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that the Germany of the brown battalions is not a country of
cowardice and surrender. Jewry will have to fight until we
have won victory.
"National Socialists! Defeat the enemy of the world. Even
if the world is full of devils, we shall succeed in the end.”

(2153-PS). As head of the central committee for that boycott, Streicher outlined in detail the organization of the boycott in orders which the committee published on 31 March 1933 (2154-PS). The committee stressed that no violence should be employed against the Jews during the boycott, but not for humanitarian reasons. The order was issued because, if no violence were employed, Jewish employers would have no grounds for discharging their employees without notice, and for refusing to pay them any wages. The Jews were also reported, apparently, to be transferring businesses to German figureheads in order to alleviate the results of this persecution; accordingly the committee declared that any property so transferred was to be considered as Jewish for the purpose of the boycott (2154-PS).

It is therefore clear that early in 1933 Streicher was taking a leading part, as appointed by the Government, in the persecution against the Jews.

Further extracts from Streicher's newspapers illustrate the form which his propaganda developed as the years went on. An article in the New Year's issue of a new paper founded and edited by Streicher—a semimedical paper called "The People's Health Through Blood and Soil”-is an example of the remarkable lengths to which he went in propagandizing against the Jews:

"It is established for all eternity; alien albumen is the sperm of a man of alien race. The male sperm in cohabitation is partially or completely absorbed by the female, and thus enters her bloodstream. One single cohabitation of a Jew with an Aryan woman is sufficient to poison her blood forever. Together with the alien albumen she has absorbed the alien soul. Never again will she be able to bear purely Aryan children, even when married to an Aryan. They will all be bastards, with a dual soul and a body of a mixed breed. Their children will also be crossbreeds; that means, ugly people of unsteady character and with a tendency to illnesses. Now we know why the Jew uses every artifice of seduction in order to ravish German girls at as early an age as possible; why the Jewish doctor rapes his patients while they were under anaesthetic. He wants the German girl and the German woman to absorb the alien sperm 'of the Jew. She is never again to bear German children. But the blood products of all animals right down to the bacteria like the serum, lymph, extracts from internal organs etc., are all alien albumen. They have a poisonous effect if directly introduced into the blood stream either by vaccination or by injection. By these products of sick animals the blood is ravished, the Aryan is impregnated with an alien species. The author and abettor of such action is the Jew. He has been aware of the secrets of the race question for centuries, and therefore plans systematically the annihilation of the nations which are superior to him. Science and authorities are his instruments for the enforcing of pseudo-science and the concealment of truth.'

(M-20). At the beginning of 1935, the following extract, entitled “The Chosen People of the Criminals," appeared in "Der Stuermer":

* and all the same, or, let us say, just because of this, the history book of the Jews, which is usually called the Holy Scriptures, impresses us as a horrible criminal romance, which makes the 150 penny-dreadfuls of the British Jew, Edgar Wallace, go green with envy. This holy book abounds in murder, incest, fraud, theft, and indecency.'

(2697-PS). In a speech on 4 October 1935 (the month following the proclamation of the Nurnberg Decrees) Streicher made a speech which is reported in the. Voelkischer Beobachter and is entitled in that newspaper “Safeguard of German Blood and German Honor.” The report in that article reads in part:

“Gauleiter Streicher speaks at a German Labor Front mass demonstration for the Nurnberg laws.

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“We have therefore, to unmask the Jew, and that is what I

have been doing for the past fifteen years." (M-34). In a leading article in Der Stuermer Streicher again emphasized the part which he himself had taken in this campaign:

“The 'Stuermer's' 15 years of work of enlightenment has already led an army of those who know-millions strong—to National Socialism. The continued work of the 'Stuermer' will help to ensure that every German down to the last man will, with heart and hand, join the ranks of those whose aim it is to crush the head of the serpent Pan-Juda beneath their heels. He who helps to bring this about helps to eliminate the devil, and this devil is the Jew." (M-6).

The extraordinary length to which Streicher went in his propaganda is illustrated by the publication in "Der Stuermer" of a photograph of the burning hull of the airship "Hindenburg," which caught fire in June 1937 in America. The caption beneath the picture includes the comment:

"The first radio picture from the United States of America shows quite clearly that a Jew Stands behind the explosion of our airship Hindenburg. Nature has depicted clearly and

quite correctly that devil in human guise." Although it is not clear from that photograph, the meaning of that comment is apparently that the cloud of smoke in the air is in the shape of a Jewish face.

In a speech in September 1937 at the opening of the Wilhelm Gustloff bridge in Nurnberg, Streicher declared:

“The man who murdered Wilhelm Gustloff had to come from
the Jewish people, because the Jewish text books teach that
every Jew has the right to kill a non-Jew, and, indeed, that
it is pleasing to the Jewish God to kill as many non-Jews as
“Look at the way the Jewish people have been following for
thousands of years past; everywhere murder, everywhere
mass murder. Neither must we forget that behind present-
day wars there stands the Jewish financier who pursues his
aims and interests. The Jew always lives on the blood of
other nations; he needs such murder and such victims. For
us who know, the murder of Wilhelm Gustloff is the same
as ritual murder."

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"It is our duty to tell the children at school and the bigger ones what this memorial means."

“The Jew no longer shows himself among us openly as he used to. But it would be wrong to say that victory is ours. Full and final victory will have been achieved only when the

whole world has been rid of Jews." (M-4). Extracts from the correspondence columns of "Der Stuermer," show another method which Streicher employed in his propaganda (M-26; M-27; M-28). The correspondence columns of every issue are full of purported "letters” from Germans protesting that some German has been buying shoes from a Jewish shop, etc., thus by printing these letters assisting in the general boycott of the Jews.

(2) "Ritual MurderPropaganda.

Another form of propaganda employed by Streicher concerned the “Ritual Murder.” Sometime in 1934 “Der Stuermer” began publishing accounts of Jewish ritual murder which horrified the whole world to such an extent that even the Archbishop of Canterbury, together with people from every country in the world, protested that any government should allow such matter to be published in their national newspapers.

Streicher based his ritual murder propaganda on a medieval belief that during their Eastertide celebrations the Jews were in the habit of murdering Christian children. Streicher misrepresented this medieval belief to make it appear that not only was this done in the Middle Ages, but that the Jews are still doing it and still want to do it. A few passages from "Der Stuermer" together with descriptions of photographs published therein will illustrate the type of propaganda that Streicher was putting out concerning "ritual murder":

“This the French front-line soldier should take with him to France: The German people have taken a new lease of life. They want peace, but if anyone tries to attack them, if any. one tries to torture them again, if anyone tries to push them back into the past, then the world would see another heroic epic; then heaven will decide where righteousness lies—here, or where the Jew has the whiphand and where he instigates massacres, one could almost say the biggest ritual murders of all times. If the German people are to be slaughtered according to the Jewish rites, the whole world will be thus slaughtered at the same time.”

“As you have drummed morning and evening prayers into your children's heads, so now drum this into their heads, so that the German people may gain the spiritual power to convince the rest of the world which the Jews desire to

lead against us." (M-2). A photograph published in “Der Stuermers in April 1937 purports to show three Jews ritually murdering a girl by cutting her throat, with the blood pouring out into a bucket on the ground The caption underneath that photograph is as follows:

"Ritual murder at Polna. Ritual murder of Agnes Hruza by the Jews Hilsner, Erdmann, and Wassermann, taken from

a contemporary postcard." Another article in "Der Stuermer", in April 1937, describes what is alleged to happen when ritual murder takes place, and the blood is mixed with the bread and drunk by the Jews in their feast. During the feast the head of the family is supposed to explain:

"May all gentiles perish-as the child whose blood is con

tained in the bread and wine." (2699-PS). An article in “Der Stuermer" for July 1938 has these further remarks to make on "ritual murder":

“Whoever had the occasion to be an eye-witness during the slaughtering of animals or to see at least a truthful film on the slaughtering will never forget this horrible experience. It is atrocious. And unwillingly, he is reminded of the crimes which the Jews have committed for centuries on men. He will be reminded of the ritual murder History points out hundreds of cases in which non-Jewish children were tortured to death. They also were given the same incision through the throat as is found on slaughtered animals. They also were slowly bled to death while fully conscious.”

(2700-PS). On special occasions, or when Streicher had some particular subject matter to put before Germany, he was in the habit of issuing special editions of "Der Stuermer." "Ritual murder” was such a special subject that he issued one of these special editions dealing solely with it, in May 1939. One of the photographs published in this issue shows a child having knives stuck into its side, from which blood is spurting; and below the pedestal on which the child stands are five presumably dead children bleeding on the ground. The caption beneath that picture reads as follows:

"In the year 1476 the Jews in Regensburg murdered six boys. They drew their blood and tortured them to death in an underground vault which belongs to the Jew Josfel. The judges found the body of the murdered boys; and blood

stains are on an altar.” Two other pictures are explained by their captions. One reads:

"For the Jewish New Year celebrations in 1913, World
Jewry published this picture. On the Jewish New Year and
on the Day of Atonement the Jews slaughtered a so-called
'kapores' cock; that is to say, dead cock, whose blood and
death is intended to purify the Jews. In 1913 the 'kapores'
cock had the head of the Russian Czar Nicholas II. By pub-
lishing this postcard the Jews intended to say that Nicholas
II would be their next purifying sacrifice. On the 6th of
July 1918, the Czar was murdered by the Jews Jurowsky and

The other picture shows the Jews holding a similar bird:

* the 'kapores' cock which has the head of the

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