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fatherland front (Vaterlaendischen Front] but nevertheless refraining from putting National Socialists in important positions for the time being. However such positions are to be occupied only by personalities, having the support and the confidence of the movement. I have a willing collaborator in

this respect in Minister Glaise-Horstenau.” (2246-PS). This activity continued through 1937. In fact, by 14 January 1937 the negotiations with the Austrian Minister of Security and the development of "front” organizations had proceeded so far that "a very intensive crisis has arisen for the illegal party" with respect to its future program. In urging a patient attitude toward these problems, von Papen appeared less concerned with the legitimacy of their position under the 11 July 1936 agreement than with his fear that

"a too strong and far-reaching connection (with a proposed conservative 'Gerinan Action' front organization) would be understood neither in our own ranks nor could it be of use

to the action itself.(2831-PS) On the other hand when an Austrian cabinet minister failed to show sufficient energy to suit von Papen's purpose, he showed no hesitancy, under the terms of his 11 July 1936 agreement, to urge replacement by a more cooperative individual. Thus, von Papen has summarized his efforts to remove the Austrian Minister of the Interior (monograph "Austria"):

"I had tried to persuade Schuschnigg to appoint another minister to his cabinet beside Herr von Glaise, who was not

The new minister was to act as trusted liaison man between the two governments, able to work on innumerable problems directly without diplomatic intervention. This simplification would also bring the men on both sides of the

fence closer together." By the beginning of 1938, the Nazi hand had been so strengthened in Austria, and the differences and misunderstandings regarding the agreement of 11 July had become so serious and frequent, that Chancellor Schuschnigg found it expedient to accept von Papen's invitation to meet Hitler at Berchtesgaden, notwithstanding serious misgivings on the part of Schuschnigg (2995-PS). Von Papen showed no hesitancy in extending this invitation despite the fact that he knew Hitler's “idea to swallow Austria", despite his knowledge of Schuschnigg's distrust of Hitler, and despite his own doubts concerning the value of Hitler's word. Notwithstanding the situation, he found it possible even to urge Schuschnigg that Hitler was a man upon whom Schuschnigg could rely. And in making these representa

very active.

tions, he was fully aware of the extent of German rearmament and of its possible use as a diplomatic pressure device (according to interrogations, Nurnberg, 19 September and 8 October 1945).

On 11 February 1938, Schuschnigg left for Berchtesgaden to meet Hitler. At this meeting the severest pressure was exerted to extort far-reaching concessions from Austria, including reorganization of the cabinet, appointment of Seyss-Inquart as Minister of Security and the Interior, and a general amnesty to Nazis convicted of crimes (2995-PS; 2461-PS; 1544-PS; 1780-PS).

It was at this meeting that Papen urged upon Hitler the appointment of Seyss-Inquart as Minister of Security and the Interior (according to monograph "Austria").

Thoroughly entrenched in the government, the Nazis were now. able to seize upon Schuschnigg's plebiscite as an excuse to seize power, and to call for military intervention by Germany (812-PS; 2996-PS). (See also Section 3 of Chapter IX on Aggression Against Austria.)

Thereafter it was only a matter of hours before Austria became a province of the Reich—by a law signed by von Papen's man, Seyss-Inquart (2307-PS).

LEGAL REFERENCES AND LIST OF DOCUMENTS

RELATING TO FRANZ VON PAPEN

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trial but was not formally received
in evidence, for the reason given in
parentheses following the descrip-
tion of the document. The USA
series number, given in paren-
theses following the description of
the document, is the official exhibit
number assigned by the court.

*351-PS

270

*812-PS

586

1388-PS

962

Minutes of First Meeting of Cabi-
net of Hitler, 30 January 1933.
(USA 389)....

III
Letter from Rainer to Seyss-
Inquart, 22 August 1939 and re-
port from Gauleiter Rainer to
Reichskommissar Gauleiter
Buerckel, 6 July 1939 on events in
the NSDAP of Austria from 1933
to 11 March 1938. (USA 61)..... III
Law concerning confiscation of
Property subversive to People and
State, 14 July 1933. 1933 Reichs-
gesetzblatt, Part I, p. 479.... III
Decree of the Reich President for
the Protection of the People and
State, 28 February 1933. 1933
Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, p. 83.... III
Law to insure the unity of Party
and State, 1 December 1933. 1933
Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, p. 1016.
(GB 252).....

III
Law concerning the confiscation of
Communist property, 26 May
1933. 1933 Reichsgesetzblatt,
Part I, p. 293....

III
Law to supplement the Law for
the restoration of the Professional

1390-PS

968

*1395-PS

978

1396-PS

979

1398-PS

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Description

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986

1400-PS

987

*1544-PS

103

1652-PS

160

*1708-PS

208

*1760-PS

Civil Service, 20 July 1933. 1933
Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, p. 518... III
Law changing the regulations in
regard to public officer, 30 June
1933. 1933 Reichsgesetzblatt,
Part I, p. 433...

III
Von Papen’s notes, 26 February
1938, on his parting visit with
Chancellor Schuschnigg. (USA
71)....

IV
Decree of the Reich President for
protection against treacherous at-
tacks on the government of the
Nationalist movement, 21 March
1933. 1933 Reichsgesetzblatt,
Part I, p. 135...

IV
The Program of the NSDAP. Na-
tional Socialistic Yearbook, 1941,
p. 153. (USA 255, USA 324). IV
Affidavit of George S. Messer-
smith, 28 August 1945. (USA 57). IV
Excerpts from diary kept by Gen-
eral Jodl, January 1937 to August
1939. (USA 72)...

IV
Law to Remove the Distress of
People and State, 24 March 1933.
1933 Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I,

IV
Law concerning the Sovereign
Head of the German Reich, 1 Au-
gust 1934. 1934 Reichsgesetzblatt,
Part I, p. 747...

IV
Preliminary law for the coordina-
tion of Federal States under the
Reich, 31 March 1933. 1933
Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, p. 153... IV
Second law integrating the
“Laender” with the Reich, 7 April

305

*1780-PS

360

2001-PS

p. 141.

638

2003-PS

639

2004-PS

640

2005-PS

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641

2006-PS

642

2012-PS

647

2014-PS

648

2029-PS

p. 104..

652

2030-PS

1933.

1933 Reichsgesetzblatt,
Part I, p. 173....

IV
Law for the reconstruction of the
Reich, 30 January 1934. 1934
Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, p. 75.... IV
First regulation for administra-
tion of the law for the restoration
of professional Civil Service, 11
April 1933. 1933 Reichsgesetz-
blatt, Part I, p. 195..

IV
Law amending regulations of crim-
inal law and criminal procedure,
24 April 1934. 1934 Reichsgesetz-
blatt, Part I, p. 341.....

IV
Decree establishing the Reich
Ministry of Public Enlightenment
and Propaganda, 13 March 1933.
1933 Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I,

IV
Decree concerning the Duties of
the Reich Ministry for Public En-
lightenment and Propaganda, 30
June 1933. 1933 Reichsgesetzblatt,
Part I, p. 449..

IV
The Constitution of the German
Reich, 11 August 1919. 1919
Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, p. 1383.. IV
Decree for the securing of the State
Leadership, 7 July 1933. 1933
Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, p. 462... IV
Decree of the Reich President re-
lating to the granting of Amnesty,
21 March 1933. 1933 Reichsge-
setzblatt, Part I, p. 134....

IV
Decree of the Government con-
cerning formation of Special
Courts, 21 March 1933. 1933
Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, pp. 136-
137...

IV

653

2050-PS

662

2058-PS

699

2059-PS

701

2076-PS

r

705

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