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and what ye did to the two kings Hebrews, before the latter atof the Amorites, which were on tempted an invasion of their the other side of Jordan. When country. we heard of these things, 'our In carrying on the war the Hehearts did melt. The Lord your brews used no unprecedented seGod is God in heaven above, and verity toward their enemies. By in earth beneath."

the usage of nations in those days, But though God had given captives were considered as the such displays of his majesty, as property of the captors, and were filled that people with terror and usually put to death, or made amazement, they were not re- slaves. But the Jews were ordered claimed from their idolatry and to proceed toward their enemies wickedness. And a people which with more humanity. When cannot be reclaimed must be they came to a city to besiege it, ripe for destruction. In God's they were first to proclaim peace dealings toward them, there is to it. If the city surrendered on nothing which looks like injus- summons, the inhabitants were tice.

all to be spared ; only they were Fifthly : The war, which the to be made tributaries. And if Jews carried on against them, they submitted to the governwas commenced on justifiable ment, which God had instituted grounds, and conducted with for his own people, they were to more humanity than other wars enjoy privileges much superior in that day, and with as much hu- to those, which they enjoyed unmanity as wars often are in these der their own kings; for to days among the most civilized these they were slaves and vasnations.

sals. If the city refused to surIn that war the Jews were not render, and chose to take the the aggressors, but were first at- chance of war, then, after it was tacked by their enemies. While reduced, the people were indeed they sojourned in the wilderness, to be put to the sword.

This they were peaceable and inoffen- perhaps looks horrible; and war sive to the people near whom is, in its nature, a horrible busithey passed. They marched But it is no more than is through no king's territory with- often practised in this civilized out permission first obtained. If age. Whenever a fortified place permission could not be obtain- is taken by storm, the garrison is ed, they turned off, and took at the mercy of the assailants, another route. But they were who by the rules of war are warseveral times attacked without ranted to refuse quarter. And the least provocation ; first by even this severity was permitthe Amalekites, afterward by the ted only toward the seven naCanaanites ; then by the Amor- tions of Canaan. In a city ites, and by the people of Bashan, taken from other 'nations, the who all, at different times, sent women and children were always armies against them, when they to be spared.

And in no case, had received from them no inju- where a people submitted on ry or offence. Those nations summons, were any of them to bad actually made war upon the be made perpetual slaves or prisVol. III. No, 12.

W w W

ness.

oners, but they were all allowed 'could properly be said “to be to enjoy liberty, as well as life, delivered into the hands" of the under the Jewish government. conquerors. All the rest made

The images and altars of those peace, and were preserved. Acidolatrous nations were to be de- cordingly we find, that when the stroyed; for as long as they wor- Hivites, who had made peace, shipped their false gods, they were threatened by the neighwould not be subjects of that gov- bouring nations, Joshua immediernment, of which Jehovah was ately marched an army for their the supreme head.

Their re

succour. He faithfully performnouncing idolatry, and acknowl- ed the league, which he had edging one all-perfect Deity, was made with them. necessarily implied in their sub- Hence it appears, that in exmission to their conquerors. amining the scripture, we must The continuance of their su. take a comprehensive view of perstitions would have been a the subject on which it treats. perpetual snare to the Jews. Particular passages, .taken by

They were to be tributaries, themselves, may seem dark and but not slaves. They could not intricate, when, in a connected be officers in the army or rulers view, they will appear just and in the governinent ; but person- beautiful. We never should al freedom and security they make a particular passage an obmight enjoy. No harder terms jection against the scripture, were imposed on them, than are till we are sure we rightly 10always imposed on conquered derstand the passage. The aposnations; that they submit to, and tle says, “ All scripture is given be peaceable under the govern- by inspiration of God." That ment of their conquerors. this position is true, we have

They were not subject to tax- sufficient evidence. And it is ation or military duty. It was always unjust to allege particutherefore fit, that they should lar difficulties as objections apay a tribute of manual labour in gainst a general truth founded the public national works, as an on competent evidence. The acknowledgment to the govern- particular difficulties which we ment under which they enjoyed meet with in scripture, may be protection. This was instead of owing to our own misconception, the taxation and military duty inattention, and neglect of into which the Jews were subject. quiry, or unfairness in making

View the case as it is stated in inquiry. And certainly it is scripture, and there appears much more rational to ascribe nothing, which looks like singu- these difficulties to our own ig. lar severity in the divine deal- norance, than to suppose, that all ings, or like wanton cruelty in the evidence of divine authority the Jewish proceedings. The attending the scripture is mere command to consume without delusion. pity all whom God should deliv- It would help us much in iner into their hands, could respect terpreting scripture, and in justithose only who were conquered fying the ways of Providence, if in battle, after they had rejected we would keep in mind the soveterms of peace ; for no other reignty of God. We are er

of the agents.

ceedingly apt to call that unjust sion. This promise was made in God toward his creatures, on a divine foresight, that the which would be unjust in them Canaanites would so fill up the toward one another, Justice in measure of their guilt, as to be all beings is the same in its na- no longer the subjects of divine ture, but its acts and exercises forbearance. They were finally may be different according to the destroyed, because their iniqui. different relations and authorities ties were full. God threatened

God is supreme his own people, that if they pracand infinitely wise. His ways tised the same iniquities, for and thoughts are not as ours. which the Canaanites were deThe world and all creatures in it, stroyed, they must experience men, and all they possess, are the same marks of his displeasGod's property and at his dispos- ure.

God's threatenings were al. Though he will injure none awfully verified; and they are of his creatures, yet he has a sove- recorded for our admonition. reign right to deal with them, The Jews were broken off from as his perfect rectitude shall the covenant of God by their unchoose, and his

unerring wisdom belief. We stand by faith. Let shall direct. Though one man, us not be highminded, but fear. or one nation, has not a right to

Erastus. dispose of the property of other men, or other nations, yet God has a right to order and change the conditions of men and nations according to his own will. We find in scripture many

Concluded from page 402. things done by divine command, which, without such warrant, no ALTHOUGH the design of tbis man would have had a right to Survey is unfinished, I must now do; as in civil society, law may re- offer to the churches of Christ quire or allow things, which no

my closing address. And I man may do without law. But it know not in what better way I does not hence follow, that the law can do this, than by unfolding is wrong; for in the government to them the affecting and awful there is that authority, which sentiments contained in the folno private person may assume lowing parable of him who spake to himself. When we censure

as never man spake. the ways of God, because he has

The kingdom of heaven is likenordered certain things, which ed unto a man who 8owed good seed men had no right to do of their in his field. But while men slept, own will, we, in our thoughts, his enemy came and sowed tares place the supreme Being on a

among the wheat, and went his level with ourselves.

And when the blade was This piece of history instructs sprung up, and brought forth us, that the wickedness of nations fruit, then appeared the tares is the cause of their destruction. also. So the servants of the The land of Canaan was promis- householder came and said unto ed to Abrahain and his seed, 400 him, Sir, didst thou not sot good years before they took posses- seed in thy field ? from whence

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