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them. It is not only a Society for local purposes, but it is also a branch of the National Society, and as such, has the control of all agencies for the collection of funds within its own field, and can direct the manner in which its surplus resources shall be expended beyond its own limits. Thus the state and other large Auxiliaries are not merely organizations to help the Parent Society; they are integral parts of it, bound together in one whole by a common interest in, and free access through the Parent Society, to the great field to be occupied, and governed by the same general principles and rules in carrying on their work.
The Auxiliaries holding this relation to the National Society, are the following :— The state Missionary Societies in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut and Rhode Island; the Canada Home Missionary Society; the Philadelphia Home Missionary Society, which extends its operations over the states of New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland ; and the Western Reserve Domestic Missionary Society, in Northern Ohio.
Besides taking up contributions for Home Missions, the Agents of the A. H. M. S. exercise a general superintendence of the operations of the Society within their respective fields. By correspondence and personal visitation, they ascertain the wants of the destitute ; assist them to obtain the preaching of the Gospel; and instruct and encourage them to develope their own means for its support. They receive applications for aid, and make such preliminary examination as may be necessary before submitting them for the action of the Executive Committee ; and in other ways, labor to insure a judicious and economical application of the Society's sunds.
At present, the Society has in its employ no merely collecting agents, nor any whose services are not required for other purposes in the regions where they labor.
The Secretaries of several of the larger Auxiliaries already mentioned, are also the Agents for this cause in their respective bounds. Besides these, the Parent Society bas in commission the following, who devote, some the whole, and others a part of the time, to this work, viz:
Rev. Asa TURNER, in lowa, part of the time.
Rev. HENRY LITTLE, in the portions of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee and Kentucky, which may be conveniently associated with Cincinnati, as a centre.
Rev. F. Bascom, in Northern Illinois, performs some of the duties of a voluntary Agent, in connexion with missionary committees appointed by the Fox River Association and the Ottowa Presbytery.
Rev. John A. Murray, in Western New-York.
In certain districts, where the duties of an Agent are likely to be peculiarly responsible, there is associated with him a board of counsellors selected from the region of his labors, called an Agency. These Boards of Agency differ from Auxiliary Societies, in that they bave no independent existence, but are appointed by the Executive Committee from year to year, and are governed by rules which the Committee prescribe. Their duty is to counsel and direct the Agent in carrying out the principles of the Society, and to give advice in relation to such local matters as may be submitted to them by the Executive Committee. The persons composing a board of Agency, are selected for their intelligence and interest in this cause, and their influence in promoting it; and are so distributed over the field as to secure a personal acquaintance with its condition. The Agent of the Society is also the Secretary of the Agency with which he is associated.
The existing Agencies of the Society are the following, viz: The Central Commillee of Agency for the Western states ; office at Cincinnati. The Marietta Agency, for nine counties lying in the vicinity of Marietta, O.; the Western and Central Agencies in the state of New York, having their respective offices at Geneva and Utica.
These boards of counsel might not have been necessary, had the ecclesiastical bodies on the ground been able and disposed to pay sufficient attention to the missionary work, and to act as its directors in their respective bounds. But the ministers composing them are usually scattered over a wide extent of territory, and meet but seldom, and only at seasons when they are much occupied with other business; and accordingly, it has been necessary in some cases to organize agencies for this specific work. But in other cases, Synods, Presbyteries and Associations have chosen to act as Auxiliaries of the Society, availing themselves of the provisions of its constitution, which gives them the general control of missionary operations in their respective churches. Ecclesiastical bodies thus related to the A. H. M. S. act through
Committees of Missions.
The A. H. M. S. has ever regarded the ecclesiastical bodies as the appropriate judges of the standing of their own ministers, and of the wants of the churches in their connexion. Accordingly, the commission issued to every missionary requires, that his credentials be acceptable to that ministerial body of his denomination within whose bounds he is appointed to labor. And the various Presbyteries, Associations, &c. are invited to appoint, each, a Committee of Missions from its own members, to receive applications from its churches, and sug gest to the Society the action proper in each case. Such a committee constitutes the official source to which reference can be had for information and advice in all matters pertaining to missions in the connexion to which it belongs. This mode of co-operation has been preferred by numerous ecclesiastical bodies, from the first formation of the Society. It guaranties to the churches of each denomina. tion represented in the Society, that their respective claims shall be fairly considered with all the advantage of having the endorsement of the body to which they belong. It also relieves the Parent Society from the responsibility of any error that may be committed in a given appointment, and transfers it to the Committee of Missions, by whom it is recoinmended, and on whom it properly devolves. The advice of such a Committee is therefore regarded as the highest authority, and has the same influence with the Society as that of a Board of Agency appointed by itself.
There is one limitation to this influence, however, which ought to be stated. Should any ecclesiastical body so far swerve from the principles of truth and Gospel order, as not to be in fellowship with the great body of the Presbyterian and Congregational churches in our land, that fact would cause its recommendations not to be respected by the Executive Committee.
As cases may occur in which the feeble churches may not be aware of the existence of any board of Agency, or Committee of Missions, through wbom to apply for aid, a general provision is made, that applications may be vouched by any two ministers of known and approved standing, who can certify to the facts of the case. If the information thus given is not sufficient, other facts are sought by the Executive Committee, through private correspondence.
Such, briefly, are the relations of the American Home Missionary Society to the various organs through which the community seeks to act out its missionary feeling. It will be seen that this plan secures the united action, in the missionary work, of those, whose views of doctrine and church order admit of co-operation, and whose interests in the great field are essentially the same. This combination insures a homogeneous policy as to the manner and amount of appropriations, and the qualifications of missionaries; it has discouraged sectional feelings, and diffused throughout each part an interest in all the rest ; and thus has formed ties between the West and the East, along which have passed, from the latter to the former, a silent and invisible current of moral influences, if possible more valuable than all pecuniary grants. At the same time, the connexion of the Parent Society with the various Associations that act with it, is such as to secure to them entire freedom in the missionary work, in their respective spheres, and an influence beyond them, in cultivating the waste places of our common country.
With such facilities for action, shall not this Society be made a still greater blessing to our country and to the world? What hinders such a result? The field is open, wide open, and—thanks to the King of Zion-his youthful heralda are coming forward to enter it. For many years, the evidence of a missionary spirit in the ministry has not been so cheering as it is now, And shall this rising enterprise be repressed? And those churches—which it has, cost thousands of money and years of labor to build up, who are struggling as they never struggled before, and who must sink, beyond the hope of rescue, if not relieved soon-shall they perish? Shall that grand coalition of skepticism, fanaticism and Popery, for our moral ruin, which seems rapidly approaching, be consummated without a united, a determined effort to prevent it, by destroying its elements and pre-occupying with the truth, that broad field over which it bopea to walk, sole lord and master ?
Correspondence of the A. H. M. S.
false that the Catholics hold that the
Pope is personally infallible. 5th. Ca. THE LORD BISHOP OF DUBUQUE. tholics hold that faith is to be kept with
all men. Our readers will recollect that Dubuque is the episcopal residence of the Catholic A correspondent says :Bishop, Dr. Loras ; and they have also been apprised that strenuous efforts are making to The Bishop is preaching a series of bring the mining region in that vicinity under sermons on Wednesday evenings, which papal influence. Within 25 miles of Dubuque, Protestants are especially invited to aton both sides of the Mississippi, there are
tend, and many do attend. The first already nine churches; besides other stations
sermon was on the use of the Scriptures
by Catholics; the second on the inwhere priests officiate occasionally. A discussion has recently been going on the first was published last week in
fallibility of the Pope. A synopsis of between the Bishop and a Baptist clergyman, pamphlet form and in the paper. In in the course of which, the former published ihat' he states, “ that God’s revealed & card in the secular papers, over his own word consists of two parts, the written signature, in which he advanced the follow and unwritten word; and these two ing propositions :
are of equal authority, and have been
equally revealed by God. The CathoIst. Catholics abhor all kinds of idola lic clergy are bound to read and pray try. 20. Catholics honor but do not from the Scriptures every day, but adore the Virgin Mary. 3d. It is false, there is no such general obligation inthat Catholics give any money to priests, cumbent on the laily; it being sufficient or to the Pope, for the absolution of that they listen to it from their pastors. sins or for indulgences.* 4th. It is The laity may read in the original or
approved modern versions, but with dus * This reminds us of certain groggeries in a submission to the interpretation and autown where the sale of ardent spirits was forbidden thority of the church! (a precious privi. by law. “We sell no liquor here; O no! But if lege truly!) The command to ·Search any of our friends call, and give us a trifle to help the Scriptures, and the conimendation u along ; we will not be so uncivil as to let them of the Bereans, related to the Old Tes-. go away without a friendly treat.” Or it is like the lament. The reading of the Old Tesrefreshment gardens, in some of our cities, where tament was profitable, but Timothy, the license laws are evaded by charging sixpence though familiar with the Scriptures for admission, refreshments gratis. Precisely like from his youth, learnt his faith in Jesus this is the trade io pardon und indulgence. Wit- Christ from Paul, (implying that the Bess the extraets concerning the “ Leopold Founda- | Jaity must take their articles of faith tion” in our last number. There the Pope expressly from the priests and not from the Bible.). stipulated as follows:
Great evils, heresies, impieties, rebel4 Trusting in the mercy of Almighty God, and the authurity of Peter and Paul, his apostles, we grant to all the truly penitent co operators in this
Now, to whom is all this promised ? To "the society, who shall confess their sins, and partake of penitent co-operators" "received into this Society." the feast of the Lord's body on the day on which And what is necessary to this character? The con. they shall be received into the society, full indul. geace and remission of all their sins. Also, we
stitution says as follows:Frant full indulgence to them after they shall have “Every member of this religious institution enbeen cleansed from the pollutions of life by holy confession, and received the eucharist, on the eighth addition, St. Leopold! pray for us,' and every
gages daily to offer ope Pater and Ave, with the day of December, also on the day of the seast of week to contribute a cruci x; and thus, by this Si Leopold, and once every month, provided that small sacrifice of prayer a.. alms, to concur in the every day during the previous month, they shall have said the Lord's prayer, the salutation of the great work of promoting the true Faith." angel, and the words, St. Leopold, pray for 118,' Thus, the Priosts do not take pay for absolution and in some public church have said pious prayers and indulgences ; but whoever does certain things, to God for the barmony of Christian princes, the extirpation of heresies, and the glory of Holy payment of money included, gets the absolution Mother Church."
and indulgence into the bargain!
lions, civil wars, &c. have resulted from which, amid inclement weather, we an unrestricted reading of the Bible in continued for several days. The at. vulgar languages.” Such is the sub-tendance was not so great as it would stance of the sermon, in which the have been, bad we enjoyed a favorable Bishop says, “that Protestant sects season. But notwithstanding the disscarcely agree in any one thing, except couragement, we have reason to ibank in persecuting the Catholics." And all God, and take courage. About twenty, his effort seems to be to excite the sym- during the meeting, manifested anxiety pathies of the community by holding for the salvation of their souls. Most them up as suffering persecution. of these, we hope, have received im
But you will desire to know the effect pressione, that may prove abiding of all this. I answer his object is in ihrough the influence of bim that will some measure accomplished. A con. not quench the sinoking flax, though siderable number of Protestants attend they have not all come out yet on the on his preaching, and bis shallow argu- Lord's side. We think it best to exermenis affect some. They have latelycise much caution in receiving memplaced an organ also in the Cathedral, bers to the church. We have there. and seek to attract Protestants there by fore adopted the plan of baving fretheir fine music, and the Bishop says quent conversations with them, after by so doing, “they may bear and re- they have professed to experience a ceive the true doctrine.”
change of heart, before publicly admit. ting them to the privileges of God's people. This we do to avoid the pain.
iul necessity of disciplining unruly MISSOURI.
On the first day of the new year, we Send us Ministers. met to remember Christ.
It was a
Ten From a Missionary in Polk Co., Mo.
solemn and interesting season.
were added to the church on examinaThere are ten or more counties in tion, and two on certificate. Of those the bounds of this Presbytery, which added on examination, nearly all are have no minister of our denomination in the morning of life. One had been In many of them a Presbyterian never
a distiller, having learned the business preached. There are many such fields in New-York city. When he met the at the West. If these fields are not session, he said he had often been serioccupied by the Home Missionary So- ously impressed on the subject of re. ciety, they will remain as they are for ligion, but knew that he could never be
a Christian while he followed such an many years to come. I repeat the call, 80 often made, “Send us ministers
occupation. He appears now to be “ Send us the right kind of men ?" fully sensible of the evils inflicted on men of deep-toned piety, and men of society by his former employment, and good common sense, and if they only
has determined never to engage in it haye ordinary talents, we shall gladly again. Such is a brief account of welcome them here. Here are many | since my last report
. May what we
God's dealings with us, as a church, destitute fields, where men of common capacity can do much good,
have recently experienced be only the earnest of a greater blessing.
From Rev. W. T. Dickson, West Ely,
From Rev. E. P. Noel, Bulirar, Mo.
Fifteen individuals have made pro
session of religion during the year, in Since my last report, we have great the field of my Jabors, and tour have reason to bless God for the presence of been added to M. church on his Spirit. On the 1lth of November, amination. Twelve others have been we commenced a series of meetings, || hopefully converted where I with other