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report would naturally have to be addressed to the Fuehrer and the Supreme Commander in chief of the Armed Forces.
(C) The chief of the OKW agrees to the aforesaid matter but is ready if necessary to provide the treaties with an indorsement of about the following contents:
Enclosed synopsis of evidence is being transmitted which heavily incriminates Belgium and Holland for its attitude with regard to the matter of neutrality.
Therefore I deem it to be imperative that Germany acts before the opposite side acts, or imperative to draw the necessary political conclusions.
The chief for Foreign Affairs section defense counsels urgently omit the final sentence.
The question remains unsettled for the time being.
(D) Conveyed attitude taken by the Chief of the OKW Undersecretary of State Gaus by the Chief for Foreign Affairs, 3 May 1940 19-30 hrs.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT 884-PS
Dept. National Defense (IV/Qu.)
Fuehrer H. Q. May 12, 1941
By commissioned officer only!
Subject: Treatment of political and military Russian officials.
I. Army High Command presents a statement of the instruction from March 31, 1941, concerning "Directives regarding treatment of political representatives, etc., for uniform execution of this mission," enclosed as Annex 1.
This draft provides:
1. Political representatives and commissars are to be eliminated.
2. Insofar as they are apprehended by the troops, decision rests with an officer of disciplinary power whether that person is to be eliminated. Identification as political functionary is sufficient proof.
3. Political commissars of the Army are not recognized as Prisoners of War and are to be liquidated at the latest in the transient prisoner of war camps. No deportation to the rear
4. Professional directors (commissars) of economic and technical institutions are to be apprehended only if resisting the German Armed Forces.
5. The execution of the operations must not be interrupted by this measure. Coordinated search parties and razzias are not to take place.
6. In the rear army areas political functionaries and commissars, with the exception of political military commissars, are to be handed over to the commitment Kdos. of the political security police.
II. In opposition to this, Memorandum 3 of The Reichsleiter Rosenberg, suggests that only very high and topmost functionaries be liquidated as the state, communal, and economic functionaries are indispensable for the administration of the occupied territories.
III. Therefore a decision of the Fuehrer is required which principles shall be valid.
Proposal L. for case II:
(1) Functionaries revolting against the army, a thing to be expected from the radical element, come under the decree of rules for military tribunals of the territory Barbarossa. "They are to be liquidated as partisans. The same provision is accepted in Directives for conduct of armed forces in Russia."
(2) Functionaries, committing no hostile act, are to be left in peace for the time being. The armed forces can hardly be expected to segregate the different grades of authority in the separate sectors, only after more complete penetration of the territory will it be possible to decide, if the remaining functionaries may stay at their present location, or will be handed over to the special commandos, insofar as commands themselves are not in a position to conduct the scrutiny.
(3) Military functionaries [commissars] are to be dealt with according to proposal OKH. They are not recognized as prisoners of war and are to be liquidated at the latest in the transient P of W camps and under no circumstances to be removed to the
Subject: Establishing of currency for the countries to be occupied.
In the Ukraine and in the Caucasus however it would become necessary to maintain the present currency the Rubel; at least until a Ukrainian and or Caucasian National Bank has been formed. Plans would have to be made to provide sufficient Rubel bills by printing new ones in Germany, as well as by manufacturing printing dies to be used also over there, these Rubels to be used for purchases as well as for troops.
Reichbankdirektor Wilhelm asks that the Reich Bank not appear in the new printing of Rubel bills under any circumstances. The Reich Bank should not be accused in any case that it has counterfeited bills. For this purpose a special organization must be created.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT 1032-PS
[Handwritten note] 10.6.41.
[Handwritten note] H.Gs.
The following remarks should be made with regard to today's debate on the position of the Chief Commissars in the occupied Eastern territories:
The Chief Commissar is provided because the General Commis
sariats are so extensive and the number of District [Kreis] Commissariats in them so large that effective and direct contact between the General Commissars and the District [Kreis] Commissars appears to be impossible. In the General Commissariat of Kiev, for instance, which is made up of 221 rayons, about 75 town and country Districts [Kreise] would have to be organised, if 3 are merged into 1. The introduction of an intermediate authority would make contact not more complicated, but easier. It is also not established that such an interposition would involve delay in official procedure. Direct, contact between the General Commissariats and the District [Kreis] Commissariats would meet with technical difficulties too. Railway traffic might prove difficult in view of the havoc which has been wrought, principally the blowing up of bridges. A reliable postal service will be long delayed, and in addition many District [Kreis] towns will not be on the railway at all. For these reasons too, therefore, it would be an extraordinary relief to the General Commissar, if, instead of 70-100 District [Kreis] Commissars, he has to deal with only 4-5 Chief Commissars, who, in their turn, are administering about 20 District [Kreis] Commissariats.
The establishment of Chief Commissariats had been instituted, also because it appeared expedient to include the larger producing areas in the General Commissariats and to bring them under uniform direction. The District [Kreis] Commissariats are too small for this. It is comparatively easy to split up the General Commissariats into Chief Commissariats, but, on the other hand, extraordinarily difficult to determine, at the Conference Table, just where District [Kreis] Commissariats should be established, especially as the Soviet system is not being taken over, but a number of rayons are to be merged into one District [Kreis]. In the Soviet Union, villages of a few hundred inhabitants are in many cases the seat of rayon administrations. It therefore appears inexpedient to determine at this stage where District [Kreis] Commissariats are to be set up. It might be better to hand over the District [Kreis] Commissars to the Chief Commissars as well, so that the Chief Commissar can decide on the spot where to organise District [Kreis] Commissariats. He could make extensive use of the experiences of the military administration. The proposal to reduce the number of Districts [Kreise], if and when there are no Chief Commissars, by merging 6 rayons into one District [Kreis], does not appear to be expedient, because the District [Kreis] is supposed to be the lowest German administrative department and the District [Kreis] Commissar must be in
constant and effective contact with the communities, since otherwise his instructions are not carried out.
Chief of the Political Operational Staff, Pers. Ref.
MICHENDORF, 27 October 1944
[pencilled] P 1051a/44 secret (1) To: Ministerial Bureau
Att: Standartenfuehrer Dr. MARQUART
[pencilled] 31 Oct. [illegible marking.]
Inclosed I transmit to you report by Hauptbannfuehrer [-Brig. Gen. Hitler youth] NICKEL concerning the activity of the Bureau, with the request that it be shown to the Reich Minister and then be returned after due note has been taken.
(2) To: Operational Groups P 1, P2, P 3 for attention & kind return.
Berlin, 19th October 1944 [stamp] SECRET!
The Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories
Office of Hauptbannfuehrer NICKEL
Berlin C 2, Klosterstr. 79
[in ink] No. 717/44 secret.
To: The Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories MICHENDORF
Subject: Report on the activity of the office of the Haupbannfuehrer NICKEL in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories.
On 5th March 1944 I received the order to open Office for the