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upon as Part of the Duty of keeping boly the sabbath day.
There were likewise peculiar Offerings Numb. appropriated to this Day; and, at the xxviii . 9.
fame Time, the Shew-Bread was to be chang'd for new, Aaron is commanded to
provide it, and set it in order before the xxiv. 8. LORD, every Sabbath-day continually. The
Celebration of the Sabbath was to begin
the Evening before ; and continue to the xxiii. 32.
Evening of the fabbath-day. From even unto even fall ye celebrate your fabbath.
them was the Feast of the Pasover, and unleavened Bread. Which, tho' two distinct Feasts, and instituted in Commemoration of two differenc Transactions, yet because they happen'd at one and the fame Time, and related to one and the same signal Deliverance, (their being brought out of the Land of Egypt, from the House of Bondage, by the extraordinary Assistance of
. God) therefore were to be observ'd * up
on the same Day of the Month, for ever.
That of the Passover, in Remembrance Exod. of God's pasing over their Houses when xii.3.&c. he flew the First-born of the Egyptians ; That of unleavened Bread, to fix and con- Exod. 39. tinue such Remembrance; by bringing to their Minds the great distress and hurry they were in, at that Time, when they could not so much as stay to put Leaven in their Bread. Both typically predictive of Christ our Passover; who, becoming 2 Sacrifice for the Sins of the whole World, will save all those who, putting away the 1 Cor. leaven of malice and wickednis, conform V. 7. themselves to his Inftitution, with the unleavened bread of fincerity and truth.
Again, Thou mayst not sacrifice the Paf- Deut. Sover within any of thy gates which the LORD thy God giveth thee; but at the
** It was customary to speak of them, as all one Feast. Therefore St. Luke mentions them as one, The Feast of unleavened Bread, which is call'd the Passover. And,
The Day of unleavened Bread when the Passover must it, be kill'd. Luke xxii. 1.7. and St. Matth. quite blends
them together, by calling the Eve of the Pasover, the first Day of unleavened Bread. Matth. 16. 17. and so it was. Exod. 12. 18. K 4
place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name in. Therefore it was celebrated at first in Shilob; and afterwards at Jerusalem. It was to be kept upon the fifteenth Day of the first Month, (March) to last seven Days, and (as all their Feafts
were) to begin, the Evening before. In Lov. xxiii. 5.
the fourteenth day of the first month, at &e. even, is the Lord's passover. And on the
fifteenth day of the same month, is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD; seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread.
Yet the Jews, in after times, made void, or dispens'd with, this Law by their Traditions, so fir as, * by an Order of Council, to forbid its being kept upon either Monday, Wednesday or Friday, if it should happen to fall upon any of those Days; and to appoint the Observation of it, upon the Day following. At the time of our LORD's Pallion therefore, tho' it fell upon
the Friday, and he, who came to fulfil the Law, kept it accordingly, by eating the Paschal Supper with his Disciples on Thursday Night; yet we find the
* Seder Olam.
was ob- xviii. 28.
Few's did not propose keeping it till Sa-
Friday being the Eve or ‘Preparation of it,
left they should be defiled; so 'Pilate
lig'd to go out to them, to know what they : accused our LORD Of. And, just before
Pilate consigns him over to Death, we are cold, It was the preparation of the paf- Joh. fover, and about the fixth hour, or twelve o'xix. 14. clock at noon. The Jews therefore, (after Joh. he had hung above three Hours upon the xix. 31. Crofs, with the two · Malefactors who were crucified with him) because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the fabbath-day (for that sabbath was an high day) befought Pilate, that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. It was an bigb day, because it was both the Sabbath and the Feast of the Passover.
Thus therefore the other Evangelists may be easily reconciled with St. John. They mention our Lord's eating the Pasover on Thursday, as the first day of it; which it really was according to the Inftitution of Mofes, which our LORD ob
serv'd; He mentions Friday, as only the Preparation or Eve of the Passover ; which, according to the Jewish Act of Council, it was. So that, tho' they seemingly differ, yet in Reality, they harmoniously agree; and, accordingly, when they come to mention the Day of the Resurrection (which was to be, for ever after, the Sabbath of Christians) to prevent all Possibility of mistaking about the Observance of it, They all declare, that it was very early upon the first Day of the Week; just as the Sabbath was ended *.
And that this Day was thereafter accordingly observ'd as the great Day of Cessation from fervile Work and Devotion to the Service of God and Works of Charity, we learn from the Usage of the
Christians in the Apostolic Age; when, Acs xx. upon the first day of the week, the disciples
came together to break bread, and Paul
* Matt. xxviii. 1. As it began to dawn towards the first day of the week.
Mark xvi. When the fabbath was past, very early in the morning, the firft day of the week. Luke xxiv. i. Upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning. John xx. I. The first day of the week, when it was dark.