Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

RSD DIVISION

COMMUNIST INTERROGATION, INDOCTRINATION AND EXPLOITATION

OF AMERICAN MILITARY AND CIVILIAN PRISONERS

[blocks in formation]

-1956

OF THE

PERMANENT
SUBCOMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATIONS
1.. Co... Se

COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

JUNE 19, 20, 26, AND 27, 1956

Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington

JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY, Wisconsin JOHN F. KENNEDY, Massachusetts

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri

MARGARET CHASE SMITH, Maine SAMUEL J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina NORRIS COTTON, New Hampshire HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota GEORGE H. BENDER, Ohio THOMAS A. WOFFORD, South Carolina THOMAS E. MARTIN, Iowa

WALTER L. REYNOLDS, Chief Clerk

PERMANENT SUBCOMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATIONS

JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington

JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY, Wisconsin STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota SAMUEL J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina GEORGE H. BENDER, Ohio

ROBERT F. KENNEDY, Chief Counsel
DONALD F. O'DONNELL, Assistant Chief Counsel

JAMES N. JULIANA, Chief Counsel to the Minority
II

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

13

16

EXHIBITS

Introduced Appears
on page

on page

1. Chart, Background of Communist Methods.

5

2. Chart, Important Communist Attitudes

7 7

3. Chart, Crucial Feature of Legal Operation.

10 10

4. Chart, A Typical Timetable-Eastern European Secret

Police Systems (Communist) -

11 11

5. Chart, Eastern European Secret Policy Systems (Com-

munist)

13

6. Chart, Period of Surveillance.

16

7. Chart, The Detention Regimen.-

16 16

8. Chart, Effects of Detention Regimen on Prisoner.

17 17

9. Chart, Interrogation Procedures and Prisoner Reactions. 18 18

10. Chart, Primary Work of the Interrogator.

21 21

11. Chart, Comparison of Methods of Chinese With Methods

of KGB..

23 23

12. Chart, A Typical Timetable-Chinese Communist Secret

Police System.

24 25

12A. Chart, À Typical Timetable-Chinese Communist Secret

Police System.

27 28

13. Chart, Some Features of People Who Have Been Especially

Amendable to Chinese Communist Indoctrination.--

29 29

14. Report by Drs. Lawrence E. Hinkle, Jr., and Harold G. Wolff,

entitled “An Analysis of the Methods Used by the Com-

munist State Police in the Interrogation and Indoctrination

of People Regarded as Enemies of the State”.

35 (*)

15. Form which Chinese Communists required American prisoners
to complete. -

47 201

16. Department of the Army Pamphlet No. 30–101, Communist

Interrogation, Indoctrination, and Exploitation of Prisoners

of War, May 1956-

61 (*)

17. Two books, Brainwashing and Brainwashing in Red China,
by Edward Hunter, and various pamphlets---

69 (*)

18. Document, Communist Patterns of Coercive Interrogation,

by Albert D. Biderman...

151 202

*May be found in the files of the subcommittee.

III

COMMUNIST INTERROGATION, INDOCTRINATION, AND

EXPLOITATION OF AMERICAN CIVILIAN AND MILITARY PRISONERS

TUESDAY, JUNE 19, 1956

UNITED STATES SENATE,
PERMANENT SUBCOMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATIONS,
OF THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met at 10:20 á. m., pursuant to Senate Resolution 188, agreed to February 16, 1956, in Room 357, Senate Office Building, Senator John L. McClellan (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senator John L. McClellan, Democrat, Arkansas, chairman; Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, Republican, Wisconsin; Senator Karl E. Mundt, Republican, South Dakota; Senator George H: Bender, Republican, Ohio.

Present also: Robert F. Kennedy, chief counsel; James N. Juliana, chief counsel to the minority; Donald F. O'Donnell, assistant chief counsel; Ruth Y. Watt, chief clerk.

The CHAIRMAN. The subcommittee will come to order.

This morning we are beginning a series of public hearings concerning the treatment of prisoners, both civilian and military, by various Communist governments.

The subcommittee further expects to show the techniques that are employed by the Soviet Union in the handling of those of its prisoners, accused of crimes against the state. All aspects will be fully explored, including the arrest procedure, the detention of the suspect, the imposed physical isolation, and the mental pressures that are applied.

Because of the large number of prisoners, both civilian and military, that have been held by Communist China over the past 5 years, the subcommittee expects to place particular emphasis on the treatment of these individuals.

During the 3 years of the Korean war some 7,190 Americans were captured by the Communists. Approximately one-third of this number died while in Communist hands. Of the 4,428 that survived and were repatriated, over 95 percent were subjected to a well-planned and well-organized campaign to destroy their belief in God, their loyalty to the United States and their faith in the democratic way of life.

We expect to establish that the Chinese Communists, by their immoral, unethical and illegal methods of interrogation and indoctrination, attempted to create in the prison camps an environment of fear, confusion, and mutual distrust.

By these series of hearings we expect to expose not only for the people here in the United States, but for the people throughout the

1

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »