« PreviousContinue »
Agreeably to these Prophecies therefore, Ezra i. 1. Cyrus, the first Year after his Conquest
of Babylon, was stirred up by the spirit of the LORD to make a Proclamation throughout all his dominions, and also to put it in writing; which runs thus : Thus faith Cyrus King of Persia, &c. The LORD God of beaven bath given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he hath charged me to build him an house at Jerusalem which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people ? his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem which is in Judah, and build the house of the LORD God of Ifa rael, &c.
There return'd therefore, under the
Conduct of Zerubbabel, forty and two ib. ii. 64. thousand three hundred and threescore ;
besides Servants and other Attendants amounting to above seven Thousand more: who, in a very short Time after, built the Altar of the God of Israel, and offer'd Burnt-Offerings thereon, Morning and Evening, under the Administration
of Yeshua the High-Priest. And, in the ib. iii. 8. second year after their coming, they be
gan the Foundation of the second Tema
ple; with much solemn Joy and Exul-
But, according to a Design so far short
Whether the Delineation of the Temple Ezekiel faw in a Vision, in the 25th Ezek. xl. Year of the Captivity, were a Copy af- &c. ter the first, or a Model for the second, or intended to typify something different
from both, is not any where determin’d. Tho’ some Jews have pretended the latter Temple was built after Ezekiel's Plan.
After having been fix and forty Years in building, thro' the frequent Interruptions caus’d by the Samaritans, it was finish'd, as before observ'd, in the fixth Year of the Reign of Darius, King of Perha: And remain'd the same, except the Pollutions and Indignities with which the Inside of it was violated by Antiochus Epiphanes King of Syria, to our Saviour's Time. For I think no Credit is to be given to the Report yosephus makes ; of its having been rebuilc : from the
ivery Foundations, and enlarg’d by Herod, in the Time of Augustus: of which we have not the least Hint in the Gospel, where Mention is so often made of the Temple;
and where it is exprefly said to have been fix John ii. and forty years in building. It is probable
therefore that Herod only repair'd and Megcsip- beautified it; as another Author of good
Credit affirms. However, when 'our LORD was crucified, the veil of it, that which
parxxii. 51. ted off the Holy of Holies from the rest,
d was rent in twain from the top to the bot
Afterwards the Emperor Caligula ordered an Image of himself to be set
in 2. it, and divine Honours to be paid to it:
which we may look upon as a just Judg-
It was not long after, together with
Temples in Samaria and Egypt. There was a Temple likewise built by Sanballat upon Mount Gerizim, for the Use of the Samaritans; who pretended (upon the Return of the Jews from their Captivity) that they were of the Stock of the true ancient Hebrews, and that their Mountain was the most proper Place of Worship: upon which Principle the Samaritan Woman in the Gospel, argues with CHRIST: but that was destroy'd by Hyrcanus, as yosephus testifies.
The fame Author mentions another Temple the Jews had built in Egypt, when they were perfecuted by Antiochus: and that it was destroy'd much about the
fame Time with that at Jerusalem. In & Mac. i.
the Apocrypha indeed, there is a Letter
S E C T. XIV.
SYNAGOGU E S.