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powers, 538—primary result of their
alliance, preparation for war by the
rest of Europe, 539–European wars

traced to that alliance, 540.
French literature (ancient), an immense

body of epic poetry, 283—Chanson
de Roland, 284—subjects of Chansons
de Geste, 285--defeat of Charle-
magne's rear-guard at Roncesvaux a
subject of song for three centuries,
287—rules for understanding ancient
French, 288-poems descriptive of
the wars of Charlemagne with his
vassals, 300—poem on Charlemagne's
war with Beuve, Duke of Aigremont,
301-embassy to demand homage of
him, 303—the four sons of Aymon
the Duke's brother, 305—Karl's wars
with them, 307–heroic qualities of
Renaud the eldest, 309—supernatural
powers of his horse Baiart, ib. (See
Roland)-story of Bertha ‘aux grans
piés,' mother of Charlemagne, 310—
substitution of a Servian woman for
Bertha on the night of her marriage
with Pepin, 312—detection of the
impostor by Queen Blanchefleur, 315
-other romances of the Carlovingian
cycle, 316.


history, 423—the controversy not all

matter of regret, 424.
Circumspectè agatis, statute of, 183.
Clericale privilegium, or benefit of

Clergy, 184.
Coal, exhaustion of, 104 — probable

duration of coal-fields, 105.
Cobet (G.C.), Dr. Badham's eulogy on,

333 — particulars of his life, 347–
at the head of Continental Greek

criticism, 348—list of his works, ib.
Coiffure of African savages, 159.
Comparative grammar, a true science,

Conservative party, true political

character and genius of, 553.
Cort (Henry), inventor of puddling iron,

Cotton supply from India, increase of,


Dissenting bodies, four great, 195.
Diving-bell and the water-spider's nest,

analogy between, 380.
Dobree's (P. P.) • Adversaria,' 329.
Dragonnades inflicted on Hugonots, 39.
Dutch school of classical criticism, 348.

Eden's (Hon. Emily) Up the Country,'

Elmsley's labours in Greek criticism,

Emigration from England, amount of

annual, 209.
England of to-day contrasted with the

English of some centuries ago, 71.
Esquiros's (M.) • English at Home,'

Esterlings, German merchants in Eng-

land, 69.
Evil May Day, riot on, 70.
Excommunication of Hendricks by

Bishop Wilson, 181.
Eyre (Mr.) his measures in Jamaica,


Galleys and galley slaves under Louis
XIV., description of the galleys, 46

- punishments of the cowhide and
bastinado, 48– nature of the labour
of a galley slave,' 49—horrible scenes
on board a galley, ib.-striking ac-
count of a galley in a storm, 51-de-
scription of a battle between an
English frigate and French galleys,
52-gallant conduct of the English
captain, 53 – a journey of galley

slaves described, 57.
Gainsborough's injustice to Sir J.

Reynolds, 133.
Gardiner's travels from Herat to Kaf-

feristan, 473.
Garrick's histrionic excellence, 125.
Gladstone's (Mr.) fanlts of manner and

tactics reduced his majority of
seventy-five to a minority of eleven,
261—his arguments framed to please
not the moderate but the extreme
wing of his party, 264-his sin-
cerity and self-deception, 206—his
Reform measure 'made to pass,' 268.
Gleig's • Life of Wellington contains

more personal details than are given
by any other writer, 2.

2 Q2

Fergusson's · History of Architecture,'

425—the most comprehensive work
that has ever appeared on the subject,

Fishes architects, 379.
Forçats pour la Foi, sufferings of, 40.
Foreign artificers in England under

Henry VIII., 70.
France and England, essentially rival

Gondokoro, a depôt for the slave trade, ib.-commerce with India greater

than with any other nation, 2014
Gordon, how far implicated in the table of the increase of British trade
Jamaica rebellion, 245.

with, 202—Indian contributions to
Gothic architecture, characteristics of, the wealth of England, 203—table

of payments to England by, 204–
Grand Monarque (the), his cruelty to steamcommunication with, ib. -
the Hugonots, 39.

equivalent advantages to, 207–in-
Greek criticism, three stages of know- creasing wealth of India depending

ledge of ancient authors, 325—the on English rule, ib.--70,000 English
Scaligers, 326_history of classical troops required for its security, 209
literature in England, 327—Bentley -5000 recruits a year the only strain

the prince of English critics, ib.- upon England's resources, ib. false
• Porson created a new epoch in Greek analogy between our colonies and

scholarship, 328 – Elmsley and Indian possessions, 211-illustrations
Dobree, 329—study of Sanscrit, 330- of the difference between India and
comparative grammar, 331-infinite our colonies, 212-Iudian legislative
variety of Greek, 334— relation be- council not a representative body,
tween antiquarian and critical studies, 213—particulars of Indian revenue,
336-corrupt texts, 338-methods of 215—future resources of India, 216
criticism, 341-illustrations of errors -whether public works should be
in manuscripts, 343—-blunders of carried on by Government or by
copyists, 344–Dutch school of Greek private enterprise in, 218-introdué-
criticism, 348-Dr. Badham its ex- tion of Christianity into, 220.
ponent, 349.

Iranians (Eastern), the founders of
Guizot's meditations on the essence of Central Asian civilization, 490.
Christianity, 420.

Iron trade, growth of the, 12—variety

in the applicability of iron, 73—dit-

ference of wrought iron, steel, and

cast iron, ib.-smelting iron-ore in
Hamley's (Col.) Operations of War,' Central Africa, 74-smelting process

512—his career, ib.-novels and con- in Borneo, 75-bronze and iron of
tributions to Blackwood's Magazine, ancient Egypt, 76 - Roman iron-
ib.-analysis of his work on the Ope- works in Britain, 77--substitution of

rations of War,' 514. See Warfare. 1 pit-coal for charcoal in smeltirg, 79
Heeren on the foreign policy of Great --pig or cast iron, ib.-puddling es-
Britain, 538.

plained, 80-story of Henry Cort,
Hippopotamus soup superior to turtle, inventor of puddling, 80-invention

of hot-blast, 81-carboniferous iros-
History (ancient), revolution in the stone or wild coals, 81-black-band
study of, 331,

iron-stone, ib. -- saving effected by
Hogarth's envy and vanity, 107.

hot-blast, 15.- Bessemer's invention,
Homeopathy, its inductions illustrated, 87 - Indian Wootz, 88 — inquiry

into the brittleness of iron, 103-
Hugonots at the galleys, 39 — their production of iron in relation to the

sufferings as Forçats, 40-memoirs exhaustion of coal, 104. See Steel,
of Jean Marteilhe, 41-summary of and Bessemer.
his narrative, 43--the Duke de la
Force sent to convert the Hugonots
with four Jesuit priests and a regi-

ment of dragoons, 43 (See Marteilhe) Jamaica, negro population to European
-Hugonot dogs,'. 51--intercession as thirty to one, 221- the mulatto
of Queen Anne in their favour, 60. class, 223 – examination of Mr.

Underhill's letter to the Secretary of

State, 224-inflammatory appeals to

the negroes, 226-history of ihe out-
India, whether a source of weakness to break, 227—atrocities of the insur-

England, 199 — facts demonstrating gents, 229 — vigorous proceedings
its importance to England, 200— against the rebels, 230 - case of
errors from confounding a conquered Gordon, 231— Royal Commission of
country with a colonial dependency, Inquiry, 232— Report of the Com-

missioners, 233-effects of the anti “breast-laws" (ecclesiastical) of, 180
pathy of races, 231-parallel with -early feudal service, 189—ruins of
the Irish rebellion of 1798, 235—the the Church of St. Patrick, 192-
negro character, 236 — justification Bishop's Court, 193—Kirk Michael
of severe measures of repression, 238 Church, ib.
-- former risings of the negroes, Manx Society, 176.
238 — Mr. Eyre not completely Maroons of Jamaica, 239.
cleared, 240—levity of officers with Marteilhe (Mémoires of the Hugonot),
respect to their dealings with the a valuable contribution to Martyro-
negro, ib.—two lines of defence of logy, 42—his attempt to get beyond
Mr. Eyre, ib.-his differences with the frontier, 43-sufferings in a dun-
General O'Connor, 242-pernicious geon at Tournay, 44-condemned to
influence of Baptist missionaries, 247 the galleys for life for professing
-grievances alleged by Mr. Underhill, the Reformed Religion, 46-escape
ib. considerations on the alleged from death in an action with an
poverty of the population, 248 - | English frigate, 55-sufferings in
striking admission of the Jamaica the prison of La Tournelle, 56-
Baptist Union, 250-answer to Mr. liberated, 61-triumphant reception
Underhill's charge on taxation, 252 of the martyrs at Geneva, ib.-ac-
-immigration of coolies, 253—dis companies a mission to Queen Anne
creet suicide of the colonial assembly, from the Walloon Church, 62-See
251-qualifications for voters, ib. - Hugonots.
inadequate administration of justice, Melicerta ringens, an animalcule
254 — viciousness of the labouring scarcely visible to the naked eye, the
class, 255—measures necessary for most wonderful of all house-building
improved government, 256—gloomy creatures, 383.
future of Jamaica, 258.

Metallurgy, practice and science of, 64
Jesuit logic of persecution, 59.

- Agricola De Re Metallica,' 66.
Jongleurs distinguishes from Trouba Milaners and millinery, 69.
dours and Trouvères, 323.

Mill (Mr.), transformation of, on his

return for Westminster, 555.

Miners (German) encouraged to settle

in England before Elizabeth, 66-
Keble's (Rev. J.) “Life of Bishop mining terms of German origin, il

Wilson,' 171--suggestion of a memo -numerous bodies of foreign miners
rial to Mr. Keble, 198.

invited by Elizabeth, 67.
Kennedy's (Miss) portrait by Sir J. Mole (the), its habits, 357—the fiercest

Reynolds, its mournful expression and most active mammal in Britain,
accounted for, 140.

ib.-its encampment described, 358.
Kingfisher's nest, 365.

Müller (Max), Professor, 333.
Kirghiz, present condition of the, 494.

Munro's 'Lucretius, 349.

Ladies' square waists, 116.
Langue d'oc, sweet songs of, 322.

Napoleon Bonaparte, interpretations of
Lawrence's (Sir John) policy in India,

the names, 402—etymology of Napo-

leon, ib., note.
Lima (bivalve), habitation of the, 385.

Neilson, inventor of hot-blast, 82.
Louis XIV., architectural taste of, 459.

Nile, its two sources the Victoria and

Albert Lakes, 166–discovery of its

source not complete, 167—its sources

according to ancient maps, 168.
McDougall's (Col.) military works, Northcote's admiration of Reynolds,

anecdote of, 127—his cynical wit,
Man (Isle of), history of, 174-expla 132—early career, 141—not of a

nation of its coat of arms, 175– high class of painters, 143.
Kings of Man, ib. - the thirteen
Stanley Kings, ib.-falls to the Duke

of Atholl, i6.-purchased by the
Crown for 416,1141., ib.-its consti- | O'Connor's (Maj.-Gen.) correspond-
tation, ib.—the Keys of Man, ib. ence with Mr. Eyre, 242.

Ocypode, swift-footed crab of Ceylon,

Oxford, eminent classical critics of,

Ouvry's (Miss) two tales of Hugonot

martyrs, 42.


Parties (Parliamentary), their fixed

nucleus and floating tail, 262.
Patent rights, opinions on the expedi-

ency of, 84-arguments against in-

discriminate granting of, 87.
Penance, a punishment prescribed by

canons and statute, 183.
Peninsular and Oriental Steam Com-

pany, fleet of, 205.
Percy's (Dr.) Metallurgy,' 64-me-

chanical accuracy of the woodcuts,
65 -- the first satisfactory British

treatise on metallurgy, 66.
Petrel (Stormy), an accomplished

miner, 367.
Pholas, its excavations in hard rocks,

Pichiago, its flexible coat of mail, 362.
Pin-making (English), A.D. 1400, 68.
Poisoned arrows of the Barri of Gon-

dokoro, 157.
Pope (Alex.) and Sir J. Reynolds,

anecdote of, 127.
Porson's Greek scholarship, 328.
Portrait, its place in art, 138.
Prairie dog, its habits, 361.
Primogenitare, law of, defended, 560.
Puffin or sea-parrot, 367.
Purgation (canonical) illustrated by

Mrs. Puller's case, 183—-one of the
last remnants of an age of supersti-
tion, 184.


history of the Reform Act of 1832,
275-lateral and vertical extension of
the franchise, 277-guarantees neces-
sary to prevent the predominance of
numbers, ib.-arguments in favour
of a Conservative Reform Bill, 278
-no one of the three parties can
command a majority without the
help of one of the other two, 280–
the question will determine the
future character of the Constitution,

282. See Gladstone.
Reform (fresh Parliamentary), 545–

Reform Act of 1832, 546-balance of
power effected by the Chandos clause,
ib. — faggot votes, 547 — representa-
tion of land an essential element in
the representation of England, 548
county franchise of 141., instead of
101., unfavourable to the increase of
voters in rural villages, 548 - the
question is between the mixed con-
stitution of England and the rude
democracy of manhood suffrage, 549
-concessions made by Conservatives
accepted, but their counterpoises
rejected, 551–English freedom dis-
tinguished from a levelling de-

mocracy, 559.
Rembrandt's colours, anecdote respect-

ing, 129.
Rennie's · Insect Architecture,' 355.
Reynolds (Sir Joshua), Leslie and

Taylor's Life of, 105 — friendship
with Johnson, 108—low and licen-
tious tastes of the artists of his day,
110—rapidity, freedom, and boldness
of his portrait painting, 111-drapery.
men in his employ, ib. -- his time
* worth five guineas an hour,' 112-
contributions to Johnson's "Idler,'
113—his theory of beauty, 114—his
chariot decorated with allegorical
figures, 116—as fond of London as
Dr. Johnson, 118-'the human face
his landscape,' ib.-his dinner-giving
described, ib. — flimsy evidence of
domestic parsimony, 120-aspersions
by Allan Cunningham, ib.--- his be-
nefactions, 120 - anecdote of his
benevolence to a convict and others,
121 - amount of his fortune, i.
- originates an annual exhibition,
124 — portrait of Garrick between
Tragedy and Comedy, ib.-- parallel
between Garrick and Reynolds, 127
- description of the portrait of Gar-
rick, 126-Pope (the poet) and Rey-
nolds, 127 - first President of the
Academy, 128-never mixed in poli-
tics, 129_his biennial discourses,

Railways, necessity for steel rails, 98-

experiments proving their superiority,
101-their adoption by the London

and North-Western Company, ib.
Rat (pouched) of Canada, 361.
Reform (Mr. Gladstone's Bill), arranged

to give the working men the power
to demand the rest when they chose,
268 — the measure pregnant with
revolution, 270-a Reform act must
not involve the deposition of the
middle and upper classes or of the
landed interest, 271—the settlement
of the question depends on the
working men's accepting participa-
tion in the constitution without pre-
dominance, 273—a glance at the

-their style, 130 — unsound criti- Spiders, habits of, 380.
cisms on the Discourses,'ib.-answers Spider's (trap-door) nest, 372.
to A. Cunningham's charges against Steel, varieties of, 87_modern methods
Sir Joshua, 131--Reynolds's behaviour of producing, 88-Huntsman's iuven-
towards established painters, 132 — tion of cast steel, 90—value of Besse-
Gainsborough's injustice to him, 133 mer steel, 96.

- Reynolds's kindness and liberality to Steelyard Merchants, Company of, 70.
artists, 139-portrait of Miss Ken- Sterling, origin of the word, 69.
nedy, 140 — the Ugolino his best Suphis, builder of the first Pyramid,
historical picture, 143—-principle in 429, 430.
depicting strong emotions, ib. — his Sussex, once the great seat of the iron
historical pictures, 144- the Dido, manufacture, 105.
ib.-admirable allegorical figures, ib. Sword-blades, wonderful temper of
—the Infant Hercules a masterpiece, Eastern, 88.
145—his historical pictures seldom
satisfactory, ib. — degree of D.C.L.

conferred on him by Oxford, ib.
chosen mayor of Plympton, 146 – Tailor-bird, its marvellous architectural
competition with Gainsborough and skill, 377.
Romney, i6. – Mrs. Siddons's the Tendy's (Capt.) military surveying,
finest portrait ever painted, 148 —

anecdote of her and Sir Joshua, 149 Teredo navalis, ravages of, 370.
- compelled by impaired sight to

Tocqueville (de), accuracy of his
abandon his profession, 149-his final opinions on India, 198.
Discourse, 151 - death and public Tourrelle (La), prison of, described,
funeral, 153 — personal appearance, 56 — the convict could neither lie
ib. — bequest to Burke, ib. - his down, sit, nor stand upright, 57.
character nearly faultless, 154.

Trade of Britain (foreign) originally
Roland, Chanson de, discovered by

in the hands of German merchants,
M. Bourdillon, 284-account of the

poem, 288—Ganelon the traitor sent

Troubadours for the langue d'oc, trou-
ambassador from Charlemagne to the

vères for the langue d'oil, 323.
Sultan of Saragossa, 291-art of the
poet in relating the interview of

Ganelon with the Sultan, 292
Roland's refusal to sound his mar- Underhill's (Mr.) letter to the Colonial
vellous horn, 295—his defeat, 297— Secretary, its exaggerations and illo-
the sound of his horn reaches Charle- gical conclusions, 224.
magne at thirty leagues' distance, Unyoro, description of the king of, 170.
298—Roland's address to his sword
Durendal, and his death, 299.

Romney the painter, morbid sensitive-
ness of, 132.

Vambéry's explorations of Central Asia,

472—impenetrability of his disguise,

Sand-martin's (the) mode of burrowing, Venison feasts, anecdote of talking at,

Sanscrit, study of, 330.

Vibration, its effect on iron, 102.
Scaligers' (the) services to Greek lite- Voting in Jamaica, qualifications for,
rature, 326.

Smith's (Dr. W.) dictionaries collect "Walking-sticks’ of water insects, 381.

the results of present knowledge of
antiquity, 332.

Sodor and Man, full title of the bishop-

ric of, 190-antiquity and early his- Warfare (operations of modern), 503—
tory of the see, ib.-meaning of Sodor 'an army of lions commanded by
or Sudreyjar, 191-ruins of the ca- asses,' 505—unprepared condition of
thedral, 191. See Man.

England for the Crimean war, 507
Somerset River (Speke's Nile), 163. -rise of English military literature,
Sophia (St.) at Constantinople, archi- 508-impulse given to military edu-
tecture of, 449.

cation by the Crimean war, 510—

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