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ment, statutes and judgments, ye shall even warn them that they trespass not againft the LORD, &c.

And here we find, that if the Caufe was of a Spiritual Nature, the High-Priest was the Chief Judge; if otherwise, a Chief Justice, who fate in Behalf of the King. For thus it immediately follows; and behold, Amariah the Chief Priest is over you, in all matters of the LORD; And Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the boufe of Judah, for all the king's matters. Also the Levites shall be officers before you. Deal courageously, and the LORD Mall be with the Good.

It is probable that in Causes Ecclefiaftical, the Confiftory Court was made up of the High-Priest, and the Chief Priefts, or Heads of the four and twenty Courses, only; and that, in Matters purely temporal, the supreme Magistrate, with the Princes and Elders, and Scribes, who were Doctors of the Lato, either by himself or his Deputy, took Cognizance. And that, where any one was accus'd of Crimes relating to Religion and State both, the Judges, in each of these Faculties, fate to hear

xxiii. 51.

the Cause. So, at the Trial of our blessed LORD, of which we shall speak more by and by, Jofeph of Arimathea, a rich Man, and an honourable Counsellor (probably one of the Seventy Elders) was one of them who fate as Judges ; but did not join in the Sentence of Condemnation, The Gospel, speaking of 'him, says, The Luke fame had not consented to the council, and deed of them.

This Council, at their Return from the Captivity, was restor’d, with the rest of their Commonwealth : As the Prophet Ezekiel foretold it should. The Priests, Ezekiel the Levites, Jhall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean. And, in controversy, they shall stand in judgment; and they shall judge it according to my judgments.

The Method of Proceeding in this Court, was as follows. They who had a mind to implead any one, applied either to the King, or the High-Priest, or whos ever filled the post of Chief Justice, and inform'd against him. Upon this, proper Officers were sent to take him up; and,


xliv, 24.

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be Priests and the Propbets (who were Jer. xxvi.

8, &c. Time-servers,) and all the people, cook bim; =zying, Thou shalt sürely dię. When the -rinces of Judah (the Members of the

Council) beard these Things, then they came --P from the king's boufe unto the house of

be LORD; and fate down in the entry of be new gate of the LORD's house. Then paketbe Priests and the Prophets (who were Court Informers) unto the princes, ind to all the people, saying ; This man is worthy to die, for be bath prophesied against this city, as ye bave beard. Then, the Prophet having spoken in his own Dee fence, The princes and all the people said unto the Priests, and to the Prophets, This man is not worthy to die, for be bath

Spor ken to us in the name of the LORD our God. Then rose up certain of the Elders of the land, and spake to all the assembly of the people, saying, &c.

The Form of Condemnation was thus, (as we find it in the Gospel) The High

Matt, Priest rent bis clothes (which by the Law xxvi. 65, he was forbidden ever to do) saying, He þatb spoken blasphemy : what further need bave 'we of witnesses! Bebold, now ye have


1v2x no! if ; Occalon raquird, så Detachment from 73 che Temple Guarda wenigalong with them.

The Person thus çaken; was.examin'd by the Justicę, and then committed, either to Prison, or to the Custody of the Of. ficer of the Guard, cilt his Trial came


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When the Court fate, those who brought the Information against the Crit minal, did it in these Words ; This Man having done fo or rou is wortby to die. And they who were to defend him, an: fwer'd; This Man is not worthy to die; for he has only done fo or so. And, when the Pleadings on both sides, were finish'd, the Judges gave their Opinions, fingly, whecher he was guilty, or not; And, according to the Majority of Votes, one way, or c’other, the Culprit was acquicted or condemn'd.

Of the Manner: of laying the Indiament, and giving in the Answer, we have an Instance in the Case of Jeremiab; who was inform’d against for prophesying the Destruction of both the City and Temple of Jerusalem, in case the Jews continued 19 neglect the Observance of God's Law.


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