be an cute it with the view of publish- mournful, or dreadful associations, ing the Memoirs ; neither is it spread over the scenes inhabited or his design, that he should collect visited by men. We pass without those facts and events of his life, any awakened consciousness by the which might have befallen any where there is something to excito

bridge, or the wood, or the house, other man, as well as himself. the most painful or frightful ideas in On the contrary, they are to be the next man that shall come that mere Annals of his Mind, a de- way, or possibly the companion that

How much lineation of the most prominent walks along with us. of those circumstances, which earth, that is invisible and silent to

there is in a thousand spots of the have made him what he is. The all but the conscious individual. motives, which he suggests to

I hear a voice you cannot hear ; prompt him to this task, are

I see a hand you cannot see.” these : The gratification of a laudable curiosity of knowing the Our lives, thus reviewed, will past life and feelings of one in appear to have been a course of whom he cannot but be concern- education, formed by instruction, ed-of himself: The discovery company, books, and the influof the manner, in which he has ence of the world. The first thought and acted, and by what emotion will be regret at the he has been influenced, in the small influence of instruction. few moments which have elaps. Yet, though small, it will be seen ed, since he commenced an in- to have been real, and in a few finite duration : And, above all, instances unaccountably great. the sight of a faint miniature of These of course should be rethe character, he will probably corded. Our companions, too, 'sustain, through all the follow- in every period of life, will be ing ages of time.

found to have helped us to a great This task, he acknowledges, part of what we are ; especially will be difficult, because a few individuals among them. neither mark what our feel. These of course we must judge, ings indicate, nor remember and often, when we would not, what they are. Occasionally, condemn. Among our books


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