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Literary and Philosophical Intelligence.


UNITED STATES. The Rev. Dr. Dwight, President ries in the United States. They will of Yale College, is preparing for the gratefully accept any contributions to press, “ Observations on a series of aid their purpose. journies through the States of New England and New York, intended to

ANOTHER THEOLOGICAL LIBRARS. illustrate the topography, agriculture,

We are happy to learn that another commerce, government, literature,

THEOLOGICAL LIBRARY, on a still manners, morals and religion, of those countries." This work, we under larger scale, is now collecting in Phil. stand, is considerably advanced. As lips Academy, at Andover, for the its plan is new, its subjects various,

accommodation and benefit of the useful and interesting, and its author Theological Seminary, lately estab

lished and attached to that respectawell known in the literary world, as

ble literary institution. Orders have competent to his undertaking, the public may justly expect much enter

been sent to Europe for the purchase,

to a considerable amount, of a selectainment and instruction from this

tion of the best classical and other work.

works, for such an institution. We have confidence that a Christian pub. lic will cheerfully give their liberal

patronage to an institution, which has An institution with this name has for its object the education of young lately been established in Boston, men for the sacred and most imporwhich we are happy to learn has re. tant work of the gospel ministry. ceived respectable patronage. One Contributions to this Library will be of its principal objects is “to collect gratefully received by the preceptor, critical, controversial, and scarce pub. or any of the Trustees of Phillips lications in divinity, many of which Academy, or by Caleb Bingham and are difficult to be found, and too ex- Lincoln and Edmands at their book. pensive for an individual to possess.” stores, Nos. 44 and 53, Cornhill, By the subscriptions of proprietors, Boston. and several liberal donations, a con. siderable and very valuable collection of books is already made. Among GRIESBACH'S GREEK TESTAXENT. their benefactors, the Hon. JONATHAN Mason is entitled to particu. We are extremely glad to find lar acknowledgments, for a present that proposals are issued for printing of more than one hundred volumes. About 250 volumes have been depos. Mass.) Griesbach's edition of the

at the university press, (Cambridge, ited in the care and for the use of the

Greek Testament, with a selection of company, by the corporation of the most important various readings.

King's Chapel.” Among these, The edition from which the Ameriare a respectable number of the

can is to be exactly copied, was pubChristian Fathers, and other ancient lished at Leipsick in the year 1805, divines. There is also a fine copy of under the inspection, we understand, Walton's Polyglott Bible, and Cas- of Dr. Griesbach himself, and by its tell's Lexicon. The Society ask the size is intended for common use. We public attention and patronage to this consider the publishers of this small institution. An increase of subscrie edition as rendering a great service bers is desired to aid in the accom- to the studious and pious portion of plishment of the wishes of the Trus. the community, by placing within the tees, which are, that their room in reach of every student and especially Devonshire street, may contain one of of ministers, a pure text and select the most complete Theological Libra- reading of the Greek Testament.

Dr. Griesbach's accuracy, fidelity, by the alterations, which just criti. and industry are well known to the cism demands in the present received learned in every part of Europe. He text ; and by very few of the various is a Lutheran by profession, and or- readings is the sense of passages at thodox it is said in his religious opin. all affected. It is the glory of this ions ; but he has no where discovered branch of theological study, that it in his few alterations of the received has engaged learned men of the most text the slightest bias, or want of im- opposite persuasions in laborious conpartiality. Marsh, the learned com. tributions to its success. Among the mentator on Michaelis, and now Mar- collectors of various readings and the garet professor of divinity at Cam. editors of the New Testament, we bridge, loses no opportunity of prais. find the names of the Romish divines ing his unwearied labours of more of Complutum, the catholic Erasmus, than thirty years in this kind of criti. Beza the disciple of Calvin, Walton, cism, his scrupulous exactness, and Mill, and Bentley of the Church of above all the fairness with which he England, the mystical Bengel, Wethas quoted authorities, and the un- stein suspected of heresy, Matthai of biassed judgment he has discovered the Greek church, and the Lutheran in his decisions on the relative value Griesbach. With such examples, of readings. But Dr. Griesbach's every Christian who fcels a proper re. edition derives a value superior to spect for the scriptures must wish to every other, from the more accurate have the words of everlasting life, as collation, which has been made in late nearly as they came from the lips of years of some of the most important our Saviour, and the pens of the apos. manuscripts, from the discovery and tles, as it is now possible to obtain examination of many others unknown them. to Mill and Wetstein, from the aids This Dr. Griesbach has effected in which biblical criticism has received the opinion of competent judges, far from the various labours of the learn. beyond any other editor of the Greek ed in the last half century.

Testament. His edition has been It is also proposed, if this commo- long received as a standard in all the dious edition should meet with the universities of Germany, and it is apexpected encouragement, to publish pealed to with confidence by theoloa supplementary volume, which shall gians in England and every part of contain an English translation of Europe. The present edition is ad. Griesbach's Prolegomena to his large mirably adapted to common use. We critical edition, and the authorities, have no doubt, from what we have extracted from this, for every de. learnt, that this American impresparture which he has made from the sion will be superintended with the received text, and for every reading, utmost care, and we hope, as it is to which, though he has not ventured to be printed page for page with the Le. insert it in the text, he considers of ipsick edition (in the text of which no equal authority to the received. erratum, bas, we believe, yet been Perhaps also some other treatise or foud) that it will rival it in typoextracts may be added, calculated to graphical accuracy:

The subscribe awaken a curiosity, diffuse a taste, ers' price (which is two dollars in or promote a knowledge in biblical boards) for a book of 600 pages, is criticism.

we think extremely moderate. There can be no doubt, that every That the nature of this edition man who feels a due respect for the may be completely understood, we sacred oracles, and especially every

have translated the following passage clergyman who must take them for from the short preface which Gries. the ground of his public instructions, bach has prefixed. will be solicitous to have them in the “ Wherever I have altered the purest form, in which they can be ob. common text, as it was edited by El. tained by the aid of sober and accu.. sevir in the year 1624, I have given rate criticism. Nothing is more gen

the common reading in the margin, erally acknowledged, than that the that every one may liave an opportu. essential facts and doctrines of Chris. nity of using his own judgment and tianity are in no degree endangered choice; for I am not so presumptu.. ous as to wish to obtrude my deci- paper, and to have it executed with sion upon the reader. Those varia- great care and accuracy. tions of my text from the received, The whole will be comprised in two which relate only to the order of large quarto volumes ; and to those words without affecting the sense, or who subscribe before the printing of which are only differences of spelling, it commences, it will be delivered at I have thought it unnecessary to note

ten dollars for each copy in boards, in the margin ; but every other varia. to be paid when the first volume is tion, however trifling, I have pointed finished. The second volume will out with the most religious scrupu. be put to press when the first is finJosity. I have also collected in the mar- -ished, and will be completed as soon gin the most select and valuable, vari. as the nature of the work, and careful ous readings, which differ both from attention to accuracy, will admit. my own and the common test. In se- The printing of the work will be lecting them, I have endeavoured to begun as soon as five hundred copies, consult the advantage of students in or nearly that number, are subscribed theology; who will find here almost any for; but few additional copies will be reading, which may happen to be printed ; and should these be submentioned in the usual lectures of scribed for during the printing of the professors upon the books of the New first volume, the price of such copies Testament." Bilt this edition will not will be twelve dollars for each set in be a useless manual to other readers ; boards, payable when the first volume for it will enable them to discover is completed ; at which time the subwhether the immense collections of scription will be closed. readings which have been made by

Any person subscribing, and pay. thie unwearied labours of the learned, ing for nine copies, shall be entitled contain any thing of sufficient import- to receive a tenth copy gratis. ance to the criticism or interpretation of particular passages, to invite to a more careful examination, or consultation of copious critical commentaries. Nay, more, I have not left unnoticed the conjectures of learned men, and the different punctuations of

Huntingdon, ( Penn.) Nso. 12, 1807. passages, that I may thus open a Thursday last was the most re. wider field to students for the exer- markable dark day that has ever been cise of their

judgments on subjects of witnessed by the citizens of this place. criticism. For the authorities upon The darkness occasioned by the which I have determined any reading eclipse of the sun in June, 1806, was to be genuine, more or less probable, nothing in comparison to that of or utterly inadmissible, I must refe: Thursday. The court, which was to my large critical edition printed then sitting, tavern keepers, and maat Halle."

[Anthology ny private families were obliged to

light candles at 11 o'clock in the

forenoon, and keep them burning for THOMSON'S TRANSLATION

nearly two hours ; the fowls went to roost, and every thing had the ap.

pearance of niglit: Indeed it was the Proposals are issued by Thomas opinion of some, that the court ought Dobson, of Philadelphia, for publish- to bave suspended the business of ing by subscription, A new Transla

the country,” as there was erery ap. tion of the Sacred Scriptures. The

pearance of a sudden termination of Old Testament, from the Greek of the earthly atlairs, and that they, as well Septuagint; and the New Testament,

as others, would soon have to appear from the most correct Greck Text; before a ligber tribunal. The morniwith occasional Notes. By Charles ing had been foggy and the atmos. Thomson, Esq. late Secretary to the phere extremely cloudy, but whether Congress of the United States.

that could have occasioned the dark. It is proposed to print the work ele. ness at noon, we cannot pretend to say. grantly, with a good type, on superfine









motion. The methods of teaching are FOREIGN.

also much simplified; for example, the children learn to read and write

the alphabet at the same time, by Mr. Robertson, in a late communis forming the letters in sard with their cation made to the Royal Society, fingers, as each letter is successively

called by the Monitor ; they afterhas related a remarkable circumstance in the history of the variation of wards learn to read and write nono

syllables in the same manner; and the the compass. Since 1660, the com. pass has not varied at Jamaica. It is precision and rapidity with which the

smallest children perform their opnow what it was in the times of Hal. ley, 6 1-2 degrees east. Of the

erations is very surprising, and highly

interesting grants, a map was given upon a mag

Aided by this plan, the children of netic meridian, and the direction of

the poor may, without exception, be the magnetic meridian remains the

initiated in the first rudiments of Since the original grants, new maps, upon new scales, have been knowledge ; and we congratulate the

country on the prospect of its speedy constructed, and all of them are found to agree with the first maps in the di- adoption by the legislature, on the rection of the magnetic meridian. if introduction of Mr. Whitbread. the boundary line passed through a

[Eng. M. Mag forest of marked trees, such trees as are found are coincident with the present meridian. The districts were formerly by the cardinal points, and

NORWAY. examined by compass, the lines are found the same. Such well attested facts discover to us how little is truly In 1803, Mr. Tank, a merchant of known of the science of magnetism. Bergen, bequeathed to that city 60,000 And as very much depends upon a crowns for the foundation and supfull knowledge of the variation, the port of a primary school. In 1805, variation is recommended to every a glover of Odensee, named Kahn, friend of useful discovery.

bequeathed his own dwelling house

and 50,000 crowns for the establish. Lancaster’s new Method of instructing other destitute children. Mr. Glar:

ment of an asylum for orphans, and the Children of the Poor.


of Copenhagen, in the same year, Mr. Lancaster announces for pub- left legacies for the relief of the poor, lication, by subscription, at twelve

and for the support of the school mascopies for a pound, an abbreviated ters of the little island of Gioel. account of his newly invented method of instructing the children of the poor. Perhaps one of the most interesting spectacles to be seen at present in or near London, is the Free School of this benevolent man, situated about two hundred yards from the Obelisk,

The Indian Directors, some time in St. George's Fields.

since, sent orders to their supercarIn this school, nearly one thousand goes to procure, if possible, some ele. poor children are rapidly taught read. mentary books of the Chinese lan. ing, writing, and arithmetic, by the guage, for the use of their College at master, on the plan of Mr. Lancaster,


Mr. L'Amiah has been for a total expense not exceeding particularly zealous in his endeavours three hundred pounds per annum.

to obtain some books of this descripThe leading principle of this west re. tion from Pekin, but without effect; gulated and orderly establishment is, for the government, whose suspicions that the senior classes teach the jun

are excited on the slightest occasion, ior, and that emulation through every

bas prohibited their exportation unclass is excited by rewards and pro

der the severest penalties. Vol. III. No. 9,





THE “BLACK HOLE,” AT CALCUT- supplied them with water, that they


might have the satisfaction of seeing

them fight for it, as they phrased it; The “ black hole," at Calcutta, is and held up lights to the bars, that proverbial among Englishmen for a they might lose no part of the inhu. place of insufferable torment, on ac- man diversion. count of the following tragical event. Before eleven o'clock, most of the When Surajalı Dowlah, in 1756, re- lemen were dead, and one third duced Calcutti, the English prison. of the whole. Thirst grew intolera. ers to the number of 146, of whom ble : but Mr. Holwell kept his mouth Mr. Holwell was one, were confined moist by sucking the perspiration out in the black hole prison. It was of his shirt sleeves, and catching the about 8 o'clock when these 146 unhap. drops as they fell like heavy rain, py persons, exhausted by continual ac- from his head and face. By balf an tion and fatigue, were thus crammed hour past eleven, most of the living together into a dungeon about eigh


an outrageous delirium. teen feet square, in a close, sultry They found that water heightened night in Bengal; shut up to the east their uneasiness; and “air, air," and south, the only quarters from was the general cry. Every insult whence air could reach them, by that could be devised against the dead walls, and by a wall and door to guard, all the opprobrious names that the north ; open only to the west by the viceroy and his officers could be two windows, strongly barred with loaded with, were repeated, to proiron, from which they could receive voke the guard to fire upon them. scarce any circulation of fresh air. Every man had eager hopes of meet.

They had been but a few minutes ing the first shot. Then a general confined before every one fell into a prayer to Heaven, to hasten the apperspiration so profuse, that no idea proach of the flames to the right and can be formed of it. This brought left of them, and put a period to their on a raging thirst, which increased in misery. Some expired on others : proportion as the body was drained while a steam arose, as well from the of its moisture. Various expedients living as the dead, which was very were thought of to give more room oliensive, and air. Every man was stripped, About two in the morning, they and every bat put in motion: they crowded so much to the windows, several times sat down on their hams; that many died standing, unable to but at each time several of the poor full by the throng and equal pressure creatures fell, and were instantly suf. arcund. When the day broke, the focated or trodden to death.

stench arising from the dead bodies Before nine o'clock, every man's was insufferable. At that juncture, thirst grew intolerable, and respira- the Soubah, who had received an action difficult. Efforts were again count of the havoc death had made made to force the door; but still in among them, sent one of his officers vain. Many insults were used to the to inquire if the chief survived. Mr. guards, to provoke them to fire in up- Holwell was shown to him ; and near on the prisoners, who grew outrage. six an order came for their release. ous and many of them delirious. Thus they had remained in this in. “ Water, water,” became the gener- fernal prison from eight at night until al cry. Some water was brought: six in the morning, when the poor but these supplies, like sprinkling remains of 146 souls, being only 23, water on fire, only served to raise and came out alive ; but most of them in feed the Aames. The confusion be. a high putrid fever. The dead bod. came general, and horrid, from the ies were dragged out of the hole by cries and ravings for water; and the soldiers, and thrown promiscu. some were trampled to death. This ously into the ditch of an unfinished scene of nwsery proved entertainment ravelin, which was afterwards filled to the brutal wretches without, who with earth.

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