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East Hampton, Mass., Hon. S. Wil
220 00 Shepherdstown, John Melvio, by Rev.
10 00 Hampshire Miss. Soc., by E. Williams,
Thorntown, Presb. Ch., by Rev. T. Bird, 9 00
4 03 const. Mrs. Catharine Keep a L. M.,
Newburgh, by Rev. C. B. Barton,
9 2 by Mrs. T. Snell, 30 00 St. Charles, by Rey, L. Foole,
10 00 Northampton, E. Williams, to const.
Barton's Settlement, Cong. Ch., by Rev.
1 87 RHODE ISLAND
Dover, Cong. Ch., per Rev. H. Root, 2 38
5 00 Kingston, Mon. Con. Coll., by P. Helme,
2 00 Eaton Rapids, by Rev. J. W. Smith,
Farmington, Cong. Ch., by Rev. R. CONNECTICUT
5 00 Durham, Benev. Soc., by D. Camp,
Portland, Cong. Ch., by Rev. L. M. S.
1 50 ton a L. M.
Raisin, Cong. Ch., by Rev. H. Root, 5 62 East Hartford, Ct., Wm. R. Woodruff a
Saginaw, Cong. Ch., by Rev. H. Hyde, 9 15
2 55 Enfield, Coll., by Rev. W. E. Dixon, 80 12
Vermontville, Cong. Ch., by Rev. W.U.
9 00 Rev. T. Smith,
Beloit, Cong. Ch. coll., by Rev, S. Peet, 30 00 const. Willys Alwater a L. M.
Geneva, M. Goodell, $10; Presb. Ch. Greenwich, Miss Sarah Mead, to const.
coll., $10, by do.,
20 00 Miss Elvira Tymphany a L. M., by
Pewaukie, Rev. W. A. Gates, by do., 2 00
25 00 Hartford, A., $50; A. M. Collins, $100, 150 00
Prairie du Sac, Rev. P. W. Nichols, by Lebanon, Goshen Soc., Ladies' Benev.
Rev. S. Peet,
5 00 Soc., by Mrs. O. M. Olis,
22 00 Meriden, Legacy of the late Rev. Eras.
South Prairieville, S. Hinman, by Rev. lus Ripley, by B. Andrews, Executor, 481 02
10 94 Montville, Miss Elizabeth Raymond, by W. A. Dolbeare, 15 00
$2,829 05 New Haven, W. G. Hooker,
100 Northford, Sab. sch., by C. M. Fowler, 10 00
J. CORNING, Treasurer. North Woodstock, Rev. Mr. Boutelie's Soc., $55; Ladies' Assoc., $30,
85 00 Ridgefield, Elisha Hawley,
E, P. Hastings, Esq.. Detroit, Mich., acknowledges Stratford, Cong. Soc., by H. Holden, 48 20
the receipt of the following sums : Vernon, H. M. Assoc., by N. 0. Kellogg, 241 25 West Woodstock, by Rev. B. Ober,
Ann Arbor, First Presb. Ch., by Rev. W. NEW YORK
51 00 Brooklyn, First Presb. Ch., John Ran.
Jackson, H. W. Kirkland,
1 00 kin, $50; James Bow, $10; Mr.
Mishawakie, Ind., First Presb.Ch., by Rev.
17 00 $30; W. S. Packer, $50; S. M.
Romeo, First Cong. Ch.,
50 Blake, $2, 143 00 Royal Oak, Cong. Ch., by Mr. Parker,
2 00 Third Presb. Ch., Mon. Con. Coll., by
, Joseph Brown L. M., by Rev. I.
53 00 Fifth Presb. Ch., J. A. Dayton. $20; E.
B. Huntington, $2; H. H. King, $1, 23 00 Friend,
2 00 Receipts of the Central Agency, Utica, N. Y., from Kingsborough, Eli Leavenworth, $10;
April 23d to June 13th, 1844.
Cassville, by Mr. Smith,
3 81 Bleecker St. Presb. Ch., by W. Root, 5 00 Cooperotown. Dr. J. M. Peak,
5 00 Duane St. Presb. Ch., W. M. Halsted, 100 00 Coventry, $15 from fainilies, and G. Mercer St. Presb. Ch., R. T. Haines,
D. Phillips & Son, to const. Joun Hoyt $50; Tilly Allen, $20 ; H. H. Schief
a L. M.
35 32 felin, $3. 75 00 Coventryville, by Rev.C. Wright,
24 18 Seventh Presb. Ch., by G. Elder, 7 00 Elbridge, Juv. Sew. Soc., $10; Coll., Tabernacle Cong. Ch., by S. Pitts,
$15 12; six individuals, to const. Rey. $35 75; Sainuel C. Hills L. M, in
L. W. Hamlin a L.M., $30,
55 12 full, $15,
50 75 Fayetteville, Fem. H. M. Soc., to const. Welch Presb. Ch., by Rev. J. J. Jones, 11 50 Mrs. Ann Cleaveland a L. M., by Miss A Lady, C. A. D., left at the S. S. Union
Sophia W. Hutchins, Treas., $30; Coll.,
61 00 Sacketts Harbor, Elisha Camp, Esq., by
Lafayette, by L Baker, $22 91 ; Lenox,
30 91 Westfield, by Rev. T. M. Hopkins, 6 00 Manlius, F. H. M. S., $30 of which is to NEW JERSEY
const. Mrs. Azaria Smith a L. M., Elizabethtown, D. C. Davis,
10 00 39 43; for freight on box of clotbing,
100 96 Newark, First Presb. Co., Young Peo
25 25 ple's Miss. Soc., by A. Carter, to 30 00 Onondaga Hollow,
6 10 const. John R. Weeks a L. M.
Oneonta, by F. Harrington,
18 75 Legacy of the late Nancy H. Roberts, by S. W. Magie, Executor,
100 00 Otisco, Fein. I, M. S., Mrs. Silence J.
69 56 10
Dodd, Treas., $28 56; Coll., by L. B.
Rev. A. Converse, $10; Dr. Ashmead,
by Mr. Purves, $5; G. F. Dale, to const. Pitcher, by Rev. J. F. Adams,
18 75 Mrr. Catharine Sparhawk a L M., $30; Plymouth, by S. A. McEwen,
25 00 Joseph B. Lapsley, $100; A. P. D. $5, Pompey Hai,
19 00 Fifib Presb. Ch., Philadelphia, Ladies, by Redfield, Amoe Johnson,
10 00 Mrs. Throckmorton, $45; by Mr. McClel. St. Lawrence Co., D, M. S.,
65 00 land, $6 50; Thomas Earp, $10; “ X.," Smyrna, Mrs. Betsey Sheldon, in part of
by Mr. McClelland, 3; G. Henderson, by legacy,
Mr. Montgomery, $5,
Miss M. A. Singer, by Mrs. Throckmorton,
58 29 Stanhope, N. J., Presb. Ch., coll., by Rev. Vernon Village, a friend,
5 00 N. Elmer,
Snowhill, Md., Presb. Ch., Miss. Soc., by
Mr. Doane, Treasurer,
dies, by Mr. C. S. Wurts, $67 50; John
Borland, $25; James Bruen, $20,
Third Presb. Ch., Philadelphia, coll., by
Mr. A. Whildin, $124 43; Various per-
sous, by Mr. J. C. Farr, $2 50, Ossipee,
Mount Pleasant, Wayne co., Pa., coll., by
Cashier of Honesdule Bank,
24 95 Mercantile Lib. Co., Philadelphia, rent of
office, Washington, Dr. M'Question,
15 00 Allentown, Pa., Presb. Ch., coll, by Rev. Plainfield,
10 00 First Presb. Ch., Carlisle, Pa., a member of
the church, to const. Rev. E. J. Newlin a Salem,
5 27 L. M., $30; Miss M. McDonald, $20; H. Dividend on permanent fund,
Duffield, $10; Miss Brisbane, $5; Mrs.
E. Duncan, $5; Thomas Urie, $5; J.
Clark, $5; J. W. Craig bead, $5; G.
Cart, $3; S. Elliott, $3 ; Miss M. E.
Duncan, $3; Mrs. M. S. Campbell, $3;
2 00 Miss M. H. Duncan, $2; M. F. Duncan,
$2; H. A. Duncan, $2; Robert C. SterHancock, a lady,
ret, $2; Mrs. A. Age, $2; Mrs. C. Hollis, estate or Mrs. Thomas Farley,
Ogleby, $2; E. Beatie, $2; various
others, $34 71, Cornish,
8 02 Newville, Pa., Samuel Irvin, by H. Duf. Grafton Co. Conference,
field, Esq. Merrimack Co., Conference,
18 96 Eleventh Presb. Ch., Philadelphia, Mr. Portsmouth, Cent Soc.,
Wynkoop, $1; Mrs. Gordou, $1, by Mr.
17 00 Sprague,
6 10 Williamsport, Pa., Presh. Ch., coll., by
9 00 Rev. J. W. Phillips,
1 04 Sumpterville, s. c., Rev. J.F. Bartlett, by
30 00 Rev. A. Converse,
5 80 Firet Presb. Ch., Soutbwark, coll. in ch.,
32 42 by Rev. R. Adair,
19 50 Cedarville, N. J., a friend, by Rev. A.
Central Ch., N. L., Philadelphia, Mon.
50 00 Con. Coll., and various persons, by Ref.
14 02 Mendham, N. J., Presb. Cb., balance of
coll., by Mr. E. Fairchild,
Succasunua, N. J., Presb. Ch., coll. by
3 50 Rev. D. H. Johnson,
13 00 New Vernon, N. J., Presb. Cb., coll, in Contoocookville, do.
church, $30, of which to constitute tbo Atkinson, do.
pastor, Rev. J. Cory, a L. M.,
13 00 Rockaway, N. J., Presb. Ch., balance of
coll., by Rev. B. King,
Second Preshı. Ch., Patterson, N. J., coll.,
by Rev. T. H. Skinner, Jr., Epsom, do.
21 07 Smithport, Pa., Cong. Ch., coll., by Rev. Bristol, do.
S. T. Babbit, Concord, South, Mrs. B. P. Stone,
Western Presb. Ch., Philadelphia, coll., by
Coll., by Mr. S. W. Hayes,
East Whiteland, Pa., Presb. Ch., coll., by knowledges the receipt of the following sums
Mr. Massey, during the months of April and May, 1844. Rev. E. R. Fairchild, Secretary.
Lewes, Del., Presb. Ch., balance of coll.,
by Rev. Mr. Mustard, Frankford, N. J., Presb. Ch., coll., by Ror.
Wilmington, Del., Hanover-st. Presb. Ch. B. Farrand,
17 00 Fem. Miss. Soc., Mrs. J. Warner, Treas. First Prosb. Ch., Philadelphia, T. P. S., by
by floo. W. Hall,
The plan of a Log church, published in the Home Missionary of December, shows that a neat building can be erected by almost any congregation, without involving themselves in debt. But where the Log church could not be built, brick dried in the sun might be used, which are said to be better for walls than any other material at the same expense. We have taken the pains to collect all the accessible information on this subject for the consideration of those who may be disposed to try the experiment.
(Communicated for the Home Missionary.] for about twelve years they have been intro
duced into Canada West, where they can be “UNBURNT BRICKS,” says the Encyclopæ- seen finished in various ways, in and near Todia Americana, "are of great antiquity. They ronto, that country churches and school houses are found in the Roman and Grecian monu- are there erected with this material on acments, and even in the ruins of Egypt and Ba- count of economy and durability--that farmers, bylon. They were mixed with chopped though in the midst of abundance of timber, préstraw, and dried in the sun, to give them tena- fer the house and stable of unburnt brick, to city. On account of the extreme heat and those constructed of logs, and that where fencdryness of the climate, they acquired a great ing timber is scarce, these bricks supply the hardness, and have lasted for several thousand deficiency." years." As they have been supposed un- In Geneva, N. Y., several houses have suitable for northern latitudes, burned bricks been put up of this kind of brick. The makhave generally been used.
ing of the brick and putting them in the wall, But are they unsuitable for northern cli- has cost less than the common red brick would mates? An intelligent Englishman informs have cost. There is less timber in them it is me," that houses of this material have stood said, than in other kinds of buildings, and as centuries in various parts of England-thail no lathing or studding is necessary for walls VOL. XVII.
or partitions, they are not only of small cost || unburntbricks should be placed, and cemented but are less liable to be destroyed by fire. together with the same material, either with The frost has no eflect on these walls, and they or without the straw. The first laying of bricks may be easily preserved from the effects of on the foundation had better be laid in water rain. The bricks being non-conductors of lime. moisture and heat, are dry at all times, and A mason who has had some experience in cool in summer and warm in winter. The building these walls, informs me that an 18 brick may generally be made on the site, so inch wall is sufficient for a building 30 feet that no carting will be necessary.
high. That to build a 12 inch wall, the
moulds should be one foot square and 6 inches Process of making San-dried Bricks deep-and some of the moulds 18 inches long, in this country.
for breaking break joints, &c. To build an All soils are suitable except of pure sand or 18 inch wall, the moulds should be 18 inches gravel. The best material is two thirds clay, long, 1 foot wide and 6 inches deep, or if and one third sand, with the straw and water, smaller brick is preferred, 1 foot long, 9 inches requisite. Lay a floor of boards, which may wide and 6 inches deep. And to buida 15 afterwards be used for roof boards, on which inch wall,or a two feet wall, the moulds should be throw the clay and sand to the thickness of 15 inches long, 1 foot wide and 6 inches deep. about a foot. The mass should then be soaked In building a two feet wall, some of the brick with water, and horses or oxen be kept mov-should be two feet long and 8 inches wide, ing in the mud iwo or three hours, until it be-, which would serve for binders and to break came well mixed and sticky. With the mate-joints. rial for about a thousand brick, about 300 lbs. The partitions of a building may be put up of straw should be mixed, and the whole be in the same way, but the walls need not be well trodden for about an hour, when it will go thick. As one brick is equal to many of the be fit for use. Have prepared two wooden common brick, a mason can build a wall moulds, the size of the brick you wish. The quicker with the large than with the common bottoms of the moulds should be so narrow as ' brick. Wedges are driven into the walls, or to leave half an inch open on each side, which / wooden blocks, put in at the time of building, permits the clay to leave the mould easily. 'l to which the trimmings are nailed. A projectA bench should be made and placed close to ing roof for buildings of this description is said the material, to enable one man to supply two
to be needful. These buildings may be fin. others, engaged in moulding and carrying ished with plaster or cement, and be made of away, and turning them out on the ground to beautiful proportions and appearance. The dry, on a plot made as level as possible. simplest and cheapest finish, being merely to Three active men thus engaged, will make smooth them off as they are built, and then 300 large brick per day. When moulding, color them both inside and out, and if the outthe mould should be washed—then a little side be pencilled to represent stone, it will sand shook in-then well filled with the ma- look very well. Good common lime and good terial and struck off level, either with a piece | sand, make a fine and substantial outside of iron or a wooden strike. If the sun is pow. finish. ersul, a little loose sand sprinkled over the
The cost of these walls can be easily estisoft bricks, will prevent their cracking. If the mated. Brick 18 inches long, 1 foot wide and weather continue dry, they may be raised on i 6 inches deep, can be made and put into the their ends the next day. In about four days wall for 3. cents per brick. So that the outthey may be placed on a board and piled up side walls, above the foundation of a house 60 in the form of a wall, and then covered with
by 40 feet, 18 inches thick and 18 feet high, another board until required for building.
can be built for $250. They should thus remain a fortnight before building. Foundation, size of Bricks, &c.
Further information on the subject of build.
ings constructed of unburnt bricks, is found in A solid foundation of burnt brick or stone, the following extracts from the Reports of the should be built above the surface, on which the U.S. Commissioner of Patents.
REPORT OF FEBRUARY, 1843. when these articles are cheap, is recom
mended as affording a more adhesive Plan of cheap cottages. After select- material for the plaster. The wall may ing a suitable spot of ground, as near be safely carried up one story, or two the place of building as practicable, let a
or three stories; the division walls may circle of ten feet or more be described. be 7 inches, just the width of the brick. Let the loam be removed, and the clay The door and window frames being in. dug up one foot thick, or, if clay is not serted as the wall proceeds, the building found on the spot, let it be carted in to is soon raised. The roof may be that depth. Any ordinary clay will and shingles or thatch. In either case, it
Tread this clay over with cattle, should project orer the sides of the house, and add some straw cut six or eight and also over the ends, at least two feel, 10 inches long. After the clay is well guard the wall from verlical rains. The tempered with working it with the cat- exterior wall is plastered with good lime tle, the material is duly prepared for the mortar, and then with a second coat, making the brick. A mould is then pebble-dashed. The inside is plastered formed of plank of the size of the brick without dashing. The floors may be laid desired. In England, they are usually with oak boards, slit, 5 or 6 inches wide, made 18 inches long, 1 foot wide and 9 and laid down without jointing or plainches thick. I have found the more ning, if they are rubbed over with rough convenient size to be l foot long, 7 inches stone after the rooms are finished. wide and 5 inches thick. The mould Doors of a cheap and neat appearance should have a bottom. The clay is then may be made by taking two single placed in the moulds, in the same man. boards of the length or width of the doors; ner that brick moulds are ordinarily placing these vertically, they will fill filled. A wire or piece of iron hoop will the space. Put a wide batten on the answer very well for striking off the bottom and a narrow one on the top top. One man will mould about as fast with strips on the side and a strip in as another can carry away, two moulds the middle. This door will be a batten being used by him. The bricks are door, but presenting two long panels on placed upon the level ground, where one side and a smooth surface on the they are suffered to dry two days, turn-other. If a porch or verandah is wanted, ing them up edgewise the second day, it may be roofed with boards laid with and then packed in a pile, protected light joints and covered with a thick pafrom the rain, and left to dry 10 or 12 per dipped in tar, and then adding a days, during which time the foundation good coat, aster sprinkling it with sand of the building can be prepared. If a
from a sand box or other dish with small cellar is desired, this must be formed of holes. stone or brick, one foot above the sur.
Houses built in this way are dry, face of the ground. For cheap build. warm in winter, and cool in summer, ings on the prairie, wood sills, 12 or 14 and furnish no retreats for vermin. Such inches wide, may be laid on piles or houses can be made by common laborstones. This will forn a good super-ers, if a little carpenter's work is exstructure. Where lime and small stones cepted, in a very short time, with a abound, grout made of those materials small outlay for materials, exclusive of (lime and stones) will answer very floors, windows, doors, and roof.
The question will naturally arise, will In all cases, however, before com- the wall stand against the rain and mencing the walls for the first story, it frost? I answer, they have stood well is very desirable, as well in this case as in Europe, and the Hon. Mr. Poinsett in walls of brick, to lay a single course remarked to me that lie had seen them of slate; this will intercept the damp in South America, after having been ness so often rising in the walls of brick erected 300 years. Whoever has nohouses
. The wall is laid by placing the ticed the rapid absorption of water by a brick lengthwise, thus making the wall brick that has been burned, will not wonone foot thick. Ordinary clay, such as der why brick walls are damp. The is used for clay mortar, will suffice, burning makes the brick porous, while though a weak mortar of sand and lime, the unburnt brick is less absorbent ; but