Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

2) After my captivity was ended, I lived in Radom and worked from June 1942 to July 1944 for the Waffen SS at 3 places; the SS Veterinary Reinforcement detachment, Koscinskistreet, the Garrison administration of the Waffen SS, Planty 11 and the Building directorate of the Waffen SS, Slowacki Street 27. As I worked so long for the SS, I know the names and faces of all the officers and NCOs of the above named detachments of the Waffen SS very well. At the head of the SS Veterinary Reinforcement Detachment were Sturmbannfuehrer Dr. Held and Hauptsturmfuehrer Schreiner; at the head of the garrison administration there was Obersturmfuehrer Grabau (at present in Dachau camp) and at the head of the Building directorate Oberscharfuehrer Seiler. All the persons mentioned took a direct part, together with their companies in carrying out the expulsions in Radom on the 5, 16 and 17 August 1942, during which some thousands of people were shot on the spot. I know that the SS Veterinary Reinforcement companies went to the provincial town to carry out the “expulsions” of Jews. I heard individual soldiers boasting about the number of Jews they had killed. I know from their own stories that these companies participated in the actions against Polish partisans and also set the surrounding Polish villages on fire. The record was read out to me.

[sgd] Goldberg [sgd] Dr. Piotrowski.

COPY OF DOCUMENT D-956

Extract from “German Crimes in Poland"

These executions among the ruins of the ghetto lasted right up to the outbreak of the Rising (the last taking place on July 29, 1944). From the day of the last official poster to the beginning of the Rising about 1,800 persons perished.

The approximate number of Poles killed in Warsaw from the beginning of the public executions until the Rising (Oct. 15, 1943 -Aug. 1, 1944) was about 8,000, most of whom had been caught in manhunts in the Warsaw streets.

TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT D-959

Czechoslovak Republic Ministry of Interior, Prague

CERTIFICATE The Ministry of Interior hereby certifies that the annexed paper is a State document within the meaning of Art. 21, Charter of the International Military Tribunal annexed to the Agreement signed on the 8th August 1945, by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Government of the United States of America, the Provisional Government of the French Republic and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics for the Prosecution and Punishment of the Major War Criminals of the European Axis. Prague, this 13th day of July, 1946.

[graphic]

Minister

[sgd] V. NOSEK Report of the Czechoslovak Ministry of Interior about the crimes committed by the members of the Allgemeine SS and the

Waffen SS

The Organisation SS

The SS formations were formed at the very beginning of the National Socialist Party. After the Munich Putsch they were dissolved together with the Party. When in the year 1925 the Party was reconstituted the organization SA was still forbidden and therefore its functions—the protection of Party meetingswere taken over by the SS. In the year 1926 when the SA formations were again permitted the organization SS lost some of its importance.

In the year 1926 on the occasion of the 2nd congress of the NSDAP at Weimar Hitler handed over to the organization SS the so called Blutfahne, that means the flag of the Munich putsch. In the year 1929 he appointed Heinrich Himmler as Reichsfuehrer of the SS and ordered him to build up the SS as an absolutely reliable and first-class formation of the Party.

Himmler made a strict choice from the applicants as to their corporal and racial fitness as well as to their reliability and devotion. He took special care that the marriages concluded by the members of the SS should be suitable from the racial point of view. By a special order of December 31st he ordered that the members of the SS could marry only by special permit in accordance with the racial point of view.

According to the German order of March 29, 1935, which was to carry out the law guaranteeing the unity of the Party and the State the organisation SS was a formation of the Nazi Party, that means it was directly a part of the Party without being an independent juridical person or having the right to possess property of its own. According to the organization statute of the NSDAP the original and the noblest task of the organization SS consisted

[ocr errors]

in the protection of the Fuehrer. After the taking over of power A. Hitler entrusted the organization SS with the protection of the Reich inside the country.

The Reichsfuehrer SS became the chief of the German police. He formed SS groups housed in special barracks, the s.c. Verfuegungstruppen, later the Waffen SS; in this way there were formed first the standard "Adolf Hitler" and later the standard Deutschland” and “Germania" and after the occupation of Austria the standard "Der Fuehrer”. Besides the general SS troops there were formed the SS disposal troops SS standards of the Totenschaedel (death heads), further the security service and troops for racial and colonization questions.

All these individual troops had their own offices, that is the SS Supreme Office, the SS Security Office, and the Supreme Office for racial and colonization questions.

The normal advancement of an SS man was as follows: Having been recognized suitable for the service the member of the Hitler Youth became at the age of 18 a candidate for the SS (SS-Bewerber). At the meeting of the Party which took place the same year he became "waiter" (Anwaerter), a document was handed over to him and he was admitted into the service of the SS, after a short time during which he had to prove his aptitude, he took the oath to the Fuehrer on November 9th (the anniversary of the Munich putsch). In the first year of his service he had to acquire the badge of armed sports, the Reich bronze sport badge. At the age of 19 he entered the Reichsarbeitsdienst (the Reich Labor Service) and then the military service. After two years of service he returned home, unless he stayed in as an officer's candidate. He got thorough instruction in the Nazi point of view and on the next 9th November he became an SS man. At the same time he was allowed to carry a dagger, he had also to promise that he himself as well as all the members of his family would keep forever the fundamental laws of the SS. He served as SS man until his 35th year of age, then he was transferred to the reserve and having reached the age of 45 to the Stammableitung basic formation of the SS.

The service in the SS disposal troops (Verfuegungstruppen) lasted 4 years and was equal to military service. Having served in the SS disposal troops (Verfuegungstruppen) the SS man returned to the general SS troops.

The formations of the "Death heads" (Totenschaedel) formed a part of the SS in special barracks and they were destined to guard the concentration camps. The service there was to last 12 years.

[graphic]

The chief task of the SS security service consisted in the constant observation of known and secret enemies of the Nazi regime and its original party function was extended until it became the organ of the State security operating closely with the Gestapo.

According to the statutes of the NSDAP every SS man has to be conscious of the importance of the Nazi movement. He has to be instructed ideologically as well as corporally in order to be able to fight a battle for the Nazi-world point of view as an individual or as a fighter within the formations. An unconditional obedience is required. Everything is based upon the conviction that the Nazi-world outlook would dominate. He who shares this conviction and stands for it with passion would voluntarily submit to the obligatory obedience.

Therefore every SS man is prepared to carry out without hesitation every order issued by the Fuehrer or by any superior even if this required of him greatest sacrifice. According to the SSLeitheft, a special organ of the SS (February 2, 1943), the organization SS, owing allegiance to the Fuehrer, declares consciously and uncompromisingly to be the knight order of the Nazi world outlook. From this it follows:

(1) We are ready to deduce also spiritually all the consequences of our world outlook to justify it philosophically and scientifically. Therefore it is the task of the SS to become the center of the spiritual selection of the nation.

(2) We are also ready to live for this world outlook. Our world outlook is a moral obligation to us. We know that the nation will not be convinced about the righteousness of this conviction by words, but by deeds. Our life can have a sense only if we devote it unreservedly to the furthering of the cause of the Fuehrer, the nation, and our children.

This idea that the SS is a special Order is constantly implanted in the members. The SS shall be the Order of the Nazi world outlook, the mundane order in the higher sense of the word. The SS is a military warlike collective. We read in the Leitheft that everywhere there were on the German soil collectives of this kind, they had always a military warlike character: the Vikings, the Order of the German-Knights, and the Prussian Officer corps which was a collective of a common outlook, belong to the predecessors of the Order idea of the SS. The whole of the nation has to be welded into a strictly disciplined Order-like community which carries out consciously what is only latent in thousands of other people, which knows the internal connection between soldiery and world outlook and possesses enough courage and resoluteness to use means hitherto untried by anybody if they are considered necessary for the life of the whole nation and if an action has to be started or an example provided.

Briefly, the SS wasn't any innocent association, it was an organization of well instructed people who knew what were their tasks. This is true not only of the leaders but of every ordinary SS man. Each of them was imbued with the racial mysticism and the Nazi world outlook, i.e., with German pride, snobbery, and the conviction that the Germans were superior to any nation of the world. From their ranks were chosen the leaders for different tasks and in this sense it was indeed an Order which brought up the class of leaders.

Crimes committed by the members of the

Allgemeine SS and the Waffen SS The crimes committed by the members of the SS troops against the Czechoslovak and foreign citizens on the territory of the Czechoslovak Republic can be divided into the following .categories:

(1) Actions against the Prague students in 1939. (2) Reprisal measures against civilians suspected of contact

with the partisans. (3) Crimes committed in concentration camps and during the

transports of the prisoners (the s.c. death marches). (4) Crimes committed in the SS training center in Benesov. (5) Crimes committed during the Prague revolution in May

1945. [Ad 1]

The SS units were employed together with the German army and police in the action against the Prague students on November 17, 1939, during which the s.c. Hlavka college was occupied by the SS units. The direct eyewitnesses give the following account of the action:

“About 4 o'clock in the morning there were heard the first sounds of broken doors in the Hlavka college. Immediately afterwards a drunken pack of SS men broke into the corridors, smashing with their guns the doors of the rooms and driving with leather whips the students to the staircase. Many of the students were only in their night gowns, others had only their slippers on and the rest were barefoot. The face of many of them was covered with blood. The house was shaken by a tremendous roar and stamping of shod shoes, the cracking of broken doors and glass. In every room there remained an SS man with a gun. Their com

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »