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to follow him. “ The disciples disciples were called Christians were called Christians first in at Antioch. It is found in two Antioch." Acts xi. 26. There other places only in scripture; are two places of that name and in both used, rather as a mentioned in scripture, the one term of reproach, and a name by in Pisidia, and the other in Sy- which the disciples were known ria. See Acts xiii. 14, and xi. as objects of persecution in the 19-26, and xiii. 1-3. Anti- world, than an honourable name och in Syria is the place where in use · among themselves. this name originated. A ques. When the apostles wrote their tion naturally arises, by whom epistles to the churches, or was this name first given to the when Christians addressed one disciples? Was it of divine, or of another, they used the terms human origin? In its applica- saints, brethren, &c. but never tion at first it must have been addressed each other by the name given them by divine appoint- Christian. This name is used ment, or the disciples took it to in Acts xxvi. 28 by king Agripthemselves, or it must have been pa to Paul. After having heard applied to them by others. It the apostle defend himself ahas been thought by some, that gainst the false charges brought the great love the disciples had against him by the Jews, he to Christ led them to call them- says, Almost thou persuadest selves by his name. To this it me to be a Christian." This may be replied ; if this name intimates, that disgrace was ashad originated from the disci- sociated with that name in the ples, instead of its being said, minds of men, and that to be“the disciples were called Chris- come a Christian was in other tians, it ought to have been said, words to become an object of “the disciples called themselves persecution. This is more exChristians first at Antioch.” plicitly stated in the other pasOthers have thought that this sage where this name occurs; name was at first given to the Pet. iv. 16, “ Yet if any man disciples by divine appointment.* suffer as a Christian, let him not Had this been the case, I think be ashamed, but let him glorify it is probable we should have God on this behalf.” found it more frequently used It has, therefore, been thought in the subsequent history of the by others, that this name was Acts of the Apostles, and in their not of divine appointment, but Epistles ; which were all written, that it was given at first to the a considerable time after the disciples of Christ, as a term of
reproach. This opinion is conThose, who consider the name firmed, from what historians Christian as of divine appointment, say of the people of Antioch, suppose χρημαθισαι in Acts xi.
where this name originated, that 26, means “ to be named by divine appointment, or direction.” In proof they were famed for scurrilous of this, Mat. ii. 12, 22. Luke ii. 26. jesting. This name in those Acts x. 22. Heb. viii. 5, and xi. 7, days, might arise in a similar and xii. 25, have been quoted. Parkhurst, in his Greek Lexicon, says
way with names in
he cannot, however, find that the verb Thus, in philosophy, those who ever has this signification.
have embraced Newton's system,
are called Newtonians; and those secures esteem
and respect. who have received Plato's Temporal loss was then opinions, are called Platonists. nected with its application ; now, In religion, those, who have re- worldly gain.
The name, as ceived Calvin's system, are called now used, seems to have changed Calvinists; and those who have its original meaning; and the embraced the dootrines of greater part of those, to whom it Arminius are called Arminians; is applied, to be destitute of the and those who believe as Luther original character. Many names believed are called Lutherans. have been invented, and applied These names are applied to to the disciples of Christ, besides persons, who become followers that of Christian. In these days, of those who framed these the world is filled with denomirespective systems. In like man- nations, and their tendency has ner the disciples at Antioch been to lead the followers of might receive the name Chris Christ to become followers of tian, from their having embraced men.
These things ought Christ's system, and becoming not to be.
If disciples his followers. Whatever way of Christ, we ought to follow this name originated, the disci- Christ only, and not to be serples of Jesus Christ have no vants of men. cause to be ashamed of it; but change their original meaning ; it has been, and still is for a original names may now be aplamentation, that many called plied to improper persons ; yea, Christians are a disgrace to the new names may be invented, and name. In those days, it was ex- applied to the disciples of Christ; pressive of character ; in these but let us ever remember, that days, it is merely nominal. In the character of a true disciple those days, it was applied to a is unchangeable. Now, as well few; in these days, to all indis- as formerly, “ if any man will be criminately. When first given, Christ's disciple, he must deny it was probably applied as a term himself, and take up his cross, of reproach ; but now, it has be- and follow him.” come a title of honour. Then, it
CYPRIAN. exposed to persecution ; now, it
To be continued.
The following. Extract is from the Christian Mirror, a rocent pub
lication. It will serve to exemplify the faults to which a person of ardent feelings is liable, even when earnestly engaged in pursuing a religious course.
(Evan. Int. “ Miss L. was a young lady of tions was added every accoman amiable temper, great sincer- plishment which might be ex. ity, and uncommon flow of spir- pected from an affluent situation its; to these natural qualifica- in life ; her company was sought
by all the young and gay of her sermon was adapted to the event, acquaintance, and every visit and, for once in her life, Miss L seemned dull, if Miss L. was not became serious. She listened, of the party:
mused, wondered at the truths “ Her friends, however, dis- she heard, and in vain endeavour. covered that she suddenly be- ed to conceal her flowing tears. came gloomy and melancholy; When the service was over she her company was no longer went home with her companion, pleasant, and she, whom every but not a word was spoken. one had admired and flattered, Each of them carefully concealed was sneered at as a Methodist, * from their friends the place and avoided as a religious enthu- where they had been ; the one, siast ; the only kind of enthusi- because she was ashamed of asm which worldly people uni- what she felt, and the other, beformly condemn. A man may cause she was angry with herbe an enthusiast in poetry, paint self, for having been the occasion ing, music, or philosophy ; that of all this anxiety and distress to is, he may be unreasonably at- her amiable friend. It was, howtached to them, and the world ever, soon visible enough to all, will admire him for that very at- that Miss L. was deeply affected tachment ; but let him shew as with something ; but nobody great a zeal for the cause of could account for it; one suspeciGod, and the welfare of his soul, ed she was ill, another that she (a cause to which our attach- had been offended : they were ment can never be unreasonably willing to suppose any thing, strong, nor our attention too ea- rather than that their gay comger) and every tongue will con- panion could be so weak as to be demn him.
affected by any thing said in a 66 The following circumstance pulpit. They thought of a thouoccasioned the change in Miss sand other causes, while she at L, which rendered her so very an early hour retired to her disagreeable to her former ad- chamber ; but it was to weep, Dot mirers. On a Lord's day even- to rest. The faithful warnings ing one of her friends proposed of the preacher still rung in her going to hear a popular minister, ears, and she could not sleep. who was to preach in the town Her distress continued for severwhere she lived. As, from un- al days, and was increased by the expected disappointments, they attempts of her friends to recould not make up their party at move it. Their amusements, cards, it was thought the dull their pleasures, their vain conhour might as well be passed versation, was loathsome to her : away in the house of God, and instead of healing they aggravataccordingly these two ladies a- ed the wound in ber conscience; greed to go. The discourse was and in the whole circle of her occasioned by the death of a acquaintance there was not one young person who had been sud- who could direct her to a remedenly called into eternity : the dy. At length it was settled, by
all, that she had lost her senses; • The name of Methodist is appli- and the poor distracted girl beed to many classes of dissenters in England.
caine the subject of conversation
and pity in every company. It growth in grace. She had a was found out that she had been heart peculiarly formed for the meddling with religion, and there enjoyments of Christian comwas not a doubt but it had made munion, and she frequently stood her mad. Every expression of in need of the counsel, and somesympathy for her was mingled times of the gentle rebukes of with caution against having too her judicious friends. Her inmuch to do with religion ; and experience in religion, and the her connexions rejoiced in the warmth of her temper, frequentpersuasion, that they had just ly led her into errors.
She was enough to carry them to heaven, always judging of her state in without the possibility of its caus- the sight of God, by her own ing any derangement on earth. frame and feelings : thus, if she Indeed, her distress was so great, was in a lively frame, she would that, had she not met with re- think well of her state, but when lief, it might have ended in real her natural spirits sunk, she lunacy : but he, who knoweth would then imagine there was no our infirmities, and remember- grace in her heart. The last eth we are but dust, administered sermon she heard was the worst, to her strong consolation. Un- or the best she had ever heard in der hearing the same minister, her life : and if the preacher did who had filled her mind with ter- but move the passions, however ror, she experienced a degree of injudicious, or erroneous, if not comfort. While he was repre- grossly so, he was sure to have senting Christ as the able and her applause. If any person apwilling Saviour of the chief of peared at all under serious imsinners, her fears were dissipat- pressions, Miss L. would at once ed, the garment of praise was pronounce them converted, and given her for the spirit of heavi- was, sometimes, angry with the ness, and the oil of joy for more grave and thoughtful, who mourning. She now became as wished to judge of the tree not cheerful as ever, but her happi- by its blossoms, but by its fruits. ness flowed from a different Her friends lamented her want source : praise was continually of self-government; she was in her lips. She became anxious somehow betrayed into levities to bring her acquaintance to the unbecoming her profession. Besame Saviour whom she had ing in the habit of feeling and found, and fondly imagined if speaking warmly, she often made they would but give her a hear- strong declarations of attaching, they must be convinced. ment, when, perhaps, she hardly
“ As her carnal acquaintance meant half what she said ; and soon forsook her she acquired a sometimes she would make new set of acquaintance, who, promises, without considering though inferior to her former whether she could fulfil them; ones in quality, in fortune, and not to say that she now and then in rank, were greatly superior to forgot to fulfil them when she them in virtue, piety, and solid was able to do it. worth. Their society contribut- “ Hasty in her decisions, she ed much to her comfort, and would often say and do many imVol. III. No. 1961
prudent things, and frequently them occasionally. At first her did not use the best means for visits were short, and she was al. attaining desirable objects :
objects : ways upon her guard ; being though it must be allowed, by generally accompanied by some her activity in embracing seasons Christian friend. But one day, of doing good, she often accom- unhappily, she made one among plished her end, when the more a large party, composed of carprudent and cautious Christian nal and worldly persons. Miss L. has lost the season, in reflecting was determined to show them upon the most proper means of she was not ashamed of her reimproving it.
The poor often higion ; indeed, pride, under the felt her benevolence, and the af- disguise of zeal, was her princiflicted were often refreshed by pal motive for making this visit: her kind and friendly visits : her accordingly she took the first opsoul was disposed to sympathy; portunity of introducing her fashe wept with them that wept, vourite subject; none of the comand rejoiced with them that re- pany seemed disposed to listen to joiced. Lukewarm professors her, except a military gentleman, would be disposed to mark every who was too polite not to attend little failing in a character whose to a lady. Miss L. delighted zeal reproached their own indif- that at length she had obtained a ference : and it is to be lamented hearing, went on most fluently, that she so often furnished them began to fancy she was doing with an opportunity. Her more good, and at last could not help intimate friends admired the ex- exclaiming, “Dear captain D. how cellencies, without overlooking I long for your conversion ! the defects of her character, and The captain replied, with his acwould sometimes warn her of customed politeness, ' I should her danger : neither was she be happy, Miss L. to be convertbackward in taking reproof : buted by you, would you favour me whether the warnings were not with another interview. This given with sufficient faithfulness, was agreed to without a moor repeated with sufficient fre- ment's thought. From that time quency, we cannot determine : they became intimate. The caphowever it was, Miss L. seemed tain left off swearing, and other but little benefitted by them ; her outward immoralities, attended natural disposition got the better Miss L. with the utmost assiduiof every effort, and she continued ty to the house of God, admired the same imprudent, affectionate, all that she admired, and so comchangeable, amiable creature. pletely won her affections, that
“ At length her haste and im- hre very soon possessed himself prudence became its own cure; of her fortune, and her person, and the kind providence of God a precipitate marriage. It accomplished that by affictions, was in vain that her friends arwhich the concern of her friends gued with her on the propriety had in vain attempted. A few of waiting to see if there was months after Miss Li's conver- really a change in the heart of sion, her relatives became so far the person to whom she was areconciled as to behave towards bout to attach herselffor life. She her with civility, and she visited was too proud of her convert 10