Page images
PDF
EPUB

$61. Table of Past Tenses and Past Participles

of Strong Verbs.

[blocks in formation]

Those of Class II. change the Vowel, and add

[blocks in formation]

§ 62. Table of some Weak Verbs.

Those of Class I. change d (added) into t.

[blocks in formation]

Those of Class II. retain en in the past participle.

[blocks in formation]

Those of Class III. change y into i before d.

[blocks in formation]

Inflexion of the Adjective and Adverb. 45

CHAPTER VI.

Inflexion of the Adjective and Adverb.

§ 63. The simple form of an adjective expresses the Positive Degree of some quality; e.g. large, small,

wise.

By adding er to the simple form, the Comparative Degree of the quality is expressed; e.g. larger, smaller, wiser.

By adding est to the simple form, the Superlative Degree of the quality is expressed; e.g. largest, smallest, wisest.

§ 64. In the case of adjectives of more than one syllable, the same changes of meaning are made by placing before them the adverbs more and most; e.g. learned, more learned, most learned.

Though, adjectives of two syllables which end in y, ble, er, ow, and those accented on the second syllable, add er and est; e.g. severe, severer, severest.

§ 65. Irregular forms of comparison of adjectives :

[blocks in formation]

46

Inflexion of the Adjective and Adverb.

§ 66. Only very few adverbs are inflected to express variations in degrees of comparison; e.g. soon, sooner, soonest. The greater number are limited by more and most, or less and least.

The following are irregular forms of comparison of adverbs:

[blocks in formation]

PART III.

SYNTAX.

ANALYSIS OF COMPLEX SENTENCES.

CHAPTER I.

Elementary Rules and Cautions.

§ 64. RULE (1) The subject of a verb must be in

the nominative case.

False Syntax.

(1) Him and me are going.

She suffers more than
me.

Corrected.

He and I are going.
She suffers more than I.

§ 65. (2) Verbs must agree with their subjects in number and person.

[blocks in formation]

§ 66. (3) Pronouns agree with the nouns for which they stand in gender, number, and person.

False Syntax.

(1) The boy which speaks
the truth.

Corrected.

The boy who speaks the truth.

« PreviousContinue »