Anti-American Terrorism and the Middle East: A Documentary Reader
After the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, a stunned public asked: How could this happen? Why did the attackers do what they did? What did they hope to accomplish? This wasn't the first battle in a conflict that has included bombings of U.S. embassies and planes, the Iran hostage crisis, and kidnappings or shootings of American citizens. This unique volume sets out to answer these questions using the unfiltered words of the terrorists themselves. Over many decades, radical forces in the Middle East have changed and evolved, yet their basic outlook and anti-Western views have remained remarkably consistent. Barry Rubin and Judith Colp Rubin have assembled nearly one hundred key documents, charting the evolution of radical Middle East movements, their anti-Americanism, and Western policy response. The buildup to the battle between a world superpower and Middle East revolutionaries is brought dramatically to life. Among the documents included are the charters of such organizations as Hizballah, Hamas, and World Islamic Front; speeches by Syrian president Hafiz al-Asad and former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein; al-Qa'ida recruitment materials; and terrorist training manuals. The book also shows and analyzes the often conflicting and deeply conflicted responses to September 11 by journalists, clerics, and activists in the Arab world. Supplemented by an annotated chronology, a glossary of terms, and sections that put each selection in context, this comprehensive reference serves not only as essential historical background to the ongoing aftermath of the September 11 attacks, but more generally as an invaluable framework for understanding a long-term, continuing conflict that has caused many crises for the United States.
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1 THE RADICAL CRITIQUE OF ISLAM
2 THE REVOLUTIONARIES
3 AMERICAN POLICY AND ANTIAMERICANISM
4 USAMA BIN LADIN AND HIS MOVEMENT
5 ALQAIDAS WAR ON AMERICA
6 SEPTEMBER 11 ALQAIDA AND THE TALIBAN
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acts Afghan Afghanistan agent Ahmad al-Qa’ida Allah American anti-Americanism Arab world Arabs and Muslims August Ayman al-Zawahiri Azzam battle Beirut believe blessings bombing brothers citizens CONSPIRACY crusader Dar es Salaam defeat defend destroy Egypt Egyptian enemy evil explosives faith FBIS fight forces freedom God’s Hamas hijacked Hizballah holy hostages Hussein indicted infidels Iran Iranian Iraq Iraqi Islamic world Islamist Israel Israeli issue jahili jahiliyya Jews Kenya Khomeini killed Koran Kuwait land leaders Lebanese Lebanon Marwan al-Shehhi Middle East military Muhammad Muhammad Atta mujahidin MURDER Nairobi operation organization Pakistan Palestine Palestinian peace political President prophet Qutb radical Islamist regime religion religious responsibility rulers Saddam Saudi Arabia September 11 Sharia Sheikh Soviet struggle suicide Taliban target terrorism terrorist terrorist attacks threat U.S. embassy U.S. NATIONALS U.S. policy umma United Nations Usama bin Ladin weapons West Zionist