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grade and complexion. And while they may be commended for their zeal; and charity may hope their aim is to save souls; yet such is the character of their preaching, that in my estimation, it tends more to the making of proselytes to religious sects than conversions to God. There are two extremes, into which they have fallen in their public teaching.

The one consists in such fanatical views of divine influence, as makes all piety to depend on impulses, impressions, and suggestions, immediately made on the mind, by the agency of the Holy Spirit, separate and apart from the revealed truths of the Bible. Consequently, little or no reliance is placed on such truths, for purposes of conviction, conversion, comfort and sanctification. The practical result of which is, that the religion of their converts is made up chiefly of sympathetic and animal excitements; and having no natural and necessary connection with the truths of the Bible, and being produced by a foreign influence, unexplained and uncontrolled by any known law in nature or revelation, it ebbs and flows with all the violence of the tides, though not with the same regularity. And when they are interrogated for the reason of the hope that is in them, they can refer to no intelligible and rational testimony of God's word, but can only say, "We feel so." And so active and powerful is that principle which is found to exist in our nature, called the love of excitement, and so prone is man to associate marvels with all religion, it is not wonderful, that preachers of this order should be successful, especially among the ignorant and uninformed.

The other extreme consists in making all personal religion to depend on outward forms and observances. The advocates of this theory contend, that though a man may have genuine repentance toward God, and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, yet he is not justified, pardoned, sanctified, and saved, till he is baptized-baptism being the Gospel institution for the remission of sins. The operation of this scheme makes the cross of Christ, virtually, of no effect in the production of peace, comfort, and sanctification on the sinner's mind; inasmuch as it directs the mind away

from Christ, to a personal act of outward obedience, for the attainment of these results. Neither is it surprising, when we consider the propensity of human nature to rely on the merits of personal efforts for salvation, that superficial readers of the Bible should readily fall in with this system.

Now, which of these two systems most effectually excludes the doctrines of Christ crucified from the high office of immediately imparting love, joy, peace, &c., a guilty and destroyed soul, it is difficult to decide. For, notwithwithstanding all that may be said and demonstrated from the scriptures concerning the love of God to sinners, as manifested in the gift of his Son, and the propriety of faith in the Lord Jesus, the one system tells the sinner to wait for his religion to come like an electric shock immediately from heaven; while the other for the attainment of his religion, takes him to the liquid stream. The one system removes all religious experience as far from the preached Gospel, and the exercise of faith in the same, as the other; for under the one system, the sinner shouts Glory, only on occasions of independent and extraneous impulses; and under the other, only on coming out of the water. It has therefore occurred to my mind, that if the revealed truths of the Bible, contained the only intelligible cause, designed under the Spirit of God, to operate, through faith, in the production of religion in the soul, (and on this hypothesis alone, depends their utility and that of preaching,) then the character of the above preaching tends more to the making of proselytes to certain religious sects, than to genuine conversions to God.

Lecturing in course.

I have adopted the plan of lecturing in course on particular books of the New Testament, connected with Bible classes, into which I endeavored to gather both aged and young, professors and non-professors, irrespective of denominations. And from the increased interest manifested in this method of instruction, I am persuaded it possesses facilities for imparting religious instruction far greater than sermonising.

From Rev. Lewis Benedict, Pecatonic, From Rev. W. Chamberlain, Missionary Winnebago Co., Ill. to destitute places in Alton Presbytery, Ill.

This missionary is one of the graduates of the Auburn Theological Seminary, who went to the West last autumn, under the patronage of the Society.

Having had a pleasant and prosperous journey, I arrived at this place Oct. 26th. I find the Rock River valley a beautiful and highly interesting region of country. On this river there are frequent villages, and many of them, even now, places of considerable business and importance. They will, doubtless, soon vie with any in the eastern states in these respects.


In my last report I expressed some fears that the Lord had withdrawn his Spirit from this region of country. But he has come down the past season with great power, and visited most of our churches with the joys of his salvation. The work commenced at Nine Mile Prairie, in Perry county. I was one of a committee of Presbytery to instal brother Wood over that church. Our labors there were blessed, and we left them enjoying a revival of religion. Since that time every extra exertion within our bounds has been crowned with success.

I am somewhat disappointed in several particulars, respecting the character and condition of the people in this secAt Troy, where I spend half of the tion. There is decidedly more intelli-time, there has been no special revival, gence and fewer errorists than I expect- although for a few weeks back the prosed to find. The impression I had re- pect has been encouraging. The house ceived of the West would have been we have formerly met in, has been rentmore fully realized, I doubt not, almost ed, and is now occupied as a store, conany where else. The Man of Sin has, sequently we have been obliged to meet in this immediate vicinity, but few ad- in a small room, and our congregation herents. The most common "refuge of has been necessarily greatly diminished. lies," resorted to here, is Universalism. The people, however, are building a But, during the revival here last season, meeting-house. If the weather conits ranks were broken, and those who tinues moderate, I think they will have now cling to that doctrine, feel that the house prepared for use in a few they are shorn of their strength. weeks. The remaining half of my time has been occupied in assisting my brethren, or in looking up new preaching places.

The church in this place, up to the time of my arrival, numbered about 120. According to previous understanding, 18 or 20 have since taken letters and formed themselves into a church at Roscoe, a small village about four miles south of this.

This place is situated at the junction of the Pecatonic and Rock Rivers, and

The Progress of the "West,"

for the want of bridges, these rivers must From an address by a Minister in Illi

be forded, or crossed by ferry; and since I have been here it has been difficult, much of the time, to cross in any way. Such, we hope, will not be the state of things much longer. One bridge has recently been completed, and we expect soon to have two more-then the occasion of the absence of many from church on the Sabbath, will be taken away.

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The object of the Home Missionary Socie

y is to aid us in casting the purifying salt of

divine grace into that tide of immigration which is setting with such rapidity and majesty towards the Rocky Mountains. How wonderful its progress! Fifteen years ago, you were on the very frontier. You were even then driven from your homes by Indian hostilities; and your neighbors just out yonder were slain by the tomahawk and scalp

vales below ring with shouts of praise, and songs of salvation, as they now ring with shouts of savage conflict and the echo of savage war-songs? These are questions for Home Missions to answer. May the God of Heaven impart the needed wisdom and strength for the mighty work; may the prayers of God's people go up as a thick cloud of incense before the throne for success; may the benefactions of the churches be poured into the treasury to aid forward to

ing-knife of the savage. But how is it now? You are no longer at the West! The tide that left you here, has rolled on its restless waves -swept across the "Father of Waters," and is now leaving the prairies three hundred miles to the West! It is even now finding its way through the apertures of the western mountains, and spreading in rills over the plains of the Pacific slope. How soon will its resist less surges break over these rocky barriers, and roll down in grandeur along the whole western coast? And shall the banner of speedy and final consummation the holy enJesus wave on those rocky heights, and the "terprise!

Appointments by the Executive Committee of the A. H. M. S. from Feb. 1st to March 1st, 1844.

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Rev. Elijah Buck, Hillsdale, Mich.

Rev. E. E. Wells, Sycamore, Ill.
Rev. P. S. Van Nest, Flint, Mich.
Rev. Amasa Jones, Deep Water, Mo.

Not in commission last year.

Rev. Joseph Davison, Castle-Creek, N. Y.

Rev. S. A. Williams, Welsh Congregations, Salem
and Bethania, N. Y.

Rev. Geo. Rowley, West Podsdam, N. Y.
Rev. Wm. L. Buffett, De Peyster, N. Y.

Rev. F. R. Gray, Newark and New Providence, Mo. Rev. H. Eddy, to go to the West.

Rev. David Weir, Morgan Co., &c., Mo.
Rev. Julius A. Reed, Fairfield, Iowa.
Rev. A. B. Hitchcock, Davenport, Iowa.
Rev. R. Willoughby, Rutledge, N. Y.
Rev. A. W. Gray, Portland, N. Y.
Rev. W. Day, Enfield, N. Y.
Rev. P. J. Burnham, Circleville, N. Y.
Rev. Asa Johnson, Peru, Ind.
Rev. Josiah Porter, Waynesville, Ill.
Rev. B. B. Drake, Elk Grove, Ill.
Rev. Asa Donaldson, Dover, Ill.

Rev. Philo Canfield, Holland, N. Y.
Rev. L. H. Pease, Cohoes, N. Y.

Rev. J. I. Ostrom, 8th Av. Ch., New-York.

Rev. A. L. Payson, Salem, Mich.

Rev. E. Wright, Weston, Mo.

Rev. S. B. Shearer, Milport and Catlin, N. Y.
Rev. W. S. Franklin, Genoa, N. Y.

Rev. Samuel Porter, Bath, N. Y.

Rev. G. W. Kennedy, Scottsville and vicinity, Ky.
Rev. B. W. Dwight, Juliet, III.

40 00

27 00

Missionary Society, by B. Perkins, Asst.

The Treasurer of the American Home Missionary Society acknowledges the receipt of the following sums, from Feb. 1st to March 1st, 1844.


Jeffrey, Cong. Ch., by Rev. J. D. Cros-

Wallingford, Young Ladies' Sew. Soc.,
Sarah M. Hughes, Treas., $17; Cong.
Ch., by Rev. S. Martindale, $10,


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800 00

Blandford, Abner Pease, to const. Eli

Pease a L. M., by O. Sage,

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30 00

Franklin, Caleb Fisher, L. M.,

30 00

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100 00

New-London, Charles Butler, Jr.,`
Sharon, Mrs. Chapman, by D. Gould,

25 00


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100 00 20 00

Canandaigua, N. W. Howell,
Catskill, Friend of Missions,

Centerville, Green Co., by Rev. T. Blair,
Circleville, Presb. Ch., by Rev. P. J.

Currie's Corners, by Rev. H. B. Taylor, Fort Ann, Rev. Bowman Brown, Livingstonville, Presb. Ch., by Rev. J. Moase,

New-York City, viz:

Bleecker St. Ch., N. Talbot,
Duane St. Ch., Edward Field,
Houston St. Ch., C. Rogers,
Mercer St. Ch., Mrs. Boorman, $50;
Norman White, to const. Erskine N.
White a L. M., $30; J. B. Sheffield,
$10; E. H. Blatchford, to const. Miss
Susan Tenbrook Hopkins a L. M.,
$30; Mrs. Atlerbury, $5; J. F.
Worth, $9; D. McMartin, $3; C. S.
Benson, $5; John Wiley, $5; C. E.
Pierson, $5; A. S. Baker, $3; W.L.
Stone, $5; T. Parmelee, $5,
Pearl St. Ch., Charles Starr,
Sixth St. Ch., Mrs. W. E. Dodge, $10;
Mrs. Armstrong, $5; P. Yates, $1;

Rev. A. Hale acknowledges the receipt of the following:

5 00 Springfield, Ill., 2d Presb. Ch.

165 00


27 00

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E. W. Hutchings, $5; Mrs. Tompkins, $1; Mrs. Booth, $1,

25 00

23 00

Allen, by Rev. L. Brewster,

25 00

Spring St. Ch., by L. Patton,

65 00


10 00

Tabernacle Cong. Ch., B. M. Wilson,


Sunday School No. 26,

1 80

Angelica, second quarterly payment, ladies, Ashford, by Rev. Mead Holmes,

6 25


Rev. G. B. Cheever, avails of two lec

Batavia, a friend,

5 00

tures at the Tabernacle,

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25 CO

A Female Friend,

-100 00

Black Rock, by A. Callendar,

6 63

Perrysburgh, by Rev. E. Taylor,

1 00

Randolph, by


3 00

Buffalo, First Presb. Ch., Fem. Mis. Soc., Mrs. A. S. Holt, Treas.,

78 30

Sag Harbor, Mrs. Clarissa Sleight,

Setauket, Presb. Ch., by Rev. J. Gile,
Sinclairville, by Rev. E. Taylor,

Smithfield, Ch. and Cong., by Rev. W.J.

Troy, Eliphalet Wickes,

Westfield, by Rev. T. M. Hopkins,

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Ch., to const. Rev. Luther H. Angier a L. M.,

30 00

6 00

Centreville, by Rev. S. Sturges,

20 00

Clyde, a friend, in full, to const. Rev.

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14 00

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12 00

Ellicottville, Rev. M. Holmes, $10; Coll. in

Wilmington and Jay, by Rev. I. Manley, NEW-JERSEY

3 20

part, $2,

12 00

Franklinville, by Rev. M. Holmes,

19 88

Bloomfield, James C. Baldwin,

3 00

Elizabethtown, Mrs. M. T. Mills, Madison, Ladies, by Mrs. S. W. Arms, Newark, David Hayes, to const. Mrs.


Geneseo, Presb. Ch., to const. Charles Colt, Esq. a L. M.

32 44

30 00

Geneva, Sabbath School,

5 56

Great Valley, by Rev. M. Holmes,


Lewis Lyman, Clifton, Staten Island, a L. M.,

50 00

Hammondsport, Coll. $20 50; Benev. Assoc. $26 09; last year, $7,

53 59

Central Ch., Sab. Sch. Assoc., by Miss Ogden,

20 00

Henrietta, in full, to const. Rev. S. H. Ashman a L.M.,

18 00

Orange, 2d Ch., for freight.

4 25


Fort Gibson, Col. G. Loomis,

46 00

Hopewell, Mrs. Hannah Pratt, in part, to const. Rev. John Wood, L. M. $16; others, $3 48,

19 48


Gallatin, T. A. Baker,


Ithaca, quarterly payment, J. B. Williams, Esq.

25 00




Bethel and Wilmington, by Rev. C. A. Hoyt,

Little Valley, by Rev. M. Holmes,

8 00

9 00


3 00

Graham's Station, by Rev. W. H. Bay,

10 00

Napoli, by Rev. A. D. Olds,

25 00

Mount Legh and Winchester, by Rev. J. P. Hills,

Painted Post, by Rev. B. F. Pratt,

16 93

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500 Pavillion, Fem. Sew. Soc. $5; others, $13 75, Portland, by Rev. A. W. Gray, Prattsburgh, B. Bridges, $5; others, in part, to make Rev. Oliver S. Taylor a L. M., $0 20; Ladies', in part, to make Mrs. Emily Bull a L. M., $10,

18 75

33 63

24 20

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Receipts of the Central Agency at Utica, N. Y., from Feb. 1, to March. I, 1844. Rev. A. Crane, Secretary.

Bellville, S. Hackley, $2; Mrs. Sergeant, 50

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Otego, by Rev. F. Janes,

2.50 23 70

30 41


18 75


20 50

50 00

100 00

50 00

Rome, First Ch., J. W. Bloomfield, to const.
T. B. Jervis and Rev. J. H. Jones Life Mem-
bers, $60; Coll., of which $30 is to const.
Rev. A. P. Beebe a L. M., $40,
Sanquoit, Legacy of the late E. N. Booth, by
Mrs. E. Booth, Ex'rx., of which $30 is to
const. Mrs. Eunice Booth a L. M.,
St. Lawrence Co., Aux., by J. Smith, Treas., 25 00
Sherburue, Fem. Soc. of Ind., of which $30 is
to coust. Miss Amanda Locke L. M. $40;
Coll. by Dr. Buckingham, $35 31,
Smyrna, Deac. I. Foote, $12; Coll. $9 74,
Steuben, First Cong. Ch.,

16 Branch Ch.,

Utica, First Ch., Coll.,

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75 31

21 74

First Presb. Ch., Phila. T. M. M., by Mr.
Eleventh Presb. Ch. Phila., bal. of Coll., by
Mr. W. Hall,

Mendham. N J., Presb. Ch., Rev. D. H. John-
son, $10; Miss H. K. West, $2; Miss Nan-
cy Thompson, $5; Robert Thompson, $3;
Elisha Beach, $3; Ebenezer Fairchild, $2;
D. T. Cooper, $2; J. S. Watkins, $2; J.
Dayton, $2; A. Degroot, $1; others,
$50 72,
South Orange, N. J., Presb. Ch., Coll. for 1843,
$35, by Ira Taylor, Esq.: Coll. for 1844,
$37 08, by Rev. J. Vance,

Second Presb. Ch., Newark, N. J., Coll. $165,
(of which $100 by a member of the congre-
gation, is to const. Rev. E. Cheever a L. D.
of P. H. M. S.)



82 72

62 08

165 00 100

Central Presb., Nehemiah Perry,
First. Presb. Ch. Newark, N. J., John Tay-
lor, $100; Rev. David Hayes, $50; Lad.
Home Miss. Soc., by Mrs. J. N. Tuttle, $60;
Isaac Baldwin, $20; E. A. Baldwin, $5;
E. Osborn, $5; D. Colton Jr., $10; Isaac
Nichols, $20; Wm. Rankin, $20; Wm.
Tuttle, $15; 8. P. Smith, $10; Robert
Nichols, $10; P. H. Porter, in part, to
const. Mrs. C. Porter a L. M., $10; E. Van
Antwerp, $10; J. N. Tuttle, Esq., $10; Hon.
L. Condit, $10; A. L. Day, $10; W. Shu-
gard, $3; Cash, $1; A. Nichols, $5; Jesse
Baldwin, $3; Cash, $3; Cash, $1; D. A.
Hayes, Esq., $5; W. A. Myer, $5; Cash,
$2; Cash, $1; H. H. Nichols, $5; Cash,
$1; do. $1; do. $1; W. Nichols, $5; Saml.
Baldwin, $2; A. Garrock, $2; P. Jacobus,
$5; Hon. J. C. Horublower, $5; Young Peo-
ple's Miss. Soc., to const. Miss Phebe W.
Taylor and Miss Sarah E. Lyman, L. M.,
by Mr. Carter, Treas., through Rev. E.
Cheever, $60,
491 00

Rockaway, N. J., Presb.Ch., Rev. Mrs. King,
$10; others, $3 62, (in part),

6-10 Basking Ridge, N. J., Presb. Ch., Mrs. C. Me
Eowen, $10; Mrs. A. Hill, $1; Alexander
McEowen, $5,

3 25 85 36 22.01 2.00 10 00

$576 63

Receipt of the Philadelphia Home Missionary Society from Jan. 1st, to March 1st, 1844. Rev. E. R. Fairchild, Secretary.

Lewes, Dol. Presb. Ch., Rev. C. H. Mustard,
$4 25; Wm. Russell, $3; Robert West,
$3; Samuel Payuter, $2; J. Wolher, $2;
Margaret Wilson, $2; R. R. Russell, $2;
others, $23 75,

York Presb. Ch., Pa., Miss Coleman, through
the Post office,
Prompton, Pa., Presb. Ch. Coll., by Rev. Mr.
Hastings, $3 70, and by Rev. Mr. Miller,
Bethany, Pa., Coll., by Rev. Mr. Hastings,
$3 20; by Jason Torrey, Esq., to const.
his son, Mr. Stephen Torrey, a L. M., $30;
and by Rev. 1. Miller, $17 89,
Montrose, Presb. Ch., Pa., by Rev. Mr. Has.

Harford, Cong. Ch., Pa., Coll., by Rev. Mr.

Carbondale, Pa., Presb. Ch., Coll.,

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West Chester, Pa., Presb. Ch., Coll. in Ch., by
Mr. Purves,

Reading, Pa., Presh. Ch., Hon. Wm. Darling,
$10; S. Bell, $10; W. Strong, Esq., $10;
Mrs. Chas. Davis, $5; H. Schreiner, $5;
Rev. W. Sterling, $5; T. M. O'Brien, $3;
C. M. Pearson, $3; Jas. McKnight, $3;
Wm. Eckhert, $5; Mon. Con. Coll., $40;
others, $26 50,

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Central Presb. Ch., N. L., Phila., W. Donald-
son, by Rev. A. Rood,
Berlin, Md., Presb. Ch., Henry Franklin,
$1.50; John Hudson, $1; E. W. Heury,
M. D., $1; Mrs. A. Robins, $1; Leander
Clifton, $1; Mrs. Martha Riley, $1; Mrs.
Rachel Purnell, $1; Robt. F. Bowen, $1;
L. P. Ayres. $1; Cash, $1; Cash, $1; Nancy
Franklin, 50 cents; L. C. Groves, 50 cents;
Mrs. Martha Sturges 50 cents; Misses E.
and R. Riley, 50 cents; Miss Maria Massey,.
50 cents, and others, $1 50,

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West Bloomfield, N. J., Coll, in Presh. Ch., through Rev. E. Cheever, of Newark, Unknown, by Rev. G. H. Hastings,



Bloomfield, N. J., Presb. Ch., Board of Benev. $80; Mon. Cou. Coll., $20, by Mr. Z. B. Dodd.

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