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them up; and for this obvious they are obliged to leave the levreason, that the ideas we form el of men of taste, and conform should have names. To commu- their language and their thoughts nicate ideas by description to humbler views and more vulshould be the work only of chil- gar capacities. This answer is dren, and we conceive that it will founded on a mistake. When be difficult to find a word synony- we urge theologians to write mous to either of the words good classical English, we do above recited, if scripturally un- not, as they seem to think, ask derstood. In this case, especial for any peculiar elevation of lanly, where the words in question guage; we are not petitioning are the only proper names of for what has strangely been callthe richest blessings in the gifted the sublime style, a style of God, the arguments must be which derives its sublimity from strong, indeed, which shall in- its being seen, like an object from duce us to resign them.
the top of a precipice, at a great The reasons urged for the depth below us, and which is disuse of all these theological most happily ridiculed in the barbarisms are too powerful to following letter. We ask for be overlooked. They are these ; no Roman conformities, no latthe more easy conduct of religious inized barbarisms, no stateliness conversation in mixed compa
These intruders, so nies; the more satisfactory vindi- uncongenial to Saxon frankness cation of evangelical religion from and Saxon vigour, not all the authe charge of fanaticism ; the ex- thority of Johnson was ever able posure of mere hypocrisy, by to naturalize. stripping it of that religious cant In answer to this considerawhich it puts on and wears, as
tion, we observe, that the kind the proper livery of a Christian, of writing, which taste and in the drapery of which the body criticism patronize, is the writing and limbs of corruption can so
which is most intelligible to all effectually be hid ; the necessity classes of people. All men unwhich many sincere Christians derstand the Spectator and the would immediately feel of more Tatler. Dryden's Prose, perprecision in their principles; haps the most beautiful of which and the prevention of that un- our language can boast, is, if happy impression made on the possible, the plainest ; and the minds of men of cultivated taste, Pilgrim's Progress, or even the by a recurrence of barbarisms, as clumsiest work that can be seunnecessary as they are grating. lected, is not more intelligible
On the last of these reasons to a little child, than that model we remark, that beside the apol- of taste and elegance, the Sheogy mentioned in the ensuing herd of Salisbury Plain. letter, theological writers are of- But we have another reply. ten ready to urge two singular The scriptures were, if any considerations in defence of the book ever was, written for all peculiarity of their dialect. The classes of people. Herdsmen first is, that their writings are in- and shepherds, fishermen and tended for the benefit of all; and, tent makers, were among the as the ignorant are the majority, persons employed to compose
Mr. F's reply
them; men who possessed no arus ;-but we need not particu. greater advantages than other larize ;
he who dictated the herdsmen and other tent ma- scriptures of truth, seems to kers. If then this desence be have known full well, the value just, we ought to look into their of taste, and to have been willing writings, at least, for examples to win those, who cultivate it by of coarse and vulgar language, examples of beauty and tenderfor low comparisons, for mixed ness, of rhetorical and moral and clumsy metaphors, For sublimity, superior to all the certainly it will not be said that world has ever witnessed. And he, who dictated them emphat- he seems thus to have furnished ically for the poor and the needy, a model for his friends to copy. did not know the best language A third ground of defence for for his purpose. Search the Bi- the peculiarity of their diction, ble throughout, however, and taken by these writers, is, that it you find no example of any con- has grown out of the language descension in the style of its lan- of the Bible. guage to the intellect of igno- this allegation is full and satisrance, And yet it is called, by factory, but too long to be transthe highest authority, “ a way in cribed, and too complete to be which way-faring men, though abridged. He is of opinion that fools, need not .err."
passages of the scriptures, cited The second consideration, as such, are attended with an auwhich these writers allege is, thority and a venerableness wholthat the importance of their er- ly peculiar ; but is not willing rand ought of itself to command to allow the same importance to attention, and that they were combinations of words made in not sent, nor are bound, to grat- an intentional resemblance of the ify the fastidiousness and delica- characteristic language of that cy of men of taste. We readily book, acknowledge with Mr. F. the high importance of the subject
“ Scriptural phrases,” he remarks,
can no longer make a solemn ima which they handle ; but neither pression, when modified and vulgarthese writers nor ourselves feel ized into the texture of a language, it more forcibly than an ancient, which taken all together is the redivine of some celebrity who'verse of every thing that can attract
or command. declared, “ I was made all things deed remind one of prophets and
Such idioms may inunto all men, that I might by all apostles, but it is a recollection, means save some ;"
which prompts to say, who are these make my brother to offend, I men that, instead of seriously introwill eat no meat while the world of those iévered dictators of truth,
ducing at intervals the direct words stands;" nor than he who declar-,
seem to be mocking the sacred laned, “ It is impossible but that guage by a barbarous imitative dicoffences will come, but wo un- iion of their own. They may affect to him by whom they come !" the forms of a divine solemnity, but He who preached the Sermon
there is no fire from heaven. They on the Mount; he who told the bush, but it is without an angel. Let
may shew something like a burning story of the Prodigal and of Laz- the oracles of inspiration be cited Cop
( If meat
tinually, both as authority and illus- quently to retrace our steps. tration, in a manner that shall make the mind instantly refer each expres- inent defect.
We think obscurity is the promsion that is introduced, to the vene. rable book from which it is taken ; It is an opinion often expressbut let our part of religious language ed, that those things are the best be simply ours, and let those oracles said, which we, when we read or retain their characteristic form of ex. pression unimitated to the end of hear them, think we should have time.”
said in the same manner. Were
Mr. F. to be judged by this law, We never more sincerely re
the verdict must go against him. gretted the narrowness of our Few men, we conceive, can read limits, than throughout the his Essays, without feeling their whole of this fourth letter. It own incompetency to say such contains a general survey of the things, or to say them so well. evangelical writers of England. The truth is, the rule, if it ever We have no where met with a' be true, can never hold good more finished specimen of sound when applied to subjects about criticism, and bold, masterly elo-' which we are not accustomed to quence.
think. When a man's thoughts The remainder of the Essay possess the originality, so strongis devoted to the following sub- ly discernible in our author, they ject : The effect which a fond- cannot fail to give the same cast ness for the polite literature of to his expressions. Greece, Rome, and modern Eu- haps we cannot pay a truer or a rope, has had on the diffusion of more deserved compliment to evangelical religion. The same the language, than when we revigour of thought, the same mark, that it is just such lanbrilliancy of imagination, the guage, as the thoughts spontanesame proofs of piety, pervade the ously select. The conceptions whole of it. From some of the are animated and forcible ; the opinions, however, we should images are brilliant and glowing ; dare to differ; but we cannot the addresses are eloquent and go into an examination of the va- often sublime ; and they rarely rious particulars.
if ever lose any part of their digWith regard to the style in nity or grace by the kind of dress which these Essays are written, in which they are presented. our readers will be able to judge On the whole, we congratulate from the passages we have trans- our readers and the community cribed. For ourselves we frank on the appearance of a work ly confess, that we had little highly evangelical, and strictly time or inclination to think of it classical ; and while we fear that during the perusal. Still in in- we shall not quickly see its like stances not very raré we were again, we recommend it without obliged to proceed with delibera- hesitation to men of sense, men tion and caution, and not unfre- of taste, and men of piety.
An Account of the origin and progress of the mission to the Cherokee Indians, in a series of Letters from the Rev. Gideon Blackburn to the Rev. Dr. Morse.
LETTER V. Maryville, Jan. 15, 1808. use of the limb, but also, by the keenRev. Sir,
ness of the pain, and the quantity of HAVING established second the discharge, wasted my body, de. school on my own credit, and being pressed my spirits, and broke my consolely accountable for its support, I stitution. wrote to the Committee of Missions Under these distresses, my family, on the subject, and received their parochial, or Indian duties, were peranswer, declaring that the scantiness formed with the utmost difficulty, and of their funds would not allow them in pain too excruciating to be describto extend their benevolence to that ed by mortals. school, or in any shape be accountable My schools were increasing, my for it ; or even for any more of the funds exhausted, my credit sinking, cost of the first school than 200 dol- and my health to all appearance gone lars, as first stipulated; however, forever. The prospect was indeed afterwards the appropriation was ex- gloomy! Just at this period a provtended to five hundred dollars. idential incident occurred, which in
About this time my circumstances vigorated my ebbing hope, and again were truly embarrassing : I had the saved the whole design from miscarcare of a congregation amongst the riage. I had been obliged a little white people where I still live, which while before to purchase some supthough pretty numerous were general- plies for the schools, which I procurly poor people, and being settled in a ed in the nation from an Indian coun. new country for several years had been tryman on a short credit. But a little much harassed by depredations and before the period, supposing I was al. wars by the Indians ; and still later ways ready, he forwarded my due by a circumstance relative to our bill for payment by an Indian, with boundary line ; the people had settled whom I knew the establishment of south to an experimental line supposed my credit was indispensable. Money to be the proper one : but when run I had none, nor was there ten dollars by commissioners appointed by gov. to be gathered in the village where I ernment, was considerably altered. live, as it was just at the time of the Those southwest of the line were re. merchants making their annual removed off and placed amongst those on mittances, and every cent which could the other side, where they continued a be collected was sent off, and I was whole season. This so affected the unable to ride in search of any in the whole neighbourhood composing my neighbourhood. I detained the mescharge, that neither then or since have senger for breakfasting, &c. much they been able to pay any thing con- longer than usual, in order to lay the siderable for the support of the gospel. case before God in solemn prayer, as I bad also a rising and helpless fumi. I knew the existence of the whole ly for which provision must be made: was in jeopardy, if my credit failed and by fatigues, and being exposed to with the nation. After returning by cold, hunger, and wet, together with the help of my crutches from the si. all the wretchedness of savage ac lent grove, I felt a confidence that commodations in my visits to the na- something would be done, though I tion, and the severity of toil and hard knew not how it could be effected. labour at home, I was attacked with I took my pen, and was about to write a complaint, which, settling in one of to a friend for the loan of 40 dollars, my legs, not only deprived me of the the sum required. At that instant a gentleman called at my gate. As of my resources, and thus, by saring I walked out my heart felt some unu- my credit, préserved the institution sual emotions ; he presented me a from ruin. letter, and immediately retired.. I Through many such mysterious steps knew by the hand writing it was from has divine Providence led in the man. a friend in Philadelphia. Hastily agement of this undertaking, especially opening it, I found enclosed a bank until the spring of 1806, when in a tour note of 50 dollars, accompanied with to the south I collected upwards of the following note : “ After reading 1500 dolls, and at the same time was your letter of
date to some relieved almost miraculously from my friends last evening, a gentleman call- bodily afflictions. Mercies never to ed at my door early this morning be forgotten, to the praise of sore. and handed the enclosed, to be used reign grace. May they be indelibly at your pleasure, but wishes his name imprinted on my recollection, bring. concealed.”
ing me nearer to the throne of grace, Thus the Lord enabled me to re- until mortality is swallowed up of deem my note, dismiss the Indian life. I am, &c. with pleasure and in full confidence
To the Patrons of Literature and Religion. THE President and Fellows of cess upon the liberality of prisate Middlebury College, in the State of gentlemen, but has not yet received Vermont, respectfully represent the any adequate endowment. The State situation of the Institution under their of Vermont is new. The inhabitants, immediate trust and guardianship, generally, are indigent, and none are and solicit the opulent and liberal to wealthy. The population, (which is aid them in promoting the interests rapidly increasing) amounts, at presof Literature and Religion. The Le- ent, to two hundred thousand. The gislature of Vermont, having consid. State is furnished with but few ered that the State was almost wholly Academies, or good Schools for the destitute of the means of education, education of youth. The number of granted, A. D. 1800, to a number of Christian Preachers, of every denomindividuals, the Charter of a College ination, is very small ; and by far the at Middlebury ; but were unable to greater part of the inliabitants of the extend to it the band of public State have not the gospel dispensed bounty.
to them. Middlebury College is the A commodious building for the ac- chief resort of those youths who commodation of students was imme. seek an education superior to what diately prepared. A well selected can be obtained at the common Library of near seren hundred vol. schools. A large proportion, as well umes, and a small Philosophical Ap. of those who have received the honparatus, have been procured for the ors of the College, as of the present use of the students. Competent In- under graduates, are serious young structors are obtained and permanent- men, who are endeavouring to qualify ly established. Forty-six alumni of themselves to become teachers of the College bave been admitted to the religion. To this Institution the Degree of Bachelor of Arts. The hopes of the friends of religion within number of under graduates is about the State are directed, for the supply sixty. The progress of the Institu- of the destitute churches and people tion' has more than equalled the ex- with well qualified preachers of the pectations of the most sanguine of its gospel. The friends of the Instite. friends. It has depended for its suc- tion are animated, with the success