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They were succeeded by the Kings; but, upon a quite different Footing and f Establishment. For whereas the others, t

were chosen only to see the Laws exe: cuted; or to head the People, when they

found it necessary to march out and engage their Enemies: These exercis'd a despotic Power; made War, when, and with whom they pleas'd; and regarded the Law just as much as they thought fit; just, as it suited with their Humour or Conveniency.

God indeed, foreseeing, that when his People, by his good Providence, had got Possession of the promis'd Land, and were bless'd with every thing desirable in Life, Prosperity would make them wanton; and that they would be apt to run into the luxurious Fashions of the Heathen Nations chat liv'd round about them, to serve their Gods, and to defire a King, to whom they might be Slaves, as the others were; yet, kindly



xvii. 12

and mercifully, prescribes some Rules, with which, if their Kings complied,

they might possibly preserve some Degree Deut

. of Happiness under them. When thou &c.

art come unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, and salt poless it, and salt dwell therein ; and salt say, I will fet a king over me, like as all the nations that are about me : Thou malt in any wise, set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God mall choose; One, from among thy brethren, shalt thou set king over thee: Thou mayʻst not fet a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother.

But he shall not multiply horses to himself; nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the Lord bath said unto you, Ye fall benceforth return no more that way. Neither hall be multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall be greatly multiply to himself filver and gold.

And, it Mall be, 'when be fitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that be Mall write bim a copy of this Law, in a book; out of ius


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3: that which is before the Priests, the Levites,
B And it shall be with him, and be shall read
R. therein, all the days of his life; that he may

learn to fear the Lord bis God, to keep
all the words of this Law, and these statutes,
to do them. That his heart be not listed up

above his brethren; and that be turn not i aside from the commandment, to the rigt

band or to the left: To the end, that he тау 5 prolong his days in his kingdom; be, and his

children, in the midst of Israel. This Time,
which God foresaw, and so graciously pro-
vided a Remedy for, by these falutary Di-
rections, came to pass accordingly in the
Days of Samuel, who was the last of the

When that great good Man came to
grow in Years, and had delegated a part
of the Judicature to his two Sons, Joel and
Abiah; who, we are told, were Judges in 1 Sam.
Beersheba; as foon as it appear'd, how un-

viii.l, &r qualified they were to fill a Poft,of that Importance ; being fad Wretches; who walked not in the ways of their father, but turned aside after lucré, and took bribes, and perverted judgment; Then, all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came

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to Samuel unto Ramah, and said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy fons walk not in thy ways: Now, make us a king to judge us, like all the nations.

At this Behaviour of his Sons, the Praphet must needs have been as uneasy as they were; and would, no doubt, have gladly consulted with them how to remove or remedy that Grievance. But, knowing well, that the Time was now come in which they desired to change their old Form of Government for one, neither so agreeable to God, nor beneficial to themselves, as he could have wish'd, as the Sequel of the History informs us, The thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us : And Samuel prayed unto the Lord. And the Lord said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people, in all that they say unto thee; For, they bave not rejected thee,' but they have rejected me that I should not reign over them. Ace cording to all the works which they have done, since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt, even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods : So do they also, unto thee.


Now, therefore, bearken unto their voice: Howbeit, yet protest folemnly unto them, and i sew them the manner of the king that shall

reign over them. And Samuel told all the 1. words of the LORD, unto the people that

asked of kim a king. And be faid, This will 3. be the manner of the king, that shall reign * over you. He will take your fons, and ap

point them for himself, for his chariots, and T: to be his horsemen, and some shall run before

his chariots. And he will appoint him, cap

tains over thousands, and captains over fifE ties; and will set them to ear his ground,

and to reap his harvest, and to make his in, struments of war, and instruments of his chariots. And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers. And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.

And he will take the tenth of your feed, and s of your vineyards, and give to his officers,, Ej and to his servants. And he will take your s men servants, and your maid servants, and · your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work. He will take the tentb, of your skeeps and ye shall be bis servants.


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