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He observed, for example, how opposition journalists, a profession to which he had previously belonged, were either absorbed or eliminated. He continued to support the conspiracy. He learned from day to day the art of intrigue and quackery in the process of perverting the German nation, and he grew in prestige and influence as he practiced this art.
Fritzsche learned a lesson from his predecessor, Berndt, who fell from the leadership of the German Press Division partly because he over-played his hand by blunt and excessive manipulation of the Sudetenland propaganda. Fritzsche stepped into the gap caused by the loss of confidence of both the editors and the German people, and did his job with more skill and subtlety. His shrewdness and ability to be more assuring and “to find," as Goebbels said, "willing ears of the whole nation,”-these things made him the more useful accomplice of the conspirators.
Nazi Germany and its press went into war with Fritzsche in control of all German news, whether by press or radio. In 1942, when Fritzsche transferred from the field of the press to radio, he was not removed for bungling, but because Goebbels then needed his talents most in the field of radio. Fritzsche is not in the dock as a free journalist but as a propagandist who helped substantially to tighten the Nazi stranglehold over the German people, who made the excesses of the conspirators palatable to the German people, who goaded the German nation to fury and crime against people they were told by him were sub-human.
Without the propaganda apparatus of the Nazi State, the world would not have suffered the catastrophe of these years, and it is because of Fritzsche's role in behalf of the Nazi conspirators, and their deceitful and barbarous practices, that he is called to account before the International Military Tribunal.
(See also Section 9 of Chapter VII on Propaganda, Censorship, and Supervision of Cultural Activities.)
LEGAL REFERENCES AND LIST OF DOCUMENTS
RELATING TO HANS FRITZSCHE
Decree establishing the Reich Min-
ganda, Berlin 1940, by Georg
*Chart No. 1
770 BIOGRAPHICAL DATA
1. PRINCIPAL OFFICIALS OF THE REICH GOVERNMENT
LEADER AND REICH CHANCELLOR (Fuehrer und Reichskanzler)
ADOLPH HITLER Designated Successors
HERMANN GOERING, RU
DOLF HESS (until 1941) Successor named to form a Goy
ernment after the collapse in
(Praesidialkanzlei) and State
REICH CABINET (Reichsregierung)
Chancellor (Reichskanzler) ADOLF HITLER
FRANZ von PAPEN (until
ALBERT SPEER (predeces
sor, Todt, Minister for Armaments and Munitions
until 1942) Church Affairs
HERMAN MUHS, Acting
(predecessor, Hans Kerrl) Economics
WALTER FUNK (predeces
sors, Schacht, Schmitt, Hu
LUTZ GRAF SCHWERIN von
HERBERT BACKE, Acting
(predecessor, Walter Darre) Foreign Affairs
JOACHIM von RIBBENTROP
(predecessor, Constantin von
HEINRICH HIMMLER (pred
ecessor, Wilhelm Frick)
OTTO THIERACK (predeces.
FRANZ SELDTE Labor Service .......
... KONSTANTIN HIERL Occupied Eastern Territories ALFRED ROSENBERG Posts ...
(predecessor, von Eltz-Rue
PAUL JOSEF GOEBBELS Transport
(predecessor, Eltz von Rue
WERNER von BLOMBERG
(until 1938) Ministers without Portfolio but with Rank of Reich Minister KEITEL (predecessor, von
Brauchitsch until December
1941) DOENITZ (predecessor, Rae
sor, Roehm, until 1934)
KARL HERMANN FRANK Other Participants in Cabinet Meetings: Chief of Foreign Organization of Party
... ERNST WILHELM BOHLE Prussian Minister of State and Finance
DR. JOHANNES POPITZ Government Press Chief ...... OTTO DIETRICH (predeces
sor, Walter Funk) Reich Youth Leader
ARTHUR AXMANN (pred
ecessor, Baldur von