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NAZI CONSPIRACY
AND AGGRESSION

VOLUME II

Office of United States
Chief of Counsel For Prosecution

of Axis Criminality

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ANT

of STATE

USTED

UNITED

AMERICA

MILITARY

NOURT

TRIALS 927

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON

• 1946

Sold in Complete Sets

by the Superintendent of Documents U. S. Government Printing

Office
Washington 25, D. C.

UAL

D
SPLF

804 6345

1946 A Collection of Documentary Evidence and Guide Materials

V.2 Prepared by the American and British Prosecuting Staffs for Presentation before the International Military Tribunal at Nurnberg, Germany, in the case of

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE FRENCH RE

PUBLIC, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN
AND NORTHERN IRELAND, and THE UNION OF
SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS

-- against

HERMANN WILHELM GOERING, RUDOLF HESS,
JOACHIM von RIBBENTROP, ROBERT LEY, WILHELM
KEITEL, ERNST KALTENBRUNNER, ALFRED ROS-
ENBERG, HANS FRANK, WILHELM FRICK, JULIUS
STREICHER, WALTER FUNK, HJALMAR SCHACHT,
GUSTAV KRUPP von BOHLEN und HALBACH, KARL
DOENITZ, ERICH RAEDER, BALDUR von SCHIRACH,
FRITZ SAUCKEL, ALFRED JODL, MARTIN BORMANN,
FRANZ von PAPEN, ARTUR SEYSS-INQUART, AL-
BERT SPEER, CONSTANTIN von NEURATH, and HANS
FRITZSCHE, Individually and as Members of Any of the
Following Groups or Organizations to which They Respec-
tively Belonged, Namely: DIE REICHSREGIERUNG
(REICH CABINET); DAS KORPS DER POLITISCHEN
LEITER DER NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHEN DEUT-
SCHEN ARBEITERPARTEI (LEADERSHIP CORPS OF
THE NAZI PARTY); DIE SCHUTZSTAFFELN DER
NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHEN DEUTSCHEN ARBEIT-
ERPARTEI (commonly known as the "SS") and including
DIE SICHERHEITSDIENST (commonly known as the
"SD"); DIE GEHEIME STAATSPOLIZEI (SECRET
STATE POLICE, commonly known as the “GESTAPO");
DIE STURMABTEILUNGEN DER N.S.D.A.P. (commonly
known as the "SA") and the GENERAL STAFF and HIGH
COMMAND of the GERMAN ARMED FORCES all as de-
fined in Appendix B of the Indictment,

Defendants.

CON TEN TS

Page

1

1. Hermann Wilhelm Goering

2. Rudolf Hess

3. Joachim von Ribbentrop

4. Wilhelm Keitel

5. Alfred Jodl ...

6. Ernst Kaltenbrunner

7. Alfred Rosenberg

8. Hans Frank

9. Wilhelm Frick

-10. Julius Streicher

11. Walter Funk

12. Hjalmar Schacht

13. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach

14. Karl Doenitz

15. Erich Raeder

16. Baldur von Schirach

17. Martin Bormann

18. Franz von Papen

19. Artur Seyss-Inquart

20. Constantin von Neurath

21. Hans Fritzsche

BIOGRAPHICAL DATA

1. Principal Officials of the Reich Government

2. Principal Officials of the Nazi Party

3. Heads of the Armed Forces

4. Index of Individuals

CODE NAMES AND WORDS USED BY THE GERMAN HIGH COM-

MAND FOR OPERATIONS AND MEASURES DURING THE WAR

DATA CONCERNING CAPTURE OF DEFENDANTS ...

GLOSSARY OF COMMON GERMAN AND NAZI TITLES, DESIGNA-

TIONS, AND TERMS, WITH THEIR OFFICIAL ABBREVIATIONS

TABLE OF COMMISSIONED RANKS IN THE GERMAN ARMY,

NAVY, AND SS WITH THEIR EQUIVALENTS IN THE AMERI-

CAN MILITARY FORCES

316

416

417

466

489

528

565

575

593

624

653

689

715

738

774

815

849

877

896

915

956

1014

1035

1055

1055

1062

1063

1064

1078

1083

1084

1099

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1. THE LAW UNDER WHICH NAZI ORGANIZATIONS ARE

ACCUSED OF BEING CRIMINAL

The following argument on the law and policy involved in the prosecution's charge that certain Nazi groups and organizations should be declared criminal, was delivered by Justice Jackson before the Tribunal on 28 February 1946.

May it please the Tribunal:

The unconditional surrender of Germany created, for the victors, novel and difficult problems of law and administration. Since it is the first such surrender of an entire and modernly organized society, precedents and past experiences are of little help in guiding our policy toward the vanquished. The responsibility implicit in demanding and accepting capitulation of a whole people must of necessity include a duty to discriminate justly and intelligently between opposing elements of the population which bore dissimilar relations to the policies and conduct which led to the catastrophe. This differentiation is the objective of those provisions of the Charter which authorize this Tribunal to declare organizations or groups to be criminal. Understanding of the problem which the instrument attempts to solve is essential to its interpretation and application.

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A. The Problem of the Nazi Organizations.

One of the sinister peculiarities of German society at the time of the surrender was that the State itself played only a subordinate role in the exercise of political power, while the really drastic controls over German society were organized outside its nominal government. This was accomplished through an elaborate network of closely knit and exclusive organizations of selected volunteers oath-bound to execute, without delay and without question, the commands of the Nazi leaders.

These organizations penetrated the whole German life. The country was subdivided into little Nazi principalities of about 50 households each, and every such community had its recognized party leaders, party police, and its undercover party spies. These were combined into larger units with higher ranking leaders, executioners and spies. The whole formed a pyramid of power out

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