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commanders withdraw, or relax their exertions anil give incohei ent orders, even the experienced vetera' must quit the field; the consequent effect of which is the whole are routed, and the enenıy is left to enjov an uninterrupted triumph. Thus it will be found with sunday school teachers: whiist they persevere in the path of duiy, they wil never want childien to teach, and certain success awaits their labous; for they are likely to lead on their little army to conquest and a crown. But if instability atten:/ us, it we quit the sphere of action, or keep it with reluctance, the children will soon fail in their attendance, Satan will throw obstacles in the way of usefulness, and at last the enemy of souls will be left to spread the banefal effect of his victories unmolested in the field.
7th. Prayer is an essential requisite to success in sunday school teaching. “Without me ye can do nothing," said infinite Wisdom. “Paul may plant, and Apollos may water, but God only can give the increase,” said an inspired apostle
. But “ Whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, beleving ye shall receive," sounds froin the sacred word. Believers in all ages have experienced the truth of these promises, and the prayer of faith has overcome many difficulues, was prcured innumerable blessings, and has always been particularly sanctioned by divine approbation.
What then shall we not be able to accomplish by prayer?
Ist. Ii dividual secret prayer, each one supplicating the throne of grace, that success may attend his own personal labours.
2d. Prayer with the children, that God may pour down his blessing upon the united efforts of the teachers, upon the understa:dings of the children, and succeed, by his efficient blessing, every attempt to instruct them.
Sdly. Prayer in these our quarterly meetings, that God may aniinate each heart with sacred fire, kindled by the love of Jesus Christ. With this powerful weapon of" alt prayer" in our hands, no instruineni that may be formed against us shall prosper, and every tongue that riseth against us in judgment we shall condemo. Tuen let us go cheertully for ard, relying on Him who has said, “ I will never leave thee nor forsake thee.” And may we so run as to obtain that no man can take, our crown, For in due time we shall reap, if we faint not.
Minutes taken at the QUARTERLY Meetings of the
SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION. Question.—By what means can bad behaviour and inattention to improvement be most effectually counteracted in Sunday Scholars ?
The opener of the subject thought that, in order to adopt suitable measures to attain the great object of the question, it was almost necessary to become a philosopher. That which would counteract these evils in one child would not in another. Some are inattentive from levity, and others from a bad inclination of the mind-these must be treated differently. Emulation, though often spoken against as bringing the baser passions into exercise, would conduce to this end in a well-regulated school; but it was absolutely necessary in attaining this object that the teacher should attend constantly, and become well acquainted with his children. Thus, by exciting a friendly spirit of emulation, and watching over it constantly, attention would be excited and improvement promoted.' Teachers should be continually leading their children forwards they should raise up a spirit of enquiry, and direct their attention to the wonderful things contained in the bible. Monitors had been found very useful in checking inattention and bad behaviour. A disorderly label fixed on a bad child had often produced the desired effect.
A friend stated that inattention and bad behaviour genesally arose from the neglect of the teachers. If they were talking about all the circumstances of the past week instead of attending to their classes, the children might be expected to behave badly.
A teacher stated that the want of a judicious mode of puAishment was one cause of inattention and bad behaviour. He reprobated the conduct of those, who after the admonition or punishment of a child, seemn rather disposed to pity the offender, than to express their abhorrence of his crime. Whenever punishment was to be indicted, it should be done promptly, and a strict regard should be paid to whatever had been previously stated both with regard to punishments and rewards. He was extremely averse to the use of the cane, and recominended that emulation should be excited, and the characters of the various pupils so discriminated as to render punishment salutary. He cautioned teachers against undue familiarity with their children, as it would deprive punishment of its due effect, and concluded by VOL. II.
recommending humility, early and regular attendance, and diligence in the business of the School.
A superintendent stated that children should not be considered as mere machines; they all possessed lively feelings, and each of them had on individual character. : It was of the greatest importance that a teacher should be intimately acquainted with the character of each of his pupils, that he might know how to adopt those plans which were best suited to the cases of each individual. Shame and a deprivation of rewards had often been found serviceable. He thought earnest affectionate private expostulation to be one of the best means o counteracting inattention and bad behaviour-this will often produce the desired effect, when sterner measures would only irritate and harden. It was of great importance not only to attend to the behaviour of the children in school, but likewise during the week, and by all means to secure the constant co-operation of their parents and friends. Every thing in a Sunday School should have an encouraging and interesting appearance. Let teachers strew the path with flowers and lead their children on in wisdom's ways. By the use of these means many children, who once were inattentive and bad in their behaviour, will become ornaments to the school and comforts to their teachers.
A teacher said, that conciliatory measures would be always found best. The ill-conduct of the children commonly arose from the faults of the teacher. There were some who were only half-teachers. He thought that by exercising great care in the admission of teachers, many evils would be avoided and much benefit arise.
A friend said that many bad effects arose from lateness in the attendance of teachers, as it encouraged the children to imitate their examples. The children should be kept constantly employed; it could not be expected that they would behavé well if they had nothing to do.
A teacher thought that constant attention should be paid to impress on the inind of the pupils the idea, that their benefit was the great object which induced their instructors to give up so many conforts and privileges. : In speaking to Sunday School children, one of the best ways to overcome their inattention was, to relate some interesting anecdote. It was not only necessary that scholars should love their teachers--they should also respect them. When children were repeatedly b.d in their behaviour and inattenuive to their own improvement, as a last expedient, it might be necessary to expel them. He recollected the case of a very bad boy, who was placed on the form and publicly addressed hy the superintendent, and informed that his conduct had been getting o’much worse and worse, that he must be expe led from the School. “As the superintendent was speaking to the boy, he felt his heart so overpowered, that he cried out, “Let us pray for this poor boy." They all aroze, and he prayed for him. The boy's heart was softened by this solemn exercise, and he earnestly begged his mother, on the next Sabbath, to persuade the superintendent to re-admit him. He afterwards behaved very well, and w:s made a monitor. The whole of the school tine should be sacred to the benefit of the children, or it is mis-emploved. Each child was a talent committed to the teacher, for which he will have to give an account; and by every means in his power he should endeavour
T allure to brighter worlds and shew the way.” We should be lengthening this paper too much for our limits, to state all that was said on this interesting question, we shall therefore compress it into a small compass, and leave our readers to enlarge on these lints : Beware of partiality to particular children. Let no Teacher leave his class before the school closes; if this is intended, the children's lessons are hurried over to afford time. Let suitable regulations be adopted for the government of the school; and let them be always acted upon in a regular and systematic plan. Order, method, and discipline are indispensable. Frequently visit the parents and friends of the children, and procure their co-operation. Never suffer any child to be idle or only half employed; if they are not profitablv engaged, we may be sure they will talk and play, and create confusion in the school.
INQUIRY as to the best Plan of constructing BUILDINGS
for SUNDAY Schools.
YOU eminently deserve the thanks of the friends and patrons of Sunday Schools, for undertaking a work which is so well calculated to communicate instruction, and inspire with perseverance and exertion the teachers and conductors of those excellent institutions as your valuable Repository is. In your excellent work the wisdom of many years experience is collected together. . We have froin time to tiine the vaJuable remarks of our fathers in the blessed work, to en, lighten our inexperience: we read of the success of welldirected efforts in all parts of the nation, and feel a portion of the same ardour, and are gratified with the same blessed results. Nay, we not only profit ourselves, but generations yet unborn will turn over its interesting pages with pleasure and delight. Had it not been for your Repository we should not at this time perhaps have formed a union, so excellent in its design, and so beneficial in its effects. I can adopt the language of a contemporary, and say, Our union has made sunday schools more popular in Warrington, for they are much better attended, both by teachers and children, than they were before; and as one of our rules is attended to invariably, not to receive a scholar from any other school in the union, without a written permission from the school left, that desire for change, so frequently witnessed in both parents and children, is counteracted; and thus, unless an ailequale reason be assigned, they are prevented from rambling from school to school, to the perplexity of teachers, and the serious injury of the children Our union has existed little more than one year, and the increase in the school (the Methodist) I have the honour to labour in, is nearly one hundred; and, I am happy to say, our other brethren in the union alike feel its beneficial effects. How much more àmiable, affectionately to unite in what should ever be considered as one grand cause, the moral and religious instruction of the rising generation, than to act upon the principle of opposition and party spirit, and endeavour basely to entiee each others children.
At present I have seen but little in the Repository on the best mode of constructing a sunday school: as sanday schools are increasing almost daily, I think much benefit would be derived by the public if some of your intelligent correspondents would favour us ' with their views on this important subject. The plan of building and of fitting up sunday schools, in many parts of the nation, is no doubi brought to a degree of perfection, and I could wish to profit by the ex. perience of others. At no very distant period we intend to erect a new one: the plan we have at present in view is to build one twenty yards long, by eight wide, supposing that proportion best calculated for the purposes of a sunday school. That plan is the nost desirable, by which the greatest number of children may be accommodated in the same quantity of square yards, with the greatest personal comfort to both teachers and children. Trusting that these obseryations will meet with the notice of soine of your corres, pondents,
I am, &c. IFarrington.