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Varieties of formalism.
families with them. It was a memora
ble Sabbath, both to them and to me, for Popery, in its own dress, asks to be I had come away not knowing whither heard ; and Popery, under the garb of I should go, and they had been patientPuseyism, asserts its claims, and would ly waiting upon God to send them one make all the world believe that its as- to break the bread of life. The Lord sumptions must not be disputed. In a was there, and there we worshipped village, two miles from my residence, God as delightfully as if we had been in the Catholic and the Puseyite Churches a great congregation. stand near each other, the former with- My next Sabbath was spent at Union out the cross upon it, the latter with it. Ridge, or the Monroe church. There Strangers, and even Catholics them- too it was not deemed best to go selves, mistake the Puseyite church for to the school-house, but back in the timthe Catholic. Such facts need no com- ber (the woods). The school-house is ment. One of their ministers was call- small and stands on the open prairie, ed upon, a short time since, to preach while a private house was quite as comthe funeral sermon of a young lady who modious and much more comfortable in died. On arriving at the place, he in- cold weather. quired if the young lady had ever been Next, I went to Flagg Creek, where baptized. On being answered in the they have just finished a school-house negative, he said he could not officiate. of good size, and centrally located. But, on inquiring, he found that she This was also a very interesting day. was under 16 years of age. And what They had been nearly seven weeks then? Why, he found he could call without preaching of their own order, her an infant, and finally concluded to therefore they were very glad to see preach on the occasion!
Having the fourth Sabbath at my disposal, I concluded to go to a district,
known as Blue Island, about sixteen ILLINOIS.
miles south of Chicago, where I learned
they had no preaching at all. From Rev. J. V. Downs, missionary to I went down on Friday, visited two
destitute churches in the vicinity of settlements on Saturday, and preached Chicago.
twice at Portland, one of these neigh
boring settlements; and once in the The churches in charge of Mr. D. are the evening at the Calumet settlement, Congregational churches at North Branch, the four miles distant from Portland. I had Monroe church at Union Ridge, and the supplied myself with tracts, and wherechurch at Flag Creek.
ver I stopped I left some, which were
not only not refused, but in almost I first went to the North Branch every case eagerly sought for. I there church, and arrived about sunset. No called at every house and conversed previous notice had been given of preach with each and all, as I had opportunity. ing on the coming Sabbath, and the tra- They were very accessible, except in velling was very bad, on account of rain one case. and mud. But on Sabbath morning, notice was early circulated for a meeting at eleven o'clock, and about thirty-five persons assembled--a greater number
Fanaticism and Formalism. than was expected, all the circumstances considered. It was
These seem every where to be the extremes scene to me, having come from the East, where large and commodious houses of towards which corrupt human nature tends. worship are at hand. Here, we were
The phases under which they appear in the assembled in a log cabin-chairs, and West, are thus described by a missionary. benches, and boards for seats—a stand for the pulpit, and a few followers of The field in which I labor, is overrun Jesus, in some cases bringing all their by preachers of almost every theological
grade and complexion. And while they from Christ, to a personal act of outmay be commended for their zeal ; and ward obedience, for the attainment of charity may hope their aim is to save these results. Neither is it surprising, souls; yet such is the character of their when we consider the propensity of hupreaching, that in my estimation, it man nature to rely on the merits of pertends more to the making of proselytes sonal efforts for salvation, that superfito religious sects than conversions to cial readers of the Bible should readily God. There are two extremes, into fall in with this system. which they have fallen in their public Now, which of these two systems teaching
most effectually excludes the doctrines The one consists in such fanatical of Christ crucified from the high office views of divine influence, as makes of immediately imparting love, joy, all piety to depend on impulses, im- peace, &c., a guilty and destroyed soul, pressions, and suggestions, immediately it is difficult to decide. For, 'notwithmade on the mind, by the agency of the' withstanding all that may be said and Holy Spirit, separate and apart from the demonstrated from the scriptures conrevealed truths of the Bible. Conse- cerning the love of God to sinners, as quenily, little or no reliance is placed manifested in the gift of his Son, and on such truths, for purposes of convic- the propriety of faith in the Lord Jesus, tion, conversion, comfort and sanctifica- the one system tells the sinner to wait tion. The practical result of which is, for his religion to come like an electric that the religion of their converts is shock immediately from heaven ; while made up chiefly of sympathetic and ani. the other for the attainment of his reli. mal excitements; and having no natu- gion, takes him to the liquid stream. ral and necessary connection with the The one system removes all religious truths of the Bible, and being produced experience as far from the preached by a foreign influence, unexplained and Gospel, and the exercise of faith in the uncontrolled by any known law in nature same, as the other; for under the one or revelation, it ebbs and flows with all system, the sinner shouts Glory, only the violence of the tides, though not with on occasions of independent and exthe same regularity. And when they traneous impulses ; and under the other, are interrogated for the reason of the only on coming out of the water. It hope that is in them, they can refer to has therefore occurred to my mind, that no intelligible and rational testimony of if the revealed truths of the Bible, conGod's word, but can only say, We tained the only intelligible cause, defeel so." And so active and power- signed under the Spirit of God, to ful is that principle which is found to operate, through faith, in the producexist in our nature, called the love of tion of religion in the soul, (and on this excitement, and so prone is man to as- hypothesis alone, depends their utility sociate marvels with all religion, it is and that of preaching,) then the chanot wonderful, that preachers of this racter of the above preaching tends order should be successful, especially more to the making of proselytes to among the ignorant and uninformed.
certain religious sects, than to genuine The other extreme consists in making conversions to God. all personal religion to depend on outward forms and observances. The ad.
Lecturing in course. vocates of this theory contend, that though a man may have genuine re- I have adopted the plan of lecturing pentance toward God, and faith in our in course on particular books of the Lord Jesus Christ, yet he is not justified, New Testament, connected with Bible pardoned, sanctified, and saved, till he classes, into which I endeavored to is baptized-baptism being the Gospel gather both aged and young, professors institution for the remission of sins. and non-professors, irrespective of deThe operation of this scheme makes nominations. And from the increased the cross of Christ, virtually, of no ef-interest manifested in this method of fect in the production of peace, confort, | instruction, I am persuaded it possesses and sanctification on the sinner's mind; facilities for imparting religious instrucinasmuch as it directs the mind away |tion far greater than sermonising.
From Rev. Lewis Benedict, Pecatonic, || From Rev. W.Chamberlain, Missionary Winnebago Co., Ill.
to destilule places in Allon Presbyte
This missionary is one of the graduates of
Refreshing. the Auburn Theological Seminary, who went to the West last autumn, under the patronage In my last report I expressed some of the Society.
fears that the Lord had withdrawn his
Spirit from this region of country. But Having had a pleasant and prosperous he has come down the past season with journey, I arrived at this place Oct. great power, and visited most of our 26th. I find the Rock River valley a churches with the joys of his salvation. beautiful and highly interesting region The work commenced at Nine Mile of country. On this river there are Prairie, in Perry county. I was one of frequent villages, and many of them, a committee of Presbytery to instal even now, places of considerable busi. brother Wood over that church. Our ness and importance. They will, doubt- labors there were blessed, and we left less, soon vie with any in the eastern them enjoying a revival of religion. states in these respects.
Since that time every extra exertion I am somewhat disappointed in seve- within our bounds has been crowned ral particulars, respecting the character with success. and condition of the people in this sec
At Troy, where I spend half of the tion. There is decidedly more intelli- time, there has been no special revival, gence and fewer errorists than I expect- although for a few weeks back the prosed to find. The impression I had re- pect has been encouraging. The house ceived of the West would have been we have formerly met in, has been rentmore fully realized, I doubt not, almost ed, and is now occupied as a store, conany where else. The Man of Sin has, sequently we have been obliged to meet in this immediate vicinity, but few ad- in a small room, and our congregation herents. The most common “refuge of has been necessarily greatly diininished. lies,” resorted to here, is Universalism. The people, however, are building a But, during the revival here last season, meeting-house. If the weather conits ranks were broken, and those who tinues moderate, I think they will have now cling to that doctrine, feel that the house prepared for use in a few they are shorn of their strength.
weeks. The remaining half of my The church in this place, up to the time has been occupied in assisting my time of my arrival, numbered about 120. brethren, or in looking up new preachAccording to previous understanding, ing places. 18 or 20 have since taken letters and formed themselves into a church at Roscoe, a small village about four miles south of this. This place is situated at the junction
The Progress of the “ West.” of the Pecatonic and Rock Rivers, and for the want of bridges, these rivers must From an address by a Minister in Ni. be forded, or crossed by ferry; and since
nuis. I have been here it has been difficult, much of the time, to cross in any way. The object of the Home Missionary Socie. Such, we bope, will not be the state of things much longer. One bridge has ty is to aid us in casting the purifying salt of
divine grace into that tide of immigration recently been completed, and we expect soon to have iwo more-then the which is setting with such rapidity and maoccasion of the absence of many from jesty towards the Rocky Mountains. How church on the Sabbath, will be taken wonderful its progress! Fifteen years ago, away.
you were on the very frontier. You were even then driven from your homes by Indian hostilities; and your neighbors just out yon
der were slain by the tomabawk and scalp24
ing-knife of the savage. But how is it now?' vales below ring with shouts of praise, and You are no longer at the West! The tide that songs of salvation, as they now ring with left you here, has rolled on its restless waves shouts of savage conflict and the echo of sa-swept across the “Father of Waters," and is vage war-songs? These are questions for now leaving the prairies three hundred miles Home Missions to answer. May the God of to the West! It is even now finding its way Heaven impart the needed wisdom and through the apertures of the western moun strength for the mighty work; may the tains, and spreading in rills over the plains of prayers of God's people go up as a thick the Pacific slope. How soon will its resist- | cloud of incense before the throne for sucless surges break over these rocky barriers, cess; may the benefactions of the churches and roll down in grandeur along the whole be poured into the treasury to aid forward to western coast ? And shall the banner of speedy and final consummation the holy enJesus wave on those rocky heights, and the terprise !
Appointments by the Executive Committee of the A. H. M. S. from Feb. Ist to March 1st, 1844. Re-appointed.
Rev. E. E. Wells, Sycamore, Ill.
Rev. P. S. Van Nest, Flipt, Mich.
Rev. Amasa Jones, Deep Water, Mo.
Not in commission last year.
Rev. Joseph Davison, Castle-Creek, N. Y.
Rev. S. A. Williams, Welsh Congregations, Salem Rev. Tbos. Lippincott, Edwardsville, III.
and Bethania, N. Y. Rev. L. P. Kimball, Columbus, II.
Rev. Geo. Rowley, West Podsdam, N.Y.
Rev. Wm. L. Buffett, De Peyster, N. Y.
Rey. Pbilo Canfeld, Holland, N.Y.
Rev. L. 1. Pease, Cohoes, N. Y. Rev. A.B. Hitchcock, Davenport, Iowa.
Rev. J. I. Ostrom, 8th Av. Ch., New.York. Rov. R. Willoughby, Rutledge, N. Y.
Rev. A. L. Payson, Salem, Mich. Rev. A. W. Gray, Portlaud, N. Y.
Rev. E. Wright, Weston, Rev. W. Day, Enfield, N.Y.
Rev. S. B. Shearer, Milport and Catlin, N. Y. Rev. P.J. Burnham, Circleville, N. Y.
Rev. W. S. Franklin, Gonoa, N. Y. Rev. Asa Johnson, Peru, Ind.
Rev. Samuel Porter, Bath, N. Y. Rev. Josiah Porter, Waynesville, Ill.
Rev. G. W. Kennedy, Scottsville and vicinity, Ky. Rev. B. B. Drake, Elk Grove, III.
Rev. B. W. Dwight, Juliet, III. Rev. Asa Donaldson, Dover, III.
The Treasurer of the American Home Missionary Society acknowledges the receipt of the
following sums, from Feb. Ist lo March 1st, 1844. NEW-HAMPSHIRE
CONNECTICUTJeffrey, Cong. Ch., by Rev. J. D. Cros.
Berlin, of which $30 is to const. Franklin by,
40 00 Royce, a L. M., by T. Boardman, 205 64 VERMONT
Greenwich, Solomon Mead, to const. Wallingford, Young Ladies' Sew. Soc.,
Miles H. Husted, Mark Mcad, and JoSarah M. Hughes, Treas., $17; Cong.
seph E. Brush, Life Members,
90 00 Ch., by Rev. S. Martindale, $10,
27 00 Hariford, a friend of Home Missions at MASSACHUSETTS
20 00 Missionary Society, by B. Perkins, Asst.
Madison, by D. R. Meigs, coll., $30; Treas.,
800 00 Geot. Miss. Soc., $15; Deac. B. Hari, Blandford, Abner Pease, to const. Eli
$10; J. Griswold, $1,
56 00 Pease a L. M., by O. Sago,
30 00 Now-Haven, Officers of Yale College, of Franklin, Caleb Fisher, L. M.,
30 00 which $60 is from Prof. C. A. Goodrich, Hampshire Miss. Soc., by E. Williams,
to const. Rev. Chauncey Goodrich, of Treas.,
400 00 Malden, Miss and Wm. H. Goodrich, Milford, Legacy of the late Mro. Joanna
160 00 Stearns, D. 8. Godfrey, and J. S.
New-London, Charles Butler, Jr.,
25 00 Scammel, Ex'rs., by B. Perkins, 100 00 Sharon, Mrs. Chapman, by D. Gould,
Stonington, Fem. Aux., 'by Miss L. A.
25 00 Canton, Cong. Ch., by Rev. L. Spencer, 6 00 Suffield, Ladies' Sew. Soc., Miss Lucy
Elk Grove, Cong. Ch. and Rev. B. B.
10 00 Wethersfield, Chester Bulkley, L. D., 100 00 Galena, rent of Mission House, by Rev. NEW YORK
26 00 Bedford, Cash,
1 00 Hillsgrove, Cong. Ch., by Rev. D. R. Buffalo, First Ch., bal of coll., $5 49;
3 50 Niss Elizabeth Seymour, savings for
MICHIGANone year, $1 01 ; by Rev. A. T. Hop
Battle Creek, by Rev. R. B. Bement, 5 00 kins,
6 50 Northville, H. S. Bradley, $2; others, Capandaigua, N. W. Howell, 25 00 $1 50 ; by Rev. A. S. Wells,
3 50 Catskill, Friend of Missions,
250 00 MISSOURICenterville, Green Co., by Rev. T. Blair, 25 00 Little Osage, by Rev. N. B. Dodgo, 11 85 Circleville, Presb. Ch., by Rev. P. J.
2 15 Burnham,
7 75 | 10WA Currie's Corners, by Rev. H. B. Taylor, 3 50 Hartford, by Rev. R. Gaylord,
6 00 Fort Ann, Rev. Bowman Brown,
50 00 Livingstonville, Presb. Ch., by Rev. J.
$3,628 33 Moase,
J. CORNING, Treasurer. New Rochelle, Simeon Lester,
10 00 New-York City, viz :Bleecker St. Ch., N. Talbot,
Rev. A. Hale acknowledges the receipt of the folDuane St. Ch., Edward Field,
27 00 Mercer St. Ch., Mrs. Boorman, $50;
Norman White, to const. Erskine N.
Rev. Marcus Hicks acknowledges the receipt of $10; E. H. Blatchford, lo const. Miss
the following: Sugan Tenbrook Hopkins a L. M., Chicago, III.,
1st Presb. Ch.,
30 00 $30; Mrs. Atlerbury, $5; J. .F.
2d Presb. Ch.,
46 00 Worth, $9; D. McMartin, $3 ; C. S.
Peoria, Ill., Mr. Smith, $1 ; Mrs.Pettingell,
Roceipts of the Western Agency at Geneda, N. Y. Pearl St. Ch., Charles Starr,
3 00 Sixth St. Ch., Mrs. W. E, Dodge, $10;
from January 18th to February 20th, 1844, Rev.
J. 4. Murray, Secretary.
Alden, by Rev. H. Chapin,
25 00 kins, $1; Mrs. Booth, $1, 29 00 Allen, by Rev. L. Brewster,
25 00 Spring St. Ch., by L. Patton, 65 00 Almond,
10 00 Tabernacle Cong. Ch., B. M. Wilson, 1 00 | Angelica, second quarterly payment, ladies, 6 25 Sunday School No. 26, 1 80 Ashford, by Rev. Mead Holmes,
2 50 Rev. G. B. Cheever, avails of two lec
Batavia, a friend,
5 00 tures at the Tabernacle, 200 54 Bethel, by Rev. A Lilly,
25 CO A Female Friend,
6 63 Perrysburgh, by Rev. E. Taylor,
1 00 Buffalo, First Presb. Ch., Fem. Mis. Soc.,
do. Randolph, by 3 00 Mrs. A.S. Holt, Treas.,
78 30 Sag Harbor, Mrs. Clarissa Sleight,
Ch., to const. Rev. Luther H. Angier Setauket, Presb. Ch., by Rev. J. Gile, 15 00
a L. M.,
30 00 Sinclairville, by Rev. E. Taylor, 6 00 Centreville, by Rev. S. Sturges,
20 00 Smithfield, Ch. and Cong., by Rev. W.J.
Clyde, a friend, in full, to const. Rev.
14 00 Troy, Eliphalet Wickes, 100 00 East Palmyra,
15 00 Westfield, by Rev. T. M. Hopkins, 12 00 Ellicottville, Rev. M. Holmes, $10; Coll. in
3 20 Wilmington and Jay, by Rev. I. Mapley,
part, $2, NEW JERSEY
Franklinville, by Rev. M. Holmes,
19 88 Bloomfield, James C. Baldwin,
300 Goneseo, Presb. Ch., to const. Charles Colt,
5 00 Elizabethtown, Mrs. M. T. Mills,
32 44 Esq. a L. M.
5 56 Madison, Ladies, by Mrs. S. W. Arms, 30 00 Geneva, Sabbath School,
8 00 Newark, David Hayes, to const. Mrs.
Great Valley, by Rev. M. Holmes, Lewis Lyman, Clifton, Staten Island,
Hammondspori, Coll. $20 50 ; Benev. Assoc. a L.M., 50 00
$26 09; last year, $7, Central Ch., Sab. Sch. Assoc., by Miss
Henrietta, in full, to const. Rev. S. H. Ash
20 00 Ogden,
man a L. M., Orange, 2d Ch., for freight.
4 25 Hopewell, Mrs. Hanpah Pratt, in part, to ARKANSAS
const. Rev. John Wood, L. M. $16; Fort Gibson, Col. G. Loomis,
19 48 TENNESSEE
Ithaca, quarterly payment, J. B. Williams,
2 00 Gallatin, T. A. Baker,
25 00 OHIO
8 00 Betbel and Wilmington, by Rev. C. A.
Little Valley, by Rev. M. Holmes,
3 00 Hoyt, 9 00 Marion,
25 00 Graham's Station, by Rev. W. H. Bay, 10 00 Napoli, by Rev. A. D. Olds, Mount Legh and Winchester, by Rev.
Painted Post, by Rev. B. F. Pratt,
16 93 J.P. Hills,
5 00 Pavillion, Fem. Sew. Soc. $5; others, $13 75, 18 75 INDIANA
Portland, by Rev. A. W. Gray, Livonia, by Rev. M. Robinson,
1 12 Prattsburgh, B. Bridges, $5; others, in part, Oswego, Rev.J.M.Sadd, 3 50 to make Rev. Oliver Taylor
L.M., Pleasant Ridge, by Rev. J. G. Brice,
4 78 $9 20; Ladies', in part, to make Mrs.
1 00 Winchester, iwo lodividuals, by do.
24 20 Emily Bull a L. M., $10,