Page images
PDF
EPUB

46

Inflexion of the Adjective and Adverb.

$ 66. Only very few adverbs are inflected to express variations in degrees of comparison ; e.g. soon, sooner, soonest. The greater number are limited by more and most, or less and least.

The following are irregular forms of comparison of adverbs :

better

well much ill

more

best most worst least

worse
less

PART III.

.

SYNTAX

ANALYSIS OF COMPLEX SENTENCES.

CHAPTER I.

Elementary Rules and Cautions.

$ 64. RULE (1) The subject of a verb must be in the nominative case.

False Syntur.

(1) Him and me are going.
(2) She suffers more than

Corrected.

He and I are going.
She suffers more than I.

me.

$ 65. (2) Verbs must agree with their subjects in number and person. False Syntax.

Corrected. (1) Away, we goes.

Away, we go. There's two eggs in the There are two eggs in the nest.

nest.
(3) Yes, says I.

Yes, say I.
(4) Neither of us were ill. Neither of us was ill.

$ 66. (3) Pronouns agree with the nouns for which they stand in gender, number, and person. False Syntax.

Corrected. (1) The boy which speaks The boy who speaks the the truth.

truth.

$ 67. (4) Copulative verbs take the same case after them as before them.

Nouns and pronouns in apposition agree in case. False Syntax.

Corrected. (1) That's him.

That's he. (2) I took it to be he.

I took it to be him.

8 68. (5) Transitive verbs and prepositions govern the objective case. False Syntax.

Corrected. (1) Let you and I the battle Let you and me the battle try.

try. (2) Who should I meet but Whom should I meet but my old friend.

my old friend. (3) Ali debts are cleared All debts are cleared bebetween you and I.

tween you and me.

$ 69. (6) One verb governs another that follows it in one of its infinite forms.

False Syntas.
Cider and perry are drank

in England.

| Corrected.

Cider and perry are drunk

in England.

$70. (7) Adjectives, and nouns and pronouns in the possessive case, qualify nouns expressed or understood.

Examples. (1) Anchors of rusty fluke.

(2) The moon is constant to her time.

$71. (8) Adverbs qualify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.

False Syntar.
How preposterous he man-

Corrected.

How preposterously he

ages.

manages.

$ 72. (9) Conjunctions connect similar constructions.

False Syntax.
(1) He learns to read and

writing

Corrected.

He learns reading and

writing or, He learns to read and to

write.

$ 73. CAUTION (1) Do not use a pronoun for an adjective. (See SS 14, 15.)

Improper.

Correct.
(1) Bring me them books Bring me those books.
(2) Such I created all ethereal Powers

And Spirits, both them who stood and them who fell.

$ 74. (2) Do not use an intransitive verb for a transitive, nor a transitive for an intransitive.

Improper.
(1) Rise the window, if you

please.
(2) There let him lay.

Correct.

Raise the window.

There let him lie.

$ 75. (3) In converting statements into the passive voice, when there are two objective cases, be careful to choose that which is governed by the verb (S 41, note) as the one which is to be changed into the nominative for the subject of the passive verb. (See also g 84.) e.g. I paid the man a shilling (-I paid a shilling to the man). Wrongly convertedThe man was paid a shilling by me. Correctly convertedA shilling was paid to the man by me.

$ 76. (4) Avoid redundant nominatives.

“ The wind, it blew so cold.”

D

$ 77. (5) Avoid ambiguous constructions. e.g. “Johnson knew him well, indeed better than any one else.” Either—Johnson knew him well, indeed, better than any one

else knew him. Or—Johnson knew him well, indeed better than he knew any

one else. Naught we know dies.

EitherWe know that naught dies.
Or–Naught, that we know, dies.

$ 78. (6) Two negatives in one and the same sentence make it affirmative.

e.g. I was not unwilling to go= I was willing to go.

« PreviousContinue »