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80. Analyse the complex sentences

“ The Romans,” said he, “have demanded that I and my principal officers should be delivered up to them as malefactors." When supper was over, the old man gave a knock upon the table with the haft of his knife to bid them prepare for the dance. It is the most transcendent privilege which any subject can enjoy or wish for, that he cannot be affected either in his property, his liberty, or his person, but by the unanimous consent of twelve of his neighbours and equals. He had been eight years extracting sunbeams out of cucumbers, which were to be put into phials hermetically sealed, and let out to warm the air in raw inclement

While the multitude below saw only the flat sterile desert in which they had so long wandered, bounded on every side by a near horizon, or diversified only by some deceitful mirage, Moses was gazing from a far higher stand, on a far lovelier country, following with his eye the long course of fertilizing rivers, through ample pastures, and under the bridges of great capitals, measuring the distances of masts and harbours, and portioning out those wealthy regions from Dan to Beersheba. I have mentioned that I preserved the skins of all animals that I killed, by hanging them up, stretched out with sticks in the sun, by which means some of them were so dry and hard that they were fit for little ; but others, it seems, were very useful. A huge red, glaring bonfire speedily arose close to the door of the prison, sending up a tall column of smoke and flame against its antique turrets and strongly-grated windows, and illuminating the ferocious and wild gestures of the rioters who surrounded the place, as well as the pale and anxious groups of those who, from windows in the vicinage, watched the progress of this alarming scene.

If a great employer leaves his business, he takes with him a power of administration, which is not less indispensable than the capital itself. Johnson said of Edmund Burke, That if you met him under a gateway in a shower of rain, you must perceive that he was a remarkable man. During this long pilgrimage, the pious enthusiast regulated his circuit so as annually to visit the graves of the unfortunate Covenanters who suffered by the sword, or by the executioner, during the reigns of the two last monarchs of the Stuart line. Each of these citizens was a freeman, who dared to assert the liberty of his thoughts, words, and actions ; whose person and property were guarded by equal law; and who exercised his independent vote in the government of the republic. I remember the old scholastic aphorism which says, “ That the man who lives wholly detached from others must either be an angel or a devil.”. To be so distinguished is an honour which, being very little accustomed to favours from the great, I know ryot well how to receive, or in what terms to acknowledge.

To the ocean now I fly,
And those happy climes that lie
Where day never shuts his eye.
The Peri yet may be forgiven
Whe brings to this eternal gate
The gift that is most dear to heaven.

The expanse below
Of grove, of lawn, of mead survey,
Whose turf, whose shade, whose flowers among
Wanders the hoary Thames along
His silver-winding way.
Forth goes the woodman, leaving unconcerned
The cheerful haunts of men, to wield the axe,
And drive the wedge in yonder forest drear.
When I survey the bright

Celestial sphere,
So rich with jewels hung, that night
Doth like an Ethiop bride appear,
My soul her wings doth spread,

And heavenward flies,
Th’ Almighty's mysteries to read

In the large volumes of the skies.
Who steals my purse steals trash ;.
But he that filches from me my good name
Robs me of that which not enriches him,
And makes me poor indeed.
If every just man that now pines with want
Had but a moderate and beseeming share
Of that which lewdly-pampered Luxury
Now heaps upon some few with vast excess,
Nature's full blessings would be well dispensed
In unsuperfluous, e'en proportion,
And then the Giver would be better thanked,
His praise due paid ; for swinish Gluttony
Ne'er looks to heaven amidst his gorgeous feast,
But with besotted base ingratitude
Crams and blasphemes his feeder.

Near them on the sand, Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command Tell that its sculptor well those passions read Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things, The hand that worked them, and the heart that fed.

Examples of additional exercises suggested

on page 69.

81. Tell out the cases of all relative pronouns in exercise 73.

82. Tell out all the pronouns which are in the objective case in exercises 75, 76, 77, and say by what preposition or transitive verb each is governed.

83. Tell out all the transitive verbs, finite and infinite, in exercises 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, and name the object of each.

84. Read out the sentences in 72 with the active voice changed to passive.

85. Read out the sentences in exercises 37, 38, 39, 42, 79, with all the subjects that admit of it changed from singular to plural, or vice versa.

86. Tell out all nouns in the objective case in exercise 68, &c., and say by what transitive verb or preposition each is governed.

87. Read out all the infinite verb-forms in 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, and say whether they are used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.

88. Tell out the cases of all nouns and pronouns in 42, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, according to the following scheme.

absolute Nominative, sing. or plu. subject of the verb

of address

(complement of the copul. verb Possessive, sing. or plu., qualifying the noun — Objective, sing. or plu. (governed by the trans. verb

governed by the prep.
&c. &c.


Edited by

Small 8vo. The most important and the most difficult point in historical teaching is to awaken a real interest in the minds of beginners. For this purpose concise handbooks are seldom useful. General sketches, however accurate in their outlines of political or constitutional development, and however well adapted to dispel false ideas, still do not make history a living thing to the young. They are most valuable as maps on which to trace the route beforehand and show its direction, but they will seldom allure any one to take a walk.

The object of this series of Historical Biographies is to try and select from English History a few men whose lives were lived in stirring times. The intention is to treat their lives and times in some little detail, and to group round them the most distinctive features of the periods before and after those in which they lived.

It is hoped that in this way interest may be awakened without any sacrifice of accuracy, and that personal sympathies may be kindled without forgetfulness of the principles involved.

It may be added that around the lives of individuals it will be possible to bring together facts of social life in a clearer way, and to reproduce a more vivid picture of particular times than is possible in a historical handbook.

By reading short biographies a few clear ideas may be formed in the pupil's mind, which may stimulate to further reading. A vivid impression of one period, however short, will carry the pupil onward and give more general histories an interest in their turn. Something, at least, will be gained if the pupil realises that men in past times lived and moved in the same sort of way as they do at present.


The series contains the following Biographies : 1. SIMON DE MONTFORT. With Maps and Plans. 2s. 6d. 2. THE BLACK PRINCE. With Maps. 2s. 6d. 3. SIR WALTER RALEGH. With Maps and Portrait. 38. 4. THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON. With Maps, Plans, and Portrait.


London · fford · Cambridge

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