Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law - 2002, Том 5;Том 2002

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Cambridge University Press, 4 мар. 2011 г. - Всего страниц: 1022
3 On 22 February 2002, Jonas Malheiro Savimbi, who led the UNITA rebel move- 4 ment during the bloody armed conflict in Angola and who had battled to take power by force since Angola’s independence from Portugal in 1975, was killed in 5 a gun battle with the Angolan Army. During the Cold War, Savimbi was a proxy for the United States against the then-Marxist government of Angola. But after the end of the Cold War, he lost international support for rejecting peace efforts. He was accused of perpetuating a bloody internal conflict to advance his own interests 6 and was exposed to international sanctions. Meanwhile, the government of Presi- 7 dent José Eduardo dos Santos moved closer to the United States. The 27-year-long armed conflict is believed to have killed approximately one million people and driven four million others from their homes, creating a humani- 8 tarian crisis. In addition, the conflict destroyed almost all of the country’s inf- structure, and effectively disrupted every effort by the government to start the long desired national reconstruction after independence, and the building of prosperity for the nation’s children. Savimbi was viewed as the primary obstacle to peace, personifying the ‘corrupt- 9 ing influence of ambition, mineral wealth, and the grinding brutality of war’. His 3. ‘UNITA’ is the Portuguese acronym for ‘National Union for the Total Independence of Angola’ (União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola). It was founded in 1966 by the late Mr Jonas Savimbi.
 

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Содержание

accountability and justice v national reconciliation
31
The liability of civilians under international humanitarian laws war crimes
32
the legal characterization of the armed
35
Angola
44
Conclusions
59
THE LEGAL
63
Criteria for combatants under humanitarian law
75
Controversial categories of belligerents
83
The year in review
255
The complementary and conflicting relationship between the Special
313
the prosecution of war crimes in Bosnia and Herzego
331
Roberta Arnold
344
Regulating explosive remnants of
360
The conflict in Western Sahara an unresolved issue from the decoloniza
375
lessons from the Belgian experience
394
Rolf Trapp and Lisa Tabassi
407

Internal armed conflict and the humanitarian rules
90
Concluding remarks
103
What future for the doctrine of belligerent reprisals?
107
Developments in the law of genocide
131
DOCUMENTATION
151
Establishing the responsibility of the Khmer Rouge leadership for interna
159
David Boyle
167
an examination of
219
A guide to state practice concerning International Humanitarian Law
425
INTRODUCTION
482
Classification Scheme
649
BIBLIOGRAPHY 20002001
825
Jus in Bello
835
TABLE OF CASES
953
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Об авторе (2011)

T.M.C. Asser Institute, The Hague.

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