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and Disendowment, and Bishop Creighton's 'The Church and the Nation.' In the following passage (op. cit., pp. 36, 37) Bishop Creighton states the real issue raised by the Welsh Disestablishment Bill:
'It is obvious that the Disestablishment of the Church in Wales must carry with it the whole question of the existence of a National Church. It is useless to say that the Church of England is not menaced, that it stands upon a different footing, and is not affected by complications which arise from differences of race and language. If the Church in Wales is disestablished, there is no longer any basis of principle left; the existence of a National Church is left as a matter to be settled by local convenience. An agitation in any group of counties might lead to a similar demand in other parts of England; and if the question was skilfully combined with other points of immediate political interest, its importance might be obscured.
'We have a right to demand that so large a question should not be approached piecemeal, and should not be discussed in relation to merely local and temporary conditions. There is no ground on which the Church in Wales can be separated from the rest of the English Church. It has had no separate history since the eighth century. Long before Wales was politically united with England it was united ecclesiastically. There has been no breach in the continuity of that connexion. The attempt to represent the Church in Wales as "an alien Church," imposed upon a reluctant people, has no warrant in the facts of history.'
On p. 3 of this volume, 1. 7 from foot, for 'Mississippi read 'South Carolina.'
By an oversight, the map to illustrate the article on 'Fiji as a Crown Colony' (No. 430, Art. 3) gave the Caroline Islands to Spain. They have been German since 1899.
TWO HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH VOLUME OF THE
[Titles of Articles are printed in heavier type.
articles are printed in italics.]
Acton, Lord, his essay on Cavour,
377, 393-relations with Newman,
Agricultural Labourers and
Landlords, 442-Mr Hammond's
book, ib. French and English
peasantry, ib. - Mr Hammond's
purpose, 443-area of cultivated
land in 1685, 444-the open-field
system, 445-details of its working,
446-owners and freeholders, 447
-defects of the system, 448-450—
causes of its disappearance, 450
enclosure of commons, 451-
Bridgewater Marsh, 452 - rural
suffering, 453-and improvement,
454-rise of wages, 455-agrarian
riots of 1830, 456-tithes, 457.
Alexander, T. J., on Garden Cities,
Armaments, Growth of Expendi-
ture on, 224 result of unpre-
paredness for war, 225-the German
Navy, ib.-growth of expenditure
during the past 110 years, 226–231
-amount of national income, 227,
232-civil expenditure, 231-popu-
lation, 232-amount of the external
trade, 233-military expenditure in
India and other parts of the Over-
sea Empire, ib.-offers from the
Dominions on Imperial defence,
233-236 scheme of defence in
Australia, 236, 239-Canada, 237-
239-South Africa, 239-increase
of expenditure compared with other
naval Powers, 241-charge for in-
terest on loans, 242-compared with
the German Estimates, ib.-ex-
penditure in relation to foreign
Vol. 216.-No. 431.
Bailey, John, Thackeray and the
English Novel,' 420.
Balfour, Rt Hon. A. J., M.P., result
of his constructive policy in Ireland,
Balkan States, their attitude to Tur-
Barbour, Sir D., on the system of
taxation in Ireland, 290.
Bath, Beau Nash and, 331. See
Baty, Dr, The History of Majority
Bergson, Henri, The Philosophy
of, 152-Les Données Immédiates
de la Conscience,' 155-'Matière et
Mémoire,' 156, 159-'L'Evolution
Créatrice,' 156, 164, 167-his view
on the nature of our minds, 156—
definition of intenser sensation,'
157-distinction between two kinds
of multiplicity, 158-freedom of the
will, 159-connexion between mind
and matter, 160, 163-perception,
161, 163-165-union of body and soul,
162-material objects 'images,' 163
-memory, 165-mental life, 166-
'vital impulse,' 167-his theory that
nothing is real except minds, 168—
arguments against his philosophy,
169-176-the Kantian doctrine of
Birt, H. N.,
Bland, J. O. P., and E. Backhouse,
'China under the Dowager Em-
Bonney, Rev. Prof. T. G., 'The Face
Bridge, J. H., 'Inside History of the
Carnegie Steel Company,' 184 note,
Bruce, Sir C., The Broad Stone of
Calhoun, J. C., A Disquisition on
Canada, national defence scheme, 234,
239-Naval Service Act, 237.
Canterbury, Convocation of, divisions
in the, 25.
Cavour and the Making of Italy,
374-the jubilee of 1911, 375-
works on the Italian Risorgimento,
375-378-birth of Cavour, 378-
influenced by England, 379-poli-
tics and economics, 380-the con-
dition of Italy, 381- sporadic
insurrections, ib.-demand for a
constitution, 382-defeat of Charles
Albert, 383-Victor Emmanuel, ib.
-gradual success, ib.--Cavour in
office, 384- intervention in the
Crimea, ib.-wooing Napoleon, 386
-success of the policy, 387, 389-
truce of Villafranca, 388-rapid
progress to unity, 390-moral sup-
port of England, 391-meeting of
Parliament, 391, 396-Napoleon
the loser, 392-relations with Gari-
baldi, 392 et seq. the Sicilian
revolutionaries, 394-victory, ib.-
the Union realised, 396-entry into
Chalmers, Dr, on the religious value
of endowments, 582.
Chamberlain, Rt Hon. J., M.P., his
early position as leader of the
Radicals, 271-joins the Liberal
Unionist party, 272-Tariff Reform
Chinese Revolution, The, 536-
the new republic, ib.-its heavy
difficulties, ib.-the rapid over-turn,
537-Prince Ito's comments, 538-
544 comparison with Japanese
conditions, ib.—the foreign Western
mind, 540-wanted, a national idea,
541-essential difficulties, 542-in-
trusion of western communities, 543
-want of constructive elements, 544
-oriental exclusiveness, ib.-the
Reform movement, 545—the Young
Chinese, 546-their patriotism pro-
vincial, 547-breakdown finance,
548-551-perplexity of the future,
551-restraint of Japan, 553.
Chirol, Valentine, 'The Chinese Revo-
Church, Councils of the, decisions,
Church in Wales, The, 574. See
Churchill, Lord R., his help in form-
ing the Liberal Unionist alliance,
Coal Strike, The, 554-its origins,
ib. - revolutionary not economic,
555-growth of combines, ib.-the
S. Wales dispute, 556-the claim
for a minimum wage, 557-the bal-
lot, 588-the claim refused, 559-
rights of the case, 560-the right to
royalties, 561-wayleave, ib.-cost
of the minimum wage, 562-safe-
guards against malingering, 563
-the new Act, 564 et seq.-the
'special minimum rate,' 566-the
market for coal, 567-production
and prices, 568-rights and respon-
sibilities of the men, 569-their ill-
judged actions, 571-failure of the
general strike, 572.
Commons, House of, passing of Bills
by a majority, 11-14.
Constantinople and Tripoli, 248—
the rule of the Young Turkish Com-
mittee, 248-withdrawal of troops,
250, 252-loss of influence, 251-
abhorrent methods of the Com-
Cook, The Wonderful Adventures
of Dr, 480-the Polar mania, ib.—
Peary's success, ib.-Cook's sudden
claim, 481-his achievements, ib.
- welcome in Denmark, 482
partisan controversy, ib.-Dunkle
and Loose confess, ib.-disappear-
ance of Cook, ib.-his book, 483-
attack on Peary, 484-literary
style, 485-gross errors, 487-lack
of scientific evidence, 488-contra-
dictions, 489-his determination of
latitude, 491-carelessness, 492-
evident loss of mental balance, ib.
Crammond, E., 'Growth of Expendi-
ture on Armaments,' 224.
Crown Colonies, 56-definition, 57-
number, 58-administration, 59.
Debussy, C., Pelléas et Mélisande,'
Denmark, Dr Torböl's system of
Dent, E. J., his article on the Baroque
Opera, 110 note.
Devonshire, The Duke of, and
the Liberal Unionists, 258-his
Life, 259-views on Tariff Reform,
ib.-opposition to the Home Rule
Bill, 261, 269, 278-indifference to
applause and abuse, 261-character-
istics 262-264, 271-compared with
Goschen, 264-forms the Liberal
Unionist party, 266, 269 — col-
leagues, 270-comparison with the
Duke of Wellington, 276.
Dillon, Dr E. J., Tripoli and Con-
Dillon, Capt. P., his narrative of a
voyage in the South Seas, 61.
Dixon, R. W., History of the Church
of England,' 81.
Earth, The Face of the, 516-
James Hutton and Catastrophism,
ib.-William Smith, 517-Lyell,
ib. Evolution, 518 Edward
Suess, 518-lateral pressure, 519
earthquakes, 519, 525-527
collapse of the crust, 520-foldings,
521-rise and fall of the land, 522
-evidence of the Alps, 524-the
Mediterranean and Mid-Eocene
seas, 527-529-larger ocean basins,
530-great depths, 531- Indian
Ocean, ib. how the earth's
features were formed, 532-the
trend-lines of Europe, ib.-regions
protected from change, 533.
Elizabethan Age in Recent Lite-
rary History, The, 353-tasks
before the literary historian, ib.—
early efforts, 354-Pope and War-
ton, ib. - Herder, 355-Roman-
ticism, 356-influence of natural
science, 357-Taine, ib.-his wide-
spread influence, 358-biography
and literary history, 359-Goethe,
360-Sainte-Beuve, ib.-the Eliza-
bethan period, 361 et seq. — M.
Jusserand, 361-on Spenser, 362-
the drama, 363-Marlowe, ib.-
Shakespeare, 364-greatness of
'Othello,' 365-character of Cleo-
patra, 366-Sir Sidney Lee, 367-
the Elizabethan temper, ib.—influ-
ence of France, 368-370 on
Spenser and Shakespeare, 369-
inadequate German contributions,
370-Ten Brink, ib.-the Cam-
bridge Press, 371-English critics,
Elizabethan Reformation, The, 79
-works on, 79-90-political and
religious settlement for Europe, 90
-Council of Trent, 91-power of
the Papacy, ib.-growth of Cal-
vinism, 92-independence from
Rome, ib.-Queen Elizabeth's rela-
tion with foreign Protestants, 93–
question of Papal supremacy, 94-
alleged offer of the Pope to allow
the Prayer-book, ib.-conservative
character of the English Church, 95
-diplomacy of the Cardinal of Lor-
raine, 97-rejection of the Papal
supremacy, ib.-difficulties of ad-
justment, 98-publication of the
Admonition to Parliament,' 99-
the work of reconstruction, 100-
alternatives to the scheme, 101.
Elliot, Hon. A. D., 'The Life of G. J.
Epistolæ Obscurorum Virorum,
129-translations, 130-Erfurt Uni-
versity, 132-controversy between
Reuchlin and the Cologne Domini-
cans, 133-Pfefferkorn's raid on
Jewish books, ib. Reuchlin's
opinion in favour, 134-'Handt-
spiegel,' 135-'Augenspiegel,' ib.-
opposition of Tungern and Grotius,
136 the 'Brantspiegel,' 137-
'Augenspiegel' condemned, ib.-
appeal to the Pope, 138-composi-
tion of the first volume of the
satire, 139-question of the author-
ship, 140-Crotus Rubianus, 141-
origin of the title, 142-writers, 143
-materia, ib.-style, 144-Ulrich
von Hutten, 145-character of the
second series, 146-150-opinion of
Erasmus on the work, 149.
Erskine, Adm. J. E., Journal of a
Cruise among the Islands of the
Western Pacific,' 62.
Face of the Earth, The, 516. See
Fiji as a Crown Colony, 55, 59,
63 works on, 62-influences on
the work of civilising, 63-cotton-
growing established, ib.-various
elements creating disquiet, 64-
constitutions, 65-cession to the
British Crown, ib.-Sir A. Gordon,
the first Governor, 66-the native
question, 67-71-system of 'black-
birding,' 68-cultivation of sugar,
69-supervision on the introduction
of Polynesians, ib. Executive
Council, 71-Legislative Council,
72-administrative system, 73-
'Native Affairs Ordnance, 1876,' 74
-jurisdiction of the High Commis-
Fitch, J. A., 'The Steel Workers,'
183 note, 184, 188, 189.
Fortescue, the Hon. J. W., on Pitt
as War-Minister, 324.
France, population, 227-naval ex-
Frere, Rev. W. H., 'History of the
English Church,' 81-83.
Gairdner, J., Lollardy and the Re-
formation in England,' extract from,
Garden Cities, Housing, and
Town - Planning, 493-an im-
proved ideal, ib.-result of the
industrial revolution, 494-enlight-
ened employers, 495-Letchworth,
496-Hampstead Suburb Trust, 497
-general prosperity, 498-require-
ments of Town-planning Act, 499
-many schemes, 500-need for
new regulations, 501-and greater
elasticity, 502-and of better organ-
isation of London, 505-roads, 506
-German examples, ib.-United
States, 507 Canada, 508- the
problem of empty houses, 509-
Co-partnership Tenants, 510-512-
play-places, 513 regulation of
enterprises needed, 515.
Garibaldi and the liberation of Italy,
392 et seq.
Gary, E. H., on the practice of dump-
ing, 190-on Government control
of prices, 201.
Gee, Dr, 'The Elizabethan Clergy,' 83.
Geology. See Earth, 516.
Germany, attitude towards Turkey,
222-preamble to the Navy Act of
1900; 226, 229-naval expenditure,
241-244 charge for interest on
Gladstone, Rt Hon. W. E., his love
of applause, 261 - conversion to
Home Rule, 266, 269-attitude of
insincerity, 275-character of his
mind, 276 tactical method in
forming a Cabinet, 277
Gordon, Sir A., the first Governor of
Fiji, 66-system of administration,
Goschen, Viscount, his biography,
264-associated with the Duke of
Devonshire, ib. — political views,
265-dissatisfaction with the policy
of Mr Gladstone, ib.-his gift for
phrases, 267-speech on justice to
Guyot, M. Yves, 'Le Directeur et la
Paix de l'Europe,' 308.
Hadow, W. H., 'Music and Drama,'
Hamilton, C., on the personal traits
of the Duke of Devonshire, 263.
Hammond, J. L., 'The Village
Labourer,' criticised, 442 et seq.
Hampstead Suburb Trust, 497.
Harry, T. Everett, collaboration with
Dr Cook, 485.
Heath, Francis G., 'British Rural
Life and Labour,' 442.
Henderson, W. J., 'Some Fore-
runners of Italian Opera,' 108, 110.
Herford, C. H., 'The Elizabethan
Age in Recent Literary History,'
Holland, B., 'The Life of Spencer
Compton, Eighth Duke of Devon-
shire,' 259 et seq.
Home Rule Finance, 281 - the
history of Ireland's constitutional
relations with Great Britain, 282-
285-Act of Union of 1817; 285-
system of taxation, ib.—amalgama-
tion of the Exchequers, 286-divi-
sion of public expenditure, 287-
supposed amount contributed by
Ireland, 288-annual returns, 290
-amount contributed from the
British Exchequer, ib.-increase of
taxation, 291-prosperity under the
Unionist constructive policy, 292,
306-increase of Bank and Post
Office deposits, 293-table of re-
venue and expenditure, 294, 300-
Home Rule Bill of 1886; 294-of
1893; 296-299-of 1912; 299-pro-
posed reductions in the Civil Ser-
vice, 300-departments which can-
not be abolished, 301-cost of the
judiciary, 302-items of State ex-
penditure, 303-loans from the
Imperial Exchequer, 304.
Housing and Town-planning, 493.
See Garden Cities.
Hunt, Dr, Political History of Eng-
land' and Pitt, 308.