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registered and then compelled to accept German nationality and to remove to German territory (2917-PS).

Hess also used Party channels in order to incite the German people to violations of the rules of war. Thus, he ordered that the population be instructed to seize Allied parachutists or to "liquidate them" (062-PS).

Hess also issued instructions to enforce Hitler's orders prohibiting the reconstruction of the city of Warsaw or of any of Poland's destroyed industries (EC-411).

On 10 May 1941, Hess flew to Scotland for the purpose of seeking an end to the war with England, and support for Germany's demands against Russia. Upon his arrival, he was incarcerated and thus forcibly eliminated from further participation in the crimes of the conspiracy (D-614).

F. CONCLUSION.

Of all the members of the Nazi conspiracy, Hess was closest to Hitler from the first. As Hitler's secretary and A. d. C., as his Deputy, and finally as his Second Successor Designate, Hess was at all times his direct representative in all Party matters. Thus, the conspiracy's most powerful instrument of political action rested in his hands.

Hess used this power to penetrate and dominate the German government administration with National Socialist functionaries; to control legislation and education, and to persecute all independent groups, especially the churches and the Jews.

Being responsible for the political direction and control of the German people, through the Party, Hess played a decisive role in preparing the nation for war. He furthered the secret rearmament of the Party's military formations; he signed the Conscription Law of 1935; he sat on the Reichs Defense Council, the inner Cabinet in which the heads of the conspiracy blue-printed the administrative, economic, and political preparation of their aggressive wars.

Hess, above all, was responsible for the creation and direction of the Nazi fifth-column, in which foreign citizens of German extraction joined under the Nazi banner to weaken and undermine those countries which the Nazi conspirators had determined to subjugate.

All through the years from 1920 to 1941 Hess remained the most faithful and relentless executor of Hitler's aims and designs. This complete devotion to the success of the conspiracy was climaxed by his flight to Scotland in an attempt to end the war with

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England and to receive English support for Germany's demands against Russia, which he had helped to prepare.

The share of Hess' participation in the Nazi conspiracy is as great as that of the Party which he directed. The Party's crimes are his.

LEGAL REFERENCES AND LIST OF DOCUMENTS RELAT

ING TO RUDOLF HESS

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Letter of Deputy Fuehrer to
Rosenberg, 25 April 1941, on sub-
stitution of National Socialist
mottos for morning prayers in
schools. (USA 349).

III
Letter from Bormann to Rosen-
berg, 8 March 1940, instructing
Amann not to issue further news-
print to confessional newspapers.
(USA 360).

III
Bormann's letter to Rosenberg,
22 February 1940, urging creation
of National Socialist Catechism,
etc. to provide moral foundation
for NS religion. (USA 350)....... III
Letter from Hess' office signed
Bormann to Rosenberg, 17 Janu-
ary 1940, concerning undesirability
of religious literature for members
of the Wehrmacht. (USA 361).... III
Circular letter signed Bormann,
17 June 1938, enclosing directions
prohibiting participation of Reichs-
arbeitsdienst in religious celebra-
tions. (USA 351)..

III
Secret Order issued by Hess' Office
signed Bormann, 27 July 1938,
making clergymen ineligible for
Party offices. (USA 683)..

III
File of papers on Case Green (the
plan for the attack on Czechoslo-
vakia), kept by Schmundt, Hit-
ler's adjutant, April-October 1938.
(USA 26).....

III
Letter from. Hess' office to Minis-
ter of Interior, signed Bormann,
25 August 1938, agreeing to in-
validation of Concordat between
Austria and Holy See.....

III

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Letters from Minister of Justice
to Hess and SA Chief of Staff,
5 June 1935, concerning penal pro-
ceedings against merchant and SA
leader and 22 companions because
of inflicting bodily injury on duty.
(USA 732)..
Letter from Rainer to Seyss-
Inquart, 22 August 1939 and re-
port from Gauleiter Rainer to
Reichskommissar Gauleiter
Buerckel, 6 July 1939 on events in
the NSDAP of Austria from 1933
to 11 March 1938. (USA 61).....
Secret circular by Hess, 3 Febru-
ary 1939, concerning National
League of Germans abroad and
the German Eastern League. (GB
265)...
Letter from Hess' office signed
Bormann, 3 June 1939, referring
to Hitler's Decree of 6 March 1939
which procluded Christian Scien-
tists from joining the Party. (USA
684)..
Party Directive, 14 July 1939,
making clergy and theology stu-
dents ineligible for Party member-
ship. (USA 355)....
Correspondence between Party
officials, 30 December 1940, con-
cerning killing of the insane...
Letter from Schicken danz to
Rosenberg, 20 October 1932, for
personal transmission to Hess con-
cerning organization of Air Force.
(USA 40).
Decree establishing a Secret Cabi-
net Council, 4 February 1938.

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1938 Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I,
p. 111.....

III
Law on the Hitler Youth, 1 De-
cember 1936. 1936 Reichsgesetz-
blatt, Part I, p. 993....

III
Law on treacherous attacks against
State and Party, and for the Pro-
tection of Party Uniforms, 20 De-
cember 1934. 1934 Reichsgesetz-
blatt, Part I, p. 1269...

III
Law to insure the unity of Party
and State, 1 December 1933. 1933
Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, p. 1016.
(GB 252)..

III
Reich Citizen Law of 15 Septem-
ber 1935. 1935 Reichsgesetzblatt,
Part I, p. 1146.....

IV
First regulation to the Reichs Citi-
zenship Law, 14 November 1935.
1935 Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I,
p. 1333. (GB 258)...

IV
Law of 16 March 1935 reintroduc-
ing universal military conscription.
1935 Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I,
p. 369. (Referred to but not offered
in evidence.)....

IV
Extracts from Organizational Law
of the Greater German Reich by
Ernst Rudolf Huber. (GB 246)... IV
Record of conversation between
Reich Foreign Minister and the
Duce, 13 May 1941. (GB 273)... IV
Hess' participation in legislative
process, published in Legal Regu-
lations and Legal Problems of the
Movement, by Dr. O. Gauweiler,
p. 20......

IV
Correspondence of party officials,
concerning killing of insane.. IV

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