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he desired to be fanned, though air in motion is generally as much an object of terror as water to those patients. At the end of the bleeding, the pulse was 104. He then slept for an hour; awoke, and drank sherbet; slept again, and about 5 awoke, with appearances that indicated a partial relapse. Blood was drawn from the left arm until he fainted; the spasms gradually decaying during the bleeding, and the patient drinking four ounces of water. The pulse at the beginning of the second bleeding was 96, at the end of it 88. No affection remained but headache. Dr. Shoolbred here considers that the hydrophobia had been completely overcome; but not thinking himself entitled to leave a man's life to hazard for the sake of experiment, ordered the patient four grains of calomel and one grain of opium, to be given every three hours. The first pill was given at a quarter before 6, and immediately rejected; a second at 5 minutes before 6, which remained. The patient then slept till 7: the pills were given regularly during the night; in the course of it he had three alvine evacuations, a circumstance unheard of in hydrophobia. He passed the night calmly. On Wednesday, the second day, his pulse was at 84. No buff coat was on the blood drawn the day before; the whole quantity was 40 ounces. At half past 9 he ate 30 ounces of sago. He was then able to converse, and gave the subsequent account of his seizure:
That 19 days ago, (including this day,) when returning about 4 in the evening, from his own house at Russapuglah, to his master at Chowringhee, he saw a parish dog seize a fisherman and bite him. Several people were collected at the spothe also approached, when the same dog ran at him, and as he was retreating before him, bit him in the back part of the right leg, about six inches above the anele, where he shews two scars at the distance of an inch and a half from each other, but without any appearance of inflammation, or thickening of the integuments. The dog, after biting him, disappeared, and he does not know what became of him or of the fisherman. The wounds bled a good deal, but not being very deep, they soon healed, without any application. He took no remedy, except on the day he was bitten, a small piece of scarlet cloth, Csooltanee baat,) wrapt up in a piece of ripe plaintain, which was recommended to him as an infallible antidote against infection from the bite of a mad dog. He never saw any one in hydrophobia; and though he had heard that persons bitten by a mad dog were liable to such a disease, the apprehension of it never dwelt
on his mind, or scarcely ever occurred to him after the day on which he was bitten.
He continued in his usual health till the 4th inst. seventeen days after the bite, when he found himseif dull, heavy and listless, with loss of appetite, and frequent apprehension that dogs, cats, and jackalls were about to seize upon him. He also felt a pricking sensation in the part bitten. When his mother-in-law brought him his breakfast, he was afraid to eat it. He continued his business of taking water from the tank to the house till about noon of that day, after which he could not bear to look on, or to touch the water, being constantly harrassed, whenever he attempted to do so, with the horrible appearance of different animals ready to devour him. He now, for the first time, thought of the disease arising from the bite of a mad dog, was convinced that was the cause of his present distress, and fully believed he would die of it. He ate no supper, nor drank any water, that night, in consequence of the horrible phantoms that incessantly haunted his imagination. In the morning, all his horrors were increased, the spasms came on, accompanied by anxiety, oppression, and pain about the præcordia and stomach; and those about him say that he continued to get worse in every respect, until he arrived at the hospital in the state already described. He does not himself distinctly remember any thing that happened during the whole day. He has some faint recollection of his being at his own house; but how he got there when he left it-or by what means he was brought to the hospital, he does not at all know. The first thing he can recal to his mind is drinking the sherbet and he says he has had his senses perfectly since that time-and that all his fears then left him, and have not since returned. This, however, is not entirely correct, as he acknowledges that he does not recollect the second bleeding, which shows that the disease had then so far returned as again to disorder his mental faculties.
During the day he complained of a severe head-ache, which was relieved by leaches at the temples. On Thursday, the third day, he was distressed by quan tities of dark green bile which he passed up and downwards; pulse 110. A pint of camomile infusion brought off much bile. At eleven he took eight grains of calomel: and at half-past twelve, half a dram each of jalap and magnesia: he was much relieved by senna, manna, and cream of tartar. On Saturday the excessive secretion of bile had ceased, and he became clamorous for food. For some evenings after, some heat of skin and acceleration
The case which appears to contradict this fortunate and promising one, is given by Mr. Bellington, Assistant Surgeon of the 1st Foot, and dated Trichinopoly, Feb. 26, 1813. On the 23d of that month, he was called on to examine the case of a Serjeant Clarke, aged 39, a tall, robust and resolute man. The circumstances are thus described:
In attempting to swallow his usual dram, previously to going out yesterday morning, he felt a peculiar undescribable reluctance to the liquid, and could not prevail upon himself to take more than one half of it; again, in attempting to wash his face preparatory to evening parade, the approach of the water threw him into a violent state of agitation, and he was obliged to have it removed. Although now distressed with the most urgent thirst, he cannot be prevailed upon to attempt swallowing any fluid; the approach and even the mention of it, producing violent spasms of the muscles of the neck and throat, which spasms are preceded by a peculiar uneasy sensation about the scrobiculus cordis, and a kind of sobbing, or inelination to sigh, attended also with severe pain in the head; his eye-balls appear turgid and a degree of furor is depicted in his countenance; pulse about 110 in the minute, and rather small; heat natural; tongue white and moist; belly regular.
The surgeon, who was acquainted with the cases of Mr. Tyman and Dr. Schoolbred, immediately opened a large orifice in his arm, and took away about forty ounces of blood. The patient complained of excessive languor during the operation, but he did not faint. The pulse was, after the bleeding, at 88. The near approach or agitation of any fluid still produced a recurrence of the spasms; but he could now bear to look upon water if held at a distance. He shewed no reluctance at the light, or at viewing himself in a mirror; the pulse rose to upwards of 110; the turgidity of the eye-ballswas diminished. The patient was now visited by some other medical men, and it was determined to try the effect of the bleeding without medicine. The blood was drawn at nine. At eleven he swallowed some water through a tube fixed to an elastic gum-bottle, and expressed great delight in the sensations which it gave to his stomach, but was afraid to take any more; his pulse was at 84. During the next two hours, he had several attacks of the spasms and one particulary violent on seeing a bason of sago which was offered to him. At two the pulse, which in the intervals of the spasms always sunk, was no more
than 74; he had one alvine evacuation, and his skin was covered with a clammy sweat. At four, after seeing a recurrence of the spasms, and the horror with which he rejected liquids, bleeding was tried again: he struggled so much during the operation that the quantity could not be exactly ascertained, but it might be from sixteen to eighteen ounces. The pulse at once fell so low as to be scarcely discernible near the wrist, and towards the close he vomited a quantity of ropy phlegm, mixed with frothy saliva. He continued to struggle violently for some time, then fell quiet for a few minutes, and expired about a quarter before five o'clock. The disease had actually commenced; the morning before, as he then felt the first horror of liquids; but he had gone through the duties of orderly serjeant of the company during that day, and though he felt the dislike of water painful in the evening, did not think of applying for assistance till the next day. The Surgeon, therefore, considers that the bloodletting had a timely trial.
During the rapid progress of the disease, no source of infection occurred to the recollection of the patient. It was, however immediately after his death remembered by several of his comrades, and particularly by two of them, corporals Henry and Moore, of the same company, that a small dog (which was destroyed as mad about three weeks ago, and which had previously bit two other men of the regiment) was in the habit of licking a small sore on his inner ancle, which is hardly yet c.catrized. The animal was encouraged in this practice by the unfortunate man, under the impression of its being useful to the sore.
The appearance on dissection, about 4 hours after death, differed not materially from what has been observed in former cases: theposterior part of thefauces exhibited marks of inflammation, and the papillæ at the root of the tongue were uncommonly prominent; the esophagus was laid open through its whole extent and in several places shewed slight marks of inflammation; these marks became more conspicuous towards its termination in the cardia: the inner surface of the stomach was in several places inflamed, and in two or three small spots its inner coat abraded: nothing was contained in it but a small quantity of phlegm; the trachea was laid open, and in the interstices of the cartilaginoUS rings exhibited a slight inflammatory redness-the heart was quite sound, as were all the abdominal viscera, with the excption of the stomach The blood then from his arms exhibited ro signs of inflammatory crust, and what was last draws appeared unusually dark colored.
On these cases the first observation that occurs is, the obvious effect of the bloodletting to diminish the symptoms in both. The admission of air--the endurance of the sight of water--the pleasure felt in swallowing it -the diminished swelling of the eye, and uneasiness of look, are all circumstances equally rare in the history of the disease; and apparently equally attributable to the copious emission of blood. But it was, perhaps, unfortunate that in the latter instance the experiment was made so nakedly. In Dr. Shoolbred's statement, the calomel was tried within three hours after the opening of the vein, and its effect seems to have been produced in copious evacuations, for which the system was prepared and lowered by the loss of blood. The bleeding was only used on the first day, and it is obviously a remedy which must have speedy limits; but the returning uneasiness-the starting-the heat of the skin and the burning sensation in the region of the abdomen, all which look too like the former symptoms, not to make it probable that they belong to hydrophobia, appear to have owed their removal to the calomel and other evacuating medicines. The case of the serjeant was also the more unfavorable one, and a man who indulged in drinking morning drams, and had a longstanding ulcer, was more likely to suffer by this most violent of spasmodic diseases, than the abstemious and pure-blooded Indian. His disorder was almost too rapid for medicine; it killed him in a day. It would, we may hope, be more accessible in our milder climate, and the process eminently deserves the trial. At all events the melancholy comfort remains to us from the account of the Indian, that in those paroxisms which agonize the bystander for the agonies of the sufferer, he is probably insensible.
AN act for the relief of insolvent debtors has lately passed the British Parliament, which we notice on account of some provisions it contains in favor of morality. While the act is designed to relieve the innocent and unfortunate, it guards against any perversion, which would screen the vicious from punishment. The act was drawn with great care, and has the following provisions among many others:
That attornies, servants, or agents, having embezzled the money of their princi. pals, are not entitled to the benefit of the act, unless the creditors consent, or the insolvents shall have been confined ten years;
That persons obtaining eredit by false pretences shall not be benefited, unless the creditors consent, or they have been confined five years;
That persons, who have suffered any bail or surety to be charged on their account; and persons who have lost money by gaming to a certain sum; shall not take the benefit of the act, unless creditors consent, or they have been confined five years;
That persons, who have made a conveyance or transfer of their property, subsequently to their imprisonment, without just cause for so doing, shall take no advantage of this act unless ereditors consent; and,
-That persons who have been found guilty of seduction, criminal conversation, &c. shall not take any benefit from this act in reference to damages in such suits, unless those who are entitled to the damages consent, or the guilty persons shall have been confined five years.
SOME notices of the religious experience of JOSEPH TREAT, jun. of Milford, (Conn.) who died July 7, 1812, aged 34 years.
The following paragraphs are abridged and compiled from an account, which was found among the papers of the deceased, in his own hand writing.
"By the power, goodness and mercy of Almighty God, I live, move, and have my being: And O that I lived more upon him, and rejoiced more in him!
"For the spiritual good of my relations, I would commit to writing the hopes and feelings which I formerly had, toge.her with my present ones.
"I own with shame and self abasen ent, that I do not live agreeably to my experi ence and vows; but I hope that a sense of my experience will keep me humble and penitent until the hour of death; when I hope to be exalted above all temptation, sin, trial, trouble, and sorrow.
"It is evident, that every person, who believes in the immortality of the soul, must, unless he is in a state of despair, have some hope of being happy in the life
"I have had three several kinds of hope, at different periods of my life. These I shail describe somewhat particularly.
The first hope, which I had of heaven, I call vain and destructive: and the second was no better.
"When I first came to a historical acquaintance with the fall of man, his miserable state by nature, and the fact that a Savior had come into the world to save sinners, supposing myself to be one, and thinking hat the Savior came to save me in particlar, I was filled with a great degree of self-love, which sometimes rose so high, that I felt as though I could die for him: or, at least, I felt, that, had I been in the place of Peter, I would not have denied Christ as he did. This my first hope was built on self-love, and lasted from the time that I was twelve or thirteen years old until I was about seventeen. It then vanished with its love for less trials than Peter had. For at this time I began to have a relish for sinful pleasures, and vain amusements, and recreations, looking on Christians to be hypocrites, believing that ministers of the Gospel preached contradictions, and things which they knew nothing about, and viewing prayer to God to be a burden, and religion a melancholy thing.
"Yet I depended for salvation on the promises which God had made to the saints; and this I did without the exercise either of faith in Christ, or repentance of sin, or disinterested love. I did not consider, nor believe, that the promises made to the saints were made to them in particular; but I thought they were made indiscriminately to sinners, and that if I did but say in words, Lord have mercy, it was enough, for I held, that then God was bound to have mercy on me; as he had promised, seek and ye shall find; knock and it shall be opened. Thus was I depending on the promises made to the saints, whilst I was defaming true religion, and did not wish for it at all; at least, no otherwise than that I might escape misery. Thus I used to say, Lord have mercy on me; or Lord save me. Without evangelical faith, or repentance, my second hope was built on the promises made to the saints, so that if I had died with this hope only, I must have been doomed to eternal perdition.
"Whilst I was in this state, I was much opposed in heart to the doctrines of divine Sovereignty and predestination. Neither did I believe, nor feel, the truth of the doctrine of the total depravity of human nature. I thought that I could, at any time, of my own accord, repent and become a Christian.
"During the time that I was the subjeet of this second hope, I was seeking after happiness, from one object to another, but could not find it: and my conscience
was like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt.
"This hope continued from the time that I was seventeen, till I was nearly one and twenty. Then I providentially went to meeting, though out of curiosity on my part, and heard the Rev. Lynde Huntington of Branford preach a sermon from these words; Quench not the spirit. To me it appeared, that the preacher told me all the things that ever I did; and that I had quenched the Spirit of God.
"After meeting was closed, I returned home, and retired to bed: but no sleep could I find. No tongue can describe the tormenting fears which I had of hell. I was convinced, that the sins, which I had committed against a God of justice and holiness, exposed me to be made miserable forever; and that nothing but the brittle thread of life kept me from falling into the lowest pit. I strove with all my might to get rid of these tormenting fears, but all in vain: for the more I resisted these convictions, the stronger they grew; and it appeared to my mind, that I was indeed suspended by. the brittle thread of life, which was like a cobweb hanging over eternal burnings, and the more I tried to relieve myself, the more liable I was to fail. Then finding no one to help me, and sensible that I could not help myself, I passed the time in deep distress of mind, on account of sin, and fear of hell; and was almost in despair.. I then cried for mercy, not out of love, but of great fear, beseeching God that he would save me; and suddenly as a flash of lightning, in the midst of my fears, Jesus Christ appeared to the view of my mind, altogether lovely, precious, and desirable, and the chief, among ten thousand. Then for the first time, if ever I truly embraced him, my heart and soul clave unto him; and I promised to be his, and, by his grace assisting me, I solemnly engaged to live better than ever I had done, and to take up my cross and follow him at all times. I cried to God that he would forgive my sins for his name's sake. After 1 had prayed, and covenanted, my fears were gone, and I took repose in sleep.
"At the time I had these feelings, I did not know what they were; and I kept them to myself for some time, not even imagining there was any thing holy in them: but if ever I was convicted and converted, I believe it was then.
"Some months after this, I felt it to be my duty to make a profession of religion and join the church.
[Mr. T. then states certain scruples, which he had as to the doctrine of election and of the decress of God; but afterwards his mind became perfectly satisfice
on these points. He soon after made à profession of religion.]
"Desirous of knowing my real state, I examine myself daily whether I have a scriptural understanding of the doctrines of grace, and love the precious Savior of the world with all my heart: The Apostie hath said, Though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, and have not charity," which is disinterested love, I am nothing: I am not a Christian indeed.
"My third and last hope differs from my first and second. It does not depend on past feelings, or experience, separate from the grace and mercy of God in Christ. I should not know that it was a genuine one, unless it influenced me to a holy conversation and life. What evidence have I that my hope is wrought of God, and that it is a good one? Am I humble, penitent, believing and confiding in Christ? Do I depend on the grace of God, and look to him for assistance in the discharge of duty! Do I find satisfaction in serving the Lord, and am I careful to keep a conscience void of offence toward God and toward man. "Do I, in the exercise of Gospel faith, give up myself wholly to Christ? Can I feelingly say, thy will be done; and am I resigned too in affliction? Do I make the prayer of the Psalmist, Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me and know my thoughts: And see if there be any wicked way: me, and lead me in the way everlasting? Do I love the followers of Christ, and have I holy desires for sinners, that God would awaken and convert them, that their souls may be saved?”
With Mr. Treat the transcriber of the above was personally acquainted for more than seven years, and had a fair opportunity to see the fruit of his religion; and he can testify, that few persons give better evidence of being born again than he gave. He was careful to depart from iniquity, and to adorn the holy religion which he professed. He seemed as if constantly impressed with the solemn injunction What thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might. He had a deep sense of his own unworthiness, and of his vileness before God; and lamented his sins and want of conformity to his Savior. He often expressed a wonder that any person of candor and discernment, who attended to the exercises of his heart and read his Bible with attention, should embrace any sentiments except those which are purely evangelical. The total corruption of the heart; its natural and deeply rooted opposition to the divine law; the absolute necessity of a radical change of its temper
and exercises by the Spirit of God; unconditional reliance on his mercy, and a cordial acceptance of Jesus Christ, the great Mediator, as the only ground of hope and salvation, are doctrines which he embraced with the fullest assurance. On all proper occasions, he defended these doctrines with modesty, and especially in conversation with persons much older than himself; but with unshaken firmHis belief of the truth, that God maintains an absolute and universal government over all his works, appeared to afford him holy consolation. "He would often say, "I rejoice that God has ordered all things concerning me from eternity; and that he eternally purposed for his own glory whatsoever should come to pass.'
Nor was he bigoted. He loved all those, by whatever name they were called, who, as he had reason to believe, loved our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. The society and fellowship of Christians he highly esteemed, and with them he delighted to go up to the courts of the Lord.
In the exercise of the duties of devotion he was uniform and conscientious; and not unfrequently spent an hour, in the morning, in reading the holy Scriptures and in family prayer. Nor did he omit family prayer at night. He lived near to God in secret; and was often noticed to be, for a few moments, deeply engaged in converse with God; so that he may be said to have prayed without ceasing.
To him theSabbath was a day of holy rest. With heart-felt pleasure he appeared to hail its return. On this day, his mind was especially solemn; and he seemed to spend every hour of it, as though it were the last he had to live. In the sanctuary he manifested such a profound attention and solemnity as seldom failed to excite the attention of the thoughtless and of strangers. For contemplation and prayer he was careful to redeem time; and appeared as if influenced with an awful sense of the immediate presence of the all-seeing God.
He daily manifested a deep concern for the spiritual welfare of mankind. The prosperity of the church of Christ, and the conversion of sinners lay near his heart. In the year 1808, when there was a revival of religion in the place where he lived, he was much engaged to promote the work by his supplications, example, and conversation; though at the same time, he had a humbling and abasing sense of his own sinfulness and guilt before a God of purity. He longed to be free from sin.
He was faithful to warn those of his brethren, who, he thought, did not walk agreeably to their high vocation, and his blameless life, gave a peculiar efficacy to