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EXAMPLE 7. “To know our enemies' minds we'd rip their hearts ;

Their papers

is more lawful.”





A. Antecedent suppressed. Adv. to B B. Consequent.

Principal Sent.

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| To know minds

| their is lawful

| more

| Sentence D (is lawful)


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D. Adv. understood limiting “more "in C

B with C

(to rip hearts

| their)




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would rip to know


verb trans. verb trans. pron. pers.

act. subj. imp. past plu. Ist act. inf. used as an adverb masc. plu 3rd, poss.

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agreeing with nom. Rule 2. qualifying “would rip.

Rule 8. qualifying “papers."

Rule 7.


" The British infantry soldier does not, indeed, possess that presumptuous

vivacity which would lead him to dictate to his commanders, or even to censure real errors although he may perceive them.'

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(did possess)


C. Suppressed antecedent of Condl. Sent.
Adv. to B


D with
D. Advl. limitation of “to censure” in B “to censure

in B.


inay perceive





does possess

verb trans. would lead verb trans. to dictate verb trans. may perceive verb trans. (=subj. perceive)

act. indic. pres. sing. 3rd

agreeing with its nom.“ soldier.” Rule 2. act. subjunc. impf. past sing. 3rd agreeing with its nom." which.” Rule 2. act. infinitive

adverb qualifying “lead.” Rule 8. act. subjunc. pres. sing. 3rd agreeing with its nom. “he.” Rule 2.


These exercises contain a large number of sentences which

may be turned to account in many ways beside those suggested, according to the resources in the teacher, and the need of the moment. In such case, the heading of each exercise will sufficiently indicate the character of the sentences beneath it.

1. Divide into sentences, putting full stops and capital letters

the wars are over swallows catch flies the mower whets his scythe every shepherd tells his tale my name is Norval the ploughman whistles o’er the lea to-morrow is a day too far to trust the golden sun allured his eye new batteries were erected my brother John was forced to go peace hath her victories coming events cast their shadows before freedom's fame finds wings on every wind he made a footing in the wall he would gladly learn a necessary act incurs no blame he never learned to fail care sat on his faded cheek the island lies nine leagues away three wives sat up in a lighthouse tower a blood red cross was on his arm rivers to the ocean run kings shall fall down before him falsehood is despised elephants are huge beasts fire burns spring had warmed the vale years have passed children grow warriors bore lances ice will floať Rome fell ill weeds grow apace the darkness might be felt fruits are eaten elephants have crossed the Alps rainbows come and go Antony destroyed himself small birds twitter serpents creep bees make honey truth survives thousands are sad a red cross knight am I they dwelt beside the prison's gate a noble war-song he had sung.

2. (S$ 2, 3.) Divide into subject and predicate, and distinguish nouns from verbs

Rivers flow. Birds twitter. Serpents creep. Flowers bloom. Children grow. Horses graze.

Clouds move. Stars decline. Morning dawns. Seasons return. Time flies. Cæsar came. Blossoms fade. Stars shine. Eagles soar. Beauty decays.

Winds blow. Monkeys chatter. Storms arise. Tempests lower. Billows foam. Snow falls. Warriors fight. Rome stands. Carthage fell. Wolsey died. Truth survives. Thousands mourn. Iron sinks.' Clouds break. Disputes arise.

Years pass.

3. ($$ 2, 3.) Supply verbs as predicates

(1) to express the cry made by the following: Horses, Lions, Bulls, Pigs, Monkeys, Sheep, Wolves, Dogs, Serpents, Frogs, Asses, Crickets, Parrots, Oxen, Cats, Owls, Pigeons, Savages, Sufferers.

(2) to express the noises made by : Leaves, Clocks, Winds, Streams, Drums, Bells, Fire, Carts, Dice, Hinges, Bow-strings, Swords.

(3) to express the motion of: Birds, Horses, Fishes, Mice, Frogs, Reptiles, Skaters, Boatmen, Torrents, Rain, Smoke, Fountains, Lambs.

4. (S$ 2, 3.) Supply nouns as subjects

rejoice, flourish, breathe, wither, decay, eat, goes, slept, stays, rose, appears, complain, dance, talk, arrived, lies, roll, sit, laugh, smile, teach, drive.

5. ($ 4.) Divide into subject, verb, and object-
Cain killed Abel.
Shakspere wrote plays.

Birds lay eggs. William defeated Harold. Hounds pursue hares. Money makes money. Power advances power. John destroyed Arthur. Potters make dishes. Fortune gives advantages. Burke impeached Hastings. Stones saluted Mahomet. Howard visited prisons. Columbus discovered America. Children gather daisies. Flowers drink dew. Travellers obtain experience. Clocks measure time. Frost kills flowers. Birds build nests. Rivers have windings. Duties claim attention. Time writes wrinkles. Men exchange thoughts. Boys learn lessons. Joiners saw planks. Smiths forge horse-shoes. Steam works wonders. Medicine cures diseases. Water quenches thirst. Fire destroys houses. Truth begets trust.

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