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Territory, since acquired, changes these out the state. The river bottoms are boundaries, so as to take in all the territory covered with a thick growth of cotembraced, by running a line from the north- tonwood, oak, elm, ash, black and white western corner of the state west, to the middle walnut, hickory, &c. The head waters of the main channel of the Missouri river; of the Gasconade are covered with a thence down along the middle of the main thick growth of the yellow pine, of channel thereof, to the mouth of the Kansas which large quantities are sawed into river-which constitutes what is termed the lumber, and floated into market. The Platte country

annual value produced for 1842, was at

least $200,000. Part of the territory on the north, is The agricultural products of the state claimed by the Territory of Iowa, on are wheat, barley, rye, oats, buckwheat, the ground that the “rapids in the river Indian corn, hops, potatoes, bay, hemp, Des Moines,” mean the Des Moines ra- fax, tobacco, rice, cotton, sugar, &c. pids in the Mississippi, and not the rapids of the Des Moines river itself.

Manufactures.
Soil and productions.

There are but few manufactories yet

in Missouri, except those of more imThe soil and climate of Missouri are mediate importance, carried on with a capable of producing all the agricultu- small capital, and by few hands. Hardral products of any of the states, with ly any state, however, affords better the exception of sugar from the cane. opportunities for manufacturing. Nearly The face of the country is generally all the small rivers, emptying into the rolling, with the exception of the south Mississippi and Missouri, afford good eastern part of the state, which may be water power, and some of them to an called hilly. All that part of the state indefinite extent. The Gasconade, Ninorth of Missouri river, and that south angua, a branch of the Osage, Platte and of the Missouri and west of the Gasco- Grand rivers, afford excellent mill sites. nade, may be called rolling prairie, The upper and lower Niangua springs, nearly the whole of which is capable of are good mill streams, and the lower one cultivation. That part of the state be- is occupied by a company engaged in tween the Gasconade and Mississippi the manufacture of iron. Coal abounds rivers, may be called hilly, but it affords in many parts of the state, and is obtaingood grazing and abounds in mineral ed with little difficulty. According to wealth. The soil generally, throughout the census, there are nine woollen manuthe state, is deep and rich, produced by factories in the state, six

of which are the decayed vegetable matter of centu- in Galloway and three in Pike. ries. Wherever the prairie fires are kept down, there springs up a thick un

Commerce. derbush, which, in a few years, is converted into a forest. Some parts of St. Tobacco and hemp will, in all proba. Louis county, wbich, a few years ago, bility, become the staple articles of ex. were prairie, are now covered with tim- port products of Missouri, as the soil ber, so that hardly any prairie can now and climate are well suited to their probe found in the county. And so it is duction. The crop for 1842 is estimated throughout the state. The country on at 15,000 hhds., but the prices have fallen the St. Francois river, which was for- off from that of 1841. The crop of 1843 merly capable of cultivation, has, by is estimated at 20,000 hhds. the effects of the earthquake which des- Wheat, grain, pork, bacon, &c., troyed New-Madrid, become marshy, which were imported into the state a but it might again be capable of culti- few years ago, from the Ohio river, are vation, by clearing out the St. Francois, now extensive articles of export to the and by draining ; but at present, while south and east; and the St. Louis flour so much good land is to be obtained takes high stand in the eastern marat the goveroment price, it would ket. In 1811, 80,000 bushels of wheat, be unprofitable. Timber is found in and 110,000 barrels of four, were larger or smaller quantities through- || shipped from St. Louis to NewOrleans, worth in St. Louis, at the time, || ties, and of the Iron mountain and Pilot $610,000.

Knob, will be found in “ Silliman's

Journal of Science,” by Professor ShepMinerals.

herd, of Yale College. In mineral wealth, probably no state

In the days of speculation, some most of the Union excels Missouri. Iron, extensive plans, connected with these lead, copper, coal, &c., are found in in mnountains, were formed. A charter was exhaustible quantities. Salt springs are

obtained from the legislature, for the found in almost all parts of the state ; Missouri Iron Company, and the plan and while boring for salt water, in Ma’ for a large city was laid out at the base rion county, a layer of rock salt of 60 of the Iron mountain ; maps were drawn feet in thickness was found, which, on

with plenty of square miles upon them; trial, was fit for the table.

colleges, both medical and literary, Iron and lead are the two principal were sprinkled over the map with great minerals. The latter has been procured profusion; a railroad ran from this large since the first settlement of the state ; city on paper, to another large city on the former, except for domestic pur- paper, located on the banks of the poses, has not been sought for until Mississippi, which was likewise on within the last few years. Iron is found paper; another railroad ran to St. Louis, in many different counties.

which had a real bona fide existence. In Washington county, there is a vein All these speculations, however, fell to of micaceous oxide of iron, yielding the ground, in the general crash that about 75 per cent of fine iron, and to an overtook all such plans. A charter for indefinite amount. It is 500 feet broad another company, has been obtained from east to west, and 1,900 in the other from the present legislature; and it is direction, when it disappears beneath to be hoped that, as it tends to develop the soil. Connected with this locality, the resources of this large and growing is found a great deal of hematite, or bog state, that it will meet with a prospeiron ore. An instance of this is found rous issue. on the Castor, a branch of the St. Fran

Lead is found in

many
different

parts cois river, where it is said to lie in such of the state. It is found in Cole, Frankmasses as to be used for building mill- lin, Jefferson, Madison, St. Francois, St. dams. In Washington and Madison Louis, Washington, and several other counties may be found the most remark. counties. The number of pounds proable localities of iron in the world, being duced in 1840, was 5,295,455. what may be fairly called mountains of Copper is also found to a considerable iron. The iron mountain, in Washing- extent, in several counties, although iť ton county, is about one mile broad at has been worked but to a small extent the base, 400 feet high, and three miles until within the last few years. long, and has the appearance of being

Bituminous coal is found in St. Louis, composed of masses of iron ore. It is li- St. Charles, Pulaski, Gasconade, Cole, terally a mountain of magnetic iron ore, Chariton, Salina, Howard, Cooper, so pure, that it yields from 70 to 80 per Boone, Lafayette, and in almost all the cent. of metal under the ordinary pro- counties in the state. cess for converting ore into malleable iron. At the base, the ore lies in pieces

Facilities for Navigation. from a pound weight upward, but increase The whole eastern border is washed in size as you ascend, until they assume by the great Father of Waters, while the the appearance of huge rocks, which muddy Missouri rushes madly through would remind the beholder of those the interior, bisecting the state, and fur“fragments of an earlier world,” of nishing the means of navigation for which the Titans made use. Six miles more than a thousand miles from its south, in Madison County, is another mouth. Several of the branches of the mountain called the Pilot Knob, com- Missouri can be made navigable at a posed of a micaceous oxide of iron, ly- small expense. The Osage is navigable ing in huge masses. This ore will yield for boats of a light draught, for about 200 about 80 per cent. of metal. A full des- miles, at high water; and a few locks cription of the iron ore of these coun- land dams would render it navigable at

16

VOL. XVI.

all seasons of the year. The Grand Ri. Missionary operations in Missouri. ver, on the north, can also be improved. While other states are loaded with

Having given the foregoing statements condebts, which it will require years to pay, cerning the physical resources of Missouri, Missouri is comparatively clear of debt; we subjoin a brief account of the progress of and if times should improve, and the Home Missions, taken from a recent letter of country become prosperous, she can the Secretary of the Missouri H. M. S. then undertake works of internal improvement, with the hope of carrying

Dear Brethren-I have just returned them through. At present, she “ bides from the meeting of our Synod at Boon. her time."

ville, and under a deep impression of

what God has done for us, I write. But Population, and Education. two years since we were a small band,

almost overwhelmed by the moral deThe total population of Missouri, ac- solations, by which we were surrounded, cording to the census, was 383,702 ; of and knowing not the source from which which 58,240 were slaves, 1,574 free the famishing thousands of this interest. colored, the rest white inhabitants. ing state were to be fed with the Word

The subject of education has not as of Life. Trusting to the promise of God, yet received that attention it demands. we made our appeals, and the response If colleges and universities were all has been more than we dared to bope. that is required, it might do, as there we cannot express how much we feel are no less than six in the state-which indebted to your noble Society, nor can is five too many. The state University we ever be able to repay you, for you was established several years ago, at have come to our relief in the hour of Columbia, in Boone county ; that hav- our extremity. We do hope, by and by, ing subscribed more for the purpose than not only to help ourselves, but extend any other in the state.

aid to others; but, I trust, we shall ne

ver feel that we have cancelled the debt It may be added here, that the Catholics that we owe to the friends of Home have laid themselves out in the way of edu- Missions at the East. cation. In St. Louis alone, they have 3 semi

We have now thirty-one faithful men naries, 37 young men preparing to be priests, in the field. Nor have your prayers for and 320 others pursuing their education in us, and our prayers, been unheard or Catholic institutions. There are besides, 10 unanswered.' The Spirit of God has female academies with an aggregate of no less revivals of religion have not been as ex

crowned our efforts ; and, although the "ahan 640 pupils—making in round numbers, a tensive as the previous year, still we thousand of the youth of that most interesting have been constrained to praise the portion of the West, under the training of the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonCatholics !

derful works to the children of men." Of the facilities for such extensive influence on the education of the rising generation, an

More yet to be done. idea may be formed from a few brief notices. The St. Louis University is under the care of six resident priests, at the head of whom, is I wish it were in my power to present

This is the bright side of the picture. the Rev. Peter Verhøgen, who is also Su- the state just as it spreads itself out perintendent of the Jesuit Missions in Mis- before us, that you might see it as we souri, Louisiana and Ohio. Last year, there

see it. I am confident the sight of your were 160 students, of whom 130 were board.

eyes
would affect your

heart. In going ers, and of course subject to the standing rule and returning from synod I travelled "to assist in performing divine service"

some 230 miles, and much of this discording to Catholic modes. St. Mary's Col- | tance through a thickly populated region, lego, in Perry county, has a president and 8 and yet, in all this distance, we have professors. There are convents and acade- but one solitary minister, and he, worn mies for young ladies at 10 other places, be down with labor and sickness, supplying sides free schools and orphan asylums at dif- three churches, with none to aid or sym. ferent points.

pathize with him-except occasionally,

ac

affected by his cry for help, a few days || sing of resolutions on the Sabbath ; taken from other suffering fields is and the last afternoon was spent in granted him. My heart sunk within prayer, and the consideration of the me as I entered his house, and found subject of revivals. Brother Marsh, a him and his wife in the same room con- missionary of the American Board, was fined to their beds with sickness, as for- also present, and gave a highly inte. getful of his own suffering, he anxious- resting account of labors among the iy inquired, “..Can't you stay and Stockbridge Indians, near Lake Winpreach for me?"

nebago. The reports of the state of Many of the most interesting por- religion in the churches were highly tions of our state are unoccupied ; and encouraging, and the substance of them I know of no portion of our country was embodied in a narrative for publi. more inviting. We rejoice to see Iowa cation. The Lord has truly done great supplied—and Wisconsin and Illinois— things for Wisconsin, and mainly with ministers of the Gospel ; but we through the instrumentality of your long to see our own fields whitened to Society. Brother Porter, now of Green the harvest, and would lift up our voice Bay, was the first missionary who visin the language of Macedonia, “ Come ited Wisconsin, under commission from over and help us."

the A. H. M. Society. He stated at the meeting, that ten years ago he sailed up Lake Michigan, with a body

of troops, for Chicago, then only a WISCONSIN.

military station, but now a city of It is but little over four years since the friends time there was but one white family

eight thousand inhabitants. At that of Home Missions commenced any very serious attempt in behalf of Wisconsin. When where there are now settled more than

at Milwaukie, that of an Indian trader, the public attention was aroused to the favor- four thousand people. When he landed able condition of that territory for the im at Chicago, his nearest ministerial mediate employment of a large number of neighbors (?) of his own denominamissionaries, vigorous efforts were immedi- tion, were brother Kent, at Galena, ately commenced. The happy result of that 111., more than 100 miles, and brother movement already begin to be felt, and will Farnham, in Putnam co. Now there continue to be felt in all the future history of are fifty-five Congregational and Presbychat people. Who, four years ago, could have terian churches, and from 30 to 40 mi. anticipated so much missionary success as is nisters in Wisconsin alone! These are set forth in the following report ?

associated in three districts and one

general convention. Has the world General Convention of Wisconsin. ever seen, since apostolic days, the in

stitutions of the Gospel so generally and About twenty-five ministers were extensively planted, in so large a tract present at the meeting of this body, of country, in so short a time? And from different parts of the territory, (ali this has been accomplished mainly but two or three of whom are connec- through the operations of the American ted with your Society,) besides the lay

Home Missionary Society, without

whose aid, so far as delegates and several corresponding

can judge, members. It was truly a refreshing scarcely one of these churches would season, and several individuals have existed, and be supplied with the marked that they never attended a

stated means of grace, where there are more delightful meeting of an ecclesi- now ten. If nothing more than this had astical body. It commenced on Thurs- been done, it would be a result suffiday, and terminated on Monday eve- cient to compensate for all the contrining. During the time, meetings were butions and efforts which have been beld for the promotion of the objects of made for this cause by the American several of the great benevolent soci- churches. But add to this, what has eties of our country, such as Domestic been accomplished in other states and and Foreign Missions, &c. Parts of territories, and consider the two days were devoted to the discus-quences which will flow from the se

we

re

conse

efforts in time and eternity, and who of this class are found in almost every but will feel that he is amply repaid for little settlement in the territory. all that he has done?

From Rev. J. D. Stevens, Prairie du

Chien, Wis.
Variety of Population.

The temperance refurm has made a I have spent considerable time in good progress in this place within two forming acquaintance with the very years past. A gentleman who has heterogeneous population within my resided here more than ten years, asbounds. On the south, is a settlement sured me, a day or two since, that of Scotch emigrants. Next succeeds a there was now not half the quantity of neighborhood of settlers from the island liquor consumed here that there was of Guernsey, some of whom cannot ten years ago, when the population speak English. Among their number is was not one fourth of its present numa Methodist clergyman, who sometimes ber. He stated that one man who preaches to his countrymen in their kept a small grocery establishment reown language. A society of Free-will tailed in a single year seventy barrels. Baptists comes next; and immediately For his infringement of the territorial contiguous is a colony from Wales, laws by his sales, he was fined two com posed of Baptists and Whitfield hundred dollars. My informer asked Methodists, who are each supplied him why he continued the business in with preaching in their own tongue, an illegal way? He replied, besides by ministers of their own denomina- paying his fine, he had cleared upon tion respectively. Interspersed with his seventy bbls. $1000. But that day the above described population are has passed by in this place, the num. members of our church. Another of ber of retailing establishments has my preaching places is occupied prin- greatly diminished, and much has been cipally by Americans, among whom, accomplished ; but much still remains besides our own church, are Baptists, to be done. Our temperance society Methodists, Unitarians, Episcopalians, has only about one hundred and thirty and a few Quakers and Mormons, names. with some Universalists and Infidels.

Sickness.
For about two months past, this

place has been visited with distressing " The Hardest Cases."

sickness; scarcely a family or indivi

dual has escaped. Bilious, interraitAs the fruit of our revival, nine in. ting and congestive fevers have been dividuals were added to our church at our communion season in March, and member of my family has been sick.

the most prevalent diseases. Every six in May. Several of these individuals, however, had once been professors,

[Mr. S. here gives a detailed account of but (with the exception of two or three,) I the sickness of his children, and his own they gave no evidence of piety. The sickness, and the dangerous relapse of his influences of the Spirit are as necessary wife when away from home, after recovering to reclaim backsliders as to convert from a first attack, which has deeply excited the impenitent at first. Those who were once in the church at the East,

our sympatlıy.) and left their religion there, when they

Infant churches. come to the West, are usually " the hardest cases.” It seems to require a Mrs. S. was now so far recovered greater amount of means, and more that we left for home. Spent the night powerful influences, to arouse them to at Lancaster, sixteen miles distant. the subject of their eternal interest, Saturday (15th October) a severe snow than almost any other class of indivi- storm continued all day, falling three duals in the community, and scores or four inches in depth.

At this

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