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2. The fecond part of it is likeness, which follows upon the former ; * We shall be like him, for we fall see him as he is,” 1 John iii. 2. This is the native fruit of beholding Christ, to be thereby brought to conformity to him, 2 Cor. jii. 18.
3. The third part of it is love: this follows upon the former. Likeness breeds love, even upon earth : then will the saints be made perfect in love, 1 John iv. 18. O what flames of love will burn in heaven! Every faint will be a flame.
4. The fourth part of it is satisfaction, which proceeds from the rest ; Pfalin xvii. 15. “I will behold thy face in righteousness; when I awake, I shall be satisfied with thy likeness.” --All this is begun on earth in the heirsof glory. The brighter view a believer gets of Christ, the more likeness; the more likeness, the more love; and the more love, the more fatisfaction. But, О when there shall be perfect feeing, there will be perfect like. ness; when perfect likeness, perfect love; and when perfect love, perfect fatisfaction and joy : " Then the ranfomed of the Lord shall return, and come unto Zion with songs, and everlasting joy upon their heads : they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and fighing shall flee away,” Isa. xxxv. 10.
4ibly, We might consider this heavenly Canaan in its properties. It is another fort of inheritance than the earthly Canaan.
1. It is a glorious inheritance: it is glory itself; yea, an exceeding great and eternal weight of glory, 2 Cor. iv. 17. God, who is every-where present, is there gloriously. To make a weak allusion: The fun in the firmament, is in this or that place, by his rays and beams; but in the firmament, in a glorious manner : so God is here on earth, in his grace, and the rays of his countenance; but in heaven, in a glorious way. O Sirs, there the saints are, indeed, all glorious within, and without both; their bodies glorious, like untoChrist's glorious body, when once they are raised; their fouls glorious, because perfect in holiness.
2. It is an heavenly inheritance ; therefore called a heavenly kingdom, as I said, in opposition to earthly
kingdoms. There the great King is heavenly, the fubjects are heavenly, the work is heavenly, the reward heavenly, the company heavenly, the converse heavenly, all heavenly.
3. It is a purchased and promised inheritance ; called a purchased poffeffion, Eph. i. 14. The crown is purchased, the throne purchased, the robes purchased, and all purchased by the blood of the Lamb; which makes them fing that melodious song, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain. And as it is purchased, lo it is promised in Christ before the world began, 2 Tim. i. 9. and Titus
The earthly Canaan was a promised land; they had it by promise made to Abraham first, and in him to them : fo is heaven promised to Christ, and in him to all the spiritual Ifrael.
4. It is an eternal inheritance; 1 Pet. i. 4. “ An inheritance incorruptible, undefiled, and that fadeth not away.” The earthly Canaan was but temporary, subject to be laid defolate for the fins of the inhabitants thereof; and accordingly it was laid waste, and remains so to this day : but the heavenly Canaan is an inheri. tance that is not liable to corruption nor defilement, and therefore it fades not away. It cannot, like the former, be infested with enemies or ill neighbours, nor with any plague or malady: Tbe inhabitants of that land shall not say, I am sick. It is a place of perfect health, without any sickness; and a happy immortality, without any death, or fear of death: a blest eternity ; for, when thousands, thousands, thoufands of years are gone, their happiness is but beginning. Earthly kingdoms fade, and this world's monarchs die ; but, in that everlasting kingdom, death is swallowed up in victory. '. If it were to have an end after millions of years, it were enough to make them live in perplexity and trouble; but it is eternal and everlasting.– There is a short description, from the word, of that heavenly Canaan.
III. The third thing is, To show what uations, of enemies and oppositions are in the way to this heavenly Zion. See how many and mighty nations stood in the way of Israel's possessing the earthly Canaan, verse first
of this chapter where our text lies: Seven nations, greater and mightier than they. And after they came to that land of promise, some of these nations were suffered to dwell among them, particularly the Jebu sites, that were prickles in their eyes, and thorns in their fides. And, in process of time, God stirred up other nations against them, for just and holy 'causes; as the Philistines, the Moabites, the Ammonites, that coasted near their dwelling; besides the Assyrians and Babylonians, from . remoter countries, that led them captive. And, befides outward enemies and foreign invasions, they were not a little vexed and disquieted with civil and intestine diflentions: there was Saul's house against David's, and David's against Saul's; Israel against Judah, and Judah against Ifrael ; Manasses against Ephraim, and Ephraim against Manailes : nations thus both without and within, and enemies on every fide. Now, in like manner, there are great and mighty nations that oppose the true Israel of God in their way to the heavenly Canaan above, and that hinder their peaceable pofleffion of any part of heaven that, through grace, they possess on earth. In allusion, therefore, to the seven nations here, that God cast out before Israel of old; I shall show feven.of these nations of spiritual enemies and oppositions that are in the way to the heavenly Canaan, and that disturb the Israel of God in any begun possession that they may have here, through grace.
I only premise, that as, in an outward sense, all nations of the earth proceed from one root and original, namely, the first man Adam; so, in a spiritual sense, most part
of all the nations that oppose our happiness do spring from one root; and the grand root is original sin, and natural corruption : here is the great commander, that leads forth multitudes of nations of actual oppositions against God, and the Israel of God, that are bound for the heavenly Canaan. A body of fin and death is the fertile womb that brings forth fwarms in one day; yea, there, as it were, whole nations are born at once. But more particularly, there are these seven nations that oppose and vex the Israel of God in their way to Canaan. 1. A nation of vain thoughts. We are by nature vain
in our imaginations, Rom. i. 21.: and these vain thoughts lodge within the walls of Jerusalem ; “ O Jerusalem, wash thine heart from wickedness; how long thall vain thoughts lodge within thee?” Jer. iv. 14. Thefe nations lodge within, take bed and board with you, and eat up the very fap of your fouls; therefore, when David says, Pfal. cxix. 113. I bate vain tboughts, he expresses them with a word that signifies the Sprig and branch that grows in a tree, which draws the lap cut of it, and makes it fruitless. Do you net find a nation of this fort swarming about your heart every day, and every hour of the day? Yea, I am mistaken if these Philistines have not heen upon you, and if these nations have not been besetting you, and beficging your souls in time of hearing, praying, communicating at this occafion; and, I ima. gine, they who are exercised and bound for heaven, will find a need of almighty power, to put out this nati. on before them, though there were no more. And, indeed, these vain thoughts are like the flying posts to the rest of the nations that may be named. But then,
2. There is a nation of worldly cares, which Christ compares to briars and thorns, that choke the feed of the word, Mark iv.9. and Luke viii. 14. This nation goes under the name of Frugality; but, if you look narrowly to its armour, you will find the motto thereof to be, “ Careful about many things, but reglecting the one thing neceflary:" and yet this is such a powerful nation, that many people are fubdued by it, so as they can do nothing but mind earthly things, and so lose heaven, and come short of salvation; yea, such is the power of this nation even over the Israel of God, that he is obliged, in a manner, to smite them, and extirpate the world out of their heart with a rod of correction; “For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and fmote hin," Ila. lvii. 17.: yea, the rod of God will not do it, till the grace of God efficaciously be exerted; “ I hid me, and was wroth ; and yet he went on frowardly in the way of his heart :” but fovereign powerful grace steps in ; “ I have seen his ways, and will heal him.”
3. There is a nation of doubts and fears, and finful discouragements, and unbelieving objections, Pf.xlii. 6,7.
The soul is overset and overwhelmed oft-times with them. They may well be compared unto a nation; they are so many, that no sooner does a minister begin to answer objections, but the unbelieving heart will raise a thoufand more ; and so mighty, that there is no subduing of them, till Christ himself rebuke them, as he did the raging waves of the sea, with a word of power, and so create a calm in the foul. This is a nation that rages, like the heathen spoken of, Pfal. ii. and imagines many vain things against the Lord, and his Anointed; but the Lord stills the rage with the rod of his strength, that he fends out of Zion, when he makes a people willing in the day of his power. He answers the doubts and objections of unbelief, and stills the fears and discouragements of his people, either by a word of power let into the heart, such as that, “ Fear not, it is I ; be not afraid: Othou of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt?” Or by a breathing of his Spirit, accompanying a word that is spoken to the ear.
4. There is a nation of ungodly men from without, that also vex and oppose the Ifrael of God in their way to the heavenly Canaan; Judge me, O God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation,” Pfal. xliii. 1. This is a nation that many times suppress and bears down the work of God in the soul. The company and influence of the ungodly, that mock at religion, and laugh at sacred things, is a great let and impediment to the salvation of a soul. And as it was with Ifrael of old, fo it is with the church in all ages; she is never without enemies that annoy her : there are four forts of ungodly men, that the church of God generally complain of; the tyrant, the Atheist, the heretic, and the hypocrite: some of these would subvert, and others pervert her. The tyrant, by heart-hatred and open persecution ; the Atheist, by profanity of life; the heretic, by corruption of doctrine; and the hypocrite, by pretences of holinefs. These nations of ungodly men do oppose the Israel of God, partly by force, and partly by fraud : and, indeed, the secret enemies are usually the most dangerous of the two; they that use fraud, more dangerous than these that use force : for these, being seen and known,