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is clearly and powerfully insisted on, and, among other subjects discussed, the writer's pleadings for a more hearty encouragement to young believers who desire to be communicants, has our thorough sympathy. When will christian people cease to urge children to believe, while they reserve the Lord's supper as a privilege for mature years, and regard with grave suspicion all candidates for church fellowship who have not attained to the age of sixteen or eighteen years ? Mr. Edmond seems hardly favorable to the children of christian parents attending the Sunday school, because it, to some extent, disperses a family; and he values the school chiefly as a missionary institution. It should not, however, be forgotten, that such an agency, even when so regarded, must suffer severely if christian parents stand aloof, and leave the work of instruction to their junior and inexperienced brethren ; while the separation complained of, temporary at the worst, may be to some extent avoided if both parent and child are found in the Sabbath school.

By Joshua Priestly,

True Womanhood. Memorials of Eliza Hessel.

Hamilton, Adams, and Co.

We can say of this memoir what we cannot say of many recent biographies, that it was well deserving of publication. It traces the course of a young christian female, who, possessing good abilities, bestowed upon them the highest cultivation she could give, and consecrated them all to the glory of God and the good of man. Miss Hessel's literary tastes are conspicuous in the narrative, and will render the book especially acceptable to those of like bias with herself. No thoughtful reader can fail to be benefited by such a record of sanctified talent, and to our young female readers we especially recommend its perusal.

Among smaller publications we have to notice Revival of Religion, its Principles, Necessity, Effects ; Snow. A series of Papers contributed to the “ British Standard,by the Rev. J. A. James, of Birmingham ; thoughtful, earnest, and valuable. The Gate of Heaven ; by Charles Larom, Sheffield; Heaton and Son. A well written little pamphlet. The opening of the Third Seal, and The Fourth Trumpet ; by a Working Man, Reed and Pardon. We recommend the Author to leave Trumpets and Seals alone for the future. A Sermon on the Spring ; by the Rev. W. T. Rosevear; and one entitled Teach the Children ; by the Rev. P. Colborne ; from both of which we have given extracts in our present number.

Of Periodicals received, we have only space to enumerate The Family Treasury for March, April, and May; a publication of very superior excellence. The Leisure Hour and Sunday at Home for March and April, with their varied stores of useful information. The Educator and British Controversialist ; each containing many well written articles. Also The Jewish Herald ; Christian Miscellany : Wesleyan Sunday School Magazine (what need is there for denominational Sunday school periodicals ?) and Early Days.

The General Reader.

THE BISHOP AND THE CURATE. swered, “No put offs, my Lord:

A violent Welsh squire having taken answer me presently." " Then, Sir," offence at a poor curate, who employed said he, " I think it lawful for you to his leisure hours in mending clocks take my brother Neale's money, for he and watches, applied to the bishop of offers it.” St. Asaph, with a formal complaint against him for impiously carrying on

IMPIETY. a trade, contrary to the statute. His Impiety consists in neglecting to lordship, having heard the complaint, cultivate pious affections; in cherishing told the squire he might depend upon evil passions: or in being guilty of it that the strictest justice should be such practices by word or deed, as done in the case. Accordingly, the may lessen our own or other men's mechanic divine was sent for, a few reverence of the divine attributes, prodays after, when the bishop asked him vidence, or revelation. If we neglect “ How he dared to disgrace his diocese the means of cultivating pious affecby becoming a mender of clocks and tion, it is a sign that in us piety is watches ?”—The other, with all hu- weak, or rather that it is wanting, mility, answered,—" To satisfy the and that we are regardless of our own wants of a wife and ten children."

improvement, as well as insensible to " That won't do with me," rejoined the best interests of mankind. the prelate. “I'll inflict such a punishment upon you, as shall make you

SPARE MOMENTS. leave off your pitiful trade, I promise you.” And immediately calling in his Spare moments are like the gold secretary, he ordered him to make out dust of time. Of all the portions of a presentation for the astonished cu- our life, spare moments are the most rate to a living of at least one hun- fruitful in good or evil. They are the dred and fifty pounds per annum.

gaps through which temptations find the easiest access to the garden of the

soul. FLATTERY. His Majesty, King James the First,

AXIOM AND MAXIM. once asked Bishop Andrews and Bishop Neale the following question.

The words axiom and maxim are “My Lords, cannot I take my sub- sometimes indifferently used one for jects' money when I want it, without the other, but very improperly. The all this formality in parliament?" first, as it is applied in arts and Bishop Neale readily answered, “God sciences, signifies a principle already forbid, Sir, but you should ; you are established ; an indubitable truth genthe breath of our nostrils.” Where- erally known; a proposition, the truth upon the king turned, and said to of which speaks at once for itself, and Bishop Andrews—“Well, my Lord, requires no circumlocution to prove it. what say you ?" “Sir," replied the A maxim is a sententious thought; bishop, “I have no skill to judge of an idea commonly acknowledged, and parliamentary cases.” The king an- energetically expressed.


THE DILEMMA OF The Honourable Fisher Ames was

PROTAGORAS. one of the most enlightened and elo.

Protagoras maintained that all is quent patriots of the United States. illusion, and that there is no such In piety and consistency of character thing as truth. But Aristotle refuted he was not less distinguished. His him by the following dilemma. Your estimation of the word of God was proposition is true, or false : if it is great. “No man,” he said, “ ever did, false, then you are answered ; if true, or ever will, become truly eloquent, then there is something true, and your without being a constant reader of the proposition fails. Bible, and an admirer of the purity THEOLOGICAL STUDIES, and simplicity of its language." “Of all studies, theological studies

seem to need most prayer and PRAYING IN LATIN. watching in the midst of them, lest The following anecdote is related of while our intellects are feasting our Svend, a Danish bishop:

When souls starve ; lest we keep touching raised to the episcopal dignity, Svend, holy things, and having them in our though well versed in his own native mouths, and writing of them, while literature, was miserably deficient in we are not advancing in grace and Latin. The preference shown him by holiness. After much familiarity the King excited the envy of many, with the gospel scheme, pursued and by way of making him ridiculous, without any fervency of spirit, it is it was contrived, when he had to hard beyond all expression to recover celebrate mass, to lay before him a a feeling for it; when the ground book in which the first two letters has been hardened by our treading of Famulum tuum (“thy servant,") over it, it is indeed difficult to distin. in the prayer for the King, were guish between the theory of faith and erased, so that, in his ignorance, he the life of it."-Bishop Armstrong. prayed to God to protect his majesty

MIRACLES. mulum tuum. On inspecting the book, “The Jewish history is full of the King perceived the trick, and miracles from the time of Abraham caused the bishop (whom he loved for to the Babylonish captivity; but after his virtues) to apply himself to the the restoration of that people until study of the liberal arts, in which he the birth of Christ, there was an afterwards excelled.

intermission of them for more than

five centuries. John the Baptist was ANCIENTS AND MODERNS.

“ a prophet, and more than a prophet;" We live upon the Ancients; we but it is expressly said of him, that he squeeze them ; we get all we can out " wrought no miracle.” After so long of them, and swell out our works with an interval, it was reserved for our theirs : and when we become authors, Lord Himself to excite the attention and think ourselves able to stand of His people by miraculous operaalone, we rise against them, and ill. tions; which, though at all times use them: like those pert children, awful and astonishing, must have who having grown strong with the struck men with an additional force milk which they have sucked, after- by the novelty of their appearance."wards beat their nurse.—La Bruyère. Newcome's Observations.


THE NORMAL CLASS. idol-worship, but that it was common South West DISTRICT, West London amongst English children, and even

amongst Sunday school scholars. SeAUXILIARY SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION.

veral instances were given. CoveroUSOn Friday, March 25th, 1859, this class NESS. Gold was a beautiful idol, but brought its sixth session to a close. The though worshipped and sought after evening was devoted to the considera- greedily, it was of no use when help was tion of " Sunday School Addresses;" most needed. An illustration was given. two addresses being delivered on one A steamer, with a large quantity of topic, intended to show different me- Californian gold on board, was wrecked. thods in which the same subject might All were in the utmost danger. The be treated.

gold, which many of the passengers had After the usual devotional exercises, risked so much to obtain, was strewed the President called upon Mr. C. Beard over the sofas in the cabin, on the floor, to give the first address, the text se- and on the deck; none cared for it; lected being-1 John v., 21., “Little none would burden themselves with it, children, keep yourselves from idols." but it was cast aside as useless.

Mr. Beard commenced by stating that AMBITION, was next instanced. The having to speak about idols it was ne- foolish and wicked-attempts of Alexcessary to find out what an idol was, ander to attain universal dominion, and and proceeded to instance Juggernaut, the career of Napoleon, being adduced the idols in the Missionary Museums, as illustrations; and the sad close of the the deities of the Greeks and Romans, life of each was adverted to as proof of and the image-worship of the Church of the vanity of the idol they served. Rome, showing how all this was in op

FINE DRESS, was then spoken of as position to the command of God (Exodus an idol very common among children. xx)--that it excites his anger, and will The temptations to pride, dishonesty, bring down his judgments. The ex- &c., to which it is likely to lead, were ample of the Jews was adduced--their pointed out, and commented upon. tendency to idolatry, and the punish

In conclusion, the scholars were exments that came upon them in conse- horted to love God aright-with all the quence. The prevalence of idolatry at heart; this would leave no room for the present day was spoken of, and the idols to occupy the place that belonged duty of helping to do away with it to God. The speaker concluded by enforcod.

suggesting as a prayer, the hymn, The speaker then referred to the

“ The dearest idol I have known,

Whate'er that idol be, apostle John, and his letter to the

Help me to tear it from thy throne, Christians, containing the precept which And worship only Thee.” formed the subject of the address: to The president then called upon Mr the city of Ephesus, where for a long II. Barker, to give the second address, time he lived; to its splendid temple, (he according to arrangement not hav. and the great goddess Diana; to St. ing hcard the first.) He remarked that Paul's visit, and to the uproar made by it appeared a strange subject upon Demetrius and his fellow-craftsmen on which to speak to English children; behalf of their deity.

they pity the idolaters when they hear After dwelling for some time on the of their cruelty and ignorance, yet it topics thus presented, allusion was next was necessary to think whether we made to the fact that it was not neces- were not in danger of becoming, in a sary to go to India or China to find sense, worshippers of idols.


The heathen have some notion of a was shown by reference to the fact that God, and try to some extent to serve the sheep and the silk-worm had worn him. We, know his will. Those who our clothes before we could get them. best know, and do it, find it no hard Contrasted with this, was the ornament service; those who do it not, are most of a meek and quiet spirit, and the robe troubled and unhappy. We must see of righteousness. PLEASURE, was next that we give Him our most faithful ser- alluded to, and its insufficiency to give vice. We cannot have two masters; happiness was shown. AMBITION—the we cannot serve God and mammon. desire of excelling others—of getting to We are naturally inclined to love some the top of the class, even by unfair thing--something to which we can look means—of being thought the swiftest, up; God has given this power that it the boldest, &c. may be given back to Him. Man na- As closing remarks, the love of God turally prefers this life, and what seems was set forth as the chief thing to be pleasant and desirable-choosing earth sought after. The service of Satan was rather than heaven ; but we do wrong shown to be a “hard service," and all if we thus give to earth that which were urged to " set their affections on should be given to God.

things above." Reference was then made to various At the close of the addresses, the things that usurp the place of God: members expressed their opinions upon that there was pride in heaven once, them, and the subject in general. even among the angels of God, and how One, deprecated set, formal, theoloit caused their downfall; that Alex- gical discourses, and recommended the ander, after all his conquests, found free use of illustrations, and of adaptaonly sorrow and disappointment from tion to the capacities of the children, his ambition and love of dominion; that suggesting that the teacher should reWolsey, notwithstanding the greatness call the memory of his own childhood, he had won, closed his days in trouble and speak as a child to children. Anand affliction ; that the desire of fame other pointed out the similarity of the sustains the spirit of the soldier; that addresses in many points, in the illusthe love of money is a form of idolatry, trations and practical lessons, especially as shown in the case of the man who instancing the references to

1 Alexworks even seven days in every week to ander,” to “ ambition," and to “ fine get wealth ; that the statesman labours dress;" by both speakers recommending for the triumph of his party, or to secure also the use of questions, energy and a statue for himself.

liveliness of style and manner, and All, indeed, have their idols; but the condemning written addresses as a genesubject refers to "little children.” They ral rule. may say they are not guilty of these The use of the verse of a hymn, at things, yet we see the beginnings now. the close of the first address, was much

Is the Bible most read? Is the Sab- approved of. The length of addresses bath more prized than a holiday? Is was adverted to by another speaker, Christ best loved, or do you please self ? and some were instanced as occupying Do you live to Him now, that you may only four minutes, whilst others extended live with Him for ever? If not, you do to 55 minutes—the short ones being not love God most.

usually the best. A few things likely to prove idols to The failure of many addresses was children were then pointed out. FINE attributed by the next speaker, to an CLOTHES—the danger of being proud of attempt on the part of teachers to do them. This idol often keeps God out of too much: brevity, point, and earnestthe heart. The folly of this idolatry ness were insisted on as special requisites,


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