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many of these descendants of the use, especially in securing those results Friends, who originally settled in that on society which low from a permapart of the Commonwealth, are for- nently settled ministry. For example, saking the peculiarities of that de- the Eastern Pennsylvania Lutheran nomination, and entering into com- Synod, which occupies the very garden munion with evangelical churches. of Pennsylvania, contains two hundred Our own has had its share of increase and tweniy churches and fifty-one setfrom this source. And proper and tled pastors; nine of these pastors judicious efforts made at this time, not have one charge each; four have two; with a view of proselyting, but advan-six have three ; eight have four; ten cing the cause of spiritual religion, have five ; seven have six; two have would not be without its fruits.

seven; and five have eight charges cach. In the same proportion are the

congregations of the other synods diviGermans in Pennsylvania,

ded ainong the ministers. In their

laudible efforts to reach all their The descendants of the Germans churches, but few of them are well who came to this country before, and supplied. Their best men deeply reimmediately after the Revolution, are gret this state of things, and are doing found scattered, indeed, over the State, all in their power to multiply pious and, but more densely settled in some of intelligent ministers. But their con. the eastern, the southern and middle gregations, in other states of the Union, counties. More industrous and provi- are not as well supplied as in this ; dent than their Irish neighbors, they while the natural increase of their own have purchased the improved farms of population, and the tide of enigration the latter, whom they have sent over the which is flowing from Germany into the mountains to seek locations in the wil western states, render it impossible derness, and among the prairies of the that they should supply the demand West; while they remain the occu- for a pious and well-educated ministry. pants of the most beautiful and fertile This portion of our population has of our agricultural districts, as the re- been regarded as inaccessible, in conward of their patient industry.

sequence of the hold they retain on the The great majority of these Ger-German language, and the prejudices mans originally belonged to the Lu- which are supposed to exist against any theran and Reformed churches of Ger- but their own ministry. But their hold many: and most of their descendants, on their language is fast giving way especially those who retain their hold under the influence of popular educa. upon the soil, continue nominally tion, and, with it, these prejudices, aitached to one or other of these de- wherever they existed, are fast disapnominations. They have, within the pearing. It is true, good people among limits of Pennsylvania, eight hundred them love the ministry and churches organized congregations, and a large of their fathers, and decidedly prefer surplus population, not gathered into them, when they can be enjoyed, to any congregation, and they have scarce. | any other. But when they cannot be ly two hundred settled pastors. The enjoyed, their prejudices aginst an evan. majority of these pastors are excellent' gelical ministry of other denominations men-men brought up and educated are not such as to prevent them from among us-men who understand as coming under its influence, and reaping well, and are as intelligently attached its benefits. In all our churches, in to, the institutions of our country, and the interior of the state, we have memas devoted to the spiritual welfare ofbers from this class of our population, their churches as any pastors in our and they are among our best and most land. But this is far from being the devoted Christians. And so, also, where case with all. The labors of what is our German churches enjoy a pious, regarded the evangelical ministry of devoted ministry, you will find many this portion of our population, are spread English names on the roll of their memover such an extent of country, as, in bership. The truth is, we are fast many instances, to render them of little becoming one people, by the use of one

language, by intermarriage, and byf wherever this is the case, you will find connections in all the social relations of large flourishing Presbyterian churches, life ; and nothing can or ought to pre- belonging to some one of the divisions vent it. The sooner they lose their of the Presbyterian family. But, genenational character, as Germans, and rally, the churches, in this part of the become identified with us as Ameri. State, have been enfeebled by emigra. cans, the better will it be for them. tions to the West. selves, for the country, and for the church. With our German brethren $, Western Pennsylvania. we are closely related, as it regards our ecclesiastical parentage. With a large The first of these emigrations were portion of them, we perfectly agree in to south-western Pennsylvania, where our views of Christian doctrine and the Presbyterian church is stronger church government; and, with others, than in any part of the state. It has the difference, in the estimation of the been called the garden of Presbyterianbest informed among themselves, is not ism. And I would here remark, that essential. Instead of interfering in the we may, perhaps, correctly judge of the least with the labors of their own evan- relative proportion of the Presbyterian gelical ministry, it is our duty to aid, population throughout the Commonby every means in our power, their own wealth, from the fact that the Presbyorganizations, and when any of our terian ministers, of all classes of Presbyministers can be useful in their church- terians, are at least three times greater es, and they desire to have them, we than that of any other denomination. should encourage their settlement a. And, if Presbyterians had done their mong them. We must habituate our duty—if they had taken care of their selves to look upon this portion of our own people—and furnished them with population as one with ourselves, bound an enlightened, pious, and zealous to us by the strongest social and politi- ministry, they would have bad more pal ties, and whose spiritual wants we than double the number of pastors and must lank stor and nrovide for. AR

churches they now have. much as any portion of our citizens.

In the very garden of PresbyterianAs they now exist, throughout ourism, (as it has been called) there are state and country, they present a most many waste spots to be found, that interesting field for our efforts.

could be well occupied by Home Mis

sionaries. It is, however, in the more Anglo-American population. northern counties of the State, that we

find the greatest destitution. The With regard to the English, as they greater part of the country is, indeed, are usually called in distinction from comparatively new. The population the German population, they are princi- are more scattered than in the older pally descendants of the protestantsettlements, and great difficulties are to Irish, who early emigrated to this coun-be encountered in furnishing them with try; or, the descendants of the Puritans the means of grace. But these are from New-England. The latter are difficulties incident to all new settlefound principally in the northern coun- ments; not as great as those to be ties, distinguished for the shrewdness, encountered in Illinois, in lowa or the intelligence, and the enterprize Wisconsin; while the promise of imwhich every where characterize them; mediate good to well directed judicious and the former in the middle and west- effort is as great as in any part of the ern, and particularly the south-western country. counties of the State. They are an intelligent, industrious, patriotic people, Deutitations in Northern Pennsylva

nia. the devoted friends of civil and religious liberty, and, for the most part, strongly attached to the doctrines and govern- To give you some idea of the religious ment of the Presbyterian church. In condition of this part of our Commonsome places, in the eastern counties, wealth, let us lake CLEARFIELD County. they retain their hold on the soil, and, " It contains a population of about eight

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thousand, mostly descendants of Pres. || lry, where the pastor identifies himself byterian families. In that county there for life, with all the interesis, individual are five organized Presbyterian congre- and social, of his parishioners, and gations, and one settled pastor, who is whose silent yet constant influence is now prevented from laboring in conse- exerted in elevating and purifying their quence of ill health. JEFFERSON coun- individual and social characters. In ty, with nearly the same population, the interior of Pennsylvania there are

and of the same character, has but one several churches found in connection - Presbyterian pastor. In CAMBRIA with the Protestant Episcopal and Ro

county, in which, however, there is a man Catholic dioceses, but in the rural large Roman Catholic settlement, there districts, especially, their number, as is only one Presbyterian pastor. . In yet, is small, and their influence cirElk county, recently formed, there is cumscribed.

none. The counties of CLARION, VENAN- During the last ten years our popula. er GO, MERCER, CRAWFORD and Erie, are tion has increased nearly four hundred

somewhat better supplied with a Pres- thousand; and there are causes now

byterian ministry, but in all these coun-' in operation, especially the revival of a ties there is more waste than occupied our inining and manufacturing interests,

ground. Then all the counties that lie which will, during the next ten years, along the northern and north-eastern increase our population more than half boundary, containing a population of a million-nearly equal to the present from forty-five to fifty thousand, (for: entire population embraced in the state the most part the descendants of the of Massachusetts. Brethren, we desire Puritans,) is a wide field for home mis- you to ponder over the present and sionary efforla field as destitute as any prospective wants of this great Comthat can be found in almost any part of monwealth, that you may be prepared our widely extended Union.

to estimate the duty and importance of immediate and efficient effort to supply

these wants. Other denomination..

We should, however, give a wrong From this discourse we learn, further, that impression of the religious condition of the census of 1840 reports 34,000 in Pennour Commonwealth, should we omit to sylvania, above the age of twenty, who can neinotice the labors of other denominations. ther read nor write ; and this, it is feared, is far Among our German population there from being the number that actually exists. are numerous sects, among whom are More than one-tenth of this number is reto be found many kind, simple-hearted ported as found in the city and county of men, who love our Lord Jesus Christ in Philadelphia. Much of this ignorance is sincerity and truth. Their peculiari- spread over the rural districts. But one well ties, for the most part, are of such nature as would pass away on the revi- acquainted with the religious condition of the val of spiritual religion in the larger

various portions of the Commonwealth, will denominations, and the increase of readily perceive, that this cloud is most dense sanctified intelligence; and they would in those districts where there have been the become efficient laborers the king- least evangelical ministrations, and that those dom of our Savior.

are the brightest and sunniest portions of the Among the English population, our state, which have been longest and best supBaptist, and especially our Methodist plied with a settled evangelical ministry. brethren are active and successful la- This, itself, speaks volumes in behalf of the borers, in the vineyard of our Lord. Home Missionary enterprize." The itinerancy of the latter gives them peculiar advantages, especially in reach- Such is the testimony of one of the most ing the scattered settlements in our intelligent ministers in the state, long resident small and retired valleys : but it entirely there, and familiar with the things of fails, we think, in the advantages result- which he speaks. And now the question ing from a permanent and settled minis- arises,–

What shall be done to repair these munities. These waste places must be attended

serve the fostering care of the stronger comdesolations

to. They contain many precious souls; they Evidently, no approved method of doing may be made the nurseries of pious men and good, however humble, can be dispensed women, the agents of immeasurable good; with. There is work for all; every private or they may be the resage of false teachers, christian may find an ample field for his efforts. the hot-beds of heresy and vice, engendering, As a S. School teacher, he may be a mis- spreading and perpetuating the poison of sionary to a dozen children, and through them sin. to the families with which they are connect

We have no hope, that the new states can ed. As a member of the church, he may, by be furnished with a sufficient supply of godly a godly life, shut the mouth of infidelity; and, ministers, well sustained by an adequate supby kind and judicious address to the con- port and all the necessary facilities for their sciences of his neighbors, may win many a

work, unless the eastern churches shall apply soul to righteousness. As a colporteur, he themselves in earnest to the care of their own may carry the Scriptures, and other printed neglected vicinage. messages of mercy, to the secluded cabin The amount of work of this kind that is yet of the mountaineer, and into the pit of the undone, may be judged of from the following miner. These and kindred forms of christian brief notices, taken from authentic sources. exertion, may aid the work of evangelization. In Vermont, nearly one half of the Congre

But something more is needsul. To render gational churches and societies are said to be the results of all these efforts permanent, so feeble, as to be unable to support a pastor there must be a living ministry. “ There without assistance from abroad. Some of these must be settled pastors, men of intelligence, churches, it might not be advisable to retain in and piety, and devoted zeal ; who, while they existence, if it must be done at the expense shall labor directly for the conversion of souls, of christian charity; but the majority are such, will identify themselves with the religious that judicious persons would not hesitate to and social interests of our country; and be pronounce, that they are required by the cause able to gather up and garner the results of of Christ's kingdom, and ought to be upheld. every benevolent enterprise, and employ Some of these are in places of considerable them in giving an impress to our social cha- population, of urgent religious want, and of racter, and a direction to our national destiny." encouraging prospects of future efficiency, if Every thing else is ephemeral ; but this spe- they can only receive a needful portion of cies of agency is permanent in its effects, temporary support. But this cannot be givensince it was originated by the special com at least to the requisite extent-for there are mand, and is sustained by the promise of so many others whose very existence depends Christ himself.

on the Missionary Society, that but little can be done for any one. As the result of the restricted sympathy and aid which they receive, they sink into discouragement and in

action, and do not half develope their own reVERMONT.

sources. The stimulating effect of adequate assistance they never know.

Again: the last Report of the Vermont D. Every consideration that should move the M. S. states, that there are communities in heart of christian philanthropy to abound in which, if possible, something should be done, alms and efforts for the heathen world, and where there is not even a church. One town for the destitute West, equally teaches the in the state, of near 1,400 inhabitants, has no duty of sustaining a high degree of evangeli-church and no minister of any evangelical denocal influence in the older portions of the land. mination. About 65 towns, with an aggregate We confess, we are pained to see so little in- || population of about 40,000, have no Congreterest felt in the eastern states for their own gational church, and in many cases, no church desolations. Much has indeed been done, but of much efficiency and strength. In some still there are many feeble churches, and dis-towns thus almost without religious influennots where there are no churches, that de- ces-moral wastes in Vermont--the population is not small; in one such case it is more than ||out from home.' Another remarks 'I hope 1,700. “To places of this kind the attention of other missionaries in the State have more your Secretary is often called, and he is asked liberal support than I do; if not, it appears if something cannot be done for them. The plain to me that the Board of Directors should at Society is sometimes severely censured for once dismiss one-half (and I would cheerfully leaving such communities without a minister ; be ono), that the others might be supported, and and sometimes the censure comes from pas- ||give themselves to the work of the ministry. tors whose churches are doing very little for The trials of the missionaries are known only Domestic Missions. .There is no straw to themselves and to their God. Pastors of the given to your servants, and ye say, Make independent churches cannot have a proper brick, and behold your servants are beaten, | view of their sufferings. Such pecuniary but the fault is with your own people.' To difficulties interfere, in many ways which we send missionaries to such places, where nearly || need not mention, with the usefulness of minthe whole support must be furnished by the | isters. One very serious difficulty is, that Society, would very soon exhaust the Trea- they cannot supply themselves with books, sury. Churches already aided, are aided quite or even with needful good periodicals. Said insufficiently. Missionaries now employed one to your Secretary: 'For sixteen years I are very insufficiently sustained ; and what have spent but $20 for books, and this I took can we do more, without more means? when it seemed absolutely necessary to spend

And here, in the wants of ministers, we find it for other things in the family, because I another ground of earnest appeal to the felt that I must have those books. I have alchurches for increased contributions to this ob- | ways felt it to be the greatest trial connected ject. If we would bave a studious, able and ef- with my small support, that I cannot own a ficient ministry, that ministry must receive a library.' This is the case with many. They competent support-must be unembarrassed in have not and they cannot get the books they pecuniary circumstances. But many in Ver- need. Others if they had books, are obliged mont have not a competent support. Saysone to perform so much manual labor, as greatly missionary, writing for money, 'I will not to interfere with study; and many find their trouble you with a detail of my circumstances. | minds often perplexed, and their spirits opSuffice it to say, I am miserably poor.' Says pressed, by their pecuniary circumstances. another, 'It is a uniform thing even now, | They find it very difficult even to be just ;every Sabbath morning, for my children to very difficult to avoid, in their pecuniary tran. cry to go to meeting, because we are obliged || sactions, giving occasion to the enemy to trito tell them they have not clothes fit to wear llumph and blaspheme."

Correspondence of the A. H. M. S.


port, the little church near Bloomfield,

(the county seat of Davis county,) bave From Rev. W. A. Thompson, Davis Co. held a communion season, when there

were 6 additions by letter. Our two Almost a year bas elapsed since I en- churches now number about 20 each. tered upon my field of labor in this Far Temperance meetings are now held West; and it is with heart felt grati- every two weeks, and the cause is gra. tude to God, that I now undertake dually advancing, though at the county this my fourth report. I express the seat (recently established) intemperance feelings of not a few in this community, has, for a few weeks, prevailed to a great when I assure you that we regard our extent. A grocery had been just set selves as under great obligations to up, and as it was a new thing in these your Society for their aid in sustaining parts, it attracted the whiskey drinkers the means of grace. Since my last re. from all the region around. But we

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