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U.S. "AND WORLD FOOD SITUATION

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SUBCOMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION,

MARKETING, AND STABILIZATION OF PRICES

AND

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL POLICY

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-THIRD CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

OCTOBER 17 AND 18, 1973

Printed for the use of the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1974

24-799

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY

HERMAN E. TALMADGE, Georgia, Chairman JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi

CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska GEORGE MCGOVERN, South Dakota GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont JAMES B. ALLEN, Alabama

MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota ROBERT DOLE, Kansas WALTER D. HUDDLESTON, Kentucky HENRY BELLMON, Oklahoma DICK CLARK, Iowa

JESSE HELMS, North Carolina COTYS M. MOUSER, Chief Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, MARKETING, AND

STABILIZATION OF PRICES

WALTER D. HUDDLESTON, Kentucky, Chairman GEORGE MCGOVERN, South Dakota

MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota JAMES 0. EASTLAND, Mississippi

HENRY BELLMON, Oklahoma HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota ROBERT DOLE, Kansas DICK CLARK, Iowa

JESSE HELMS, North Carolina

SUBCOMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL POLICY

HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota, Chairman GEORGE MCGOVERN, South Dakota

HENRY BELLMON, Oklahoma WALTER D. HUDDLESTON, Kentucky JESSE HELMS, North Carolina DICK CLARK, Iowa

ROBERT DOLE, Kansas

BX-OFFICIO MEMBERS HERMAN E. TALMADGE, Georgia

CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska

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Statement of-

Pago

Bell, Richard E., Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Affairs

and Commodity Programs, U.S. Department of Agriculture-- 193

Borlaug, Dr. Norman E., International Maize and Wheat Improvement

Center, Mexico City, Mexico.---

8

Brown, Dr. Lester, Overseas Development Council.--

61
Bryson, Dr. Reid, director, Environmental Institute, University of
Wisconsin, Madison, Wis-----

119

Burdick, Hon. Quentin N., a U.S. Senator from the State of North

Dakota

197

Diercks, H. Robert, vice chairman of the board, Cargill, Inc.-

168
Dole, Hon. Robert, a U.S. Senator from the State of Kansas.-

8
Huddleston, Hon. Walter D., a U.S. Senator from the State of Ken-

tucky

Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., a U.S. Senator from the State of Min-

nesota

1, 31, 105

Johnson, Dr. Gale, Department of Economics, University of Chicago,

Chicago, Ill..

105

Katz, Hon. Julius L., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-
national Resources and Food Policy--

188

Mayer, Dr. Jean, Professor of Nutrition and Master of Dudley House,

Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.---

183

Middents, Melvin, division vice president, Commodity Marketing Divi-
sion, Cargill, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.---

155
Paarlberg, Dr. Don, drector, Agricultural Economics, U.S. Department
of Agriculture --

32

Paddock, Dr. William C., Consultant in Agricultural Development.-- 142

Prosterman, Prof. Roy L., University of Washington School of Law,

Seattle, Wash..

184

Sabin, Samuel H., Vice-President, Continental Grain Co., also repre-
senting National Grain and Feed Association.--

176

West, Dr. Quentin, Administrator, Economic Research Service, U.S.

Department of Agriculture ---

57

Williams, Hon. Maurice J., acting administrator, Agency for Inter-

national Development.--

190

Miscellaneous documents :

Wheat and corn: Carryover stock, 1973-

51

Proposal for a conscious agricultural commodity reserve..

170

World Food Supply and Agricultural Trade: Pending legislation.- 198

U.S. AND WORLD FOOD SITUATION

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1973

U.S. SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION,

MARKETING, AND STABILIZATION OF PRICES
AND SUBCOMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL POLICY
OF THE COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY,

Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:08 a.m., in room 1318, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Hon. Hubert H. Humphrey [chairman of the Subcommittee on Foreign Agricultural Policy) presiding.

Present: Senators Humphrey and Huddleston.

STATEMENT OF HON. HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, A U.S. SENATOR

FROM THE STATE OF MINNESOTA

Senator HUMPHREY. We will call the meeting to order.

This is a meeting of the Subcommitee on Agricultural Production, Marketing, and Stabilization of Prices and the Subcommittee on Foreign Agricultural Policy of the Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.

My colleague today, the chairman of the Subcommittee on Agricultural Production, Marketing, and Stabilization of Prices is Senator Huddleston of Kentucky, and I am privileged to serve as the chairman of the Subcommittee on Foreign Agricultural Policy.

We have as our first witness a very distinguished scientist and one who has brought great fame and honor, both to his country and to himself, Dr. Norman E. Borlaug, Nobel Laureate in the area of food and nutrition, presently director of the International Center for Maize and Wheat, Mexico.

Those of us in the Midwest lay claim to him and we are very honored to have him with us.

Both Senator Huddleston and myself will have a brief introductory statement, Dr. Borlaug, and then we will ask you to share with us your observations of many years experience in world food problems.

It does not take an agricultural economist to figure out that the world food production system is in serious trouble.

Mass starvation and malnutrition in Africa and Asia, and drastic food price rises throughout the world, underline the severity of the current world food crisis.

This threat to the fate of millions takes on the proportions of the terror of plague and pestilence which ravaged Europe and Asia in the Middle Ages.

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