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of the Mississippi, as they are evidently the rocks are threateningly poised upon the ruling, as well as the most highly the peaks, others have been displaced wrought and distinctly marked, of all and hurled into the narrow valley, more the various and ever-varying features than a hundred feet below. We are of the surface.

passing this barrier, and after crossing These bluffs rise from two hundred to some harsh points, hewn to a variety of two hundred and fifty feet in height, patterns, as many ravines (perhaps in sometimes standing out in all the bold- as many different directions) carelessly ness of a broken sea-cliff; and again and awkwardly excavated, the roughretiring to a considerable distance" ness rapidly gives place to uniformity ; from the margin of the river, the ascent the depressions become broad and shal. is more easy, grass covered, and stud- low, and the whole surface wears the ded with trees and shrubbery. Some appearance of high agricultural susceptimes the whole bluff is made up of a tibility. We have now reached the regular succession of steps or benches : predominating characteristic of the at others, one broad leaf of table-land Mining District—a rolling country. spreads out at various distances from With just sufficient general descent to the base, forming the only interruption carry off the surface waters handsomely, in an otherwise perpendicular elevation. every square foot arable, yes, highly The strongest point of relief, and the productive, we are, at the same time, one which often forms a piece of highly surprised, as we pass along, at the unendimposing scenery, is the deep ruptures ing variety and picturesque softness it or shattered openings by which the line comprises. Indeed, many parts appear of bluff is frequently parted or rent more like well executed etchings in a asunder.

picture, than any result of the ordinary As we leave the river in a right line, workings of nature. We have traveleither east or west, our course is re- led, perhaps for miles, over this descrippeatedly interrupted by deep channels tion of surface, when we find ourselves ploughed through the rock. We will upon some main" divide" or summit leave our direct line, to follow one of betwcentwo considerable water courses. these gaps to its origin. Perhaps a We will once more leave our right brook of diminutive size is rippling its line, for the purpose of oblaining a way among huge blocks of detached more accurate knowledge of these dirock, that have been dislodged by the vides,” which are easily definable from action of frost and rains, from the jutting the almost exact level which they presides and sharp points above. As we serve. But a good look-out ahead is progress, one after another of the spark- requisite, or we will be following some ling springs are passed, of which the lateral ridge or spur, and never detect brook we are tracing is formed; the our mistake until, miles away from the hills upon either side have becoine les ground we ought to have taken, our sened in height and increased in slope, path comes to an abrupt, blunt termiand vegetation has supplied the place nation-a point of bluff facing, perhaps, of rocky barrenness. The ravine up one of these rivulets of which we have which we are passing (for it is now spoken. We will not turn toward nothing more,) is made the receptacle south-west, for it would only be to take of a fast succession of smaller ones, a survey of increasing irregularity, both constantly decreasing in size and growing more wild and confused as we indentation, until they are completely advanced, until soon we would find lost in the level of the ridge beyond. ourselves upon one of those topling,

Resuming our right line, the ravines cragged points of the Mississippi bluffs, gradually become less and less in depth, which overlook for miles, the peaceful the ridges spread out wider and wider, meanders of the river below. and we begin to fancy that the general But we will turn toward the northlevel of the country is gained, when east: and as we go along, a larger and suddenly the ground again becomes still larger stretch of country, rich in broken, the hills, torn and distorted, ap- soil and mellow in scenery, opens bepear heaped upon each other, the gush fore us. Upon either side, and at short and gurgle of a rivulet is heard below, distances only, we can cast oureye down


some long line of gentle depression, 1 God. In this whole region the Gospel with other and smaller ones all the has been spread, and become the wis. while opening into it, the rises between dom of God, and the power of God, to which appear actually to interlock. The the salvation of souls, under the labors oncroachments that these main depres- of missionaries sustained by the A. H. sions make upon our road, render it M. S. ; and churches have been plantquite serpentine, often forming heavy, ed, and houses of worship erected to and sometimes even right angles to the an extent entirely beyond our most sangeneral direction of the ridge. As we guine expectations. I dare hardly exadvance still further, the scope of un- pect to see the same measure of sucdulating country becomes more and cess the coming year. more extended, until the divide," What a change has been wrought which we have followed for many here! God, in his kind providence, has miles, is imperceptibly lost in another given a house of worship, stated minand generally more important one, run-istrations, and many additions to his lit. ning, perhaps, in a counter direction to tle flock; and in various other places he it.

hath wrought as much-perhaps more. If we were to return again to the We have a Sunday school and Bible line upon which we left the river, it class, which are both useful and interwould only be to observe the same esting: Connected with the Sunday features of surface, again and again school a library of rising 200 volumes. displayed, except that the bluffs of each successive tributary of the Mississippi, would be found less bold and precipitous, and that the country beyond sooner

From Rev. L. Hall, Genera, Wis. regained its general elevation and uniformity; and would finally find our

Near the line which separates tho selves more fatigued with monotony, counties of Walworth and McHenry, than we had before been with exertion I have been laboring and visiting, and in clambering over the country adjacent find a number formerly belonging to to the great “Father of waters."

churches at the East who appear anxious to enjoy the institutions of the

Gospel. I have found six who are Potosi, Wis.

members of Presbyterian churches, and This place is growing in importance rapid. The attendance of the people on

another family is expected in the spring. ly. The business has increased within the preaching is good, and the prospect year not less than fifty per cent. ; the popula- of good being done there is favorable. tion is becoming more permanent, and many valuable buildings have been, and now are

New Churches, being constructed. Probably there is no place in the territory, Milwaukie alone ex- During the past year I have organcepted, improving so rapidly. Its importance" ized four churches in the county of is understood by the Catholics, who are ma- McHenry, three Presbyterain and king preparations for permanent and exten- one Congregational. These churches sive operations there. They have now a log at their formation consisted of 44 memchurch and resident priest ; and have recent- bers, of whom 15 had previously been ly fitted up a dwelling for him, to be occu

members of the Virginia church, and pied also as a school-house.

six united by profession. As yet they

The cause of Christ has been greathave not drawn off Protestants (either no- ly prospered in northern Illinois the minal or real Christians,) to any extent ; while past winter. The Spirit of God has on the contrary, there have been some con- attended and prospered almost every versions from their communion to real godli- effort made to advance the Redeemer's Dese. The missionary at this place remarks: ( kingdom. There have been powerful

revivals at Pickatonica, and at RockIn reviewing the year, we have abun-ford, on Rock River; and also at dant cause for devout thankfulness to Belvidere, and at Amesville, Boon Co.


where Br. Warner is laboring. There her five daughters, two sons-in-law, and is a revival at the present time at one grand-daughter. To the mother we Amazon, on Round Prairie, Boon Co. could address the salutation which Paul where Br. Smalley is located. Vir- did to Philemon—"To the church that ginia Settlement and McHenry village, is in thy house." The day of the conbave been blessed. And a few have stituting the church was one of the inbeen converted where the Presbyterian tensely cold days of March, the therchurch on the Nippersink is located. momeier being 220 below zero. We

rode that day about 30 miles, heard the Increase of Roman Catholics.

religious experience of all the candi.

dates, constituted the church, preached, My attention has been called to the ordained elders, baptized children, and accounts of the great immigration of administered the Lord's supper. It was Roman Catholics into our country, and a memorable, solemn, and delightful to the consequent danger connected day to that little community. Some of with large bodies of these fanatics those who then commemorated the Sabeing controlled by a few, or by a single vior's love, had not enjoyed that privihand. I have consequently been look- lege at a table of their own denominaing over McHenry, and have en- | tion, for the past five years. Now God deavored to ascertain the number of had furnished a table for them in the their families within its bounds. Ac- wilderness. cording to the best authority I can There are about a dozen families, obtain, there are about 200 families, Germans, of the Reformed and Luthewhich probably would constitute one ran churches, settled around this little fifth of the whole number of inhabit- church ; and if a missionary who speaks ants. They have located themselves both the German and English language apparently with the expectation of hav- could be stationed there, to preach on ing many to settle around them. The each side of Lake Winnebago and at ignorance of these Romanists is such, Teycheda, 12 miles farther south, much that this apparent design must have might be accomplished. It would be originated with some one who had more truly a missionary field, and would reof far-reaching plan than they. They quire a self-denying, self-sacrificing lahave a church and a priest. I fear borer. I probably shall not be able 10 that in the coming, rear we shall see visit them more than twice a year. armies of these Rof nists, rushing in to occupy the still vácant lands of our | An illustration of the progress of cor. country.

rect principle.

We have recently had an interesting

election contest. It was in the choice From Rev. Jeremiah Porter, Green Bay, of a high sheriff of the county. The Wis.

only candidate of one of the parties was

the president of our Washingtonian The church on the prairie. society, who is now filling that office

with honor and dignity the second year. Since my last report, I have been to The principal opposing candidate was the organize a church 50 miles south of owner and keeper of an extensive grocethis, at Calumet, or Pipe Village, on a ry. The contest became thus, in a good beautiful bold prairie near the shore of degree, between temperance and antiLake Winnebago. I was assisted by temperance. Votes are so easily purRev. Mr. Marsh, of Stockbridge. The chased by whiskey, from a class of the church was composed of six members population, that the hearts of good men dismissed from this church, one from trembled for a time, lest alcohol should the Stockbridge mission church, and triumph. But the friends of temperance two admitted on examination—in all, came up nobly to the rescue, and about nine members, and these were all two-thirds the votes of the country were branches of one family, and of three ge- thrown for temperance men, and the nerations. They were an aged mother, Il president of the temperance society is duly elected sheriff of the county. After || genial soil for it. A few seeds may be the election, the loungers at the grog- sown here, but the system itself, can shops were heard uttering this com never grow. The Unitarian minister plaint:-“ We have got to such a pass of our village, recommended dancing here, that no body can be elected to an and card playing, I have heard, as innooffice, unless he is a member of a cent amusements, and I have seen it church, or a temperance society.” stated, that the Unitarian clergyman of

another western town, recently re-
commended one of the theatres, as a

moral and useful institution.
Unitarian efforts and influence.

From a Missionary in Western Illinos. Recently there has been no little effort, to propagate Unitarian views of “Come over and help us." religion in our village. We have some three or four very respectable and We have great need of help in our worthy men, who are believers in this efforts to cultivate the wide spreading. system, and who have been active moral wastes of the extreme West. The in dissetninating the peculiar views fields are large, and but few laborers. and principles of their denomination. The calls for ininisterial labor, are freThrough their instrumentality, they quent and loud. The present number, have have procured a minister, who cannot more than half supply the immevisits us as often as once in two months, diate wants of our rapidly populating and who is very zealous to enforce his country. Within the range of my own religion upon our community. Our labors and knowledge, there are La Unitarian friends have also procured Harpe and Carthage, in Hancock counbooks and tracts, which they sell and ty; Keokuk, in lowa, at the foot of give away, in order to enlighten the the rapids; and Waterloo, in Missouri : minds, and bring over the hearts of the all important points, and all calling for people to their views of christian duty ministers of our denomination. The and principles. They are not ashamed, brethren in each of these places, press (as many orthodox Christians are,) to me to come and breito them the bread keep tracts for months on their counter, of life, and often, í. m necessity, I am to give to those who will read. 0, compelled to refuse compliance with when will orthodox Christians, have zeal their wishes. I have preached to them enough for Christ to imitate such ex

on several occasions, and I know their amples! When will ibey cease to be wants, and sympathize with them in their ashamed of Christ? If they would spiritual destitution. O that the Lord manifest as much earnest desire, and would touch the hearts of unemployput forth as much effort, to publish and ed ministers at the East, and move them diffuse abroad the truth as it is in by his Spirit to come to the West! We Jesus as others do, to disseminate need them—we must have more men error-error too, that overthrow's the of the right stamp, good and true. They system of evangelical religion, and can receive part of their support here, poisons and destroys the imniortal soul. I and Christians althe East, must open their We would then hope for the speedy hearts and increase their benefáctions to triumph of the christian religion. your noble Society, to send the men and

I entertain, however, but little danger help us sustain them. from Unitarianism to the West. It has 7 but little life about it, and therefore it

We trust these appeals have not, by their is not adapted to the bounding enthusi- frequency, lost their power to move the iasm of the west. It can never take hearts of God's people. The writer of this

deep and extensive hold of the heart communication has a right to be heard; his of this great valley. And if the Uni- own sacrifices entitle his testimony to be retarian religion is declining at the East, garded as deeply sincere. What he says resI do not believe the West will be a con- pecting the practicability of obtaining men, VOL. XVI.


provided means are furnished, is greatly now we have a very flourishing highstrengthened by the present revival of the school, with an accomplished instructmissionary feeling, especially among young or, where all our children and youth, ministers.

and many from abroad, are assembled

44 weeks out of the year; and carried This great valley must be saved, or forward in their studies as far as in our we are a ruined nation. Millions are best eastern academies. The Sabbath rushing into it, and they must be follow-, school and Bible class instruction, the ed by the Gospel. Our obligations to cause of temperance, together with the Christ, patriotic duty to our country, benevolent operations of the day, have duty to our children, and to the redemp- kept pace with our improvements-all tion of a lost world, call upon American of which may be traced directly to the Chistians, to sare the West. And this preaching of the Gospel, as the grand salvation must come, through the in- moving cause. And this could never strumentality of means; and these have been enjoyed by us except through means must be directed, as one of the the aid of your Society. great agencies, by the American Home Nor is this all, for much labor has Missionary Society; and this Society been performed around us, resulting in ought to be-must be amply supported the organization of one flourishing little by eastern churches. When this is church, in a very destitute and wicked done, I doubt not, men enough can be community, made up almost wholly found, who will hasten hither, to un. from the world; and in the erection of furl the banner of the Cross, over all a neat and commodious house of wor. these beautiful and rich prairies, which ship and a parsonage, and the settleare receiving monthly, thousands of im- ment of a minister. We might men. mortal souls. O, that the Lord of the tion also, occasional preaching to other harvest would send us more laborers ! settlements, and the restraining and Who will come? Who will contribute sanctisying influence that has emanated to sustain them?

from this little nucleus, which we trust is destined to be as a handful of corn in this part of the earth, whose fruit

shail shake like Lebanon. Husbandry of the Gospel-Five years

And when we reflect that all this has cultivation.

been done amidst trials, and tribulations,

and distress, with but little else than The contrast that is exhibited be- our own hands, (for it was our lot to tween our church and settlement to-day, possess but a very limited portion of and five years since, when I first arriv. this world's goods,) and at a time, too, ed here, is great. Then, one vast prairie of unexampled pecuniary embarrasswas spread out before us, with here and ment, we have truly the greatest reathere a rudely constructed log-cabin, son to thank God, and take courage. and three framed buildings, including our school-house, partly enclosed, and one enclosed field of 40 acres. Now, enclosed fields and cultivated farms

Fruits of a revival. meet the eye on every side. Thirty- Most of the converts of our late resix framed buildings constitute a neat vival appear well. Though for 6 or 8 and tastesul village, with its streets and weeks the majority of them bave been squares bordered with ornamental trees. greatly afflicted with illness; yet not Then, we numbered from 50 to 75 more than one or two of their little souls, with a little church of 29 mem- prayer meetings have failed in consebers. Now we have a little short of


When heart faints within 200, with a church of 89 members. me, at other sights, this little circle of Forty have been added by letter, and praying immortals revives my spirits. 82 by profession; 8 have been dismisBed to unite with other churches, one Shall the West have the Gospel. excommunicated, and 8 have died. Five years ago, we had no day-school; My church were highly gratified on


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