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of the Academy, and a Constitution. published in the ensuing spring. In October of the same year, an act The Academy have a small collec. of the legislature was obtained, in. tion of papers on other subjects, corporating them and their associates which will probably be published by the name of “The Connecticut during the present year. Academy of Arts and Sciences," with the powers usually granted to similar bodies. Their stated meet
SCOTT'S COMMENTARY ings are on the fourth Tuesday of ev. ery second month, and their annual The fourth volume of Scott's Com. meeting on the fourth Tuesday of mentary on the Bible, embracing the October, for the choice of officers, at N. Testament, publishing by W. W. which time an oration is pronounced Woodward of Philadelphia, is printed by one of the members. Each mem. as far as the sixteenth chapter of St. ber pays a small fee on admission, John's gospel. The English revised and one dollar annually, to the funds edition, which the American editor of the Academy.
copies, is not yet completed, which The objects of the Academy are occasions the delay. The remainder the promotion of every branch of sci. of the English copy is expected early ence and all useful arts; but their at
in the spring: tention has been principally directed Mr. Woodward is about issuing to procure a statistical account of proposals for publishing the works of Connecticut. Some progress has Dr. Scott, consisting of sermons, esbeen made in the collection of mate- says, treatises, &c. in three or four rials. A specimen of this work, handsome 8vo. volumes, to be copied comprehending a statistical account from an elegant edition just printed of the town of New Haven, from nia- in London. These volumes, from the terials collected by the members be. pen of so eminent a divine, we doubt longing to that town, is now preparing not will be highly acceptable to the for the press, and will probably be American religious public.
" SLAVEs cannot breathe in Massachusetts ; if their lungs
TO CORRESPONDENTS. ALPHA, XENOS, C. D. and H. are received and on our files for publication. The request of Simeon, whose communication is received, shall be faithfully attended to, as soon as prior engagements are fulfilled.
We regret the necessity of deferring till the next month, the review of Mr. Griffin's sermon, which shall then certainly appear, together with one of Rev. Mr. Taggart's sermon before the Hampshire Missionary Society, and obituary notices of Deacon John Larkin, Rev. Dr. Linn, and several others, prepared for this number.
The request of Candidus in respect to his Prolegamena and Prize Questions shall be attended to next month. The delay is unavoidable.
SKETCH OF THE LIFE AND CHARACTER OF JOHN CALVIN,
Taken from the Religious Monitor, with the addition of several extracts of a communication received from a learned and ingenious Correspondent.
Continued from page 345. “ The time at length arriv- sion to political controversies ed,” says Beza, “ when the Lord and tumultuous assemblies, and was to shew favour to the church from a persuasion of his being at Geneva.” The syndics who eminently useful to the church had given authority and effect, as at Strasburg. Their solicitawell as secretly instigated, to the tions, however, becoming daily decree of banishment, were re
unanimous and urgent, moved from the government Calvin feared to resist what might either by death or by exile. be a call from God; and having The people, also, who had never stipulated for the recal of his colwholly forgotten their injured league Viret, returned to Genepastors, afraid of continuing ex- va on the 13th September, 1541, posed to the infamy to which and was cordially received by their unchristian conduct sub- every order of the citizens. Rejected them among their Protesto stored to his importunate people, ant brethren, and, perhaps, ex- and remembering the fatal effects pecting to derive even political of their former irregularities, he advantages from the presence immediately established a form of and counsels of Calvin, began to discipline, and an ecclesiastical feel their loss, and earnestly so- consistory, with power to cenlicited his return. This illustri- sure the disorderly, the vicious, ous exile had resolved to live and the profane, and to punish and die at Strasburg ; and, there- them if incorrigible or contumafore, at first refused the invita- cious, even to the length of extion of the Senate and people ; communication and imprisone" not from any diminution of his ment. The people professed to affection to them, but from aver- submit to this new arrangement, Vol. III. No. 9.
and solemnly engaged to main- That impatience of restraint, tain its authority, and comply restlessness of ambition, and liwith its prescriptions.
centiousness of manners, by The
peace of the city, and the which many of the Genevese authority of the church, being were characterised, soon appearthus reestablished, Calvin, to ed in their opposition to the disprove his conversion from Pope- cipline, which Calvin, with their ry, which denied marriage to its seeming concurrence, had instipriests, by the advice of his tuted. They affirmed, that he friend, Martin Bucer, in 1540, had taken advantage of their state married Idolette de Bure, widow of dissension, to force it on them of an Anabaptist citizen of Liege, as the mean of peace, before they whom he had been the instru- had an opportunity of deliberment of converting. She died ately examining either its nature, in 1549, leaving a son, who did or its tendency ; that the power not long survive her, to join with of excommunication, as extendhis afflicted father, in embalm- ing to civil rights, was vested ing her virtues in their memory, solely in the hands of the magisand with their tears.
tracy, not in ecclesiastical assemThe labours of this apostle of blies; that no other Protestant reformation were at this time church had ever thought of astruly astonishing. Besides writ- suming it; and that, to exercise ing commentaries, publishing sucli a power, was to revive in controversial treatises, and cor- another form the spiritual ty. responding with the Protestants ranny from which they had so in England, France, Germany, lately been delivered. The and Poland, which alone would number, the violence, or the have occupied the whole time clamour of his opponents, did and talents of an ordinary mind, not intimidate Calvin, even so every other Sabbath he preached far as to induce him to propose twice ; Monday, Tuesday, and terms of accommodation. He Wednesday, read lectures 10 prosecuted his original plan, students of theology; assisted without altering its form, or rein the ecclesiastical consistory on laxing its severity ; endeavoured Thursday; and on Friday gave to prove its conformity to the a critical exposition of difficult precepts of scripture ; urged its passages of scripture to the dif- obligation on his fellow citizens, ferent ministers in the city. from their voluntary profession The hand of the Lord was with of adherence to it ; showed how bim; he obtained favour in the different it was from the galling sight of the Protestant world, yoke of popish tyranny; repelled and was held in such esteem, the objections of the learned, and that multitudes from every the insinuations of the dissolute; Christian country, resorted to and confirmed his statement, by Geneva, to consult him in cases the testimonies of Ecolampadiof religious doctrine and govern- us, Zuinglius, Melancthon, Bument, or lo hear, under his per- cer, and other eminent reformers. sonal ministry, the truth as it is The period from 1544 to in Jesus.
1552, Calvin spent in the exer
cise of his ministerial functions sending forth from this little reat Geneva, in preparing his com- public, the succours and minismentaries on various parts of ters that were to promote and scripture, and in maintaining a propagate the Protestant cause friendly correspondence with the through the most distant nations, reformed churches and their pas- and aimed at nothing less, than tors. Few facts have been trans- rendering the government, dismitted to us concerning this partcipline, and doctrine of Geneva, of his life ; though, most proba- the model and rule of imitably, it was the season of his tion to the reformed churches greatest pastoral usefulness and throughout the world. A cirpersonal comfort. A mind such cumstance that contributed much as Calvin's could not be inactive, to the success of his designs, was and under the influence of godli. the establishment of an academy ness, its exertions would be di- at Geneva, which the Senate of rected to the benefit of mankind. that city founded at his request; We accordingly find him procur- and in which he himself," and ing a decree of the consistory, afterwards his colleague Beza, not only to authorise, but to com- “ with other divines of eminent mand the ministers, annually to learning and abilities, taught the visit every family under their sciences with the highest repucare, that they might ascertain tation."* the state of Christian knowledge So great was the influence in their congregations, and pri- which the opinions of Calvin had vately give them the admoni- on the minds of the people, that tions and instructions which his simple disapprobation of a were suited to their case. “ It doctrine made them reject it as is scarcely credible, (says Beza unworthy of credit. Of this we in his life of Calvin) with what have a proof, in the case of Cashappy effects this was followed.” talio, a man of talents and liteSuch a duty is undoubtedly ne. rature, whom Calvin had patroncessary, to enable a pastor to ized while at Strasburg, and for know how to adapt his public in- whom he had procured a professtructions to the condition of his sorship in the new academy at people, and must naturally tend Geneva ; but whose translation to ensure their affection to his of the scriptures into French, his person, their esteem for his char- taste and knowledge of the lanacter, and their attention to his guage forced him to censure as ministrations.
not only inelegant, but vulgar It is highly probable, that and obscure. The irritation soon after his return to Geneva, which Castalio felt on this ache formed and began to execute count, moved him to attempt to his plan for erecting a seminary counteract Calvin's authority, by of theological education. He ac- disseminating some doctrines cordingly organized a most which he knew he abhorred. splendid system of religious in. But he himself was the only sufstruction, and fixed on Geneva ferer; for the people immedias the centre whence its influ- ately denounced him as a heretic; ence was to be universally diffused. “ He laid a scheme for * Mosheim, Cent. xvi. 5 3. pt. 2.
and he voluntarily resigned his 1550 by the opposition which academic chair, most probably as was made to the abolition of eve. the only way of avoiding the dis- ry holiday, except the Sabbath, grace of expulsion."
and by the revival of the controHe did more, however, than versy concerning the jurisdicmerely express his disapproba- tion of the church. But the tion of the licentious doctrines of most interesting contest in wbich the Libertines, a sect that arose in Calvin during this period engag. Flanders about the year 1525, and ed, respected the truth and tenwas afterwards countenanced by dency of the doctrine of absothe queen of Navarre, from mis- lute predestination. It was betaken notions of the piety of some gun by Bolsec, originally a Carof its leaders. Their tenets were
melite friar, who had embraced impious in the extreme, and sub- the reformed religion, and who versive of every principle of in 1551 openly avowed, and pubmorality ; for they did not hesi- licly preached at Geneva, the tate to ascribe to the secret agen
sentiments afterwards adopted by cy of the Spirit of God, all the Arminius, that the decree of thoughts, and purposes, and ac- predestination had a respect to tions of men, sinful as well as
faith and good works, foreseen holy. Calvin not only refuted as its conditions.
He charged their opinions in a particular Calvin with making God the autreatise, but wrote to the queen
thor of sin ; with encouraging of Navarre, importunately soli- sinners in security, and believers citing her to withdraw her pat-, in licentiousness; with misrepronage from these enemies of resenting the opinions of Augusthe gospel. Though he offend- tine, and with leading the people ed the queen by this spirited con
blindfold to destruction. Calvio, duct, his authority, connected who was present on one of the with the force of argument dis- occasions when Bolsec accused played in his treatise, had the him of these dangerous sentidesired effect of checking the ments, immediately ascended progress of these fanatical and the pulpit, and replied to every dangerous principles.t
article with such precision and During the plague at Geneva energy, as effectually silenced in 1546, violent commotions the objections of his enemies, were excited by disputes about and confirmed the faith of his the right of succession to many
friends. The whole tenor of who were suddenly carried off his “ warning against the Libere before they had nominated their tines," and the explicit manner heirs. The confusion thus oc
in which, in all his writings, bo casioned by the fluctuating state uniformly guards his readers of property, was increased in against the perversion or abuse
of the doctrine of unconditional, Spon. histoire de Geneve, tom. ii. decrees, furnish innumerable and
unequivocal proofs that these ac# For a particular account of the
cusations were altogether unhistory and opinions of this scet, vid. founded:“ Paul,” says
he, “teachCalvini Instruct. adv. Libertinos passim oper. tom. vii. p. 374 ed. es us, that to this end we are electAmst. 1667, and Mosheim ut supra.
ed, that we may lead holy and un.