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are more easily avoided; but the other not fo eafily fhunned, because not fufpected.

5. There is a nation of mighty kings, and powerful giants, as the fons of Anak are called, Num. xiii. 33. How many great kings did the Lord give into the hand of Ifrael? Such as Og, king of Bafhan; Sihon, king of the Amorites, Pfal. cxxxvi. 18, 19, 20. Pfal. cxxxv. IO, II. But there are greater kings and potentates than these, that fland in the way of the poffeffion of the heavenly Canaan. There are, more efpecially, four kings, mighty kings, to be fubdued: for,

(1.) As fin is a mighty king, that reigns in us, and over us naturally; therefore fays the apoftle, Rom. vi. 12. Let not fin reign in your mortal body: so,

(2.) Satan is a mighty king in his own territories; therefore called, "The prince of this world: The prince of the power of the air, that rules in the hearts of the children of difobedience," Eph. ii. 2.

(3.) Self is a mighty king; it competes with King Jefus, and keeps his throne, fo long as the loftinefs of man is not brought down, and the haughtiness of man made low, Ifa. ii. 11. that the Lord alone may be exalted in the heart: and, even after Chrift is exalted to the throne of the heart, Self is ftill fighting and working for the throne. It is a king that all the world adores.

(4.) Death is a mighty king; therefore called the king of terrors, Job xviii. 14. He is a king, that is the terror of kings, as well as inferior fubjects. This is called the last enemy of God's Ifrael; The laft enemy to be deftroyed is death: and happy they that get the fting of death removed, which is fin. See 1 Cor. xv. 54-57. Death fhall be swallowed up in victory. Christ is the victorious conqueror of this and all other enemies: however, these are mighty kings in the way; and fome of them have mighty giants in their armies, particularly thefe three, viz. king Sin, king Satan, and king Self; these three have powerful armies to fight their hellish battles. And there are,

6. A nation of deceitful lufts in the heart; fo called, Eph. iv. 22. Thefe are like fo many deputies and offi. cers, captains, and lieutenants, fighting under the ban


ner of king Sin, king Self, and king Satan, against King JESUS, the God of glory. O what fwarms of lufts make up this army of hell! If you will travel through the camp of your heart, you will fee an armed regiment of gigantic lufts: There you may fee grimfaced ignorance, armed with the devil's black livery: There you may fee curfed Atheifm and unbelief, armed with lies and blafphemies, and bitter invectives against heaven: There you will fee cruel enmity, armed with a bloody sword of forcible oppofition unto God and Christ: There you will fee fubtile hypocrify, armed with fraud, and flattery: There you will fee brazen-faced hardness of heart, armed with a brow of brafs: There you may fee dultish fecurity, armed with a fearless spirit, and a ftupid confcience; bold prefumption, armed with a daring countenance; towering pride, armed with a robe of gaudy attire, and an eye of fcorn, contempt, and disdain; as alfo felf-righteous confidence, armed with grofs ignorance both of the fpirituality of the law, and mystery of the gofpel. There is a powerful nation of heart-plagues and deceitful lufts, that reign over the ungodly world, and many times rage in the hearts of believers to the leading of them captive.

7. There is a nation of actual out-breakings in the life, and fins in the converfation: thefe are, like the common foldiers of the army of hell, making daily excurfions into the camp of Ifrael; yea, every hour of the day they are breaking out on this hand, and on that hand, and round about us on all hands, in innumerable omiffions and commiffions. Here breaks out intemperance and infobriety, in eating, drinking, and ufing of the comforts of life; there breaks out idle words, vain talking, unprofitable converfation: here appears negligence in duty, and carelefnefs and indifferency in hearing, reading, praying, communicating; and there appears mifpending of time, Sabbath and week-days both, wafting our precious opportunities, and mif-improving our talents, without endeavouring to do good or get good, to glorify God, or edify thefe that are converfant with The former nation I mentioned was the lufts of the flefh, and this nation is the works of the flefli: the lufts of the flesh are deceitfully hidden within the walls; the



works of the flesh are open and manifeft, making continual outward excurfions. You may have a lift of them, Gal. v. 19,-21. "Now the works of the flesh are manifeft, which are thefe, adultery, fornication, uncleannefs, lafcivioufnefs, envyings, murders, drunkennefs, revellings." Another lift of the names of the foldiers of this army you may read, 2 Tim. iii. 1,-5. "Men fhall be lovers of themselves:" there goes the king and commander in chief, Self-love; and then follows a lift of the common foldiers; "Covetous, boafters, proud, blafphemers, difobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, without natural affection, truce-breakers, falfe accufers, incontinent, fierce, defpifers of thofe that are good, traitors, heady, high-minded, lovers of pleafures, &c."

Now, thefe are the feven nations continually in arms, and at work for hell, and againft heaven: the nation of vain thoughts continually flying poft through the rest of the nations for intelligence; the nation of worldly cares, continually making provifion for the flesh, to fulfil the lufts thereof; the nation of doubts, and unbelieving fears and jealoufies, is ftill keeping watch, and standing centry at the door of the heart, to keep out all heavenly meffages, and exclude all propofals of peace with heaven; the nation of ungodly men continually guarding the outworks of hell, and plying their large artillery and battering rams, to beat down what God, and Chrift, and the gofpel would build up; the nation of mighty kings, that I mentioned, are ftill ifluing forth new commands and orders for war against heaven; the nation of deceitful lufts, like officers of the army, are still mustering the host, lead. ing them forth to the field of battle, and fetting them in battle-array; and the nation of actual fins and out-break-, ings, are still brandifhing their fwords and fpears, and other implements of war, making daily and hourly excurfions out of the camp of hell, and incurfions upon their oppofites and antagonists; running on the camp of Ifrael, to destroy them, and hinder their march to the heavenly Canaan.

Now, to thefe feven nations all the world of mankind: are, by nature, kept in fubjection; and, which is worse, they are willing flaves and captives to them and even


the Ifrael of God, that have left their camp, and fled under the colours and standard of the Lord Jefus Christ, the Captain of falvation, are many times led captive by them they are still giving battle to Ifrael.—Now, O thou that art bound for the celeftial Canaan, what thinkeft thou of these nations? Are they not feven nations greater and mightier than thou? Surely, if thou haft found, to thy fad experience, the power, and the policy, and the pernicious influence of these mighty nations upon thee, it will be welcome news to hear that, The Lord thy God will put out thefe nations from before thee, by little and little.

IV. The Fourth thing that I propofed, was, to speak a little of the Conqueror of thefe nations; that is, "The King of glory; the Lord, ftrong and mighty; the Lord, mighty in battle." Indeed, they that have fuch mighty nations to fight and debate with, have need of a mighty conqueror to fubdue them: and he is here faid to be the Lord thy God; where he is defcribed, 1. By his name, JEHOVAH. 2. By his relation to them in Christ, THY GOD.

1ft, Ifrael's Captain, that fights their battles, is defcribed by his great name JEHOVAH, the LORD, in capital letters; which is ordinarily used in all our English tranflations, to intimate, that in the original it is JEHOVAH and it is a name that points out the perfection of his nature. It is remarked, that all along the first chapter of Genefis, while God was yet upon his creating work, he is called ELOCHIM, a God of power; but in the fecond chapter of Genefis, ver. 4. God having compleated his work, he is then called JEHOVAHELOCHIM, a God of power, and perfection. And as he here takes that name, when he perfects what he had begun; fo we find him making himfelf known by this name, when he appears to perform what he had promifed to Ifrael, Exod. vi. 3. "I appeared to Abraham, Ifaac, and Jacob, by the name of GOD ALMIGHTY; but by my name JEHOVAH was I not made known to them." God would now be known by his name JEHOVAH, as being, 1. AGod performing what he had promifed, and fo

fo giving a being to his promifes. 2. A God perfecting what he had begun, and finifhing his own work. And now, the fubduing of the Canaanites before Ifrael, was a work that God had promifed, and a work that now he had begun; therefore, he makes himfelf known in this work by his name JEHOVAH, a performing and perfecting God. This is the powerful Conqueror, that all the true Ifrael of God have to look to, and depend upon, for deftroying the nations of fpiritual enemies for them. This name belongs to our Lord Jefus Chrift, equally with the Father and the eternal Spirit. It is he that led Ifrael out of Egypt, by the hand of Mofes, wrought wonders for them, and brought them to Canaan, and delivered their enemies into their hand; by all which was typified the greater falvation and deliverance that he was to work, in accomplishing the bufinefs of our redemption in our nature. And by taking to himself the name JESUS, he hath not loft the name JEHOVAH; nay, he could not be a JESUS, if he were not JEHOVAH: he could not deftroy thefe nations I have named, the sum of which is fin; for to deftroy fin, is more than to make a world: fin cannot be destroyed, without fatisfying that infinite juftice that fin offended, and glorifying that infinite holinefs that fin affronted, and fulfilling the law that fin had violated, and appeafing the wrath and vengeance that fin had kindled. Further, fin could not be deftroyed, without deftroying the devil that begat it, and the wicked heart that brought it forth; all which requires a new creation, more great and glorious than the firft, and belongs to none but JEHOVAH. This name points out the divine glory of our Redeemer and Conqueror, which I offer in these two further remarks upon it.

1. This great name JEHOVAH, (as thefe that inveftigate the Hebrew root, obferve) fignifies being, effence, fimple-exiftence, or felf-fubfiftence; and imports his most fimple, abfolute, eternal, and independent being, and, exiftence; having his being in, of, and from himself; and from whofe infinite being, all creatures have their finite being.

2. This name JEHOVAH comprehends in itself the VOL. III. † Cc


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