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against Germany;" "assault of foreman;" "defeatist statements;" “theft and escape from jail.” (2239-PS).

(3) Kaltenbrunner authorized executions in concentration camps. , Adolf Zutter, the adjutant of Mauthausen concentration camp, avers that, until the assassination of Heydrich, orders for executions at Mauthausen were signed by Heydrich or his substitute, and that after Kaltenbrunner became Chief of the Security Police and SD they were signed either by Kaltenbrunner or by his substitute, Mueller. Zutter mentions a specific instance in which Kaltenbrunner ordered the execution of a group of 12 to 15 uniformed members of an American military mission (L-51).

(4) Kaltenbrunner had knowledge of the commitment of thousands of Warsaw Poles to concentration camps and refused to release them. During the suppression of the Warsaw uprising of 1944, about 50,000 to 60,000 inhabitants of Warsaw were sent to concentration camps. As a result of entreaties by Hans Frank to Himmler the deportation was stopped. Frank and Buehler, his State Secretary, requested Kaltenbrunner to release the persons who had been committed. Kaltenbrunner refused to release them on the grounds they were employed in making secret weapons for the Reich and declared that the number transported into concentration camps in the Reich was small. Buehler verified the fact that the number of persons so placed in concentration camps for forced labor was 50,000 to 69,999 (2476– PS).

(5) Kaltenbrunner controlled the deportation of Poles, Jews, and other non-Germans from Poland. Otto Hofmann, former Chief of the SS Main Office for Race and Settlement Matters, stated:

“The execution of all so-called resettlement actions, that is, the sending away of Polish, Jewish, and people of nonGerman blood, inhabitants of a territory in Poland destined for Germanization was in the hands of the Chief of the RSHA, Heydrich, and, since the end of 1942, Kaltenbrunner." (L-49).

(6) Kaltenbrunner ordered the deportation of Jews from Den mark. In September 1943 Himmler ordered the Danish Jews arrested and shipped to Stettin and from there to Theresienstadt concentration camp. Mildner, the Chief of the Sipo and SD, telegraphed the RSHA to request that the Jewish persecutions be stopped. In reply he received an order from Himmler through Kaltenbrunner to carry out the anti-Jewish action. Shortly thereafter Mildner flew to Berlin to speak to Kaltenbrunner personally about the matter. In Kaltenbrunner's absence he spoke to Mueller. After his return to Copenhagen, Mildner received a direct order from Himmler through Kaltenbrunner to carry out the antiJewish actions immediately (2375-PS).

(7) Kaltenbrunner personally exercised punitive authority over foreign workers. By order of Kaltenbrunner Labor Reformatory Camps were established under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Security Police (1063-B-PS).

In addition to sending workers to Labor Reformatory Camps, Kaltenbrunner, through orders for protective custody signed by him or by facsimile of his signature, committed workers to concentration camps. On 9 February 1945 a French citizen was sent to Buchenwald by order of Kaltenbrunner for shirking work and insubordinate behavior. On 18 June 1943 a Pole was sent to Natzweiler "to be used as a skilled worker" by order of Kaltenbrunner. On 2 December 1944 a citizen of the Netherlands was taken into protective custody "for work sabotage” by order of Kaltenbrunner. On 2 December 1944 a French citizen was taken into protective custody for “work sabotage and insubmissive" (2582-PS; 2580-PS).

(8) Kaltenbrunner personally attended to matters against Jews and political and concentration camp internees in the Protectorate. A memorandum found among Kaltenbrunner's personal effects states in part:

“Radio message to Gruppenfuehrer Fegelein Hq. of the
Fuehrer through Sturmbannfuehrer Sansoni, Berlin.
"Please report to RF SS and to the Fuehrer that all arrange-
ments against Jews, political and concentration camp in-
ternees in the Protectorate have been taken care of by me
personally today" (2519-PS).

(9) Kaltenbrunner personally ordered the Sipo and SD to encourage the populace to lynch American and English flyers. In 1944 at a conference of Amt Chiefs Kaltenbrunner said:

“All offices of the SD and the security police are to be informed that pogroms of the populace against English and American terror-fliers were not to be interfered with; on the contrary, this hostile mood is to be fostered” (2990-PS). (10) Kaltenbrunner personally worked out the form of justification to be submitted to cover up the execution of prisoners of war. In connection with the shooting of some 50 recaptured prisoners of war who had escaped from a prisoner of war camp near Breslau, Kaltenbrunner worked out with Mueller and Nebe the false reasons which were to be given to the Red Cross, that is, that they had been killed by bomb attacks, or shot while escaping or resisting arrest (2990-PS).

D. CONCLUSION.

Kaltenbrunner was a life-long fanatical Nazi. He was the leader of the SS in Austria prior to the Anschluss and played a leading role in the betrayal of his native country to the Nazi conspirators. As Higher SS and Police Leader in Austria after the Anschluss he supervised and had knowledge of the activities of the Gestapo and the SD in Austria. He had much to do with developing Mauthausen concentration camp and visited it frequently. On at least one occasion he observed the gas chamber in action. With this knowledge and background he accepted in January 1943 appointment as chief of the very agencies which sent such victims to their deaths. He held that office to the end, rising to high prominence in the conspiracy, receiving honors from Hitler and gaining Hitler's personal confidence.

LEGAL REFERENCES AND LIST OF DOCUMENTS RELAT

ING TO ERNST KALTENBRUNNER

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Document

Description

Vol. Page

at the Nurnberg trial. A double
asterisk (**) before a document
number indicates that the docu-
ment was referred to during the
trial but was not formally received
in evidence, for the reason given in
parentheses following the descrip-
tion of the document. The USA
series number, given in paren-
theses following the description of
the document, is the official exhibit
number assigned by the court.

*526-PS

434

532-PS

437

*701-PS

510

745-PS

Top secret notice, 10 May 1943,
concerning saboteurs captured and
shot in Norway. (USA 502).. III
Telegram of WFSt, 24 June 1944,
concerning treatment of Com-
mandos...

III
Letter from Minister of Justice to
Prosecutors, 1 April 1943, concern-
ing Poles and Jews who are re-
leased from Penal institutions of
Department of Justice. (USA 497). III
Letter from Chief of SD, Koblenz,
12 June 1944, concerning enemy
aviators who have been shot down.. III
Letter from OKW to the German
Armistice Commission, 2 Septem-
ber 1944, concerning the status of
political prisoners. (USA 527)... III
Official report of Stroop, SS and
Police Leader of Warsaw, on de-
struction of Warsaw Ghetto, 1943.
(USA 275).....

III
Order of Chief of SIPO and SD,
2 January 1941, concerning classi-

543

*835-PS

602

*1061-PS

718 Document

*1063-A-PS

Description

Vol.

Page

775

*1063-B-PS

777

*1104-PS

783

*1276-PS

855

*1514-PS

53

1574-PS

fication of concentration camps.
(USA 492)....

III
Letter signed by Kaltenbrunner,
26 July 1943, concerning estab-
lishment of Labor Reformatory
camps. (USA 492)...

III
Memorandum, 21 November 1941,
enclosing copies of report concern-
ing anti-Jewish action in Minsk.
(USA 483)....

III
Top secret letter from Chief of
SIPO and SD to OKW/WFST,
17 June 1944, concerning Com-
mando operations. (USA 525). ... III
Order, 27 July 1944, from 6th
Corps Area Command concerning
delivery of prisoners of war to
secret state police. (USA 491)... IV
Warrant, 19 January 1944, for
protective custody...

IV
Directive to State Police Direc-
torates from Chief of SIPO and
SD by Mueller, 4 March 1944, con-
cerning captured escaped PWs
except British and American PWs.
(USA 246)......

IV
Documents on RSHA meeting
concerning the study and treat-
ment of church politics. (USA 510). IV
Himmler's speech to SS Gruppen-
fuehrers, 4 October 1943. (USA
170)..

IV
File of orders sent by AMT IV,
RSHA, Prague, to Gestapo office
Darmstadt, signed Kaltenbrunner.
(USA 520).

IV
Affidavit of Rudolf Mildner, 16
November 1945, concerning activi-
ties of SIPO and SD....

V

114

*1650-PS

158

*1815-PS

415

*1919-PS

558

*2239-PS

920

2375-PS

N

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